Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Latin astringens
, present participle of astringere
: confer French astringent
. See Astringe
.] 1. Drawing together the tissues; binding; contracting; -- opposed to laxative ; as, astringent medicines; a butter and astringent taste; astringent fruit. 2. Stern; austere; as, an astringent type of virtue.
Astringent noun A medicine or other substance that produces contraction in the soft organic textures, and checks discharges of blood, mucus, etc.
External astringents are called styptics.
Astringently adverb In an astringent manner.
Astringer noun [ Middle English ostreger , Old French ostrucier , French autoursier , from Old French austour , ostor , hawk, French autour ; confer Latin acceptor , for accipiter , hawk.] A falconer who keeps a goshawk. [ Obsolete] Shak. Cowell. [ Written also austringer .]
Astro- The combining form of the Greek word 'a`stron , meaning star .
Astrofel, Astrofell noun A bitter herb, probably the same as aster, or starwort. Spenser.
Astrogeny noun [ Astro- + Greek ... birth.] The creation or evolution of the stars or the heavens. H. Spencer.
Astrognosy noun [ Astro- + Greek ... knowledge.] The science or knowledge of the stars, esp. the fixed stars. Bouvier.
Astrogony noun Same as Astrogeny .
-- As`*tro*gon"ic adjective
Astrography noun [ Astro'cf + -graphy .] The art of describing or delineating the stars; a description or mapping of the heavens.
Astroite noun [ Latin astroites : confer French astroite .] A radiated stone or fossil; star-stone. [ Obsolete] [ Written also astrite and astrion .]
Astrolabe (ăs"tro*lāb) noun [ Middle English astrolabie , astrilabe , Old French astrelabe , French astrolabe , Late Latin astrolabium , from Greek 'astrola`bon ; 'a`stron star + ..., ..., to take.]
1. (Astron.) An instrument for observing or showing the positions of the stars. It is now disused. » Among the ancients, it was essentially the armillary sphere. A graduated circle with sights, for taking altitudes at sea, was called an astrolabe in the 18th century. It is now superseded by the quadrant and sextant. 2. A stereographic projection of the sphere on the plane of a great circle, as the equator, or a meridian; a planisphere. Whewell.
Astrolater noun A worshiper of the stars. Morley.
Astrolatry noun [ Astro- + Greek ... service, worship: confer French astrolâtrie .] The worship of the stars.
Astrolithology noun [ Astro- + lithology .] The science of aërolites.
[ See Astrology
.] 1. One who studies the stars; an astronomer.
[ Obsolete] 2. One who practices astrology; one who professes to foretell events by the aspects and situation of the stars.
Astrologian noun [ Old French astrologien .] An astrologer. [ Obsolete]
Astrologic, Astrological adjective [ Greek 'astrologiko`s .] Of or pertaining to astrology; professing or practicing astrology. " Astrologic learning." Hudibras. " Astrological prognostication." Cudworth. -- As`tro*log"ic*al*ly , adverb
Astrologize transitive verb & i. To apply astrology to; to study or practice astrology.
[ French astrologie
, Latin astrologia
, from Greek 'astrologi`a
, from 'astrolo`gos
astronomer, astrologer; 'asth`r
star + lo`gos
to speak. See Star
.] In its etymological signification, the science of the stars; among the ancients, synonymous with astronomy ; subsequently, the art of judging of the influences of the stars upon human affairs, and of foretelling events by their position and aspects.
was much in vogue during the Middle Ages, and became the parent of modern astronomy, as alchemy did of chemistry. It was divided into two kinds: judicial astrology
, which assumed to foretell the fate and acts of nations and individuals, and natural astrology
, which undertook to predict events of inanimate nature, such as changes of the weather, etc.
Astromantic adjective [ Greek ... astrology.] Of or pertaining to divination by means of the stars; astrologic. [ R.] Dr. H. More.
Astrometeorology noun [ Astro- + meteorology .] The investigation of the relation between the sun, moon, and stars, and the weather. -- As`*tro*me`te*or`o*log"ic*al adjective -- As`tro*me`te*or*ol"o*gist noun
Astrometer noun [ Astro- + meter .] An instrument for comparing the relative amount of the light of stars.
Astrometry noun [ Astro- + metry .] The art of making measurements among the stars, or of determining their relative magnitudes.
[ See Astronomy
.] 1. An astrologer.
[ Obsolete] Shak. 2. One who is versed in astronomy; one who has a knowledge of the laws of the heavenly orbs, or the principles by which their motions are regulated, with their various phenomena.
An undevout astronomer is mad.
[ Middle English & Old French astronomien
. See Astronomy
.] An astrologer.
Astronomic adjective Astronomical.
[ Latin astronomicus
, Greek 'astronomiko`s
: confer French astronomique
.] Of or pertaining to astronomy; in accordance with the methods or principles of astronomy.
, adverb Astronomical clock
. See under Clock .
- - Astronomical day
. See under Day .
-- Astronomical fractions
, Astronomical numbers
. See under Sexagesimal .
Astronomize intransitive verb
[ Greek ....] To study or to talk astronomy.
They astronomized in caves.
Sir T. Browne.
[ Middle English astronomie
, French astronomie
, Latin astronomia
, from Greek ..., from ... astronomer; 'asth`r
star + ... to distribute, regulate. See Star
, and Nomad
.] 1. Astrology.
Not from the stars do I my judgment pluck; 2. The science which treats of the celestial bodies, of their magnitudes, motions, distances, periods of revolution, eclipses, constitution, physical condition, and of the causes of their various phenomena. 3. A treatise on, or text-book of, the science. Physical astronomy
And yet methinks I have astronomy .
. See under Physical .
Astrophel noun See Astrofel .
Astrophotography noun [ Astro- + photography .] The application of photography to the delineation of the sun, moon, and stars.
Astrophotometer noun [ Prefix astro- + photometer .] (Astron.) A photometer for measuring the brightness of stars.
Astrophotometry noun (Astron.) The determination of the brightness of stars, and also of the sun, moon, and planets. -- As`tro*pho`to*met"ric*al adjective
Astrophysical adjective Pertaining to the physics of astronomical science.
Astrophysics noun [ Astro- + physics .] (Astron.) The science treating of the physical characteristics of the stars and other heavenly bodies, their chemical constitution, light, heat, atmospheres, etc. » Its observations are made with the spectroscope, bolometer, etc., usually in connection with the telescope.
Astrophyton noun [ Astro- + Greek fyton a plant.] (Zoology) A genus of ophiurans having the arms much branched.
Astroscope noun [ Astro- + scope .] An old astronomical instrument, formed of two cones, on whose surface the constellations were delineated.
Astroscopy noun Observation of the stars. [ Obsolete]
Astrotheology noun [ Astro- + theology .] Theology founded on observation or knowledge of the celestial bodies. Derham.
Astructive adjective [ Latin astructus , past participle of astruere to build up; ad + struere to build.] Building up; constructive; -- opposed to destructive . [ Obsolete]
Astrut adjective & adverb 1. Sticking out, or puffed out; swelling; in a swelling manner.
Inflated and astrut with self-conceit. 2. In a strutting manner; with a strutting gait.
[ French astucieux
. See Astute
.] Subtle; cunning; astute.
[ R.] Sir W. Scott.
[ See Astucious
.] Craftiness; astuteness.
[ R.] Carlyle.
Astun transitive verb
[ See Astony
.] To stun.
[ Obsolete] "Breathless and astunned
Asturian adjective Of or pertaining to Asturias in Spain. -- noun A native of Asturias.
Astute adjective [ Latin astutus , from astus craft, cunning; perhaps cognate with English acute .] Critically discerning; sagacious; shrewd; subtle; crafty. Syn. -- Keen; eagle-eyed; penetrating; skilled; discriminating; cunning; sagacious; subtle; wily; crafty.
Astylar adjective [ Greek 'a priv. + ... pillar.] (arch.) Without columns or pilasters. Weale.
Astyllen noun (Mining) A small dam to prevent free passage of water in an adit or level.
[ Prefix a-
.] Apart; separate from each other; into parts; in two; separately; into or in different pieces or places.
I took my staff, even Beauty, and cut it asunder .
Zech. xi. 10.
As wide asunder as pole and pole.