Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Attemper transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Attempered
; present participle & verbal noun Attempering
.] [ Old French atemprer
, from Latin attemperare
to soften, temper. See Temper
, and confer Attemperate
.] 1. To reduce, modify, or moderate, by mixture; to temper; to regulate, as temperature.
If sweet with bitter . . . were not attempered still. 2. To soften, mollify, or moderate; to soothe; to temper; as, to attemper rigid justice with clemency. 3. To mix in just proportion; to regulate; as, a mind well attempered with kindness and justice. 4. To accommodate; to make suitable; to adapt.
Arts . . . attempered to the lyre.
» This word is now not much used, the verb temper
taking its place.
Attemperament noun [ Old French attemprement .] A tempering, or mixing in due proportion.
Attemperance noun [ Confer Old French atemprance .] Temperance; attemperament. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ Latin attemperatus
, past participle of attemperare
. See Attemper
.] Tempered; proportioned; properly adapted.
Hope must be . . . attemperate to the promise.
Attemperate transitive verb To attemper. [ Archaic]
Attemperation noun The act of attempering or regulating. [ Archaic] Bacon.
Attemperly adverb Temperately. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Attemperment noun Attemperament.
Attempt transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Attempted
; present participle & verbal noun Attempting
.] [ Old French atenter
, also spelt atempter
, French attenter
, from Latin attentare
to attempt; ad
, to touch, try, v. intens. of tendere
to stretch. See Tempt
, and confer Attend
.] 1. To make trial or experiment of; to try; to endeavor to do or perform (some action); to assay; as, to attempt to sing; to attempt a bold flight.
Something attempted , something done, 2. To try to move, by entreaty, by afflictions, or by temptations; to tempt.
Has earned a night's repose.
[ Obsolete or Archaic]
It made the laughter of an afternoon 3. To try to win, subdue, or overcome; as, one who attempts the virtue of a woman.
That Vivien should attempt the blameless king.
Dear sir, of force I must attempt you further: 4. To attack; to make an effort or attack upon; to try to take by force; as, to attempt the enemy's camp.
Take some remembrance of us, as a tribute.
Without attempting his adversary's life. Syn.
-- See Try
Attempt intransitive verb To make an attempt; -- with upon . [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.
Attempt noun A essay, trial, or endeavor; an undertaking; an attack, or an effort to gain a point; esp. an unsuccessful, as contrasted with a successful, effort.
By his blindness maimed for high attempts . Attempt to commit a crime (Law)
, such an intentional preparatory act as will apparently result, if not extrinsically hindered, in a crime which it was designed to effect. Wharton. Syn.
. These words agree in the idea of calling forth our powers into action. Trial
is the generic term; it denotes a putting forth of one's powers with a view to determine what they can accomplish; as, to make trial
of one's strength. An attempt
is always directed to some definite and specific object; as, "The attempt
, and not the deed, confounds us." Shak.
is a continued attempt; as, "His high endeavor
and his glad success." Cowper. Effort
is a specific putting forth of strength in order to carry out an attempt. Exertion
is the putting forth or active exercise of any faculty or power. "It admits of all degrees of effort and even natural action without effort." C. J. Smith.
Attemptable adjective Capable of being attempted, tried, or attacked. Shak.
1. One who attempts; one who essays anything. 2. An assailant; also, a temper. [ Obsolete]
Attemptive adjective Disposed to attempt; adventurous. [ Obsolete] Daniel.
Attend transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Attended
; present participle & verbal noun Attending
.] [ Middle English atenden
, Old French atendre
, French attendre
, to expect, to wait, from Latin attendre
to stretch, (sc. animum
), to apply the mind to; ad
to stretch. See Tend
.] 1. To direct the attention to; to fix the mind upon; to give heed to; to regard.
The diligent pilot in a dangerous tempest doth not attend the unskillful words of the passenger. 2. To care for; to look after; to take charge of; to watch over. 3. To go or stay with, as a companion, nurse, or servant; to visit professionally, as a physician; to accompany or follow in order to do service; to escort; to wait on; to serve.
Sir P. Sidney.
The fifth had charge sick persons to attend .
Attends the emperor in his royal court.
With a sore heart and a gloomy brow, he prepared to attend William thither. 4. To be present with; to accompany; to be united or consequent to; as, a measure attended with ill effects.
What cares must then attend the toiling swain. 5. To be present at; as, to attend church, school, a concert, a business meeting. 6. To wait for; to await; to remain, abide, or be in store for.
The state that attends all men after this.
Three days I promised to attend my doom. Syn.
-- To Attend
is generic, the rest are specific terms. To mind
is to attend so that it may not be forgotten; to regard
is to look on a thing as of importance; to heed
is to attend to a thing from a principle of caution; to notice
is to think on that which strikes the senses. Crabb.
Attend intransitive verb 1. To apply the mind, or pay attention, with a view to perceive, understand, or comply; to pay regard; to heed; to listen; -- usually followed by to .
Attend to the voice of my supplications.
Ps. lxxxvi. 6.
Man can not at the same time attend to two objects. 2. To accompany or be present or near at hand, in pursuance of duty; to be ready for service; to wait or be in waiting; -- often followed by on or upon .
He was required to attend upon the committee. 3. (with to ) To take charge of; to look after; as, to attend to a matter of business. 4. To wait; to stay; to delay.
For this perfection she must yet attend , Syn.
Till to her Maker she espoused be.
Sir J. Davies.
-- To Attend
. We attend
with a view to hear and learn; we listen
with fixed attention, in order to hear correctly, or to consider what has been said; we hearken
when we listen with a willing mind, and in reference to obeying.
[ Middle English attendance
, Old French atendance
, from atendre
, French attendre
. See Attend
, transitive verb
] 1. Attention; regard; careful application.
Till I come, give attendance to reading. 2. The act of attending; state of being in waiting; service; ministry; the fact of being present; presence.
1 Tim. iv. 13.
Constant attendance at church three times a day. 3. Waiting for; expectation.
Languishing attendance and expectation of death. 4. The persons attending; a retinue; attendants.
If your stray attendance by yet lodged.
Attendancy noun The quality of attending or accompanying; attendance; an attendant. [ Obsolete]
[ French attendant
, present participle of attendre
. See Attend
, transitive verb
] 1. Being present, or in the train; accompanying; in waiting.
From the attendant flotilla rang notes triumph.
Sir W. Scott.
Cherub and Seraph . . . attendant on their Lord. 2. Accompanying, connected with, or immediately following, as consequential; consequent; as, intemperance with all its attendant evils.
The natural melancholy attendant upon his situation added to the gloom of the owner of the mansion. 3. (Law) Depending on, or owing duty or service to; as, the widow attendant to the heir. Cowell. Attendant keys (Mus.)
Sir W. Scott.
, the keys or scales most nearly related to, or having most in common with, the principal key; those, namely, of its fifth above, or dominant, its fifth below (fourth above), or subdominant, and its relative minor or major.
Attendant noun 1. One who attends or accompanies in any character whatever, as a friend, companion, servant, agent, or suitor.
"A train of attendants
." Hallam. 2. One who is present and takes part in the proceedings; as, an attendant at a meeting. 3. That which accompanies; a concomitant.
[ A] sense of fame, the attendant of noble spirits. 4. (Law) One who owes duty or service to, or depends on, another. Cowell.
Attendement noun Intent. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Attender noun One who, or that which, attends.
[ Confer Old French atendement
.] An attendant circumstance.
The uncomfortable attendments of hell.
Sir T. Browne.
[ Latin attentus
, past participle of attendere
. See Attend
, transitive verb
] Attentive; heedful.
Let thine ears be attent unto the prayer.
2 Chron. vi. 40.
Attent noun Attention; heed. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Attentate, Attentat noun
[ Latin attentatum
, plural attentata
, from attentare
to attempt: confer French attentat
criminal attempt. See Attempt
.] 1. An attempt; an assault.
[ Obsolete] Bacon. 2. (Law) (a) A proceeding in a court of judicature, after an inhibition is decreed. (b) Any step wrongly innovated or attempted in a suit by an inferior judge.
[ Latin attentio
: confer French attention
.] 1. The act or state of attending or heeding; the application of the mind to any object of sense, representation, or thought; notice; exclusive or special consideration; earnest consideration, thought, or regard; obedient or affectionate heed; the supposed power or faculty of attending.
They say the tongues of dying men
Enforce attention like deep harmony.
is consciousness and something more. It is consciousness voluntarily applied, under its law of limitations, to some determinate object; it is consciousness concentrated. Sir W. Hamilton. 2. An act of civility or courtesy; care for the comfort and pleasure of others; as, attentions paid to a stranger. To pay attention to
, To pay one's attentions to
, to be courteous or attentive to; to wait upon as a lover; to court. Syn.
-- Care; heed; study; consideration; application; advertence; respect; regard.
Attentive (ăt*tĕn"tĭv) adjective [ Confer French attentif .]
1. Heedful; intent; observant; regarding with care or attention. » Attentive is applied to the senses of hearing and seeing, as, an attentive ear or eye; to the application of the mind, as in contemplation; or to the application of the mind, in every possible sense, as when a person is attentive to the words, and to the manner and matter, of a speaker at the same time. 2. Heedful of the comfort of others; courteous. Syn. -- Heedful; intent; observant; mindful; regardful; circumspect; watchful. -- At*ten"tive*ly , adverb -- At*ten"tive*ness , noun
Attently adverb Attentively. [ Obsolete] Barrow.
[ Latin attenuans
, present participle of attenuare
: confer French atténuant
. See Attenuate
.] Making thin, as fluids; diluting; rendering less dense and viscid; diluent.
-- noun (Medicine) A medicine that thins or dilutes the fluids; a diluent.
Attenuate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Attenuated
; present participle & verbal noun Attenuating
] [ Latin attenuatus
, past participle of attenuare
to make thin, tenuis
thin. See Thin
.] 1. To make thin or slender, as by mechanical or chemical action upon inanimate objects, or by the effects of starvation, disease, etc., upon living bodies. 2. To make thin or less consistent; to render less viscid or dense; to rarefy. Specifically: To subtilize, as the humors of the body, or to break them into finer parts. 3. To lessen the amount, force, or value of; to make less complex; to weaken.
To undersell our rivals . . . has led the manufacturer to . . . attenuate his processes, in the allotment of tasks, to an extreme point.
We may reject and reject till we attenuate history into sapless meagerness.
Sir F. Palgrave.
Attenuate intransitive verb To become thin, slender, or fine; to grow less; to lessen.
The attention attenuates as its sphere contracts.
Attenuate, Attenuated adjective [ Latin attenuatus , past participle ]
1. Made thin or slender. 2. Made thin or less viscid; rarefied. Bacon.
Attenuation noun [ Latin attenuatio : confer French atténuation .]
1. The act or process of making slender, or the state of being slender; emaciation. 2. The act of attenuating; the act of making thin or less dense, or of rarefying, as fluids or gases. 3. The process of weakening in intensity; diminution of virulence; as, the attenuation of virus.
Atter noun [ Anglo-Saxon ǣtter .] Poison; venom; corrupt matter from a sore. [ Obsolete] Holland.
Attercop noun [ Anglo-Saxon attercoppa a spider; ǣtter poison + coppa head, cup.]
1. A spider. [ Obsolete] 2. A peevish, ill-natured person. [ North of Eng.]
Atterrate transitive verb [ Italian atterrare (cf. Late Latin atterrare to cast to earth); Latin ad + terra earth, land.] To fill up with alluvial earth. [ Obsolete] Ray.
Atterration noun The act of filling up with earth, or of forming land with alluvial earth. [ Obsolete]
Attest transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Attested
; present participle & verbal noun Attesting
.] [ Latin attestari
to bear witness: confer French attester
.] 1. To bear witness to; to certify; to affirm to be true or genuine; as, to attest the truth of a writing, a copy of record.
Facts . . . attested by particular pagan authors. 2. To give proof of; to manifest; as, the ruins of Palmyra attest its ancient magnificence. 3. To call to witness; to invoke.
The sacred streams which Heaven's imperial state
Attests in oaths, and fears to violate.
Attest noun Witness; testimony; attestation.
The attest of eyes and ears.
Attestation noun [ Latin attestatio : confer French attestation .] The act of attesting; testimony; witness; a solemn or official declaration, verbal or written, in support of a fact; evidence. The truth appears from the attestation of witnesses, or of the proper officer. The subscription of a name to a writing as a witness, is an attestation .
Attestative adjective Of the nature of attestation.
Attester, Attestor noun One who attests.
Attestive adjective Attesting; furnishing evidence.
[ Latin Atticus
, Greek ....] Of or pertaining to Attica, in Greece, or to Athens, its principal city; marked by such qualities as were characteristic of the Athenians; classical; refined. Attic base (Architecture)
, a peculiar form of molded base for a column or pilaster, described by Vitruvius, applied under the Roman Empire to the Ionic and Corinthian and "Roman Doric" orders, and imitated by the architects of the Renaissance.
-- Attic faith
, inviolable faith.
-- Attic purity
, special purity of language.
-- Attic salt
, Attic wit
, a poignant, delicate wit, peculiar to the Athenians.
-- Attic story
. See Attic , noun
-- Attic style
, a style pure and elegant.
[ In sense ( a
) from French attique
, orig. meaning Attic. See Attic
] 1. (Architecture) (a) A low story above the main order or orders of a facade, in the classical styles; -- a term introduced in the 17th century. Hence: (b) A room or rooms behind that part of the exterior; all the rooms immediately below the roof. 2. An Athenian; an Athenian author.
Attical adjective Attic. [ Obsolete] Hammond.
Atticism noun [ Greek ....]
1. A favoring of, or attachment to, the Athenians. 2. The style and idiom of the Greek language, used by the Athenians; a concise and elegant expression.
Atticize transitive verb [ Greek ....] To conform or make conformable to the language, customs, etc., of Attica.
Atticize intransitive verb
1. To side with the Athenians. 2. To use the Attic idiom or style; to conform to the customs or modes of thought of the Athenians.