Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Auriform adjective [ Latin auris ear + -form .] Having the form of the human ear; ear-shaped.
Auriga noun [ Latin , charioteer.] (Anat.) The Charioteer, or Wagoner, a constellation in the northern hemisphere, situated between Perseus and Gemini. It contains the bright star Capella.
Aurigal adjective [ Latin aurigalis .] Of or pertaining to a chariot. [ R.]
Aurigation noun [ Latin aurigatio , from aurigare to be a charioteer, from auriga .] The act of driving a chariot or a carriage. [ R.] De Quincey.
Aurigraphy noun [ Latin aurum gold + -graphy .] The art of writing with or in gold.
Aurilave noun [ Latin auris ear + lavare to wash.] An instrument for cleansing the ear, consisting of a small piece of sponge on an ivory or bone handle.
Aurin (a"rĭn) noun [ Latin aurum gold.] (Chemistry) A red coloring matter derived from phenol; -- called also, in commerce, yellow corallin .
[ Late Latin auriphrigiatus
; Latin aurum
gold + Late Latin phrygiare
to adorn with Phrygian needlework, or with embroidery; perhaps corrupted from some other word. Confer Orfrays
.] Embroidered or decorated with gold.
[ R.] Southey.
nt) noun See Orpiment .
Auriscalp (a"rĭ*skălp) noun [ Latin auris ear + scalpere to scrape.] An earpick.
Auriscope (-skōp) noun [ Latin auris + -scope .] (Medicine) An instrument for examining the condition of the ear.
Auriscopy (a*rĭs"ko*pȳ) noun Examination of the ear by the aid of the auriscope.
Aurist (a"rĭst) noun [ Latin auris ear.] One skilled in treating and curing disorders of the ear.
Aurited adjective [ Latin auritus , from auris ear.] (Zoology) Having lobes like the ear; auriculate.
Aurivorous adjective [ Latin aurum gold + vorare to devour.] Gold-devouring. [ R.] H. Walpole.
Aurocephalous adjective [ Aurum + cephalous .] (Zoology) Having a gold-colored head.
Aurochloride noun [ Aurum + chloride .] (Chemistry) The trichloride of gold combination with the chloride of another metal, forming a double chloride; -- called also chloraurate .
[ German auerochs
, Old High German ūrohso
(cf. Anglo-Saxon ūr
) + ohso
ox, German ochs
. Confer Owre
.] (Zoology) The European bison ( Bison bonasus, or Europæus ), once widely distributed, but now nearly extinct, except where protected in the Lithuanian forests, and perhaps in the Caucasus. It is distinct from the Urus of Cæsar, with which it has often been confused.
Aurocyanide noun [ Aurum + cyanide .] (Chemistry) A double cyanide of gold and some other metal or radical; -- called also cyanaurate .
Latin (rarely used) Auroræ
[ Latin aurora
, for ausosa
, akin to Greek ..., ..., dawn, Sanskrit ushas
, and English east
.] 1. The rising light of the morning; the dawn of day; the redness of the sky just before the sun rises. 2. The rise, dawn, or beginning. Hawthorne. 3. (Class. Myth.) The Roman personification of the dawn of day; the goddess of the morning. The poets represented her a rising out of the ocean, in a chariot, with rosy fingers dropping gentle dew. 4. (Botany) A species of crowfoot. Johnson. 5. The aurora borealis or aurora australis (northern or southern lights). Aurora borealis i. e.
, northern daybreak; popularly called northern lights
. A luminous meteoric phenomenon, visible only at night, and supposed to be of electrical origin. This species of light usually appears in streams, ascending toward the zenith from a dusky line or bank, a few degrees above the northern horizon; when reaching south beyond the zenith, it forms what is called the corona , about a spot in the heavens toward which the dipping needle points. Occasionally the aurora appears as an arch of light across the heavens from east to west. Sometimes it assumes a wavy appearance, and the streams of light are then called merry dancers . They assume a variety of colors, from a pale red or yellow to a deep red or blood color.
The Aurora australis is a corresponding phenomenon in the southern hemisphere, the streams of light ascending in the same manner from near the southern horizon.
Auroral adjective Belonging to, or resembling, the aurora (the dawn or the northern lights); rosy.
Her cheeks suffused with an auroral blush.
1. Containing gold. 2. (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or derived from, gold; -- said of those compounds of gold in which this element has its lower valence; as, aurous oxide.
[ Latin ] Gold. Aurum fulminans See Fulminate .
-- Aurum mosaicum See Mosaic .
Auscult intransitive verb & t. To auscultate.
Auscultate intransitive verb & t. To practice auscultation; to examine by auscultation.
[ Latin ausculcatio
, from auscultare
to listen, from a dim. of auris
, orig. ausis
, ear. See Auricle
, and confer Scout
] 1. The act of listening or hearkening to. Hickes. 2. (Medicine) An examination by listening either directly with the ear (immediate auscultation) applied to parts of the body, as the abdomen; or with the stethoscope (mediate auscultation), in order to distinguish sounds recognized as a sign of health or of disease.
Auscultator noun One who practices auscultation.
Auscultatory adjective Of or pertaining to auscultation. Dunglison.
Ausonian adjective [ Latin Ausonia , poetic name for Italy .] Italian. Milton.
[ Latin auspicatus
, past participle of auspicari
to take auspices, from auspex
a bird seer, an augur, a contr. of avispex
bird + specere
, to view. See Aviary
[ Obsolete] Holland.
Auspicate transitive verb 1. To foreshow; to foretoken.
[ Obsolete] B. Jonson. 2. To give a favorable turn to in commencing; to inaugurate; -- a sense derived from the Roman practice of taking the auspicium , or inspection of birds, before undertaking any important business.
They auspicate all their proceedings.
; plural Auspices
[ Latin auspicium
, from auspex
: confer French auspice
. See Auspicate
] 1. A divining or taking of omens by observing birds; an omen as to an undertaking, drawn from birds; an augury; an omen or sign in general; an indication as to the future. 2. Protection; patronage and care; guidance.
Which by his auspice they will nobler make.
» In this sense the word is generally plural, auspices
; as, under the auspices
of the king.
Auspicial adjective Of or pertaining to auspices; auspicious. [ R.]
[ See Auspice
.] 1. Having omens or tokens of a favorable issue; giving promise of success, prosperity, or happiness; predicting good; as, an auspicious beginning.
Auspicious union of order and freedom. 2. Prosperous; fortunate; as, auspicious years.
chief." Dryden. 3. Favoring; favorable; propitious; -- applied to persons or things.
gales." Pope. Syn.
-- See Propitious
. -- Aus*pi"cious*ly
Auster noun [ Latin auster a dry, hot, south wind; the south.] The south wind. Pope.
[ French austère
, Latin austerus
, from Greek ..., from ... to parch, dry. Confer Sear
.] 1. Sour and astringent; rough to the state; having acerbity; as, an austere crab apple; austere wine. 2. Severe in modes of judging, or living, or acting; rigid; rigorous; stern; as, an austere man, look, life.
From whom the austere Etrurian virtue rose. 3. Unadorned; unembellished; severely simple. Syn.
-- Harsh; sour; rough; rigid; stern; severe; rigorous; strict.
Austerely adverb Severely; rigidly; sternly.
A doctrine austerely logical.
1. Harshness or astringent sourness to the taste; acerbity. Johnson. 2. Severity; strictness; austerity. Shak.
; plural Austerities
[ French austérité
, Latin austerias
, from austerus
. See Austere
.] 1. Sourness and harshness to the taste.
[ Obsolete] Horsley. 2. Severity of manners or life; extreme rigor or strictness; harsh discipline.
The austerity of John the Baptist. 3. Plainness; freedom from adornment; severe simplicity.
Partly owing to the studied austerity of her dress, and partly to the lack of demonstration in her manners.
Austin adjective Augustinian; as, Austin friars.
Austral adjective [ Latin australis , from auster : confer French austral .] Southern; lying or being in the south; as, austral land; austral ocean. Austral signs (Astron.) , the last six signs of the zodiac, or those south of the equator.
Austral adjective (Biogeography) Designating, or pert. to, a zone extending across North America between the Transition and Tropical zones, and including most of the United States and central Mexico except the mountainous parts.
Australasian adjective Of or pertaining to Australasia; as, Australasian regions. -- noun A native or an inhabitant of Australasia.
Australian adjective [ From Latin Terra Australis southern land.] Of or pertaining to Australia. -- noun A native or an inhabitant of Australia.
Australian ballot (Law) A system of balloting or voting in public elections, originally used in South Australia, in which there is such an arrangement for polling votes that secrecy is compulsorily maintained, and the ballot used is an official ballot printed and distributed by the government.
Australize intransitive verb
[ See Austral
.] To tend toward the south pole, as a magnet.
They [ magnets] do septentrionate at one extreme, and australize at another.
Sir T. Browne.
Austrian adjective Of or pertaining to Austria, or to its inhabitants. -- noun A native or an inhabitant of Austria.
Austrine noun [ Latin austrinus , from auster south.] Southern; southerly; austral. [ Obsolete] Bailey.
Austro-Hungarian adjective Of or pertaining to the monarchy composed of Austria and Hungary.