Webster's Dictionary, 1913
; plural Autos-da-fé
[ Portuguese , act of the faith; auto
act, from Latin actus
of the + fé
faith, from Latin fides
.] 1. A judgment of the Inquisition in Spain and Portugal condemning or acquitting persons accused of religious offenses. 2. An execution of such sentence, by the civil power, esp. the burning of a heretic. It was usually held on Sunday, and was made a great public solemnity by impressive forms and ceremonies. 3. A session of the court of Inquisition.
; plural Autos-de-fe
. [ Spanish , act of faith.] Same as Auto- da-fé .
Auto-infection noun [ Auto- + infection .] (Medicine) Poisoning caused by a virus that originates and develops in the organism itself.
Auto-inoculation noun [ Auto- + inoculation .] (Medicine) Inoculation of a person with virus from his own body.
Auto-intoxication noun [ Auto- + intoxication .] (Medicine) Poisoning, or the state of being poisoned, from toxic substances produced within the body; autotoxæmia.
Autocratic, Autocratical adjective Of or pertaining to autocracy or to an autocrat; absolute; holding independent and arbitrary powers of government. -- Au`to*crat"ic*al*ly , adverb
Autocrator noun [ Greek ....] An autocrat. [ Archaic]
Autocratorical adjective Pertaining to an autocrator; absolute. [ Obsolete] Bp. Pearson.
Autocratrix noun [ New Latin ] A female sovereign who is independent and absolute; -- a title given to the empresses of Russia.
Autocratship noun The office or dignity of an autocrat.
Autodidact noun [ Greek ... self- taught.] One who is self-taught; an automath.
Autodynamic adjective [ Auto- + dynamic .] Supplying its own power; -- applied to an instrument of the nature of a water-ram.
Autofecundation noun [ Auto- + fecundation .] (Biol.) Self-impregnation. Darwin.
Autogamous adjective (Botany) Characterized by autogamy; self-fertilized.
Autogamy noun [ Auto- + Greek ... marriage.] (Botany) Self-fertilization, the fertilizing pollen being derived from the same blossom as the pistil acted upon.
Autogeneal adjective Self-produced; autogenous.
Autogenesis noun [ Auto- + genesis .] (Biol.) Spontaneous generation.
Autogenetic adjective (Biol.) Relating to autogenesis; self-generated.
Autogenetic adjective (Physics Geology) Pertaining to, controlled by, or designating, a system of self- determined drainage.
Autogenetic drainage (Physics Geology) A system of natural drainage developed by the constituent streams through headwater erosion.
Autogenetic topography (Physics Geology) A system of land forms produced by the free action of rain and streams on rocks of uniform texture.
Autogenous adjective [ Greek ...; ... self + root of ... to be born.] Autogenous soldering , the junction by fusion of the joining edges of metals without the intervention of solder.
1. (Biol.) Self- generated; produced independently. 2. (Anat.) Developed from an independent center of ossification. Owen.
Autogenous adjective Autogenetic.
Autogenously adverb In an autogenous manner; spontaneously.
Autograph noun [ French autographe , from Greek ... autographic; ... self + ... to write.] That which is written with one's own hand; an original manuscript; a person's own signature or handwriting.
Autograph adjective In one's own handwriting; as, an autograph letter; an autograph will.
Autographal adjective Autographic. [ Obsolete]
Autographic, Autographical adjective
1. Pertaining to an autograph, or one's own handwriting; of the nature of an autograph. 2. Pertaining to, or used in, the process of autography; as, autographic ink, paper, or press.
Autography noun [ Confer French autographie .]
1. The science of autographs; a person's own handwriting; an autograph. 2. A process in lithography by which a writing or drawing is transferred from paper to stone. Ure.
Autoharp noun [ Auto- + harp .] A zitherlike musical instrument, provided with dampers which, when depressed, deaden some strings, leaving free others that form a chord.
Autohypnotic adjective Pert. to autohypnotism; self-hypnotizing. -- noun An autohypnotic person.
Autohypnotism noun [ Auto- + hypnotism .] Hypnotism of one's self by concentration of the attention on some object or idea.
Autokinesis noun [ New Latin ; auto- + Greek ... motion.] (Physiol.) Spontaneous or voluntary movement; movement due to an internal cause.
Autokinetic adjective [ Auto- + kinetic .] Self-moving; moving automatically.
Autokinetic system In fire-alarm telegraphy, a system so arranged that when one alarm is being transmitted, no other alarm, sent in from another point, will be transmitted until after the first alarm has been disposed of.
Autolatry noun [ Auto- + Greek ... worship.] Self-worship. Farrar.
Automath noun [ Greek ...; ... self + ..., ..., to learn.] One who is self-taught. [ R.] Young.
Automatic, Automatical adjective
[ Confer French automatique
. See Automaton
.] 1. Having an inherent power of action or motion.
Nothing can be said to be automatic . 2. Pertaining to, or produced by, an automaton; of the nature of an automaton; self-acting or self-regulating under fixed conditions; -- esp. applied to machinery or devices in which certain things formerly or usually done by hand are done by the machine or device itself; as, the automatic feed of a lathe; automatic gas lighting; an automatic engine or switch; an automatic mouse. 3. Not voluntary; not depending on the will; mechanical; as, automatic movements or functions.
Sir H. Davy.
Unconscious or automatic reasoning. Automatic arts
, such economic arts or manufacture as are carried on by self-acting machinery. Ure.
Automatically adverb In an automatic manner.
Automatism noun The state or quality of being automatic; the power of self-moving; automatic, mechanical, or involuntary action. (Metaph.) A theory as to the activity of matter.
[ Latin from Greek ..., neut. of ... self-moving; ... self + a root ma
, to strive, think, confer ... to strive. See Mean
, intransitive verb
] 1. Any thing or being regarded as having the power of spontaneous motion or action. Huxley.
So great and admirable an automaton as the world.
These living automata , human bodies. 2. A self-moving machine, or one which has its motive power within itself; -- applied chiefly to machines which appear to imitate spontaneously the motions of living beings, such as men, birds, etc.
[ Latin automatus
, Greek .... See Automaton
[ Obsolete] " Automatous
organs." Sir T. Browne.
Automixte system (Machinery) A system (devised by Henri Pieper, a Belgian) of driving automobiles employing a gasoline engine and an auxiliary reversible dynamo. When there is an excess of power the dynamo is driven by the engine so as to charge a small storage battery; when there is a deficiency of power the dynamo reverses and acts as an auxiliary motor. Sometimes called Pieper system . -- Automixte car , etc.
Automobile noun [ French] An automobile vehicle or mechanism; esp., a self-propelled vehicle suitable for use on a street or roadway. Automobiles are usually propelled by internal combustion engines (using volatile inflammable liquids, as gasoline or petrol, alcohol, naphtha, etc.), steam engines, or electric motors. The power of the driving motor varies from about 4 to 50 H. P. for ordinary vehicles, ranging from the run- about to the touring car, up to as high as 200 H. P. for specially built racing cars. Automobiles are also commonly, and generally in British usage, called motor cars .
Automobilism noun The use of automobiles, or the practices, methods, or the like, of those who use them. -- Au`to*mo"bil*ist , noun
+ Greek ... for, shape.] Patterned after one's self.
The conception which any one frames of another's mind is more or less after the pattern of his own mind, -- is automorphic .
Automorphism noun Automorphic characterization. H. Spenser.
Autonomasy noun [ Auto- + Greek ... a name, from ... a name; or for English antonomasia .] (Rhet.) The use of a word of common or general signification for the name of a particular thing; as, "He has gone to town ," for, "He has gone to London ."
Autonomic adjective Having the power of self-government; autonomous. Hickok.