Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Arthurian adjective Of or pertaining to King Arthur or his knights. J. R. Symonds.

In magnitude, in interest, and as a literary origin, the Arthurian invention dwarfs all other things in the book.

Artiad adjective [ Greek ... even, from ... exactly.] (Chemistry) Even; not odd; -- said of elementary substances and of radicals the valence of which is divisible by two without a remainder.

Artichoke noun [ Italian articiocco , perhaps corrupted from the same word as carciofo ; confer older spellings archiciocco , archicioffo , carciocco , and Spanish alcachofa , Portuguese alcachofra ; probably from Arabic al-harshaf , al-kharshūf .] (Botany)
1. The Cynara scolymus , a plant somewhat resembling a thistle, with a dilated, imbricated, and prickly involucre. The head (to which the name is also applied) is composed of numerous oval scales, inclosing the florets, sitting on a broad receptacle, which, with the fleshy base of the scales, is much esteemed as an article of food.

2. See Jerusalem artichoke .

Article noun [ French, from Latin articulus , dim. of artus joint, akin to Greek ..., from a root ar to join, fit. See Art , noun ]
1. A distinct portion of an instrument, discourse, literary work, or any other writing, consisting of two or more particulars, or treating of various topics; as, an article in the Constitution. Hence: A clause in a contract, system of regulations, treaty, or the like; a term, condition, or stipulation in a contract; a concise statement; as, articles of agreement.

2. A literary composition, forming an independent portion of a magazine, newspaper, or cyclopedia.

3. Subject; matter; concern; distinct. [ Obsolete]

A very great revolution that happened in this article of good breeding.

This last article will hardly be believed.
De Foe.

4. A distinct part. "Upon each article of human duty." Paley. "Each article of time." Habington.

The articles which compose the blood.
E. Darwin.

5. A particular one of various things; as, an article of merchandise; salt is a necessary article .

They would fight not for articles of faith, but for articles of food.

6. Precise point of time; moment. [ Obsolete or Archaic]

This fatal news coming to Hick's Hall upon the article of my Lord Russell's trial, was said to have had no little influence on the jury and all the bench to his prejudice.

7. (Gram.) One of the three words, a , an , the , used before nouns to limit or define their application. A (or an ) is called the indefinite article, the the definite article.

8. (Zoology) One of the segments of an articulated appendage.

Articles of Confederation , the compact which was first made by the original thirteen States of the United States. They were adopted March 1, 1781, and remained the supreme law until March, 1789. -- Articles of impeachment , an instrument which, in cases of impeachment, performs the same office which an indictment does in a common criminal case. -- Articles of war , rules and regulations, fixed by law, for the better government of the army. -- In the article of death [ Latin in articulo mortis ], at the moment of death; in the dying struggle. -- Lords of the articles (Scot. Hist.) , a standing committee of the Scottish Parliament to whom was intrusted the drafting and preparation of the acts, or bills for laws. -- The Thirty-nine Articles , statements (thirty-nine in number) of the tenets held by the Church of England.

Article transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Articled ; present participle & verbal noun Articling ] [ Confer French articuler , from Latin articulare . See Article , noun , Articulate .]
1. To formulate in articles; to set forth in distinct particulars.

If all his errors and follies were articled against him, the man would seem vicious and miserable.
Jer. Taylor.

2. To accuse or charge by an exhibition of articles.

He shall be articled against in the high court of admiralty.
Stat. 33 Geo. III.

3. To bind by articles of covenant or stipulation; as, to article an apprentice to a mechanic.

Article intransitive verb To agree by articles; to stipulate; to bargain; to covenant. [ R.]

Then he articled with her that he should go away when he pleased.

Articled adjective Bound by articles; apprenticed; as, an articled clerk.

Articular adjective [ Latin articularis : confer French articulaire . See Article , noun ] Of or pertaining to the joints; as, an articular disease; an articular process.

Articular, Articulary noun (Anat.) A bone in the base of the lower jaw of many birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fishes.

Articularly (är*tĭk"u*lẽr*lȳ) adverb In an articular or an articulate manner.

Articulata (är*tĭk`u*lā"tȧ) noun plural [ Neut. plural from Latin articulatus furnished with joints, distinct, past participle of articulare . See Article , v. ] (Zoology)
1. One of the four subkingdoms in the classification of Cuvier. It has been much modified by later writers.

» It includes those Invertebrata having the body composed of a series of ringlike segments (arthromeres). By some writers, the unsegmented worms (helminths) have also been included; by others it is restricted to the Arthropoda. It corresponds nearly with the Annulosa of some authors. The chief subdivisions are Arthropoda (Insects, Myriapoda, Malacopoda, Arachnida, Pycnogonida, Crustacea); and Anarthropoda, including the Annelida and allied forms.

2. One of the subdivisions of the Brachiopoda, including those that have the shells united by a hinge.

3. A subdivision of the Crinoidea.

Articulate adjective [ Latin articulatus . See Articulata .]
1. Expressed in articles or in separate items or particulars. [ Archaic] Bacon.

2. Jointed; formed with joints; consisting of segments united by joints; as, articulate animals or plants.

3. Distinctly uttered; spoken so as to be intelligible; characterized by division into words and syllables; as, articulate speech, sounds, words.

Total changes of party and articulate opinion.

Articulate noun (Zoology) An animal of the subkingdom Articulata.

Articulate intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Articulated ; present participle & verbal noun Articulating ].
1. To utter articulate sounds; to utter the elementary sounds of a language; to enunciate; to speak distinctly.

2. To treat or make terms. [ Obsolete] Shak.

3. To join or be connected by articulation.

Articulate transitive verb
1. To joint; to unite by means of a joint; to put together with joints or at the joints.

2. To draw up or write in separate articles; to particularize; to specify. [ Obsolete]

3. To form, as the elementary sounds; to utter in distinct syllables or words; to enunciate; as, to articulate letters or language. "To articulate a word." Ray.

4. To express distinctly; to give utterance to.

Luther articulated himself upon a process that hand already begun in the Christian church.
Bibliotheca Sacra.

To . . . articulate the dumb, deep want of the people.

Articulated adjective
1. United by, or provided with, articulations; jointed; as, an articulated skeleton.

2. Produced, as a letter, syllable, or word, by the organs of speech; pronounced.

Articulately adverb
1. After the manner, or in the form, of a joint.

2. Article by article; in distinct particulars; in detail; definitely. Paley.

I had articulately set down in writing our points.

3. With distinct utterance of the separate sounds.

Articulateness noun Quality of being articulate.

Articulation noun [ Confer French articulation , from Latin articulatio .]
1. (Anat.) A joint or juncture between bones in the skeleton.

» Articulations may be immovable, when the bones are directly united (synarthrosis), or slightly movable, when they are united intervening substance (amphiarthrosis), or they may be more or less freely movable, when the articular surfaces are covered with synovial membranes, as in complete joints (diarthrosis). The last (diarthrosis) includes hinge joints, admitting motion in one plane only (ginglymus), ball and socket joints (enarthrosis), pivot and rotation joints, etc.

2. (Botany) (a) The connection of the parts of a plant by joints, as in pods. (b) One of the nodes or joints, as in cane and maize. (c) One of the parts intercepted between the joints; also, a subdivision into parts at regular or irregular intervals as a result of serial intermission in growth, as in the cane, grasses, etc. Lindley.

3. The act of putting together with a joint or joints; any meeting of parts in a joint.

4. The state of being jointed; connection of parts. [ R.]

That definiteness and articulation of imagery.

5. The utterance of the elementary sounds of a language by the appropriate movements of the organs, as in pronunciation; as, a distinct articulation .

6. A sound made by the vocal organs; an articulate utterance or an elementary sound, esp. a consonant.

Articulative adjective Of or pertaining to articulation. Bush.

Articulator noun One who, or that which, articulates; as: (a) One who enunciates distinctly. (b) One who prepares and mounts skeletons. (c) An instrument to cure stammering.

Articulus noun ; plural Articuli [ Latin See Article .] (Zoology) A joint of the cirri of the Crinoidea; a joint or segment of an arthropod appendage.

Artifact noun [ Latin ars , artis , art + facere , factum , to make.]
1. (Archæol.) A product of human workmanship; -- applied esp. to the simpler products of aboriginal art as distinguished from natural objects.

2. (Biol.) A structure or appearance in protoplasm due to death or the use of reagents and not present during life.

Artifice noun [ Latin artificium , from artifex artificer; ars , artis , art + facere to make: confer French artifice .]
1. A handicraft; a trade; art of making. [ Obsolete]

2. Workmanship; a skillfully contrived work.

The material universe.. in the artifice of God, the artifice of the best Mechanist.

3. Artful or skillful contrivance.

His [ Congreve's] plots were constructed without much artifice .

4. Crafty device; an artful, ingenious, or elaborate trick. [ Now the usual meaning.]

Those who were conscious of guilt employed numerous artifices for the purpose of averting inquiry.

Artificer noun [ Confer French artificier , from Late Latin artificiarius .]
1. An artistic worker; a mechanic or manufacturer; one whose occupation requires skill or knowledge of a particular kind, as a silversmith.

2. One who makes or contrives; a deviser, inventor, or framer. " Artificer of fraud." Milton.

The great Artificer of all that moves.

3. A cunning or artful fellow. [ Obsolete] B. Jonson.

4. (Mil.) A military mechanic, as a blacksmith, carpenter, etc.; also, one who prepares the shells, fuses, grenades, etc., in a military laboratory.

Syn. -- Artisan; artist. See Artisan .

Artificial adjective [ Latin artificialis , from artificium : confer French artificiel . See Artifice .]
1. Made or contrived by art; produced or modified by human skill and labor, in opposition to natural ; as, artificial heat or light, gems, salts, minerals, fountains, flowers.

Artificial strife
Lives in these touches, livelier than life.

2. Feigned; fictitious; assumed; affected; not genuine. " Artificial tears." Shak.

3. Artful; cunning; crafty. [ Obsolete] Shak.

4. Cultivated; not indigenous; not of spontaneous growth; as, artificial grasses. Gibbon.

Artificial arguments (Rhet.) , arguments invented by the speaker, in distinction from laws, authorities, and the like, which are called inartificial arguments or proofs. Johnson. -- Artificial classification (Science) , an arrangement based on superficial characters, and not expressing the true natural relations species; as, "the artificial system" in botany, which is the same as the Linnæan system. -- Artificial horizon . See under Horizon . Artificial light , any light other than that which proceeds from the heavenly bodies. -- Artificial lines , lines on a sector or scale, so contrived as to represent the logarithmic sines and tangents, which, by the help of the line of numbers, solve, with tolerable exactness, questions in trigonometry, navigation, etc. -- Artificial numbers , logarithms. -- Artificial person (Law) . See under Person . -- Artificial sines , tangents , etc., the same as logarithms of the natural sines, tangents, etc. Hutton.

Artificiality noun The quality or appearance of being artificial; that which is artificial.

Artificialize transitive verb To render artificial.

Artificially adverb
1. In an artificial manner; by art, or skill and contrivance, not by nature.

2. Ingeniously; skillfully. [ Obsolete]

The spider's web, finely and artificially wrought.

3. Craftily; artfully. [ Obsolete]

Sharp dissembled so artificially .
Bp. Burnet.

Artificialness noun The quality of being artificial.

Artificious adjective [ Latin artificiosus .] Artificial. [ Obsolete] Johnson.

Artilize transitive verb To make resemble. [ Obsolete]

If I was a philosopher, says Montaigne, I would naturalize art instead of artilizing nature.

Artillerist noun A person skilled in artillery or gunnery; a gunner; an artilleryman.

Artillery noun [ Middle English artilrie , Old French artillerie , arteillerie , from Late Latin artillaria , artilleria , machines and apparatus of all kinds used in war, vans laden with arms of any kind which follow camps; French artillerie great guns, ordnance; Old French artillier to work artifice, to fortify, to arm, probably from Latin ars , artis , skill in joining something, art. See Art .]
1. Munitions of war; implements for warfare, as slings, bows, and arrows. [ Obsolete]

And Jonathan gave his artillery unto his lad.
1 Sam. xx. 40.

2. Cannon; great guns; ordnance, including guns, mortars, howitzers, etc., with their equipment of carriages, balls, bombs, and shot of all kinds.

» The word is sometimes used in a more extended sense, including the powder, cartridges, matches, utensils, machines of all kinds, and horses, that belong to a train of artillery.

3. The men and officers of that branch of the army to which the care and management of artillery are confided.

4. The science of artillery or gunnery. Campbell.

Artillery park , or Park of artillery . (a) A collective body of siege or field artillery, including the guns, and the carriages, ammunition, appurtenances, equipments, and persons necessary for working them. (b) The place where the artillery is encamped or collected. -- Artillery train , or Train of artillery , a number of pieces of ordnance mounted on carriages, with all their furniture, ready for marching.

Artillery wheel A kind of heavily built dished wheel with a long axle box, used on gun carriages, usually having 14 spokes and 7 felloes; hence, a wheel of similar construction for use on automobiles, etc.

Artilleryman noun A man who manages, or assists in managing, a large gun in firing.

Artiodactyla noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... even + ... finger or toe.] (Zoology) One of the divisions of the ungulate animals. The functional toes of the hind foot are even in number, and the third digit of each foot (corresponding to the middle finger in man) is asymmetrical and paired with the fourth digit, as in the hog, the sheep, and the ox; -- opposed to Perissodactyla .

Artiodactyle noun (Zoology) One of the Artiodactyla.

Artiodactylous adjective (Zoology) Even-toed.

Artisan noun [ French artisan , from Latin artitus skilled in arts, from ars , artis , art: confer Italian artigiano . See Art , noun ]
1. One who professes and practices some liberal art; an artist. [ Obsolete]

2. One trained to manual dexterity in some mechanic art or trade; and handicraftsman; a mechanic.

This is willingly submitted to by the artisan , who can . . . compensate his additional toil and fatigue.

Syn. -- Artificer; artist. -- Artisan , Artist , Artificer . An artist is one who is skilled in some one of the fine arts; an artisan is one who exercises any mechanical employment. A portrait painter is an artist ; a sign painter is an artisan , although he may have the taste and skill of an artist. The occupation of the former requires a fine taste and delicate manipulation; that of the latter demands only an ordinary degree of contrivance and imitative power. An artificer is one who requires power of contrivance and adaptation in the exercise of his profession. The word suggest neither the idea of mechanical conformity to rule which attaches to the term artisan , nor the ideas of refinement and of peculiar skill which belong to the term artist .

Artist noun [ French artiste , Late Latin artista , from Latin ars . See Art , noun , and confer Artiste .]
1. One who practices some mechanic art or craft; an artisan. [ Obsolete]

How to build ships, and dreadful ordnance cast,
Instruct the articles and reward their.

2. One who professes and practices an art in which science and taste preside over the manual execution.

» The term is particularly applied to painters, sculptors, musicians, engravers, and architects. Elmes.

3. One who shows trained skill or rare taste in any manual art or occupation. Pope.

4. An artful person; a schemer. [ Obsolete]

Syn. -- Artisan. See Artisan .

Artiste noun [ French See Artist .] One peculiarly dexterous and tasteful in almost any employment, as an opera dancer, a hairdresser, a cook.

» This term should not be confounded with the English word artist .

Artistic, Artistical adjective [ Confer French artistique , from artiste .] Of or pertaining to art or to artists; made in the manner of an artist; conformable to art; characterized by art; showing taste or skill. -- Ar*tis"tic*al*ly , adverb

Artistry noun
1. Works of art collectively.

2. Artistic effect or quality. Southey.

3. Artistic pursuits; artistic ability. The Academy.

Artless adjective
1. Wanting art, knowledge, or skill; ignorant; unskillful.

Artless of stars and of the moving sand.

2. Contrived without skill or art; inartistic. [ R.]

Artless and massy pillars.
T. Warton.

3. Free from guile, art, craft, or stratagem; characterized by simplicity and sincerity; sincere; guileless; ingenuous; honest; as, an artless mind; an artless tale.

They were plain, artless men, without the least appearance of enthusiasm or credulity about them.

O, how unlike the complex works of man,
Heaven's easy, artless , unencumbered plan!

Syn. -- Simple; unaffected; sincere; undesigning; guileless; unsophisticated; open; frank; candid.

Artlessly adverb In an artless manner; without art, skill, or guile; unaffectedly. Pope.

Artlessness noun The quality of being artless, or void of art or guile; simplicity; sincerity.

Artly adverb With art or skill. [ Obsolete]

Artocarpeous, Artocarpous adjective [ Greek ... bread + ... fruit.] (Botany) Of or pertaining to the breadfruit, or to the genus Artocarpus .

Artotype noun [ Art + type .] A kind of autotype.