Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Sensori-volitional adjective (Physiol.) Concerned both in sensation and volition; -- applied to those nerve fibers which pass to and from the cerebro- spinal axis, and are respectively concerned in sensation and volition. Dunglison.
[ Confer French sensorial
. See Sensorium
.] Of or pertaining to the sensorium; as, sensorial faculties, motions, powers. A. Tucker.
, Latin Sensoria
. [ Latin , from sentire
, to discern or perceive by the senses
.] (Physiol.) The seat of sensation; the nervous center or centers to which impressions from the external world must be conveyed before they can be perceived; the place where external impressions are localized, and transformed into sensations, prior to being reflected to other parts of the organism; hence, the whole nervous system, when animated, so far as it is susceptible of common or special sensations.
; plural Sensories (Physiol.) Same as Sensorium .
Sensory adjective (Physiol.) Of or pertaining to the sensorium or sensation; as, sensory impulses; -- especially applied to those nerves and nerve fibers which convey to a nerve center impulses resulting in sensation; also sometimes loosely employed in the sense of afferent , to indicate nerve fibers which convey impressions of any kind to a nerve center.
[ Latin sensualis
, from sensus
sense: confer French sensuel
.] 1. Pertaining to, consisting in, or affecting, the sense, or bodily organs of perception; relating to, or concerning, the body, in distinction from the spirit.
Pleasing and sensual rites and ceremonies. Bacon.
Far as creation's ample range extends, Pope. 2. Hence, not spiritual or intellectual; carnal; fleshly; pertaining to, or consisting in, the gratification of the senses, or the indulgence of appetites; wordly.
The scale of sensual , mental powers ascends.
These be they who separate themselves, sensual , having not the Spirit. Jude 19.
The greatest part of men are such as prefer . . . that good which is sensual before whatsoever is most divine. Hooker. 3. Devoted to the pleasures of sense and appetite; luxurious; voluptuous; lewd; libidinous.
No small part of virtue consists in abstaining from that wherein sensual men place their felicity. Atterbury. 4. Pertaining or peculiar to the philosophical doctrine of sensualism.
Sensualism noun [ Confer French sensualisme .]
1. The condition or character of one who is sensual; subjection to sensual feelings and appetite; sensuality. 2. (Philos.) The doctrine that all our ideas, or the operations of the understanding, not only originate in sensation, but are transformed sensations, copies or relics of sensations; sensationalism; sensism. 3. (Ethics) The regarding of the gratification of the senses as the highest good. Krauth- Fleming.
Sensualist noun [ CF. French sensualiste .]
1. One who is sensual; one given to the indulgence of the appetites or senses as the means of happiness. 2. One who holds to the doctrine of sensualism.
1. Sensual. 2. Adopting or teaching the doctrines of sensualism.
[ CF. French sensualité
, Latin sensualitas
sensibility, capacity for sensation.] The quality or state of being sensual; devotedness to the gratification of the bodily appetites; free indulgence in carnal or sensual pleasures; luxuriousness; voluptuousness; lewdness.
Those pampered animals Shak.
That rage in savage sensuality .
They avoid dress, lest they should have affections tainted by any sensuality . Addison.
Sensualization noun The act of sensualizing, or the state of being sensualized.
Sensualize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sensualized
; present participle & verbal noun Sensualizing
.] To make sensual; to subject to the love of sensual pleasure; to debase by carnal gratifications; to carnalize; as, sensualized by pleasure. Pope.
By the neglect of prayer, the thoughts are sensualized . T. H. Skinner.
Sensually adverb In a sensual manner.
Sensualness noun Sensuality; fleshliness.
Sensuism noun Sensualism.
Sensuosity noun The quality or state of being sensuous; sensuousness. [ R.]
Sensuous adjective 1. Of or pertaining to the senses, or sensible objects; addressing the senses; suggesting pictures or images of sense.
To this poetry would be made precedent, as being less subtle and fine, but more simple, sensuous , and passionate. Milton. 2. Highly susceptible to influence through the senses.
-- Sen"su*ous*ly adverb
Sent v. & noun See Scent , v. & noun
[ Obsolete] Spenser.
Sent obsolete 3d pers. sing. present of Send , for sendeth .
Sent imperfect & past participle of Send .
[ French, from Latin sententia
, for sentientia
, from sentire
to discern by the senses and the mind, to feel, to think. See Sense
, and confer Sentiensi
.] 1. Sense; meaning; significance.
Tales of best sentence and most solace. Chaucer.
The discourse itself, voluble enough, and full of sentence . Milton. 2. (a) An opinion; a decision; a determination; a judgment, especially one of an unfavorable nature.
My sentence is for open war. Milton.
That by them [ Luther's works] we may pass sentence upon his doctrines. Atterbury. (b) A philosophical or theological opinion; a dogma; as, Summary of the Sentences ; Book of the Sentences . 3. (Law) In civil and admiralty law, the judgment of a court pronounced in a cause; in criminal and ecclesiastical courts, a judgment passed on a criminal by a court or judge; condemnation pronounced by a judgical tribunal; doom. In common law, the term is exclusively used to denote the judgment in criminal cases.
Received the sentence of the law. Shak. 4. A short saying, usually containing moral instruction; a maxim; an axiom; a saw. Broome. 5. (Gram.) A combination of words which is complete as expressing a thought, and in writing is marked at the close by a period, or full point. See Proposition , 4.
are simple or compound. A simple sentence consists of one subject and one finite verb; as, "The Lord reigns." A compound sentence contains two or more subjects and finite verbs, as in this verse: -
He fills, he bounds, connects, and equals all. Pope. Dark sentence
, a saving not easily explained.
A king . . . understanding dark sentences . Dan. vii. 23.
Sentence transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sentenced
; present participle & verbal noun Sentencing
.] 1. To pass or pronounce judgment upon; to doom; to condemn to punishment; to prescribe the punishment of.
Nature herself is sentenced in your doom. Dryden. 2. To decree or announce as a sentence.
[ Obsolete] Shak. 3. To utter sententiously.
[ Obsolete] Feltham.
Sentence method (Education) A method of teaching reading by giving first attention to phrases and sentences and later analyzing these into their verbal and alphabetic components; -- contrasted with alphabet and word methods .
Sentencer noun One who pronounced a sentence or condemnation.
1. Comprising sentences; as, a sentential translation. Abp. Newcome. 2. Of or pertaining to a sentence, or full period; as, a sentential pause.
Sententially adverb In a sentential manner.
Sententiarist noun A sententiary. Barnas Sears (Life of Luther).
Sententiary noun [ Late Latin sententiarius .] One who read lectures, or commented, on the Sentences of Peter Lombard, Bishop of Paris (1159-1160), a school divine. R. Henry.
Sententiosity noun The quality or state of being sententious. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.
[ Latin sentenciosus
: confer French sentencieux
.] 1. Abounding with sentences, axioms, and maxims; full of meaning; terse and energetic in expression; pithy; as, a sententious style or discourse; sententious truth.
How he apes his sire, Addison. 2. Comprising or representing sentences; sentential.
Ambitiously sententious !
[ Obsolete] " Sententious
Sentery noun A sentry. [ Obsolete] Milton.
Senteur noun [ French] Scent. [ Obsolete] Holland.
Sentience, Sentiency noun
[ See Sentient
.] The quality or state of being sentient; esp., the quality or state of having sensation. G. H. Lewes
An example of harmonious action between the intelligence and the sentieny of the mind. Earle.
[ Latin sentiens
, present participle of sentire
to discern or perceive by the senses. See Sense
.] Having a faculty, or faculties, of sensation and perception. Specif. (Physiol.) , especially sensitive; as, the sentient extremities of nerves, which terminate in the various organs or tissues.
Sentient noun One who has the faculty of perception; a sentient being.
Sentiently adverb In a sentient or perceptive way.
[ Middle English sentement
, Old French sentement
, French sentiment
, from Latin sentire
to perceive by the senses and mind, to feel, to think. See Sentient
] 1. A thought prompted by passion or feeling; a state of mind in view of some subject; feeling toward or respecting some person or thing; disposition prompting to action or expression.
The word sentiment , agreeably to the use made of it by our best English writers, expresses, in my own opinion very happily, those complex determinations of the mind which result from the coöperation of our rational powers and of our moral feelings. Stewart.
Alike to council or the assembly came, Pope. 2. Hence, generally, a decision of the mind formed by deliberation or reasoning; thought; opinion; notion; judgment; as, to express one's sentiments on a subject.
With equal souls and sentiments the same.
Sentiments of philosophers about the perception of external objects. Reid.
Sentiment, as here and elsewhere employed by Reid in the meaning of opinion (sententia), is not to be imitated. Sir W. Hamilton. 3. A sentence, or passage, considered as the expression of a thought; a maxim; a saying; a toast. 4. Sensibility; feeling; tender susceptibility.
Mr. Hume sometimes employs (after the manner of the French metaphysicians) sentiment as synonymous with feeling; a use of the word quite unprecedented in our tongue. Stewart.
Less of sentiment than sense. Tennyson. Syn.
-- Thought; opinion; notion; sensibility; feeling. -- Sentiment
. An opinion
is an intellectual judgment in respect to any and every kind of truth. Feeling
describes those affections of pleasure and pain which spring from the exercise of our sentient and emotional powers. Sentiment
(particularly in the plural) lies between them, denoting settled opinions
or principles in regard to subjects which interest the feelings strongly, and are presented more or less constantly in practical life. Hence, it is more appropriate to speak of our religious sentiments
, unless we mean to exclude all reference to our feelings. The word sentiment
, in the singular, leans ordinarily more to the side of feeling, and denotes a refined sensibility on subjects affecting the heart. "On questions of feeling, taste, observation, or report, we define our sentiments
. On questions of science, argument, or metaphysical abstraction, we define our opinions
. The sentiments
of the heart. The opinions
of the mind . . . There is more of instinct in sentiment
, and more of definition in opinion
. The admiration of a work of art which results from first impressions is classed with our sentiments
; and, when we have accounted to ourselves for the approbation, it is classed with our opinions
." W. Taylor.
[ Confer French sentimental
.] 1. Having, expressing, or containing a sentiment or sentiments; abounding with moral reflections; containing a moral reflection; didactic.
Nay, ev'n each moral sentimental stroke, Whitehead. 2. Inclined to sentiment; having an excess of sentiment or sensibility; indulging the sensibilities for their own sake; artificially or affectedly tender; -- often in a reproachful sense.
Where not the character, but poet, spoke,
He lopped, as foreign to his chaste design,
Nor spared a useless, though a golden line.
A sentimental mind is rather prone to overwrought feeling and exaggerated tenderness. Whately. 3. Addressed or pleasing to the emotions only, usually to the weaker and the unregulated emotions. Syn.
-- Romantic. -- Sentimental
usually describes an error or excess of the sensibilities; romantic
, a vice of the imagination. The votary of the former gives indulgence to his sensibilities for the mere luxury of their excitement; the votary of the latter allows his imagination to rove for the pleasure of creating scenes of ideal enjoiment. "Perhaps there is no less danger in works called sentimental
. They attack the heart more successfully, because more cautiously." V. Knox.
"I can not but look on an indifferency of mind, as to the good or evil things of this life, as a mere romantic
fancy of such who would be thought to be much wiser than they ever were, or could be." Bp. Stillingfleet.
Sentimentalism noun [ Confer French sentimentalisme .] The quality of being sentimental; the character or behavior of a sentimentalist; sentimentality.
Sentimentalist noun [ Confer French sentimentaliste .] One who has, or affects, sentiment or fine feeling.
Sentimentality noun [ CF. French sentimentalité .] The quality or state of being sentimental.
Sentimentalize transitive verb To regard in a sentimental manner; as, to sentimentalize a subject.
Sentimentalize intransitive verb To think or act in a sentimental manner, or like a sentimentalist; to affect exquisite sensibility. C. Kingsley.
Sentimentally adverb In a sentimental manner.
Sentine noun [ Latin sentina bilge water, hold of a ship, dregs: confer French sentine .] A place for dregs and dirt; a sink; a sewer. [ Obsolete] Latimer.
[ French sentinelle
(cf. Italian sentinella
); probably originally, a litle path, the sentinel's beat,, and a dim. of a word meaning, path; confer French sente
path. Latin semita
; and Old French sentine
, diminutive words. Confer Sentry
.] 1. One who watches or guards; specifically (Mil.) , a soldier set to guard an army, camp, or other place, from surprise, to observe the approach of danger, and give notice of it; a sentry.
The sentinels who paced the ramparts. Macaulay. 2. Watch; guard.
[ Obsolete] "That princes do keep due sentinel
." Bacon. 3. (Zoology) A marine crab ( Podophthalmus vigil ) native of the Indian Ocean, remarkable for the great length of its eyestalks; -- called also sentinel crab .
Sentinel transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sentineled
; present participle & verbal noun Sentineling
.] 1. To watch over like a sentinel.
enchanted land." [ R.] Sir W. Scott. 2. To furnish with a sentinel; to place under the guard of a sentinel or sentinels.
Sentisection noun [ Latin sentire to feel + English section .] Painful vivisection; -- opposed to callisection . B. G. Wilder.
; plural Sentires
. [ Probably from Old French senteret
a little patch; confer French sentier
path, and Old French sente
. See Sentinel
.] 1. (Mil.) A soldier placed on guard; a sentinel. 2. Guard; watch, as by a sentinel.
Here toils, and death, and death's half-brother, sleep, Dryden. Sentry box
Forms terrible to view, their sentry keep.
, a small house or box to cover a sentinel at his post, and shelter him from the weather.
Senza preposition [ Italian ] (Mus.) Without; as, senza stromenti, without instruments.