Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Sere adjective Dry; withered. Same as Sear .
But with its sound it shook the sails Coleridge.
That were so thin and sere .
Sere noun [ French serre .] Claw; talon. [ Obsolete] Chapman.
[ French Confer Serenade
] (Meteorol.) A mist, or very fine rain, which sometimes falls from a clear sky a few moments after sunset. Tyndall.
[ French sérénade
, Italian serenata
, probably from Latin serenus
serene (cf. Serene
), misunderstood as a derivative from Latin serus
late. Confer Soirée
.] (Mus.) (a) Music sung or performed in the open air at nights; -- usually applied to musical entertainments given in the open air at night, especially by gentlemen, in a spirit of gallantry, under the windows of ladies. (b) A piece of music suitable to be performed at such times.
Serenade transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Serenaded
; present participle & verbal noun Serenading
.] To entertain with a serenade.
Serenade intransitive verb To perform a serenade.
Serenader noun One who serenades.
Serenata, Serenate noun
[ Italian serenata
. See Serenade
.] (Mus.) A piece of vocal music, especially one on an amoreus subject; a serenade.
Or serenate , which the starved lover sings Milton.
To his pround fair.
» The name serenata
was given by Italian composers in the time of Handel, and by Handel himself, to a cantata of a pastoreal of dramatic character, to a secular ode, etc.; also by Mozart and others to an orchectral composition, in several movements, midway between the suite of an earlier period and the modern symphony. Grove.
[ Latin serenus
to grow dry, Greek ......... hot, scorching.] 1. Bright; clear; unabscured; as, a serene sky.
The moon serene in glory mounts the sky. Pope.
Full many a gem of purest ray serene Gray. 2. Calm; placid; undisturbed; unruffled; as, a serene aspect; a serene soul. Milton.
The dark unfathomed caves of ocean bear.
» In several countries of Europe, Serene
is given as a tittle to princes and the members of their families; as, His Serene
Highness. Drop serene
. (Medicine) See Amaurosis . Milton.
Serene noun 1. Serenity; clearness; calmness.
[ Poetic.] "The serene
of heaven." Southey.
To their master is denied Young. 2.
To share their sweet serene .
[ French serein
evening dew or damp. See Serein
.] Evening air; night chill.
[ Obsolete] "Some serene
blast me." B. Jonson.
Serene transitive verb
[ Latin serenare
.] To make serene.
Heaven and earth, as if contending, vie Thomson.
To raise his being, and serene his soul.
Serenely adverb 1. In a serene manner; clearly.
Now setting Phœbus shone serenely bright. Pope. 2. With unruffled temper; coolly; calmly. Prior.
Sereneness noun Serenity. Feltham.
Serenitude noun Serenity. [ Obsolete]
[ Latin serenuas
: confer French sérénité
.] 1. The quality or state of being serene; clearness and calmness; quietness; stillness; peace.
A general peace and serenity newly succeeded a general trouble. Sir W. Temple. 2. Calmness of mind; eveness of temper; undisturbed state; coolness; composure.
I can not see how any men should ever transgress those moral rules with confidence and serenity . Locke.
is given as a title to the members of certain princely families in Europe; as, Your Serenity
[ French, from Latin serus
servant, slave; akin to servare
to protect, preserve, observe, and perhaps originally, a client, a man under one's protection. Confer Serve
, transitive verb
] A servant or slave employed in husbandry, and in some countries attached to the soil and transferred with it, as formerly in Russia.
In England, at least from the reign of Henry II, one only, and that the inferior species [ of villeins], existed . . . But by the customs of France and Germany, persons in this abject state seem to have been called serfs , and distinguished from villeins , who were only bound to fixed payments and duties in respect of their lord, though, as it seems, without any legal redress if injured by him. Hallam. Syn.
. A slave
is the absolute property of his master, and may be sold in any way. A serf
, according to the strict sense of the term, is one bound to work on a certain estate, and thus attached to the soil, and sold with it into the service of whoever purchases the land.
Serfage, Serfdom noun The state or condition of a serf.
Serfhood, Serfism noun Serfage.
[ French serge
, a silken stuff
, from Latin serica
, f. or neut. plural of sericus
silken. See Sericeous
.] A woolen twilled stuff, much used as material for clothing for both sexes. Silk serge
, a twilled silk fabric used mostly by tailors for lining parts of gentlemen's coats.
Serge noun [ French cierge .] A large wax candle used in the ceremonies of various churches.
; plural Sergeancies
. [ Confer Sergeanty
.] The office of a sergeant; sergeantship.
[ Written also serjeancy
[ French sergent
, from Latin serviens
, present participle of servire
to serve. See Serve
, and confer Servant
.] [ Written also serjeant
. Both spellings are authorized. In England serjeant
is usually preferred, except for military officers. In the United States sergeant
is common for civil officers also.] 1. Formerly, in England, an officer nearly answering to the more modern bailiff of the hundred; also, an officer whose duty was to attend on the king, and on the lord high steward in court, to arrest traitors and other offenders. He is now called sergeant-at-arms , and two of these officers, by allowance of the sovereign, attend on the houses of Parliament (one for each house) to execute their commands, and another attends the Court Chancery.
The sergeant of the town of Rome them sought. Chaucer.
The magistrates sent the serjeant , saying, Let those men go. Acts xvi. 35.
This fell sergeant , Death, Shak. 2. (Mil.) In a company, battery, or troop, a noncommissioned officer next in rank above a corporal, whose duty is to instruct recruits in discipline, to form the ranks, etc.
Is strict in his arrest.
» In the United States service, besides the sergeants
belonging to the companies there are, in each regiment, a sergeant major
, who is the chief noncommissioned officer, and has important duties as the assistant to the adjutant; a quartermaster sergeant
, who assists the quartermaster; a color sergeant
, who carries the colors; and a commissary sergeant
, who assists in the care and distribution of the stores. Ordnance sergeants
have charge of the ammunition at military posts. 3. (Law) A lawyer of the highest rank, answering to the doctor of the civil law; -- called also serjeant at law .
[ Eng.] Blackstone. 4. A title sometimes given to the servants of the sovereign; as, sergeant surgeon, that is, a servant, or attendant, surgeon.
[ Eng.] 5. (Zoology) The cobia. Drill sergeant
. (Mil.) See under Drill .
, an officer of a legislative body, or of a deliberative or judicial assembly, who executes commands in preserving order and arresting offenders. See Sergeant , 1.
-- Sergeant major
. (a) (Mil.) See the Note under def. 2, above. (b) (Zoology) The cow pilot.
[ CF. Old French sergenteric
.] See Sergeanty .
[ R.] [ Written also serjeantry
Sergeantship noun The office of sergeant.
[ Confer Old French sergentie
, Late Latin sergentia
. See Sergeant
.] (Eng. Law) Tenure of lands of the crown by an honorary kind of service not due to any lord, but to the king only.
[ Written also serjeanty
.] Grand sergeanty
, a particular kind of tenure by which the tenant was bound to do some special honorary service to the king in person, as to carry his banner, his sword, or the like. Tomlins. Cowell. Blackstone.
-- Petit sergeanty
. See under Petit .
Serial adjective 1. Of or pertaining to a series; consisting of a series; appearing in successive parts or numbers; as, a serial work or publication.
"Classification . . . may be more or less serial
." H. Spencer. 2. (Botany) Of or pertaining to rows. Gray. Serial homology
. (Biol.) See under Homology .
-- Serial symmetry
. (Biol.) See under Symmetry .
Serial noun A publication appearing in a series or succession of part; a tale, or other writing, published in successive numbers of a periodical.
Seriality noun The quality or state of succession in a series; sequence. H. Spenser.
Serially adverb In a series, or regular order; in a serial manner; as, arranged serially ; published serially .
Seriate adjective Arranged in a series or succession; pertaining to a series. -- Se"ri*ate*ly , adverb
Seriatim adverb [ New Latin ] In regular order; one after the other; severally.
Seriation noun (Chemistry) Arrangement or position in a series.
[ Latin sericus
Seric stuff, silk, from Sericus
belonging to the Seres
, Greek ........., a people of Eastern Asia, the modern Chinese, celebrated for their silken fabrics. Confer Silk
a woolen stuff.] 1. Of or pertaining to silk; consisting of silk; silky. 2. (Botany) Covered with very soft hairs pressed close to the surface; as, a sericeous leaf. 3. (Zoology) Having a silklike luster, usually due to fine, close hairs.
Sericin noun [ Latin sericus silken.] (Chemistry) A gelatinous nitrogenous material extracted from crude silk and other similar fiber by boiling water; -- called also silk gelatin .
Sericite noun [ Latin sericus silken.] (Min.) A kind of muscovite occuring in silky scales having a fibrous structure. It is characteristic of sericite schist.
[ See Sericeous
.] (Zoology) A silk gland, as in the silkworms.
Serie noun [ Confer French série .] Series. [ Obsolete]
Seriema noun [ Native name.] (Zoology) A large South American bird ( Dicholophus, or Cariama cristata ) related to the cranes. It is often domesticated. Called also cariama .
[ Latin series
, from serere
, to join or bind together; confer Greek ......... to fasten, Sanskrit sarit
thread. Confer Assert
a solitude, Exert
.] 1. A number of things or events standing or succeeding in order, and connected by a like relation; sequence; order; course; a succession of things; as, a continuous series of calamitous events.
During some years his life a series of triumphs. Macaulay. 2. (Biol.) Any comprehensive group of animals or plants including several subordinate related groups.
» Sometimes a series includes several classes; sometimes only orders or families; in other cases only species. 3. (Math.) An indefinite number of terms succeeding one another, each of which is derived from one or more of the preceding by a fixed law, called the law of the series; as, an arithmetical series ; a geometrical series .
1. (Botany) In Engler's system of plant classification, a group of families showing certain structural or morphological relationships. It corresponds to the cohort of some writers, and to the order of many modern systematists. 2. (Electricity) A mode of arranging the separate parts of a circuit by connecting them successively end to end to form a single path for the current; -- opposed to parallel . The parts so arranged are said to be in series . 3. (Com.) A parcel of rough diamonds of assorted qualities.
Series dynamo (Electricity) (a) A series-wound dynamo. (b) A dynamo running in series with another or others.
Series motor (Electricity) (a) A series-wound motor. (b) A motor capable of being used in a series circuit.
Series turns (Electricity) The turns in a series circuit.
Series winding (Electricity) A winding in which the armature coil and the field-magnet coil are in series with the external circuits; -- opposed to shunt winding . -- Se"ries-wound` , adjective
Serigraph noun [ Latin sericum silk + English -graph .] An autographic device to test the strength of raw silk.
Serin noun [ French serin .] (Zoology) A European finch ( Serinus hortulanus ) closely related to the canary.
Serine noun [ Latin sericus silken.] (Chemistry) A white crystalline nitrogenous substance obtained by the action of dilute sulphuric acid on silk gelatin.
Serio-comic, Serio-comical adjective Having a mixture of seriousness and sport; serious and comical.