Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Latin serius
: confer French sérieux
, Late Latin seriosus
.] 1. Grave in manner or disposition; earnest; thoughtful; solemn; not light, gay, or volatile.
He is always serious , yet there is about his manner a graceful ease. Macaulay. 2. Really intending what is said; being in earnest; not jesting or deceiving. Beaconsfield. 3. Important; weighty; not trifling; grave.
The holy Scriptures bring to our ears the most serious things in the world. Young. 4. Hence, giving rise to apprehension; attended with danger; as, a serious injury. Syn.
-- Grave; solemn; earnest; sedate; important; weighty. See Grave
. -- Se"ri*ous*ly
Seriph noun (Type Founding) See Ceriph .
[ Latin sermocinatio
. See Sermon
.] The making of speeches or sermons; sermonizing.
[ Obsolete] Peacham.
Sermocinator noun [ Latin ] One who makes sermons or speeches. [ Obsolete] Howell.
[ Middle English sermoun
, French sermon
, from Latin sermo
, a speaking, discourse, probably from serer
, to join, connect; hence, a connected speech. See Series
.] 1. A discourse or address; a talk; a writing; as, the sermons of Chaucer.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. 2. Specifically, a discourse delivered in public, usually by a clergyman, for the purpose of religious instruction and grounded on some text or passage of Scripture.
This our life exempt from public haunts Shak.
Finds tongues in trees, books in the running brooks,
Sermons in stones and good in everything.
His preaching much, but more his practice, wrought, Dryden. 3. Hence, a serious address; a lecture on one's conduct or duty; an exhortation or reproof; a homily; -- often in a depreciatory sense.
A living sermon of the truths he taught.
Sermon intransitive verb
[ Confer Old French sermoner
, French sermonner
to lecture one.] To speak; to discourse; to compose or deliver a sermon.
[ Obsolete] Holinshed.
What needeth it to sermon of it more? Chaucer.
Sermon transitive verb
1. To discourse to or of, as in a sermon. [ Obsolete] Spenser. 2. To tutor; to lecture. [ Poetic] Shak.
Sermoneer noun A sermonizer. B. Jonson.
Sermoner noun A preacher; a sermonizer. [ Derogative or Jocose.] Thackeray.
Sermonet noun A short sermon. [ Written also sermonette .]
Sermonic, Sermonical adjective Like, or appropriate to, a sermon; grave and didactic. [ R.] "Conversation . . . satirical or sermonic ." Prof. Wilson. " Sermonical style." V. Knox.
Sermoning noun The act of discoursing; discourse; instruction; preaching. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Sermonish adjective Resembling a sermon. [ R.]
Sermonize intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sermonized
; present participle & verbal noun Sermonizing
.] 1. To compose or write a sermon or sermons; to preach. 2. To inculcate rigid rules.
[ R.] Chesterfield.
Sermonize transitive verb To preach or discourse to; to affect or influence by means of a sermon or of sermons.
Which of us shall sing or sermonize the other fast asleep? Landor.
Sermonizer noun One who sermonizes.
Serolin noun [ Ser um + Latin ole um oil.] (Physiol. Chem.) (a) A peculiar fatty substance found in the blood, probably a mixture of fats, cholesterin, etc. (b) A body found in fecal matter and thought to be formed in the intestines from the cholesterin of the bile; -- called also stercorin , and stercolin .
Seron, Seroon noun
[ Spanish seron
a kind of hamper or pannier, aug. of sera
a large pannier or basket.] Same as Ceroon .
» This word as expressing a quantity or weight has no definite signification. McElrath.
Serose adjective Serous. [ Obsolete] Dr. H. More.
[ Confer French serosité
. See Serous
.] 1. The quality or state of being serous. 2. (Physiol.) A thin watery animal fluid, as synovial fluid and pericardial fluid.
Serotherapy noun (Medicine) (a) Serum-therapy. (b) The whey cure.
Serotine noun [ French sérotine , from Latin serotinus that comes or happens late.] (Zoology) The European long-eared bat ( Vesperugo serotinus ).
Serotinous adjective [ Latin serotinus , from serus late.] (Biol.) Appearing or blossoming later in the season than is customary with allied species.
[ Confer French séreux
. See Serum
.] (Physiol.) (a) Thin; watery; like serum; as the serous fluids. (b) Of or pertaining to serum; as, the serous glands, membranes, layers. See Serum . Serous membrane
. (Anat.) See under Membrane .
Serow, Surrow noun (Zoology) The thar.
[ Latin See Serpent
.] (Astron.) A constellation represented as a serpent held by Serpentarius.
[ French, from Latin serpens
), from serpens
, present participle of serpere
to creep; akin to Greek ........., Sanskrit sarp
, and perhaps to Latin repere
, English reptile
. Confer Herpes
.] 1. (Zoology) Any reptile of the order Ophidia; a snake, especially a large snake. See Illust. under Ophidia .
» The serpents are mostly long and slender, and move partly by bending the body into undulations or folds and pressing them against objects, and partly by using the free edges of their ventral scales to cling to rough surfaces. Many species glide swiftly over the ground, some burrow in the earth, others live in trees. A few are entirely aquatic, and swim rapidly. See Ophidia
, and Fang
. 2. Fig.: A subtle, treacherous, malicious person. 3. A species of firework having a serpentine motion as it passess through the air or along the ground. 4. (Astron.) The constellation Serpens. 5. (Mus.) A bass wind instrument, of a loud and coarse tone, formerly much used in military bands, and sometimes introduced into the orchestra; -- so called from its form. Pharaoh's serpent (Chemistry)
, mercuric sulphocyanate, a combustible white substance which in burning gives off a poisonous vapor and leaves a peculiar brown voluminous residue which is expelled in a serpentine from. It is employed as a scientific toy.
-- Serpent cucumber (Botany)
, the long, slender, serpentine fruit of the cucurbitaceous plant Trichosanthes colubrina ; also, the plant itself.
-- Serpent eage (Zoology)
, any one of several species of raptorial birds of the genera Circaëtus and Spilornis , which prey on serpents. They inhabit Africa, Southern Europe, and India. The European serpent eagle is Circaëtus Gallicus .
-- Serpent eater
. (Zoology) (a) The secretary bird
. (b) An Asiatic antelope; the markhoor.
-- Serpent fish (Zoology)
, a fish ( Cepola rubescens ) with a long, thin, compressed body, and a band of red running lengthwise.
-- Serpent star (Zoology)
, an ophiuran; a brittle star.
-- Serpent's tongue (Paleon.)
, the fossil tooth of a shark; -- so called from its resemblance to a tongue with its root.
-- Serpent withe (Botany)
, a West Indian climbing plant ( Aristolochia odoratissima ).
-- Tree serpent (Zoology)
, any species of African serpents belonging to the family Dendrophidæ .
Serpent intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Serpented
; present participle & verbal noun Serpenting
.] To wind like a serpent; to crook about; to meander.
[ R.] "The serpenting
of the Thames." Evelyn.
Serpent transitive verb To wind; to encircle. [ R.] Evelyn.
Serpent-tongued adjective (Zoology) Having a forked tongue, like a serpent.
Serpentaria adjective [ Latin (sc. herba ), from serpens serpent.] (Medicine) The fibrous aromatic root of the Virginia snakeroot ( Aristolochia Serpentaria ).
Serpentarius noun [ New Latin , from Latin serpens serpent.] (Astron.) A constellation on the equator, lying between Scorpio and Hercules; -- called also Ophiuchus .
Serpentiform adjective [ Latin serpens a serpent + -form .] Having the form of a serpent.
Serpentigenous adjective [ Latin serpens , -entis , a serpent + -genous : confer Latin serpentigena .] Bred of a serpent.
[ Latin serpentinus
: confer French serpentin
.] Resembling a serpent; having the shape or qualities of a serpent; subtle; winding or turning one way and the other, like a moving serpent; anfractuous; meandering; sinuous; zigzag; as, serpentine braid.
Thy shape Milton.
Like his, and color serpentine .
Serpentine noun [ Confer (for sense 1) French serpentine , (for sense 2) serpentin .]
1. (Min.) A mineral or rock consisting chiefly of the hydrous silicate of magnesia. It is usually of an obscure green color, often with a spotted or mottled appearance resembling a serpent's skin. Precious , or noble , serpentine is translucent and of a rich oil-green color. » Serpentine has been largely produced by the alteration of other minerals, especially of chrysolite. 2. (Ordnance) A kind of ancient cannon.
Serpentine intransitive verb To serpentize. [ R.] Lyttleton.
Serpentinely adverb In a serpentine manner.
Serpentinian noun (Eccl.) See 2d Ophite .
Serpentinize transitive verb (Min.) To convert (a magnesian silicate) into serpentine. -- Ser`pen*tin`i*za"tion noun
Serpentinous adjective Relating to, or like, serpentine; as, a rock serpentinous in character.
Serpentize intransitive verb To turn or bend like a serpent, first in one direction and then in the opposite; to meander; to wind; to serpentine.
The river runs before the door, and serpentizes more than you can conceive. Walpole.
1. A winding like a serpent's. 2. A place inhabited or infested by serpents.
Serpet noun [ Latin sirpus , scirpus , a rush, bulrush.] A basket. [ Obsolete] Ainsworth.
Serpette noun [ French] A pruning knife with a curved blade. Knight.
Serpiginous adjective [ Confer French serpigineux .] (Medicine) Creeping; -- said of lesions which heal over one portion while continuing to advance at another.
Serpigo noun [ Late Latin , from Latin serpere to creep.] (Medicine) A dry, scaly eruption on the skin; especially, a ringworm.
Serpolet noun [ French] (Botany) Wild thyme.