Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Senge transitive verb To singe. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Sengreen noun [ Anglo-Saxon singr...ne , properly, evergreen, from sin (in composition) always + grëne green; akin to Old High German sin- ever, Latin semper .] (Botany) The houseleek.
[ Portuguese Confer Señor
.] A Portuguese title of courtesy corresponding to the Spanish señor or the English Mr. or sir ; also, a gentleman.
[ Portuguese Confer Señora
.] A Portuguese title of courtesy given to a lady; Mrs.; Madam; also, a lady.
[ Latin senilis
, from senex
, gen. senis
, old, an old man: confer French sénile
. See Senior
.] Of or pertaining to old age; proceeding from, or characteristic of, old age; affected with the infirmities of old age; as, senile weakness.
maturity of judgment." Boyle. Senile gangrene (Medicine)
, a form of gangrene occuring particularly in old people, and caused usually by insufficient blood supply due to degeneration of the walls of the smaller arteries.
Senility noun [ Confer French sénilité .] The quality or state of being senile; old age.
[ Latin senior
, compar. of senex
, gen. senis
, old. See Sir
.] 1. More advanced than another in age; prior in age; elder; hence, more advanced in dignity, rank, or office; superior; as, senior member; senior counsel. 2. Belonging to the final year of the regular course in American colleges, or in professional schools.
Senior noun 1. A person who is older than another; one more advanced in life. 2. One older in office, or whose entrance upon office was anterior to that of another; one prior in grade. 3. An aged person; an older. Dryden.
Each village senior paused to scan, Emerson. 4. One in the fourth or final year of his collegiate course at an American college; -- originally called senior sophister ; also, one in the last year of the course at a professional schools or at a seminary.
And speak the lovely caravan.
Seniority noun The quality or state of being senior.
Seniorize intransitive verb To exercise authority; to rule; to lord it. [ R.] Fairfax.
Seniory noun Seniority. [ Obsolete] Shak.
[ Confer Italian & Spanish sena
, Portuguese sene
, French séné
; all from Arabic sanā
.] 1. (Medicine) The leaves of several leguminous plants of the genus Cassia. ( C. acutifolia , C. angustifolia , etc.). They constitute a valuable but nauseous cathartic medicine. 2. (Botany) The plants themselves, native to the East, but now cultivated largely in the south of Europe and in the West Indies. Bladder senna
. (Botany) See under Bladder .
-- Wild senna (Botany)
, the Cassia Marilandica , growing in the United States, the leaves of which are used medicinally, like those of the officinal senna.
[ Properly, a sign given for the entrance or exit of actors, from Old French sinet
, dim. of signe
. See Signet
.] A signal call on a trumpet or cornet for entrance or exit on the stage.
Sennet noun (Zoology) The barracuda.
Sennight noun [ Contr. from sevennight .] The space of seven nights and days; a week. [ Written also se'nnight .] [ Archaic.] Shak. Tennyson.
Sennit noun [ Seven + knit .]
1. (Nautical) A braided cord or fabric formed by plaiting together rope yarns or other small stuff. 2. Plaited straw or palm leaves for making hats.
Senocular adjective [ Latin seni six each (fr. sex six) + oculus eye.] Having six eyes. [ R.] Derham.
Senonian adjective [ French sénonien , from the district of Sénonais , in France.] (Geol.) In european geology, a name given to the middle division of the Upper Cretaceous formation.
[ See Since
[ Obsolete] Spenser.
Sensate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sensated
; present participle & verbal noun Sensating
.] [ See Sensated
.] To feel or apprehend more or less distinctly through a sense, or the senses; as, to sensate light, or an odor.
As those of the one are sensated by the ear, so those of the other are by the eye. R. Hooke.
Sensate, Sensated adjective
[ Latin sensatus
gifted with sense, intelligent, from sensus
sense. See Sense
.] Felt or apprehended through a sense, or the senses.
[ R.] Baxter.
[ Confer French sensation
. See Sensate
.] 1. (Physiol.) An impression, or the consciousness of an impression, made upon the central nervous organ, through the medium of a sensory or afferent nerve or one of the organs of sense; a feeling, or state of consciousness, whether agreeable or disagreeable, produced either by an external object (stimulus), or by some change in the internal state of the body.
Perception is only a special kind of knowledge, and sensation a special kind of feeling. . . . Knowledge and feeling, perception and sensation , though always coexistent, are always in the inverse ratio of each other. Sir W. Hamilton. 2. A purely spiritual or psychical affection; agreeable or disagreeable feelings occasioned by objects that are not corporeal or material. 3. A state of excited interest or feeling, or that which causes it.
The sensation caused by the appearance of that work is still remembered by many. Brougham. Syn.
-- Perception. -- Sensation
. The distinction between these words, when used in mental philosophy, may be thus stated; if I simply smell a rose, I have a sensation
; if I refer that smell to the external object which occasioned it, I have a perception
. Thus, the former is mere feeling, without the idea of an object; the latter is the mind's apprehension of some external object as occasioning that feeling. " Sensation
properly expresses that change in the state of the mind
which is produced by an impression upon an organ of sense (of which change we can conceive the mind to be conscious, without any knowledge of external objects). Perception
, on the other hand, expresses the knowledge
or the intimations we obtain by means of our sensations
concerning the qualities of matter, and consequently involves, in every instance, the notion of externality
, or outness
, which it is necessary to exclude in order to seize the precise import of the word sensation
1. Of or pertaining to sensation; as, sensational nerves. 2. Of or pertaining to sensationalism, or the doctrine that sensation is the sole origin of knowledge. 3. Suited or intended to excite temporarily great interest or emotion; melodramatic; emotional; as, sensational plays or novels; sensational preaching; sensational journalism; a sensational report.
1. (Metaph.) The doctrine held by Condillac, and by some ascribed to Locke, that our ideas originate solely in sensation, and consist of sensations transformed; sensualism; -- opposed to intuitionalism , and rationalism . 2. The practice or methods of sensational writing or speaking; as, the sensationalism of a novel.
1. (Metaph.) An advocate of, or believer in, philosophical sensationalism. 2. One who practices sensational writing or speaking.
[ Latin sensus
, from sentire
, to perceive, to feel, from the same root as English send
; confer Old High German sin
sense, mind, sinnan
to go, to journey, German sinnen
to meditate, to think: confer French sens
. For the change of meaning confer See
, transitive verb
, and confer Assent
, transitive verb
.] 1. (Physiol.) A faculty, possessed by animals, of perceiving external objects by means of impressions made upon certain organs (sensory or sense organs) of the body, or of perceiving changes in the condition of the body; as, the senses of sight, smell, hearing, taste, and touch. See Muscular sense , under Muscular , and Temperature sense , under Temperature .
Let fancy still my sense in Lethe steep. Shak.
What surmounts the reach Milton.
Of human sense I shall delineate.
The traitor Sense recalls Keble. 2. Perception by the sensory organs of the body; sensation; sensibility; feeling.
The soaring soul from rest.
In a living creature, though never so great, the sense and the affects of any one part of the body instantly make a transcursion through the whole. Bacon. 3. Perception through the intellect; apprehension; recognition; understanding; discernment; appreciation.
This Basilius, having the quick sense of a lover. Sir P. Sidney.
High disdain from sense of injured merit. Milton. 4. Sound perception and reasoning; correct judgment; good mental capacity; understanding; also, that which is sound, true, or reasonable; rational meaning.
"He speaks sense
He raves; his words are loose Dryden. 5. That which is felt or is held as a sentiment, view, or opinion; judgment; notion; opinion.
As heaps of sand, and scattering wide from sense .
I speak my private but impartial sense Roscommon.
The municipal council of the city had ceased to speak the sense of the citizens. Macaulay. 6. Meaning; import; signification; as, the true sense of words or phrases; the sense of a remark.
So they read in the book in the law of God distinctly, and gave the sense . Neh. viii. 8.
I think 't was in another sense . Shak. 7. Moral perception or appreciation.
Some are so hardened in wickedness as to have no sense of the most friendly offices. L' Estrange. 8. (Geom.) One of two opposite directions in which a line, surface, or volume, may be supposed to be described by the motion of a point, line, or surface. Common sense
, according to Sir W. Hamilton: (a) "The complement of those cognitions or convictions which we receive from nature, which all men possess in common, and by which they test the truth of knowledge and the morality of actions." (b) "The faculty of first principles." These two are the philosophical significations. (c) "Such ordinary complement of intelligence, that,if a person be deficient therein, he is accounted mad or foolish." (d) When the substantive is emphasized: "Native practical intelligence, natural prudence, mother wit, tact in behavior, acuteness in the observation of character, in contrast to habits of acquired learning or of speculation."
-- Moral sense
. See under Moral , (a) .
-- The inner
, or internal
, capacity of the mind to be aware of its own states; consciousness; reflection.
"This source of ideas every man has wholly in himself, and though it be not sense, as having nothing to do with external objects, yet it is very like it, and might properly enough be called internal sense
-- Sense capsule (Anat.)
, one of the cartilaginous or bony cavities which inclose, more or less completely, the organs of smell, sight, and hearing.
-- Sense organ (Physiol.)
, a specially irritable mechanism by which some one natural force or form of energy is enabled to excite sensory nerves; as the eye, ear, an end bulb or tactile corpuscle, etc.
- - Sense organule (Anat.)
, one of the modified epithelial cells in or near which the fibers of the sensory nerves terminate. Syn.
-- Understanding; reason. -- Sense
. Some philosophers have given a technical signification to these terms, which may here be stated. Sense
is the mind's acting in the direct cognition either of material objects or of its own mental states. In the first case it is called the outer
, in the second the inner
, sense. Understanding
is the logical faculty, i. e.
, the power of apprehending under general conceptions, or the power of classifying, arranging, and making deductions. Reason
is the power of apprehending those first or fundamental truths or principles which are the conditions of all real and scientific knowledge, and which control the mind in all its processes of investigation and deduction. These distinctions are given, not as established, but simply because they often occur in writers of the present day.
Sense transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sensed
; present participle & verbal noun Sensing
.] To perceive by the senses; to recognize.
[ Obsolete or Colloq.]
Is he sure that objects are not otherwise sensed by others than they are by him? Glanvill.
Senseful adjective Full of sense, meaning, or reason; reasonable; judicious. [ R.] " Senseful speech." Spenser. "Men, otherwise senseful and ingenious." Norris.
Senseless adjective Destitute of, deficient in, or contrary to, sense; without sensibility or feeling; unconscious; stupid; foolish; unwise; unreasonable.
You blocks, you stones, you worse than senseless things. Shak.
The ears are senseless that should give us hearing. Shak.
The senseless grave feels not your pious sorrows. Rowe.
They were a senseless , stupid race. Swift.
They would repent this their senseless perverseness when it would be too late. Clarendon.
; plural Sensibilities
. [ Confer French sensibilité
, Late Latin sensibilitas
.] 1. (Physiol.) The quality or state of being sensible, or capable of sensation; capacity to feel or perceive. 2. The capacity of emotion or feeling, as distinguished from the intellect and the will; peculiar susceptibility of impression, pleasurable or painful; delicacy of feeling; quick emotion or sympathy; as, sensibility to pleasure or pain; sensibility to shame or praise; exquisite sensibility ; - - often used in the plural.
so fine!" Cowper.
The true lawgiver ought to have a heart full of sensibility . Burke.
His sensibilities seem rather to have been those of patriotism than of wounded pride. Marshall. 3. Experience of sensation; actual feeling.
This adds greatly to my sensibility . Burke. 4. That quality of an instrument which makes it indicate very slight changes of condition; delicacy; as, the sensibility of a balance, or of a thermometer. Syn.
-- Taste; susceptibility; feeling. See Taste
[ French, from Latin sensibilis
, from sensus
sense.] 1. Capable of being perceived by the senses; apprehensible through the bodily organs; hence, also, perceptible to the mind; making an impression upon the sense, reason, or understanding; .................. heat; sensible resistance.
Air is sensible to the touch by its motion. Arbuthnot.
The disgrace was more sensible than the pain. Sir W. Temple.
Any very sensible effect upon the prices of things. A. Smith. 2. Having the capacity of receiving impressions from external objects; capable of perceiving by the instrumentality of the proper organs; liable to be affected physsically or mentally; impressible.
Would your cambric were sensible as your finger. Shak. 3. Hence: Liable to impression from without; easily affected; having nice perception or acute feeling; sensitive; also, readily moved or affected by natural agents; delicate; as, a sensible thermometer.
"With affection wondrous sensible
." Shak. 4. Perceiving or having perception, either by the senses or the mind; cognizant; perceiving so clearly as to be convinced; satisfied; persuaded.
He [ man] can not think at any time, waking or sleeping, without being sensible of it. Locke.
They are now sensible it would have been better to comply than to refuse. Addison. 5. Having moral perception; capable of being affected by moral good or evil. 6. Possessing or containing sense or reason; giftedwith, or characterized by, good or common sense; intelligent; wise.
Now a sensible man, by and by a fool. Shak. Sensible note
or tone (Mus.)
, the major seventh note of any scale; -- so called because, being but a half step below the octave, or key tone, and naturally leading up to that, it makes the ear sensible of its approaching sound. Called also the leading tone .
-- Sensible horizon
. See Horizon , noun , 2. (a) . Syn.
-- Intelligent; wise. -- Sensible
. We call a man sensible
whose judgments and conduct are marked and governed by sound judgment or good common semse. We call one intelligent
who is quick and clear in his understanding, i. e.
, who discriminates readily and nicely in respect to difficult and important distinction. The sphere of the sensible
man lies in matters of practical concern; of the intelligent
man, in subjects of intellectual interest. "I have been tired with accounts from sensible
men, furnished with matters of fact which have happened within their own knowledge." Addison.
"Trace out numerous footsteps . . . of a most wise and intelligent
architect throughout all this stupendous fabric." Woodward.
Sensible noun 1. Sensation; sensibility.
[ R.] "Our temper changed . . . which must needs remove the sensible
of pain." Milton. 2. That which impresses itself on the sense; anything perceptible.
Aristotle distinguished sensibles into common and proper. Krauth-Fleming. 3. That which has sensibility; a sensitive being.
This melancholy extends itself not to men only, but even to vegetals and sensibles . Burton.
Sensibleness noun 1. The quality or state of being sensible; sensibility; appreciation; capacity of perception; susceptibility.
of the eye." Sharp.
and sorrow for sin." Hammond.
The sensibleness of the divine presence. Hallywell. 2. Intelligence; reasonableness; good sense.
Sensibly adverb 1. In a sensible manner; so as to be perceptible to the senses or to the mind; appreciably; with perception; susceptibly; sensitively.
What remains past cure, Milton. 2. With intelligence or good sense; judiciously.
Bear not too sensibly .
Sensifacient adjective [ Latin sensus sense + facere to make.] Converting into sensation. Huxley.
Sensiferous adjective [ Latin sensifer ; sensus sense + ferre to bear.] Exciting sensation; conveying sensation. Huxley.
Sensific adjective [ Latin sensificus ; sensus sense + facere to make.] Exciting sensation.
Sensificatory adjective Susceptible of, or converting into, sensation; as, the sensificatory part of a nervous system. Huxley.
Sensigenous adjective [ Latin sensus sense + -genous .] Causing or exciting sensation. Huxley.
Sensist noun One who, in philosophy, holds to sensism.
[ French sensitif
. See Sense
.] 1. Having sense of feeling; possessing or exhibiting the capacity of receiving impressions from external objects; as, a sensitive soul. 2. Having quick and acute sensibility, either to the action of external objects, or to impressions upon the mind and feelings; highly susceptible; easily and acutely affected.
She was too sensitive to abuse and calumny. Macaulay. 3. (a) (Mech.) Having a capacity of being easily affected or moved; as, a sensitive thermometer; sensitive scales. (b) (Chem. & Photog.) Readily affected or changed by certain appropriate agents; as, silver chloride or bromide, when in contact with certain organic substances, is extremely sensitive to actinic rays. 4. Serving to affect the sense; sensible.
A sensitive love of some sensitive objects. Hammond. 5. Of or pertaining to sensation; depending on sensation; as, sensitive motions; sensitive muscular motions excited by irritation. E. Darwin. Sensitive fern (Botany)
, an American fern ( Onoclea sensibilis ), the leaves of which, when plucked, show a slight tendency to fold together.
-- Sensitive flame (Physics)
, a gas flame so arranged that under a suitable adjustment of pressure it is exceedingly sensitive to sounds, being caused to roar, flare, or become suddenly shortened or extinguished, by slight sounds of the proper pitch.
-- Sensitive joint vetch (Botany)
, an annual leguminous herb ( Æschynomene hispida ), with sensitive foliage.
-- Sensitive paper
, paper prepared for photographic purpose by being rendered sensitive to the effect of light.
-- Sensitive plant
. (Botany) (a) A leguminous plant ( Mimosa pudica , or M. sensitiva , and other allied species), the leaves of which close at the slightest touch. (b) Any plant showing motions after irritation, as the sensitive brier ( Schrankia ) of the Southern States, two common American species of Cassia ( C. nictitans , and C. Chamæcrista ), a kind of sorrel ( Oxalis sensitiva ), etc.
-- Sen"si*tive*ly adverb
Sensitivity noun The quality or state of being sensitive; -- used chiefly in science and the arts; as, the sensitivity of iodized silver.
Sensitivity and emotivity have also been used as the scientific term for the capacity of feeling. Hickok.
Sensitize transitive verb (Photog.) To render sensitive, or susceptible of being easily acted on by the actinic rays of the sun; as, sensitized paper or plate.
Sensitizer noun (Photog.) An agent that sensitizes.
The sensitizer should be poured on the middle of the sheet. Wilis & Clements (The Platinotype).
[ See Sensitive
.] (Photog.) An instrument or apparatus for comparing and grading the sensitiveness of plates, films, etc., as a screen divided into squares of different shades or colors, from which a picture is made on the plate to be tested.
Sensive adjective Having sense or sensibility; sensitive. [ Obsolete] Sir P. Sidney.
Sensor adjective Sensory; as, the sensor nerves.