Webster's Dictionary, 1913

Search Webster
Word starts with Word or meaning contains
Refulgence (r?*f?l"j e ns), Re*ful"gen*cy (-j e n*s?) noun [ Latin refulgentia . See Refulgent .] The quality of being refulgent; brilliancy; splender; radiance.

Refulgent adjective [ Latin refulgens , present participle of refulgere to flash back, to shine bright; prefix re- re- + fulgere to shine. See Fulgent .] Casting a bright light; radiant; brilliant; resplendent; shining; splendid; as, refulgent beams. -- Re*ful"gent*ly , adverb

So conspicuous and refulgent a truth.
Boyle.

Refund transitive verb [ Prefix re- + fund .] To fund again or anew; to replace (a fund or loan) by a new fund; as, to refund a railroad loan.

Refund transitive verb [ Latin refundere ; prefix re- re- + fundere to pour: confer French refondre , refonder . See Fuse to melt, and confer Refound to cast again, 1st Refuse .]
1. To pour back. [ R. & Obsolete]

Were the humors of the eye tinctured with any color, they would refund that color upon the object.
Ray.

2. To give back; to repay; to restore.

A governor, that had pillaged the people, was . . . sentenced to refund what he had wrongfully taken.
L'Estrange.

3. To supply again with funds; to reimburse. [ Obsolete]

Refunder noun One who refunds.

Refundment (-m e nt) noun The act of refunding; also, that which is refunded. [ R.] Lamb.

Refurbish transitive verb To furbish anew.

Refurnish transitive verb To furnish again.

Refurnishment (-m e nt) noun The act of refurnishing, or state of being refurnished.

The refurnishment was in a style richer than before.
Latin Wallace.

Refusable adjective [ Confer French refusable . See Refuse .] Capable of being refused; admitting of refusal.

Refusal (- a l) noun
1. The act of refusing; denial of anything demanded, solicited, or offered for acceptance.

Do they not seek occasion of new quarrels,
On my refusal , to distress me more?
Milton.

2. The right of taking in preference to others; the choice of taking or refusing; option; as, to give one the refusal of a farm; to have the refusal of an employment.

Refuse transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Refused (-f?zd"); present participle & verbal noun Refusing .] [ French refuser , either from (assumed) Late Latin refusare to refuse, v. freq. of Latin refundere to pour back, give back, restore (see Refund to repay), or. from Latin recusare to decline, refuse confer Accuse , Ruse ), influenced by Latin refutare to drive back, repel, refute. Confer Refute .]
1. To deny, as a request, demand, invitation, or command; to decline to do or grant.

That never yet refused your hest.
Chaucer.

2. (Mil.) To throw back, or cause to keep back (as the center, a wing, or a flank), out of the regular aligment when troops ar... about to engage the enemy; as, to refuse the right wing while the left wing attacks.

3. To decline to accept; to reject; to deny the request or petition of; as, to refuse a suitor.

The cunning workman never doth refuse
The meanest tool that he may chance to use.
Herbert.

4. To disown. [ Obsolete] " Refuse thy name." Shak.

Refuse intransitive verb To deny compliance; not to comply.

Too proud to ask, too humble to refuse .
Garth.

If ye refuse . . . ye shall be devoured with the sword.
Isa. i. 20.

Refuse noun Refusal. [ Obsolete] Fairfax.

Refuse noun [ French refus refusal, also, that which is refused. See Refuse to deny.] That which is refused or rejected as useless; waste or worthless matter.

Syn. -- Dregs; sediment; scum; recrement; dross.

Refuse adjective Refused; rejected; hence; left as unworthy of acceptance; of no value; worthless.

Everything that was vile and refuse , that they destroyed utterly.
1. Sam. xv. 9.

Refuser noun One who refuses or rejects.

Refusion noun [ Prefix re-+ fusion .]


1. New or repeated melting, as of metals.

2. Restoration. "This doctrine of the refusion of the soul." Bp. Warbuton.

Refut (rĕf"ut) noun [ Old French refuite .] Refuge. "Thou haven of refut ." [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Refutability noun The quality of being refutable.

Refutable adjective [ Confer French réfutable .] Admitting of being refuted or disproved; capable of being proved false or erroneous.

Refutal noun Act of refuting; refutation.

Refutation noun [ Latin refutatio : confer French réfutation .] The act or process of refuting or disproving, or the state of being refuted; proof of falsehood or error; the overthrowing of an argument, opinion, testimony, doctrine, or theory, by argument or countervailing proof.

Same of his blunders seem rather to deserve a flogging than a refutation .
Macaulay.

Refutatory adjective [ Latin refutatorius : confer French réfutatoire .] Tending tu refute; refuting.

Refute transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Refuted ; present participle & verbal noun Refuting .] [ French réfuter , Latin refuteare to repel, refute. Confer Confute , Refuse to deny.] To disprove and overthrow by argument, evidence, or countervailing proof; to prove to be false or erroneous; to confute; as, to refute arguments; to refute testimony; to refute opinions or theories; to refute a disputant.

There were so many witnesses in these two miracles that it is impossible to refute such multitudes.
Addison.

Syn. -- To confute; disprove. See Confute .

Refuter noun One who, or that which, refutes.

Regain transitive verb [ Prefix re- + gain : confer French regagner .] To gain anew; to get again; to recover, as what has escaped or been lost; to reach again.

Syn. -- To recover; reobtain; repossess; retrieve.

Regal adjective [ Latin regalis , from rex , regis , a king. See Royal , and confer Rajah , Realm , Regalia .] Of or pertaining to a king; kingly; royal; as, regal authority, pomp, or sway. "The regal title." Shak.

He made a scorn of his regal oath.
Milton.

Syn. -- Kingly; royal. See Kingly .

Regal noun [ French régale , Italian regale . CF. Rigoll .] (Mus.) A small portable organ, played with one hand, the bellows being worked with the other, -- used in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.

Regale noun [ Late Latin regale , plural regalia , from Latin regalis : confer French régale . See Regal .] A prerogative of royalty. [ R.] Johnson.

Regale transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Regaled (-g?ld"); present participle & verbal noun Regaling .] [ French régaler , Spanish regalar to regale, to caress, to melt, perhaps from Latin regalare to thaw (cff. Gelatin ), or confer Spanish gala graceful, pleasing address, choicest part of a thing (cf. Gala ), or most likely from Old French galer to rejoice, gale pleasure.] To enerta...n in a regal or sumptuous manner; to enrtertain with something that delights; to gratify; to refresh; as, to regale the taste, the eye, or the ear.

Regale intransitive verb To feast; t... fare sumtuously.

Regale noun [ French régal . See Regale , transitive verb ] A sumptuous repast; a banquet. Johnson. Cowper.

Two baked custards were produced as additions to the regale .
E. E. Hale.

Regalement (-m e nt) noun The act of regaling; anything which regales; refreshment; entertainment.

Regaler noun One who regales.

Regalia noun plural [ Late Latin , from Latin regalis regal. See Regal .]
1. That which belongs to royalty. Specifically: (a) The rights and prerogatives of a king. (b) Royal estates and revenues. (c) Ensings, symbols, or paraphernalia of royalty.

2. Hence, decorations or insignia of an office or order, as of Freemasons, Odd Fellows,etc.

3. Sumptuous food; delicacies. [ Obsolete] Cotton.

Regalia of a church , the privileges granted to it by kings; sometimes, its patrimony. Brande & C.

Regalia noun A kind of cigar of large size and superior quality; also, the size in which such cigars are classed.

Regalian (- a n) adjective Pertaining to regalia; pertaining to the royal insignia or prerogatives. Hallam.

Regalism noun The doctrine of royal prerogative or supremacy. [ R.] Cardinal Manning.

Regality noun [ Late Latin regalitas , from Latin regalis regal, royal. See Regal , and confer Royality .]


1. Royalty; sovereignty; sovereign jurisdiction.

[ Passion] robs reason of her due regalitie .
Spenser.

He came partly in by the sword, and had high courage in all points of regality .
Bacon.

2. An ensign or badge of royalty. [ Obsolete]

Regally adverb In a regal or royal manner.

Regard transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Regarded ; present participle & verbal noun Regarding .] [ French regarder ; prefix re- re + garder to guard, heed, keep. See Guard , and confer Reward .]
1. To keep in view; to behold; to look at; to view; to gaze upon.

Your niece regards me with an eye of favor.
Shak.

2. Hence, to look or front toward; to face. [ Obsolete]

It is peninsula which regardeth the mainland.
Sandys.

That exceedingly beatiful seat, on the ass...ent of a hill, flanked with wood and regarding the river.
Evelyn.

3. To look closely at; to observe attentively; to pay attention to; to notice or remark particularly.

If much you note him,
You offened him; . . . feed, and regard him not.
Shak.

4. To look upon, as in a certain relation; to hold as an popinion; to consider; as, to regard abstinence from wine as a duty; to regard another as a friend or enemy.

5. To consider and treat; to have a certain feeling toward; as, to regard one with favor or dislike.

His associates seem to have regarded him with kindness.
Macaulay.

6. To pay respect to; to treat as something of peculiar value, sanctity, or the like; to care for; to esteem.

He that regardeth thae day, regardeth it into the LOrd.
Rom. xiv. 6.

Here's Beaufort, that regards nor God nor king.
Shak.

7. To take into consideration; to take account of, as a fact or condition. "Nether regarding that she is my child, nor fearing me as if II were her father." Shak.

8. To have relation to, as bearing upon; to respect; to relate to; to touch; as, an argument does not regard the question; -- often used impersonally; as, I agree with you as regards this or that.

Syn. -- To consider; observe; remark; heed; mind; respect; esteem; estimate; value. See Attend .

Regard intransitive verb To look attentively; to consider; to notice. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Regard noun [ French regard See Regard , transitive verb ]
1. A look; aspect directed to another; view; gaze.

But her, with stern regard , he thus repelled.
Milton.

2. Attention of the mind with a feeling of interest; observation; heed; notice.

Full many a lady
I have eyed with best regard .
Shak.

3. That view of the mind which springs from perception of value, estimable qualities, or anything that excites admiration; respect; esteem; reverence; affection; as, to have a high regard for a person; -- often in the plural.

He has rendered himself worthy of their most favorable regards .
A. Smith.

Save the long-sought regards of woman, nothing is sweeter than those marks of childish preference.
Hawthorne.

4. State of being regarded, whether favorably or otherwise; estimation; repute; note; account.

A man of meanest regard amongst them, neither having wealth or power.
Spenser.

5. Consideration; thought; reflection; heed.

Sad pause and deep regard become the sage.
Shak.

6. Matter for consideration; account; condition. [ Obsolete] "Reason full of good regard ." Shak.

7. Respect; relation; reference.

Persuade them to pursue and persevere in virtue, with regard to themselves; in justice and goodness with regard to their neighbors; and piefy toward God.
I. Watts.

» The phrase in regard of was formerly used as equivalent in meaning to on account of , but in modern usage is often improperly substituted for in respect to , or in regard to . G. P. Marsh.

Change was thought necessary in regard of the injury the church did receive by a number of things then in use.
Hooker.

In regard of its security, it had a great advantage over the bandboxes.
Dickens.

8. Object of sight; scene; view; aspect. [ R.]

Throw out our eyes for brave Othello,
Even till we make the main and the aërial blue
An indistinct regard .
Shak.

9. (O.Eng.Law) Supervision; inspection.

At regard of , in consideration of; in comparison with. [ Obsolete] "Bodily penance is but short and little at regard of the pains of hell." Chaucer. -- Court of regard , a forest court formerly held in England every third year for the lawing, or expeditation, of dogs, to prevent them from running after deer; -- called also survey of dogs . Blackstone.

Syn. -- Respect; consideration; notice; observance; heed; care; concern; estimation; esteem; attachment; reverence.

Regardable adjective Worthy of regard or notice; to be regarded; observable. [ R.] Sir T. Browne.

Regardant (- a nt) adjective [ French regardant , from regarder . See Regard , transitive verb ] [ Written also regardant .]
1. Looking behind; looking backward watchfully.

[ He] turns thither his regardant eye.
Southey.

2. (Her.) Looking behind or backward; as, a lion regardant .

3. (O.Eng.Law) Annexed to the land or manor; as, a villain regardant .

Regarder noun
1. One who regards.

2. (Eng. Forest law) An officer appointed to supervise the forest. Cowell.

Regardful adjective Heedful; attentive; observant. -- Re*gard"ful*ly , adverb

Let a man be very tender and regardful of every pious motion made by the Spirit of God to his heart.
South.

Syn. -- Mindful; heedful; attentive; observant.

Regarding preposition Concerning; respecting.

Regardless adjective
1. Having no regard; heedless; careless; as, regardless of life, consequences, dignity.

Regardless of the bliss wherein he sat.
Milton.

2. Not regarded; slighted. [ R.] Spectator.

Syn. -- Heedless; negligent; careless; indifferent; unconcerned; inattentive; unobservant; neglectful.

-- Re*gard"less*ly , adverb -- Re*gard"less*ness , noun