Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Re-form transitive verb & i.
[ imperfect & past participle Re-formed
(-f?rmd"); present participle & verbal noun Re-forming
.] To give a new form to; to form anew; to take form again, or to take a new form; as, to re- form the line after a charge.
Re-formation noun The act of forming anew; a second forming in order; as, the reformation of a column of troops into a hollow square.
Reflexibility noun [ Confer French réflexibilité .] The quality or capability of being reflexible; as, the reflexibility of the rays of light. Sir I. Newton.
[ CF. French réflexible
.] Capable of being reflected, or thrown back.
The light of the sun consists of rays differently refrangible and reflexible . Cheyne.
Reflexity noun The state or condition of being reflected. [ R.]
Reflexive adjective 1.
[ Confer French réflexif
.] Bending or turned backward; reflective; having respect to something past.
Assurance reflexive can not be a divine faith. Hammond. 2. Implying censure.
[ Obsolete] "What man does not resent an ugly reflexive
word?" South. 3. (Gram.) Having for its direct object a pronoun which refers to the agent or subject as its antecedent; -- said of certain verbs; as, the witness perjured himself; I bethought myself. Applied also to pronouns of this class; reciprocal; reflective.
Reflexly adverb In a reflex manner; reflectively.
Refloat noun Reflux; ebb. [ Obsolete] Bacon.
Reflorescence noun (Botany) A blossoming anew of a plant after it has apparently ceased blossoming for the season.
Reflourish transitive verb & i. To flourish again.
Reflow intransitive verb To flow back; to ebb.
Reflower (rē*flou"ẽr) intransitive verb & t. To flower, or cause to flower, again. Sylvester.
Refluctuation noun A flowing back; refluence.
Refluence (r?f"l?- e ns), Ref"lu*en*cy (- e n*s?) noun The quality of being refluent; a flowing back.
[ Latin refluens
, present participle of refluere
to flow back; prefix re-
re- + fluere
to flow. See Flurent
.] Flowing back; returning; ebbing. Cowper.
And refluent through the pass of fear Sir W. Scott.
The battle's tide was poured.
Reflueus adjective [ Latin refluus .] Refluent. [ Obsolete]
Reflux adjective Returning, or flowing back; reflex; as, reflux action.
[ French reflux
. See Refluent
.] A flowing back, as the return of a fluid; ebb; reaction; as, the flux and reflux of the tides.
All from me Milton.
Shall with a fierce reflux on me redound.
Refocillate transitive verb [ Latin refocillatus , past participle of refocillare ; prefix re- re- + focillare to revive by warmth.] To refresh; to revive. [ Obsolete] Aubrey.
Refocillation noun Restoration of strength by refreshment. [ Obsolete] Middleton.
Refold transitive verb To fold again.
Refoment transitive verb To foment anew.
Reforest transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Reforested
; present participle & verbal noun Reforesting
.] To replant with trees; to reafforest; to reforestize.
Reforestization noun The act or process of reforestizing.
Reforestize transitive verb To convert again into a forest; to plant again with trees.
Reforge transitive verb [ Prefix re- + forge : confer French reforger .] To forge again or anew; hence, to fashion or fabricate anew; to make over. Udall.
Reforger noun One who reforges.
Reform transitive verb
[ French réformer
, Latin reformare
; prefix re-
re- + formare
to form, from forma
form. See Form
.] To put into a new and improved form or condition; to restore to a former good state, or bring from bad to good; to change from worse to better; to amend; to correct; as, to reform a profligate man; to reform corrupt manners or morals.
The example alone of a vicious prince will corrupt an age; but that of a good one will not reform it. Swift. Syn.
-- To amend; correct; emend; rectify; mend; repair; better; improve; restore; reclaim.
Reform intransitive verb To return to a good state; to amend or correct one's own character or habits; as, a man of settled habits of vice will seldom reform .
[ French réforme
.] Amendment of what is defective, vicious, corrupt, or depraved; reformation; as, reform of elections; reform of government. Civil service reform
. See under Civil .
-- Reform acts (Eng. Politics)
, acts of Parliament passed in 1832, 1867, 1884, 1885, extending and equalizing popular representation in Parliament.
-- Reform school
, a school established by a state or city government, for the confinement, instruction, and reformation of juvenile offenders, and of young persons of idle, vicious, and vagrant habits.
[ U. S.] Syn.
-- Reformation; amendment; rectification; correction. See Reformation
Reformable adjective Capable of being reformed. Foxe.
Reformade noun A reformado. [ Obsolete]
[ Spanish , from reformar
, Latin reformare
. SEe Reform
, transitive verb
] 1. A monk of a reformed order.
[ Obsolete] Weever. 2. An officer who, in disgrace, is deprived of his command, but retains his rank, and sometimes his pay.
Reformalize intransitive verb To affect reformation; to pretend to correctness. [ R.]
[ French réformation
, Latin reformatio
.] 1. The act of reforming, or the state of being reformed; change from worse to better; correction or amendment of life, manners, or of anything vicious or corrupt; as, the reformation of manners; reformation of the age; reformation of abuses.
Satire lashes vice into reformation . Dryden. 2. Specifically (Eccl. Hist.) , the important religious movement commenced by Luther early in the sixteenth century, which resulted in the formation of the various Protestant churches. Syn.
-- Reform; amendment; correction; rectification. -- Reformation
is a more thorough and comprehensive change than reform
. It is applied to subjects that are more important, and results in changes which are more lasting. A reformation
involves, and is followed by, many particular reforms
. "The pagan converts mention this great reformation
of those who had been the greatest sinners, with that sudden and surprising change which the Christian religion made in the lives of the most profligate." Addison.
"A variety of schemes, founded in visionary and impracticable ideas of reform
, were suddenly produced." Pitt.
Reformative adjective Forming again; having the quality of renewing form; reformatory. Good.
Reformatory adjective Tending to produce reformation; reformative.
; plural -ries
(-r...z). An institution for promoting the reformation of offenders.
Magistrates may send juvenile offenders to reformatories instead of to prisons. Eng. Cyc.
Reformed adjective 1. Corrected; amended; restored to purity or excellence; said, specifically, of the whole body of Protestant churches originating in the Reformation. Also, in a more restricted sense, of those who separated from Luther on the doctrine of consubstantiation, etc., and carried the Reformation, as they claimed, to a higher point. The Protestant churches founded by them in Switzerland, France, Holland, and part of Germany, were called the Reformed churches .
The town was one of the strongholds of the Reformed faith. Macaulay. 2. Amended in character and life; as, a reformed gambler or drunkard. 3. (Mil.) Retained in service on half or full pay after the disbandment of the company or troop; -- said of an officer.
1. One who effects a reformation or amendment; one who labors for, or urges, reform; as, a reformer of manners, or of abuses. 2. (Eccl.Hist.) One of those who commenced the reformation of religion in the sixteenth century, as Luther, Melanchthon, Zwingli, and Calvin.
Reformist noun [ Confer French réformiste .] A reformer.
Reformly adverb In the manner of a reform; for the purpose of reform. [ Obsolete] Milton.
Refortification noun A fortifying anew, or a second time. Mitford.
Refortify transitive verb To fortify anew.
[ Latin refodere
, to dig up again. See Fosse
.] The act of digging up again.
[ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.
Refound transitive verb
[ Prefix re-
to cast; confer French refondare
. Confer Refund
.] 1. To found or cast anew.
"Ancient bells refounded
." T. Warton. 2. To found or establish again; to re...stablish.
Refound imperfect & past participle of Refind , transitive verb
Refounder noun One who refounds.
Refract transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Refracted
; present participle & verbal noun Refracting
.] [ Latin refractus
, past participle of refringere
; prefix re-
re- + frangere
to break: confer French réfracter
. SEe FRacture
, and confer Refrain
] 1. To bend sharply and abruptly back; to break off. 2. To break the natural course of, as rays of light orr heat, when passing from one transparent medium to another of different density; to cause to deviate from a direct course by an action distinct from reflection; as, a dense medium refrcts the rays of light as they pass into it from a rare medium.