Reflected Re·flect"ed adjective 1. Thrown back after striking a surface; as, reflected light, heat, sound, etc. 2. Hence: Not one's own; received from another; as, his glory was reflected glory. 3. Bent backward or outward; reflexed.
Reflectent Re·flect"ent adjective [ Latin reflectens , present participle of reflectere . See Reflect .] 1. Bending or flying back; reflected. "The ray descendent, and the ray reflectent flying with so great a speed." Sir K. Digby. 2. Reflecting; as, a reflectent body. Sir K. Digby.
Reflectible Re·flect"i·ble adjective Capable of being reflected, or thrown back; reflexible.
Reflecting Re·flect"ing adjective 1. Throwing back light, heat, etc., as a mirror or other surface. 2. Given to reflection or serious consideration; reflective; contemplative; as, a reflecting mind. Reflecting circle , an astronomical instrument for measuring angless, like the sextant or Hadley's quadrant, by the reflection of light from two plane mirrors which it carries, and differing from the sextant chiefly in having an entire circle. -- Reflecting galvanometer , a galvanometer in which the deflections of the needle are read by means of a mirror attached to it, which reflects a ray of light or the image of a scale; -- called also mirror galvanometer . -- Reflecting goniometer . See under Goniometer . -- Reflecting telescope . See under Telescope .
Reflectingly Re·flect"ing·ly adverb With reflection; also, with censure; reproachfully. Swift.
Reflection Re·flec"tion noun
[ Latin reflexio
: confer French réflexion
. See Riflect
.] [ Written also reflexion
.] 1. The act of reflecting, or turning or sending back, or the state of being reflected.
Specifically: (a) The return of rays, beams, sound, or the like, from a surface. See Angle of reflection , below.
The eye sees not itself, Shak. (b) The reverting of the mind to that which has already occupied it; continued consideration; meditation; contemplation; hence, also, that operation or power of the mind by which it is conscious of its own acts or states; the capacity for judging rationally, especially in view of a moral rule or standard.
But by reflection , by some other things.
By reflection , . . . I would be understood to mean, that notice which the mind takes of its own operations, and the manner of them, by reason whereof there come to be ideas of these operations in the understanding. Locke.
This delight grows and improves under thought and reflection . South. 2. Shining; brightness, as of the sun.
[ Obsolete] Shak. 3. That which is produced by reflection.
Specifically: (a) An image given back from a reflecting surface; a reflected counterpart.
As the sun water we can bear, Dryden. (b) A part reflected, or turned back, at an angle; as, the reflection of a membrane. (c) Result of meditation; thought or opinion after attentive consideration or contemplation; especially, thoughts suggested by truth.
Yet not the sun, but his reflection , there.
Job's reflections on his once flourishing estate did at the same time afflict and encourage him. Atterbury. 4. Censure; reproach cast.
He died; and oh! may no reflection shed Prior. 5. (Physiol.) The transference of an excitement from one nerve fiber to another by means of the nerve cells, as in reflex action. See Reflex action , under Reflex . Angle of reflection
Its poisonous venom on the royal dead.
, the angle which anything, as a ray of light, on leaving a reflecting surface, makes with the perpendicular to the surface.
-- Angle of total reflection
. (Opt.) Same as Critical angle , under Critical . Syn.
-- Meditation; contemplation; rumination; cogitation; consideration; musing; thinking.
Reflective Re·flect"ive adjective
[ Confer French réflectif
. Confer Reflexive
.] 1. Throwing back images; as, a reflective mirror.
In the reflective stream the sighing bride, viewing her charms. Prior. 2. Capable of exercising thought or judgment; as, reflective reason. Prior.
His perceptive and reflective faculties . . . thus acquired a precocious and extraordinary development. Motley. 3. Addicted to introspective or meditative habits; as, a reflective person. 4. (Gram.) Reflexive; reciprocal.
of manner." J. C. Shairp.
Reflector Re·flect"or (-ẽr) noun [ Confer French réflecteur .] 1. One who, or that which, reflects. Boyle. 2. (Physics) (a) Something having a polished surface for reflecting light or heat, as a mirror, a speculum, etc. (b) A reflecting telescope. (c) A device for reflecting sound.
Reflet Re·flet" (r e *flĕ") noun [ French, reflection. See Reflect .] Luster; special brilliancy of surface; -- used esp. in ceramics to denote the peculiar metallic brilliancy seen in lustered pottery such as majolica; as, silver reflet ; gold reflet .
Reflex Re"flex adjective
[ Latin reflexus
, past participle of reflectere
: confer French réflexe
. See Reflect
.] 1. Directed back; attended by reflection; retroactive; introspective.
The reflex act of the soul, or the turning of the intellectual eye inward upon its own actions. Sir M. Hale. 2. Produced in reaction, in resistance, or in return. 3. (Physiol.) Of, pertaining to, or produced by, stimulus or excitation without the necessary intervention of consciousness. Reflex action (Physiol.)
, any action performed involuntarily in consequence of an impulse or impression transmitted along afferent nerves to a nerve center, from which it is reflected to an efferent nerve, and so calls into action certain muscles, organs, or cells.
-- Reflex nerve (Physiol.)
, an excito-motory nerve. See Exito- motory .
Reflex Re"flex noun
[ Latin reflexus
a bending back. See Reflect
.] 1. Reflection; the light reflected from an illuminated surface to one in shade.
Yon gray is not the morning's eye, Shak.
'Tis but the pale reflex of Cynthia's brow.
On the depths of death there swims Tennyson. 2. (Physiol.) An involuntary movement produced by reflex action. Patellar reflex
The reflex of a human face.
. See Knee jerk , under Knee .
Reflex Re·flex" transitive verb [ Latin reflexus , past participle of reflectere . See Reflect .] 1. To reflect. [ Obsolete] Shak. 2. To bend back; to turn back. J. Gregory.
Reflexed Re·flexed" adjective Bent backward or outward.
Reflexibility Re·flex`i·bil"i·ty noun [ Confer French réflexibilité .] The quality or capability of being reflexible; as, the reflexibility of the rays of light. Sir I. Newton.
Reflexible Re·flex"i·ble adjective
[ CF. French réflexible
.] Capable of being reflected, or thrown back.
The light of the sun consists of rays differently refrangible and reflexible . Cheyne.
Reflexion Re·flex"ion noun See Reflection . Chaucer.
Reflexity Re·flex"i·ty noun The state or condition of being reflected. [ R.]
Reflexive Re·flex"ive adjective 1.
[ Confer French réflexif
.] Bending or turned backward; reflective; having respect to something past.
Assurance reflexive can not be a divine faith. Hammond. 2. Implying censure.
[ Obsolete] "What man does not resent an ugly reflexive
word?" South. 3. (Gram.) Having for its direct object a pronoun which refers to the agent or subject as its antecedent; -- said of certain verbs; as, the witness perjured himself; I bethought myself. Applied also to pronouns of this class; reciprocal; reflective.
Reflexly Re·flex"ly adverb In a reflex manner; reflectively.
Refloat Re"float noun Reflux; ebb. [ Obsolete] Bacon.
Reflorescence Re`flo·res"cence noun (Botany) A blossoming anew of a plant after it has apparently ceased blossoming for the season.
Reflourish Re·flour"ish transitive verb & i. To flourish again.
Reflow Re·flow" intransitive verb To flow back; to ebb.
Reflower Re·flow"er (rē*flou"ẽr) intransitive verb & t. To flower, or cause to flower, again. Sylvester.
Refluctuation Re·fluc`tu·a"tion noun A flowing back; refluence.
Refluence Ref"lu·ence (r?f"l?- e ns), Ref"lu*en*cy (- e n*s?) noun The quality of being refluent; a flowing back.
[ Latin refluens
, present participle of refluere
to flow back; prefix re-
re- + fluere
to flow. See Flurent
.] Flowing back; returning; ebbing. Cowper.
And refluent through the pass of fear Sir W. Scott.
The battle's tide was poured.
Reflueus Ref"lu·eus adjective [ Latin refluus .] Refluent. [ Obsolete]
Reflux Re"flux` adjective Returning, or flowing back; reflex; as, reflux action.
Reflux Re"flux` noun
[ French reflux
. See Refluent
.] A flowing back, as the return of a fluid; ebb; reaction; as, the flux and reflux of the tides.
All from me Milton.
Shall with a fierce reflux on me redound.
Refocillate Re·foc"il·late transitive verb [ Latin refocillatus , past participle of refocillare ; prefix re- re- + focillare to revive by warmth.] To refresh; to revive. [ Obsolete] Aubrey.
Refocillation Re·foc`il·la"tion noun Restoration of strength by refreshment. [ Obsolete] Middleton.
Refold Re·fold" transitive verb To fold again.
Refoment Re`fo·ment" transitive verb To foment anew.
Reforest Re·for"est transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Reforested ; present participle & verbal noun Reforesting .] To replant with trees; to reafforest; to reforestize.
Reforestization Re·for`est·i·za`tion noun The act or process of reforestizing.
Reforestize Re·for"est·ize transitive verb To convert again into a forest; to plant again with trees.
Reforge Re·forge" transitive verb [ Prefix re- + forge : confer French reforger .] To forge again or anew; hence, to fashion or fabricate anew; to make over. Udall.
Reforger Re·for"ger noun One who reforges.
Reform Re·form" transitive verb
[ French réformer
, Latin reformare
; prefix re-
re- + formare
to form, from forma
form. See Form
.] To put into a new and improved form or condition; to restore to a former good state, or bring from bad to good; to change from worse to better; to amend; to correct; as, to reform a profligate man; to reform corrupt manners or morals.
The example alone of a vicious prince will corrupt an age; but that of a good one will not reform it. Swift. Syn.
-- To amend; correct; emend; rectify; mend; repair; better; improve; restore; reclaim.
Reform Re·form" intransitive verb To return to a good state; to amend or correct one's own character or habits; as, a man of settled habits of vice will seldom reform .
Reform Re·form" noun [ French réforme .] Amendment of what is defective, vicious, corrupt, or depraved; reformation; as, reform of elections; reform of government. Civil service reform . See under Civil . -- Reform acts (Eng. Politics) , acts of Parliament passed in 1832, 1867, 1884, 1885, extending and equalizing popular representation in Parliament. -- Reform school , a school established by a state or city government, for the confinement, instruction, and reformation of juvenile offenders, and of young persons of idle, vicious, and vagrant habits. [ U. S.] Syn. -- Reformation; amendment; rectification; correction. See Reformation .
Reformable Re·form"a·ble adjective Capable of being reformed. Foxe.
Reformade Ref`or·made" noun A reformado. [ Obsolete]
Reformado Ref`or·ma"do noun [ Spanish , from reformar , Latin reformare . SEe Reform , transitive verb ] 1. A monk of a reformed order. [ Obsolete] Weever. 2. An officer who, in disgrace, is deprived of his command, but retains his rank, and sometimes his pay. [ Obsolete]
Reformalize Re·form"al·ize intransitive verb To affect reformation; to pretend to correctness. [ R.]
Reformation Ref`or·ma"tion noun
[ French réformation
, Latin reformatio
.] 1. The act of reforming, or the state of being reformed; change from worse to better; correction or amendment of life, manners, or of anything vicious or corrupt; as, the reformation of manners; reformation of the age; reformation of abuses.
Satire lashes vice into reformation . Dryden. 2. Specifically (Eccl. Hist.) , the important religious movement commenced by Luther early in the sixteenth century, which resulted in the formation of the various Protestant churches. Syn.
-- Reform; amendment; correction; rectification. -- Reformation
is a more thorough and comprehensive change than reform
. It is applied to subjects that are more important, and results in changes which are more lasting. A reformation
involves, and is followed by, many particular reforms
. "The pagan converts mention this great reformation
of those who had been the greatest sinners, with that sudden and surprising change which the Christian religion made in the lives of the most profligate." Addison.
"A variety of schemes, founded in visionary and impracticable ideas of reform
, were suddenly produced." Pitt.
Reformative Re·form"a·tive adjective Forming again; having the quality of renewing form; reformatory. Good.
Reformatory Re·form"a·to·ry adjective Tending to produce reformation; reformative.
Reformatory Re·form"a·to·ry noun
; plural -ries
(-r...z). An institution for promoting the reformation of offenders.
Magistrates may send juvenile offenders to reformatories instead of to prisons. Eng. Cyc.
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