Passion Pas"sion transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Passioned ; p. pr & verbal noun Passioning .] To give a passionate character to. [ R.] Keats.
Passion Pas"sion intransitive verb To suffer pain or sorrow; to experience a passion; to be extremely agitated. [ Obsolete] "Dumbly she passions , frantically she doteth." Shak.
Passional Pas"sion·al adjective Of or pertaining to passion or the passions; exciting, influenced by, or ministering to, the passions. -- noun A passionary.
Passionary Pas"sion·a·ry noun [ Latin passionarius : confer French passionaire .] A book in which are described the sufferings of saints and martyrs. T. Warton.
Passionate Pas"sion·ate adjective
[ Late Latin passionatus
: confer French passionné
.] 1. Capable or susceptible of passion, or of different passions; easily moved, excited or agitated; specifically, easily moved to anger; irascible; quick-tempered; as, a passionate nature.
Homer's Achilles is haughty and passionate . Prior. 2. Characterized by passion; expressing passion; ardent in feeling or desire; vehement; warm; as, a passionate friendship.
Pilgrim." Shak. 3. Suffering; sorrowful.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
Passionate Pas"sion·ate intransitive verb 1. To affect with passion; to impassion.
Great pleasure, mixed with pitiful regard, Spenser. 2. To express feelingly or sorrowfully.
The godly kind and queen did passionate .
[ Obsolete] Shak.
Passionately Pas"sion·ate·ly adverb 1. In a passionate manner; with strong feeling; ardently.
Sorrow expresses itself . . . loudly and passionately . South. 2. Angrily; irascibly. Locke.
Passionateness Pas"sion·ate·ness noun The state or quality of being passionate.
Passionist Pas"sion·ist noun (R. C. Ch.) A member of a religious order founded in Italy in 1737, and introduced into the United States in 1852. The members of the order unite the austerities of the Trappists with the activity and zeal of the Jesuits and Lazarists. Called also Barefooted Clerks of the Most Holy Cross .
Passionless Pas"sion·less adjective Void of passion; without anger or emotion; not easily excited; calm. "Self-contained and passionless ." Tennyson.
Passiontide Pas"sion·tide` noun [ Passion + tide time.] The last fortnight of Lent.
Passive Pas"sive adjective
[ Latin passivus
: confer French passif
. See Passion
.] 1. Not active, but acted upon; suffering or receiving impressions or influences; as, they were passive spectators, not actors in the scene.
The passive air Milton.
Upbore their nimble tread.
The mind is wholly passive in the reception of all its simple ideas. Locke. 2. Receiving or enduring without either active sympathy or active resistance; without emotion or excitement; patient; not opposing; unresisting; as, passive obedience; passive submission.
The best virtue, passive fortitude. Massinger. 3. (Chemistry) Inactive; inert; not showing strong affinity; as, red phosphorus is comparatively passive . 4. (Medicine) Designating certain morbid conditions, as hemorrhage or dropsy, characterized by relaxation of the vessels and tissues, with deficient vitality and lack of reaction in the affected tissues. Passive congestion (Medicine)
, congestion due to obstruction to the return of the blood from the affected part.
-- Passive iron (Chemistry)
, iron which has been subjected to the action of heat, of strong nitric acid, chlorine, etc. It is then not easily acted upon by acids.
-- Passive movement (Medicine)
, a movement of a part, in order to exercise it, made without the assistance of the muscles which ordinarily move the part.
-- Passive obedience (as used by writers on government), obedience or submission of the subject or citizen as a duty in all cases to the existing government.
-- Passive prayer
, among mystic divines, a suspension of the activity of the soul or intellectual faculties, the soul remaining quiet, and yielding only to the impulses of grace.
-- Passive verb
, or Passive voice (Gram.)
, a verb, or form of a verb, which expresses the effect of the action of some agent; as, in Latin, doceor , I am taught; in English, she is loved ; the picture is admired by all; he is assailed by slander. Syn.
-- Inactive; inert; quiescent; unresisting; unopposing; suffering; enduring; submissive; patient.
Passive balloon, aëroplane Pas"sive bal·loon", a"ër·o·plane One unprovided with motive power.
Passive flight Passive flight Flight, such as gliding and soaring, accomplished without the use of motive power.
Passively Pas"sive·ly adverb 1. In a passive manner; inertly; unresistingly. 2. As a passive verb; in the passive voice.
Passiveness Pas"sive·ness noun The quality or state of being passive; unresisting submission.
To be an effect implies passiveness , or the being subject to the power and action of its cause. J. Edwards.
Passivity Pas·siv"i·ty noun [ Confer French passivité .] 1. Passiveness; -- opposed to activity . Jer. Taylor. 2. (Physics) The tendency of a body to remain in a given state, either of motion or rest, till disturbed by another body; inertia. Cheyne. 3. (Chemistry) The quality or condition of any substance which has no inclination to chemical activity; inactivity.
Passless Pass"less adjective Having no pass; impassable. Cowley.
Passman Pass"man noun
; plural Passmen One who passes for a degree, without honors. See Classman , 2.
[ Eng. Univ.]
Passover Pass"o`ver noun [ Pass + over . See Pasch.] (Jewish Antiq.) (a) A feast of the Jews, instituted to commemorate the sparing of the Hebrews in Egypt, when God, smiting the firstborn of the Egyptians, passed over the houses of the Israelites which were marked with the blood of a lamb. (b) The sacrifice offered at the feast of the passover; the paschal lamb. Ex. xii.
Passport Pass"port noun
[ French passeport
, orig., a permission to leave a port or to sail into it; passer
to pass + port
a port, harbor. See Pass
, and Port
a harbor.] 1. Permission to pass; a document given by the competent officer of a state, permitting the person therein named to pass or travel from place to place, without molestation, by land or by water.
Caution in granting passports to Ireland. Clarendon. 2. A document carried by neutral merchant vessels in time of war, to certify their nationality and protect them from belligerents; a sea letter. 3. A license granted in time of war for the removal of persons and effects from a hostile country; a safe- conduct. Burrill. 4. Figuratively: Anything which secures advancement and general acceptance. Sir P. Sidney.
His passport is his innocence and grace. Dryden.
Passus Pas"sus noun
, English Passuses
[ Latin , a step, a pace. See Pace
.] A division or part; a canto; as, the passus of Piers Plowman. See 2d Fit .
Password Pass"word` noun A word to be given before a person is allowed to pass; a watchword; a countersign. Macaulay.
Passymeasure Pas"sy·meas`ure noun [ Corrupted from Italian passamezzo .] [ Obsolete] See Paspy . Shak.
Past Past adjective [ From Pass , v. ] Of or pertaining to a former time or state; neither present nor future; gone by; elapsed; ended; spent; as, past troubles; past offences. " Past ages." Milton. Past master . See under Master .
Past Past noun A former time or state; a state of things gone by.
, at least, is secure." D. Webster.
The present is only intelligible in the light of the past , often a very remote past indeed. Trench.
Past Past preposition 1. Beyond, in position, or degree; further than; beyond the reach or influence of.
"Who being past
feeling." Eph. iv. 19.
Until we be past thy borders. Num. xxi. 22.
Love, when once past government, is consequently past shame . L'Estrange. 2. Beyond, in time; after; as, past the hour.
Is it not past two o'clock? Shak. 3. Above; exceeding; more than.
Not past three quarters of a mile. Shak.
Bows not past three quarters of a yard long. Spenser.
Past Past adverb By; beyond; as, he ran past .
The alarum of drums swept past . Longfellow.
Paste Paste noun [ Old French paste , French pâte , Latin pasta , from Greek ... barley broth; confer ... barley porridge, ... sprinkled with salt, ... to sprinkle. Confer Pasty , noun , Patty .] 1. A soft composition, as of flour moistened with water or milk, or of earth moistened to the consistence of dough, as in making potter's ware. 2. Specifically, in cookery, a dough prepared for the crust of pies and the like; pastry dough. 3. A kind of cement made of flour and water, starch and water, or the like, -- used for uniting paper or other substances, as in bookbinding, etc., -- also used in calico printing as a vehicle for mordant or color. 4. A highly refractive vitreous composition, variously colored, used in making imitations of precious stones or gems. See Strass . 5. A soft confection made of the inspissated juice of fruit, licorice, or the like, with sugar, etc. 6. (Min.) The mineral substance in which other minerals are imbedded. Paste eel (Zoology) , the vinegar eel. See under Vinegar .
Paste Paste transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Pasted ; present participle & verbal noun Pasting .] To unite with paste; to fasten or join by means of paste.
Pasteboard Paste"board` noun 1. A stiff thick kind of paper board, formed of several single sheets pasted one upon another, or of paper macerated and pressed into molds, etc. 2. (Cookery) A board on which pastry dough is rolled; a molding board.
Pastel Pas"tel noun [ F.; confer Italian pastello . Confer Pastil .] 1. A crayon made of a paste composed of a color ground with gum water. [ Sometimes incorrectly written pastil .] "Charming heads in pastel ." W. Black. 2. (Botany) A plant affording a blue dye; the woad ( Isatis tinctoria ); also, the dye itself.
Paster Past"er noun 1. One who pastes; as, a paster in a government department. 2. A slip of paper, usually bearing a name, intended to be pasted by the voter, as a substitute, over another name on a printed ballot. [ Cant, U.S.]
Pastern Pas"tern noun [ Of. pasturon , French pâturon , from Old French pasture a tether, for beasts while pasturing; prop., a pasturing. See Pasture .] 1. The part of the foot of the horse, and allied animals, between the fetlock and the coffin joint. See Illust. of Horse . » The upper bone, or phalanx, of the foot is called the great pastern bone ; the second, the small pastern bone ; and the third, in the hoof, the coffin bone . Pastern joint , the joint in the hoof of the horse, and allied animals, between the great and small pastern bones. 2. A shackle for horses while pasturing. Knight. 3. A patten. [ Obsolete] Dryden.
Pasteur's fluid Pas`teur's" flu"id (Biol.) An artificial nutrient fluid invented by Pasteur for the study of alcoholic fermentation, but used also for the cultivation of bacteria and other organisms. It contains all the elements of protoplasm, and was originally made of the ash of yeast, some ammonia compound, sugar, and water.
Pasteurian Pas·teur"i·an adjective Of or pertaining to Pasteur.
Pasteurism Pas·teur"ism noun [ Fr. Pasteur , a French scientist.] 1. A method of treatment, devised by Pasteur, for preventing certain diseases, as hydrophobia, by successive inoculations with an attenuated virus of gradually increasing strength. 2. Pasteurization.
Pasteurization Pas·teur`i·za"tion noun A process devised by Pasteur for preventing or checking fermentation in fluids, such as wines, milk, etc., by exposure to a temperature of 140Â° F., thus destroying the vitality of the contained germs or ferments.
Pasteurize Pas·teur"ize transitive verb 1. To subject to pasteurization. 2. To treat by pasteurism.
Pasteurizer Pas"teur·iz`er noun One that Pasteurizes, specif. an apparatus for heating and agitating, fluid.
Pasticcio Pas·tic"ci·o noun [ Italian , from pasta . See Paste .] 1. A medley; an olio. [ R.] H. Swinburne. 2. (Fine Arts) (a) A work of art imitating directly the work of another artist, or of more artists than one. (b) A falsified work of art, as a vase or statue made up of parts of original works, with missing parts supplied.
Pastil, Pastille Pas"til, Pas·tille" noun [ French pastille , Latin pastillus a pastus food. See Pasture , and confer Pastel .] 1. (Pharmacy) A small cone or mass made of paste of gum, benzoin, cinnamon, and other aromatics, -- used for fumigating or scenting the air of a room. 2. An aromatic or medicated lozenge; a troche. 3. See Pastel , a crayon.
Pastime Pas"time` noun [ Pass + time : confer French passetemps .] That which amuses, and serves to make time pass agreeably; sport; amusement; diversion.
Pastime Pas"time` intransitive verb To sport; to amuse one's self. [ R.]
Pastor Pas"tor noun [ Latin , from pascere , pastum , to pasture, to feed. Confer Pabulum , Pasture , Food .] 1. A shepherd; one who has the care of flocks and herds. 2. A guardian; a keeper; specifically (Eccl.) , a minister having the charge of a church and parish. 3. (Zoology) A species of starling ( Pastor roseus ), native of the plains of Western Asia and Eastern Europe. Its head is crested and glossy greenish black, and its back is rosy. It feeds largely upon locusts.
Pastorage Pas"tor·age noun The office, jurisdiction, or duty, of a pastor; pastorate.
Pastoral Pas"tor·al adjective [ Latin pastoralis : confer French pastoral . See Pastor .] 1. Of or pertaining to shepherds; hence, relating to rural life and scenes; as, a pastoral life. 2. Relating to the care of souls, or to the pastor of a church; as, pastoral duties; a pastoral letter. Pastoral staff (Eccl.) , a staff, usually of the form of a shepherd's crook, borne as an official emblem by a bishop, abbot, abbess, or other prelate privileged to carry it. See Crook , and Crosier . -- Pastoral Theology , that part of theology which treats of the duties of pastors.
Pastoral Pas"tor·al noun 1. A poem describing the life and manners of shepherds; a poem in which the speakers assume the character of shepherds; an idyl; a bucolic.
A pastoral is a poem in which any action or passion is represented by its effects on a country life. Rambler. 2. (Mus.) A cantata relating to rural life; a composition for instruments characterized by simplicity and sweetness; a lyrical composition the subject of which is taken from rural life. Moore (Encyc. of Music). 3. (Eccl.) A letter of a pastor to his charge; specifically, a letter addressed by a bishop to his diocese; also (Prot. Epis. Ch.) , a letter of the House of Bishops, to be read in each parish.
Pastorale Pas`to·ra"le noun [ Italian ] 1. (Mus.) A composition in a soft, rural style, generally in 6-8 or 12-8 time. 2. A kind of dance; a kind of figure used in a dance.
Pastorally Pas"tor·al·ly adverb 1. In a pastoral or rural manner. 2. In the manner of a pastor.
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