Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Parmesan adjective [ French parmesan , Italian parmigiano .] Of or pertaining to Parma in Italy.

Parmesan cheese , a kind of cheese of a rich flavor, though from skimmed milk, made in Parma, Italy.

Parnassia noun [ New Latin ] (Botany) A genus of herbs growing in wet places, and having white flowers; grass of Parnassus.

Parnassian adjective [ Latin Parnassius .] Of or pertaining to Parnassus.

Parnassian noun [ See Parnassus .] (Zoology) Any one of numerous species of butterflies belonging to the genus Parnassius . They inhabit the mountains, both in the Old World and in America.

Parnassian noun [ French parnassien .] One of a school of French poets of the Second Empire (1852-70) who emphasized metrical form and made the little use of emotion as poetic material; -- so called from the name ( Parnasse contemporain ) of the volume in which their first poems were collected in 1866.

Parnassien noun [ French] Same as Parnassian .

Parnassus noun [ Latin , from Greek ....] (Anc. Geology & Greek Myth.) A mountain in Greece, sacred to Apollo and the Muses, and famous for a temple of Apollo and for the Castalian spring.

Grass of Parnassus . (Botany) See under Grass , and Parnassia . -- To climb Parnassus , to write poetry. [ Colloq.]

Parnellism noun (Eng. Politics) The policy or principles of the Parnellites.

Parnellite noun (Eng. Politics) One of the adherents of Charles Stewart Parnell (1846-91) in his advocacy of home rule for Ireland.

Paroccipital adjective [ Prefix para- + occipital .] (Anat.) Situated near or beside the occipital condyle or the occipital bone; paramastoid; -- applied especially to a process of the skull in some animals.

Parochial adjective [ Late Latin parochialis , from Latin parochia . See Parish .] Of or pertaining to a parish; restricted to a parish; as, parochial duties. " Parochial pastors." Bp. Atterbury. Hence, limited; narrow. "The parochial mind." W. Black.

Parochialism noun The quality or state of being parochial in form or nature; a system of management peculiar to parishes.

Parochiality noun The state of being parochial. [ R.] Sir J. Marriot.

Parochialize transitive verb To render parochial; to form into parishes.

Parochially adverb In a parochial manner; by the parish, or by parishes. Bp. Stillingfleet.

Parochian adjective [ See Parochial , Parishioner .] Parochial. [ Obsolete] " Parochian churches." Bacon.

Parochian noun [ Late Latin parochianus .] A parishioner. [ Obsolete] Ld. Burleigh.

Parodic, Parodical adjective [ Greek ...: confer French parodique .] Having the character of parody.

Very paraphrastic, and sometimes parodical .
T. Warton.

Parodist noun [ Confer French parodiste .] One who writes a parody; one who parodies. Coleridge.

Parody noun ; plural Parodies . [ Latin parodia , Greek ...; para` beside + ... a song: confer French parodie . See Para- , and Ode .]


1. A writing in which the language or sentiment of an author is mimicked; especially, a kind of literary pleasantry, in which what is written on one subject is altered, and applied to another by way of burlesque; travesty.

The lively parody which he wrote . . . on Dryden's "Hind and Panther" was received with great applause.
Macaulay.

2. A popular maxim, adage, or proverb. [ Obsolete]

Parody transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Parodied ; present participle & verbal noun Parodying .] [ Confer French parodier .] To write a parody upon; to burlesque.

I have translated, or rather parodied , a poem of Horace.
Pope.

Paroket noun (Zoology) See Paroquet .

Parol noun [ See Parole , the same word.]


1. A word; an oral utterance. [ Obsolete]

2. (Law) Oral declaration; word of mouth; also, a writing not under seal. Blackstone.

Parol adjective Given or done by word of mouth; oral; also, given by a writing not under seal; as, parol evidence.

Parol arrest (Law) , an arrest in pursuance of a verbal order from a magistrate. -- Parol contract (Law) , any contract not of record or under seal, whether oral or written; a simple contract. Chitty. Story.

Parole noun [ French parole . See Parley , and confer Parol .]
1. A word; an oral utterance. [ Obsolete]

2. Word of promise; word of honor; plighted faith; especially (Mil.) , promise, upon one's faith and honor, to fulfill stated conditions, as not to bear arms against one's captors, to return to custody, or the like.

This man had forfeited his military parole .
Macaulay.

3. (Mil.) A watchword given only to officers of guards; -- distinguished from countersign , which is given to all guards.

4. (Law) Oral declaration. See lst Parol , 2.

Parole adjective See 2d Parol .

Parole transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Paroled ; present participle & verbal noun Paroling .] (Mil.) To set at liberty on parole; as, to parole prisoners.

Paromology noun [ Greek from ..., from ... to grant; ... by, near + ... to speak together, agree. See Homologous .] (Rhet.) A concession to an adversary in order to strengthen one's own argument.

Paronomasia noun [ Latin , from Greek ..., from ... to form a word by a slight change; para` beside + ... to name, from ... a name.] (Rhet.) A play upon words; a figure by which the same word is used in different senses, or words similar in sound are set in opposition to each other, so as to give antithetical force to the sentence; punning. Dryden.

Paronomastic, Paronomastical adjective Of or pertaining to paronomasia; consisting in a play upon words.

Paronomasy noun [ Confer French paronomasie .] Paronomasia. [ R.] B. Jonson.

Paronychia noun [ Latin , from Greek ...; para` beside + ..., ..., a nail.] (Medicine) A whitlow, or felon. Quincy.

Paronym noun A paronymous word. [ Written also paronyme .]

Paronymous adjective [ Greek ...; para` beside, near + ... a name.]
1. Having the same derivation; allied radically; conjugate; -- said of certain words, as man , mankind , manhood , etc.

2. Having a similar sound, but different orthography and different meaning; -- said of certain words, as al... and awl ; hair and hare , etc.

Paronymy noun The quality of being paronymous; also, the use of paronymous words.

Paroquet noun [ French perroquet , or Spanish periquito ; both probably orig. meaning, little Peter. See Parrot .] (Zoology) Same as Parrakeet . [ Written also paroket , parroquet , and perroquet .]

Paroquet auk or auklet (Zoology) , a small auk ( Cyclorrhynchus psittaculus ) inhabiting the coast and islands of Alaska. The upper parts are dark slate, under parts white, bill orange red. Called also perroquet auk .

Parorchis noun [ New Latin See Para- , and Orchis .] (Anat.) The part of the epididymis; or the corresponding part of the excretory duct of the testicle, which is derived from the Wolffian body.

Parosteal (Physiol.) Of or pertaining to parostosis; as, parosteal ossification.

Parostosis noun [ New Latin See Para- , and Ostosis .] (Physiol.) Ossification which takes place in purely fibrous tracts; the formation of bone outside of the periosteum.

Parostotic adjective Pertaining to parostosis.

Parotic adjective [ See Parotid .] (Anat.) On the side of the auditory capsule; near the external ear.

Parotic region (Zoology) , the space around the ears.

Parotid adjective [ Latin parotis , -idis , Greek ..., ...; para` beside, near + ..., ..., the ear: confer French parotide . ] (Anat.) (a) Situated near the ear; -- applied especially to the salivary gland near the ear. (b) Of, pertaining to, or in the region of, the parotid gland.

Parotid gland (Anat.) , one of the salivary glands situated just in front of or below the ear. It is the largest of the salivary glands in man, and its duct opens into the interior of the mouth opposite the second molar of the upper jaw.

Parotid noun (Anat.) The parotid gland.

Parotitis noun [ New Latin See Parotid , and -itis .] (Medicine) Inflammation of the parotid glands.

Epidemic , or Infectious , parotitis , mumps.

Parotoid adjective [ Parot id + -oid .] (Anat.) Resembling the parotid gland; -- applied especially to cutaneous glandular elevations above the ear in many toads and frogs. -- noun A parotoid gland.

Parousia noun [ New Latin , from Greek .... See Parusia .] (a) The nativity of our Lord. (b) The last day. Shipley.

Parovarium noun [ New Latin See Para- , and Ovarium .] (Anat.) A group of tubules, a remnant of the Wolffian body, often found near the ovary or oviduct; the epoöphoron.

Paroxysm noun [ French paroxysme , Greek ..., from ... to sharpen, irritate; para` beside, beyond + ... to sharpen, from ... sharp.]
1. (Medicine) The fit, attack, or exacerbation, of a disease that occurs at intervals, or has decided remissions or intermissions. Arbuthnot.

2. Any sudden and violent emotion; spasmodic passion or action; a convulsion; a fit.

The returning paroxysms of diffidence and despair.
South.

Paroxysmal adjective Of the nature of a paroxysm; characterized or accompanied by paroxysms; as, a paroxysmal pain; paroxysmal temper. -- Par`ox*ys"mal*ly , adverb

Paroöphoron noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... (see Para- ) + ... an egg + ... to bear.] (Anat.) A small mass of tubules near the ovary in some animals, and corresponding with the parepididymis of the male.