Paragraphist Par"a·graph`ist noun A paragrapher.
Paragraphistical Par`a·gra·phis"tic·al adjective Of or relating to a paragraphist. [ R.] Beau. & Fl.
Paragrêle Pa`ra`grêle" noun [ French, from parer to guard + grêle hail.] A lightning conductor erected, as in a vineyard, for drawing off the electricity in the atmosphere in order to prevent hailstorms. [ France] Knight.
Paraguay tea Pa`ra·guay" tea" See Mate , the leaf of the Brazilian holly.
Paraguayan Par`a·guay"an adjective Of or pertaining to Paraguay. -- noun A native or inhabitant of Paraguay.
Parail Par"ail noun See Apparel . [ Obsolete] "In the parail of a pilgrim." Piers Plowman.
Parakeet Par"a·keet` noun (Zoology) Same as Parrakeet .
Parakite Par"a·kite` noun [ Para- + kite .] A train or series of kites on one string and flying tandem, used for attaining great heights and for sending up instruments for meteorological observations or a man for military reconnoissance; also, a kite of such a train.
Paralactic Par`a·lac"tic adjective [ Prefix para- + lactic .] (Physiol. Chem.) Designating an acid called paralactic acid . See Lactic acid , under Lactic .
Paralbumin Par`al·bu"min noun [ Prefix para- + albumin .] (Physiol. Chem.) A proteidlike body found in the fluid from ovarian cysts and elsewhere. It is generally associated with a substance related to, if not identical with, glycogen.
Paraldehyde Par·al"de·hyde noun [ Prefix para- + aldehyde .] (Chemistry) A polymeric modification of aldehyde obtained as a white crystalline substance.
Paraleipsis Par`a·leip"sis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ..., from ... to leave on one side, to omit; para` beside + ... to leave.] (Rhet.) A pretended or apparent omission; a figure by which a speaker artfully pretends to pass by what he really mentions; as, for example, if an orator should say, "I do not speak of my adversary's scandalous venality and rapacity, his brutal conduct, his treachery and malice." [ Written also paralepsis , paralepsy , paralipsis .]
Paralepsis Par`a·lep"sis noun [ New Latin ] See Paraleipsis .
Paralgesia Par`al·ge"si·a noun [ New Latin ; para- + Greek 'a`lghsis sense of pain.] (Medicine) Disordered sensibility to pain, including absence of sensibility to pain, excessive sensibility to pain, and abnormal painful results of stimuli. -- Par`al*ge"sic adjective
Paralian Pa·ra"li·an noun [ Greek ... near the sea; para` beside + ... the sea.] A dweller by the sea. [ R.]
Paralipomenon Par`a·li·pom"e·non noun plural [ Latin , from Greek paraleipome`nwn of things omitted, pass. present participle (neuter genitive plural) from ... to omit.] A title given in the Douay Bible to the Books of Chronicles. » In the Septuagint these books are called Paraleipome`nwn prw^ton and dey`teron , which is understood, after Jerome's explanation, as meaning that they are supplementary to the Books of Kings W. Smith.
Paralipsis Par`a·lip"sis noun [ New Latin ] See Paraleipsis .
Parallactic, Parallactical Par`al·lac"tic, Par`al·lac"tic·al adjective [ Confer French parallactique .] Of or pertaining to a parallax.
Parallax Par"al·lax noun [ Greek ... alternation, the mutual inclination of two lines forming an angle, from ... to change a little, go aside, deviate; para` beside, beyond + ... to change: confer French parallaxe . Confer Parallel .] 1. The apparent displacement, or difference of position, of an object, as seen from two different stations, or points of view. 2. (Astron.) The apparent difference in position of a body (as the sun, or a star) as seen from some point on the earth's surface, and as seen from some other conventional point, as the earth's center or the sun. Annual parallax , the greatest value of the heliocentric parallax, or the greatest annual apparent change of place of a body as seen from the earth and sun; as, the annual parallax of a fixed star. -- Binocular parallax , the apparent difference in position of an object as seen separately by one eye, and then by the other, the head remaining unmoved. -- Diurnal , or Geocentric , parallax , the parallax of a body with reference to the earth's center. This is the kind of parallax that is generally understood when the term is used without qualification. -- Heliocentric parallax , the parallax of a body with reference to the sun, or the angle subtended at the body by lines drawn from it to the earth and sun; as, the heliocentric parallax of a planet. -- Horizontal parallax , the geocentric parallx of a heavenly body when in the horizon, or the angle subtended at the body by the earth's radius. -- Optical parallax , the apparent displacement in position undergone by an object when viewed by either eye singly. Brande & C. -- Parallax of the cross wires (of an optical instrument), their apparent displacement when the eye changes its position, caused by their not being exactly in the focus of the object glass. -- Stellar parallax , the annual parallax of a fixed star.
Parallel Par"al·lel adjective
[ French parallèle
, Latin parallelus
, from Greek ...; para`
beside + ... of one another, from ... other, akin to Latin alius
. See Allien
.] 1. (Geom.) Extended in the same direction, and in all parts equally distant; as, parallel lines; parallel planes.
Revolutions . . . parallel to the equinoctial. Hakluyt.
» Curved lines or curved planes are said to be parallel when they are in all parts equally distant. 2. Having the same direction or tendency; running side by side; being in accordance (with); tending to the same result; -- used with to and with .
When honor runs parallel with the laws of God and our country, it can not be too much cherished. Addison. 3. Continuing a resemblance through many particulars; applicable in all essential parts; like; similar; as, a parallel case; a parallel passage. Addison. Parallel bar
. (a) (Steam Eng.) A rod in a parallel motion which is parallel with the working beam
. (b) One of a pair of bars raised about five feet above the floor or ground, and parallel to each other, -- used for gymnastic exercises.
-- Parallel circles of a sphere
, those circles of the sphere whose planes are parallel to each other.
-- Parallel columns
, or Parallels (Printing)
, two or more passages of reading matter printed side by side, for the purpose of emphasizing the similarity or discrepancy between them.
-- Parallel forces (Mech.)
, forces which act in directions parallel to each other.
-- Parallel motion
. (a) (Machinery) A jointed system of links, rods, or bars, by which the motion of a reciprocating piece, as a piston rod, may be guided, either approximately or exactly in a straight line
. Rankine. (b) (Mus.) The ascending or descending of two or more parts at fixed intervals, as thirds or sixths.
-- Parallel rod (Locomotive Eng.)
, a metal rod that connects the crank pins of two or more driving wheels; -- called also couping rod , in distinction from the connecting rod . See Illust. of Locomotive , in App.
-- Parallel ruler
, an instrument for drawing parallel lines, so constructed as to have the successive positions of the ruling edge parallel to each other; also, one consisting of two movable parts, the opposite edges of which are always parallel.
- - Parallel sailing (Nautical)
, sailing on a parallel of latitude.
-- Parallel sphere (Astron. & Geology)
, that position of the sphere in which the circles of daily motion are parallel to the horizon, as to an observer at either pole.
-- Parallel vise
, a vise having jaws so guided as to remain parallel in all positions.
Parallel Par"al·lel noun 1. A line which, throughout its whole extent, is equidistant from another line; a parallel line, a parallel plane, etc.
Who made the spider parallels design, Pope. 2. Direction conformable to that of another line,
Sure as De Moivre, without rule or line ?
Lines that from their parallel decline. Garth. 3. Conformity continued through many particulars or in all essential points; resemblance; similarity.
Twixt earthly females and the moon Swift. 4. A comparison made; elaborate tracing of similarity; as, Johnson's parallel between Dryden and Pope. 5. Anything equal to, or resembling, another in all essential particulars; a counterpart.
All parallels exactly run.
None but thyself can be thy parallel . Pope. 6. (Geology) One of the imaginary circles on the surface of the earth, parallel to the equator, marking the latitude; also, the corresponding line on a globe or map. 7. (Mil.) One of a series of long trenches constructed before a besieged fortress, by the besieging force, as a cover for troops supporting the attacking batteries. They are roughly parallel to the line of outer defenses of the fortress. 8. (Print.) A character consisting of two parallel vertical lines (thus,
Parallel Par"al·lel transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Paralleled
; present participle & verbal noun Paralleling
.] 1. To place or set so as to be parallel; to place so as to be parallel to, or to conform in direction with, something else.
The needle . . . doth parallel and place itself upon the true meridian. Sir T. Browne. 2. Fig.: To make to conform to something else in character, motive, aim, or the like.
His life is paralleled Shak. 3. To equal; to match; to correspond to. Shak. 4. To produce or adduce as a parallel.
Even with the stroke and line of his great justice.
[ R.] Locke.
My young remembrance can not parallel Shak.
A fellow to it.
Parallel Par"al·lel intransitive verb To be parallel; to correspond; to be like. [ Obsolete] Bacon.
Parallel Par"al·lel noun (Electricity) That arrangement of an electrical system in which all positive poles, electrodes, terminals, etc., are joined to one conductor, and all negative poles, etc., to another conductor; -- called also multiple . Opposed to series . » Parts of a system so arranged are said to be in parallel or in multiple .
Parallel standards Parallel standards (Numismatics) Two or more metals coined without any attempt by the government to regulate their values.
Parallel sulcus Parallel sulcus (Anat.) A sulcus parallel to, but some distance below, the horizontal limb of the fissure of Sylvius.
Parallel transformer Parallel transformer (Electricity) A transformer connected in parallel.
Parallel vise Parallel vise A vise with jaws so guided as to remain parallel.
Parallelable Par"al·lel`a·ble adjective Capable of being paralleled, or equaled. [ R.] Bp. Hall.
Parallelism Par"al·lel·ism noun
[ Greek ..., from ... to place side by side, or parallel: confer French parallélisme
.] 1. The quality or state of being parallel. 2. Resemblance; correspondence; similarity.
A close parallelism of thought and incident. T. Warton. 3. Similarity of construction or meaning of clauses placed side by side, especially clauses expressing the same sentiment with slight modifications, as is common in Hebrew poetry; e. g. : --
At her feet he bowed, he fell: Judg. v. 27.
Where he bowed, there he fell down dead.
Parallelistic Par`al·lel·is"tic adjective Of the nature of a parallelism; involving parallelism.
The antithetic or parallelistic form of Hebrew poetry is entirely lost. Milman.
Parallelize Par"al·lel·ize transitive verb To render parallel. [ R.]
Parallelless Par"al·lel·less adjective Matchless. [ R.]
Parallelly Par"al·lel·ly adverb In a parallel manner; with parallelism. [ R.] Dr. H. More.
Parallelogram Par`al·lel"o·gram noun [ Greek ...; ... parallel + ... to write: confer French parallélogramme . See Parallel , and -gram .] (Geom.) A right-lined quadrilateral figure, whose opposite sides are parallel, and consequently equal; -- sometimes restricted in popular usage to a rectangle, or quadrilateral figure which is longer than it is broad, and with right angles. Parallelogram of velocities , forces , accelerations , momenta , etc. (Mech.) , a parallelogram the diagonal of which represents the resultant of two velocities, forces, accelerations, momenta, etc., both in quantity and direction, when the velocities, forces, accelerations, momenta, etc., are represented in quantity and direction by the two adjacent sides of the parallelogram.
Parallelogrammatic Par`al·lel`o·gram·mat"ic adjective Of or pertaining to a parallelogram; parallelogrammic.
Parallelogrammic, Parallelogrammical Par`al·lel`o·gram"mic, Par`al·lel`o·gram"mic·al adjective Having the properties of a parallelogram. [ R.]
Parallelopiped Par`al·lel`o·pi"ped noun [ Greek ... a body with parallel surfaces; ... parallel + ... a plane surface, ... on the ground, or level with it, level, flat; ... on + ... the ground: confer French parallélopipède .] (Geom.) A solid, the faces of which are six parallelograms, the opposite pairs being parallel, and equal to each other; a prism whose base is a parallelogram.
Parallelopipedon Par`al·lel`o·pip"e·don noun [ New Latin ] A parallelopiped. Hutton.
Paralogical Par`a·log"ic·al adjective Containing paralogism; illogical. " Paralogical doubt." Sir T. Browne.
Paralogism Pa·ral"o·gism noun [ Greek ..., from ... to reason falsely; para` beside + ... to reason, ... discourse, reason: confer French paralogisme .] (Logic) A reasoning which is false in point of form, that is, which is contrary to logical rules or formulæ; a formal fallacy, or pseudo- syllogism, in which the conclusion does not follow from the premises.
Paralogize Pa·ral"o·gize intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Paralogized ; present participle & verbal noun Paralogizing .] [ Greek ....] To reason falsely; to draw conclusions not warranted by the premises. [ R.]
Paralogy Pa·ral"o·gy noun [ Greek ...; para` beside, beyond + ... reason.] False reasoning; paralogism.
Paralyse Par"a·lyse transitive verb Same as Paralyze .
Paralysis Pa·ral"y·sis noun
[ Latin , from Greek ..., from ... to loosen, dissolve, or disable at the side; para`
beside + ... to loosen. See Para-
, and Loose
, and confer Palsy
.] (Medicine) Abolition of function, whether complete or partial; esp., the loss of the power of voluntary motion, with or without that of sensation, in any part of the body; palsy. See Hemiplegia , and Paraplegia . Also used figuratively.
of memory." G. Eliot.
Mischievous practices arising out of the paralysis of the powers of ownership. Duke of Argyll (1887).
Paralytic Par`a·lyt"ic adjective
[ Latin paralyticus
, Greek ...: confer F. paralytique
.] 1. Of or pertaining to paralysis; resembling paralysis. 2. Affected with paralysis, or palsy.
The cold, shaking, paralytic hand. Prior. 3. Inclined or tending to paralysis. Paralytic secretion (Physiol.)
, the fluid, generally thin and watery, secreted from a gland after section or paralysis of its nerves, as the pralytic saliva.
Paralytic Par`a·lyt"ic noun A person affected with paralysis.
Paralytical Par`a·lyt"ic·al adjective See Paralytic .
Paralyzation Par`a·ly·za"tion noun The act or process of paralyzing, or the state of being paralyzed.
Paralyze Par"a·lyze transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Paralyzed ; present participle & verbal noun Paralyzing .] [ French paralyser . See Paralysis .] 1. To affect or strike with paralysis or palsy. 2. Fig.: To unnerve; to destroy or impair the energy of; to render ineffective; as, the occurrence paralyzed the community; despondency paralyzed his efforts.
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