Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Papulose adjective (Biol.) Having papulæ; papillose; as, a papulose leaf.

Papulous adjective [ Confer French pap...leux .] Covered with, or characterized by, papulæ; papulose.

Papyraceous adjective [ Latin papyraceus made of papyrus .] Made of papyrus; of the consistency of paper; papery.

Papyrean adjective Of or pertaining to papyrus, or to paper; papyraceous.

Papyrine noun [ Confer French papyrin made of paper. See Paper .] Imitation parchment, made by soaking unsized paper in dilute sulphuric acid.

Papyrograph noun [ Papyrus + -graph .] An apparatus for multiplying writings, drawings, etc., in which a paper stencil, formed by writing or drawing with corrosive ink, is used. The word is also used of other means of multiplying copies of writings, drawings, etc. See Copygraph , Hectograph , Manifold .

Papyrography noun The process of multiplying copies of writings, etc., by means of the papyrograph. -- Pap`y*ro*graph"ic adjective

Papyrus noun ; plural Papyri . [ Latin , from Greek .... See Paper .]
1. (Botany) A tall rushlike plant ( Cyperus Papyrus ) of the Sedge family, formerly growing in Egypt, and now found in Abyssinia, Syria, Sicily, etc. The stem is triangular and about an inch thick.

2. The material upon which the ancient Egyptians wrote. It was formed by cutting the stem of the plant into thin longitudinal slices, which were gummed together and pressed.

3. A manuscript written on papyrus; esp., plural , written scrolls made of papyrus; as, the papyri of Egypt or Herculaneum.

Pâque noun [ French pâque .] See Pasch and Easter .

Par noun (Zoology) See Parr .

Par preposition [ French, from Latin per . See Per .] By; with; -- used frequently in Early English in phrases taken from the French, being sometimes written as a part of the word which it governs; as, par amour, or par amour; par cas, or par case; par fay, or par fay.

Par noun [ Latin par , adj., equal. See Peer an equal.]


1. Equal value; equality of nominal and actual value; the value expressed on the face or in the words of a certificate of value, as a bond or other commercial paper.

2. Equality of condition or circumstances.

At par , at the original price; neither at a discount nor at a premium. -- Above par , at a premium. -- Below par , at a discount. -- On a par , on a level; in the same condition, circumstances, position, rank, etc.; as, their pretensions are on a par ; his ability is on a par with his ambition. -- Par of exchange . See under Exchange . -- Par value , nominal value; face value.

Par noun
1. An amount which is taken as an average or mean. [ Eng.]

2. (Golf) The number of strokes required for a hole or a round played without mistake, two strokes being allowed on each hole for putting. Par represents perfect play, whereas bogey makes allowance on some holes for human frailty. Thus if par for a course is 75, bogey is usually put down, arbitrarily, as 81 or 82.

Para noun [ Turk., from Persian pārah a piece.] A piece of Turkish money, usually copper, the fortieth part of a piaster, or about one ninth of a cent.

Pará noun
1. The southern arm of the Amazon in Brazil; also, a seaport on this arm.

2. Short for Pará rubber .

Pará cress An annual asteraceous herb ( Spilances oleracea ) grown in tropical countries as a pungent salad, and also used medicinally.

Para grass (Botany) A valuable pasture grass ( Panicum barbinode ) introduced into the Southern United States from Brazil.

Pará grass (a) A tall rather coarse grass ( Panicum molle ) grown in the tropics for pasturage, and introduced into the southern United States. (b) Piassaba fiber.

Para nut (pȧ*rä" nŭt`). (Botany) The Brazil nut.

Pará nut The Brazil nut.

Pará rubber The caoutchouc obtained from the South American euphorbiaceous tree Hevea brasiliensis , hence called the Pará rubber tree, from the Brazilian river and seaport named Pará; also, the similar product of other species of Hevea . It is usually exported in flat round cakes, and is a chief variety of commercial India rubber.

Para- [ Greek para` beside; probably akin to English for- in forgive . Confer For- .]
1. A prefix signifying alongside of , beside , beyond , against , amiss ; as para ble, literally, a placing beside; para dox, that which is contrary to opinion; para chronism.

2. (Chemistry) A prefix denoting: (a) Likeness , similarity , or connection , or that the substance resembles , but is distinct from , that to the name of which it is prefixed; as par aldehyde, para conine, etc.; also, an isomeric modification . (b) Specifically: (Organ. Chem.) That two groups or radicals substituted in the benzene nucleus are opposite , or in the respective positions 1 and 4; 2 and 5; or 3 and 6, as para xylene; par oxybenzoic acid. Confer Ortho- , and Meta- . Also used adjectively.

Para-anæsthesia, -anesthesia noun [ New Latin ; para- + anæsthesia .] (Medicine) Anæsthesia of both sides of the lower half of the body.

Parabanic adjective [ Greek ... to pass over.] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or designating, a nitrogenous acid which is obtained by the oxidation of uric acid, as a white crystalline substance (C 3 N 2 H 2 O 3 ); -- also called oxalyl urea .

Parablast noun [ Confer Greek ... to grow beside. See Para- , and -blast .] (Biol.) A portion of the mesoblast (of peripheral origin) of the developing embryo, the cells of which are especially concerned in forming the first blood and blood vessels. C. S. Minot.

Parablastic adjective (Biol.) Of or pertaining to the parablast; as, the parablastic cells.

Parable adjective [ Latin parabilis , from parare to provide.] Procurable. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.

Parable noun [ French parabole , Latin parabola , from Greek ... a placing beside or together, a comparing, comparison, a parable, from ... to throw beside, compare; para` beside + ... to throw; confer Sanskrit gal to drop. Confer Emblem , Gland , Palaver , Parabola , Parley , Parabole , Symbol .] A comparison; a similitude; specifically, a short fictitious narrative of something which might really occur in life or nature, by means of which a moral is drawn; as, the parables of Christ. Chaucer.

Declare unto us the parable of the tares.
Matt. xiii. 36.

Syn. -- See Allegory , and Note under Apologue .

Parable transitive verb To represent by parable. [ R.]

Which by the ancient sages was thus parabled.
Milton.

Parabola noun ; plural Parabolas . [ New Latin , from Greek ...; -- so called because its axis is parallel to the side of the cone. See Parable , and confer Parabole .] (Geom.) (a) A kind of curve; one of the conic sections formed by the intersection of the surface of a cone with a plane parallel to one of its sides. It is a curve, any point of which is equally distant from a fixed point, called the focus , and a fixed straight line, called the directrix . See Focus . (b) One of a group of curves defined by the equation y = ax n where n is a positive whole number or a positive fraction. For the cubical parabola n = 3; for the semicubical parabola n = &frac32;. See under Cubical , and Semicubical . The parabolas have infinite branches, but no rectilineal asymptotes.

Parabole noun [ Latin , from Greek .... See Parable .] (Rhet.) Similitude; comparison.

Parabolic, Parabolical adjective [ Greek paraboliko`s figurative: confer French parabolique . See Parable .]


1. Of the nature of a parable; expressed by a parable or figure; allegorical; as, parabolical instruction.

2. [ From Parabola .] (Geom.) (a) Having the form or nature of a parabola; pertaining to, or resembling, a parabola; as, a parabolic curve. (b) Generated by the revolution of a parabola, or by a line that moves on a parabola as a directing curve; as, a parabolic conoid.

Parabolic conoid , a paraboloid; a conoid whose directing curve is a parabola. See Conoid . -- Parabolic mirror (Opt.) , a mirror having a paraboloidal surface which gives for parallel rays (as those from very distant objects) images free from aberration. It is used in reflecting telescopes. -- Parabolic spindle , the solid generated by revolving the portion of a parabola cut off by a line drawn at right angles to the axis of the curve, about that line as an axis. -- Parabolic spiral , a spiral curve conceived to be formed by the periphery of a semiparabola when its axis is wrapped about a circle; also, any other spiral curve having an analogy to the parabola.

Parabolically (păr`ȧ*bŏl"ĭ*k a l*lȳ) adverb
1. By way of parable; in a parabolic manner.

2. In the form of a parabola.

Paraboliform (-ĭ*fôrm) adjective [ Parabola + -form .] Resembling a parabola in form.

Parabolism (pȧ*răb"o*lĭz'm) noun [ From Parabola .] (Alg.) The division of the terms of an equation by a known quantity that is involved in the first term. [ Obsolete]

Parabolist (-lĭst) noun A narrator of parables.

Paraboloid (-loid) noun [ Parabola + -oid : confer French paraboloïde .] (Geom.) The solid generated by the rotation of a parabola about its axis; any surface of the second order whose sections by planes parallel to a given line are parabolas.

» The term paraboloid has sometimes been applied also to the parabolas of the higher orders. Hutton.

Paraboloidal adjective Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a paraboloid.

Parabronchium noun ; plural Parabronchia . [ New Latin See Para- , Bronchia .] (Anat.) One of the branches of an ectobronchium or entobronchium.

Paracelsian adjective Of, pertaining to, or in conformity with, the practice of Paracelsus , a Swiss physician of the 15th century. Ferrand.

Paracelsian noun A follower of Paracelsus or his practice or teachings. Hakewill.

Paracelsist noun A Paracelsian.

Paracentesis noun [ Latin , from Greek ..., from ... to pierce at the side, to tap.] (Medicine) The perforation of a cavity of the body with a trocar, aspirator, or other suitable instrument, for the evacuation of effused fluid, pus, or gas; tapping.

Paracentric, Paracentrical adjective [ Prefix para- + centric , - ical : confer French paracentrique .] Deviating from circularity; changing the distance from a center.

Paracentric curve (Math.) , a curve having the property that, when its plane is placed vertically, a body descending along it, by the force of gravity, will approach to, or recede from, a fixed point or center, by equal distances in equal times; -- called also a paracentric . -- Paracentric motton or velocity , the motion or velocity of a revolving body, as a planet, by which it approaches to, or recedes from, the center, without reference to its motion in space, or to its motion as reckoned in any other direction.

Parachordal adjective [ Prefix para- + chordal .] (Anat.) Situated on either side of the notochord; -- applied especially to the cartilaginous rudiments of the skull on each side of the anterior part of the notochord. -- noun A parachordal cartilage.

Parachronism noun [ Prefix para- + Greek ... time: confer French parachronisme .] An error in chronology, by which the date of an event is set later than the time of its occurrence. [ R.]

Parachrose adjective [ Greek ... false coloring; para` beside, beyond + ... color.] (Min.) Changing color by exposure Mohs.

Parachute noun [ French, from paper to ward off, guard + chute a fall. See Parry , and Chute , Chance .]


1. A contrivance somewhat in the form of an umbrella, by means of which a descent may be made from a balloon, or any eminence.

2. (Zoology) A web or fold of skin which extends between the legs of certain mammals, as the flying squirrels, colugo, and phalangister.

Paraclete noun [ Latin paracletus , Greek ..., from ... to call to one, to exhort, encourage; para` beside + ... to call.] An advocate; one called to aid or support; hence, the Consoler, Comforter, or Intercessor; -- a term applied to the Holy Spirit.

From which intercession especially I conceive he hath the name of the Paraclete given him by Christ.
Bp. Pearson.

Paraclose noun (Architecture) See Parclose .