Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Pancy noun See Pansy . [ Obsolete] Dryden.

Panda noun (Zoology) A small Asiatic mammal ( Ailurus fulgens ) having fine soft fur. It is related to the bears, and inhabits the mountains of Northern India.

Pandanus noun [ New Latin , from Malay pandan .] (Botany) A genus of endogenous plants. See Screw pine .

Pandar noun Same as Pander . "Seized by the pandar of Appius." Macaulay.

Pandarism noun Same as Panderism . Swift.

Pandarize intransitive verb To pander. [ Obsolete]

Pandarous adjective Panderous. [ Obsolete]

Pandean adjective [ From 4th Pan .] Of or relating to the god Pan.

Pandean pipes , a primitive wind instrument, consisting of a series of short hollow reeds or pipes, graduated in length by the musical scale, and fastened together side by side; a syrinx; a mouth organ; -- said to have been invented by Pan. Called also Pan's pipes and Panpipes .

Pandect noun [ Latin pandecta , pandectes , Greek ... all-receiving, all-containing; ..., ..., all + ... to receive: confer French pandectes , plural]
1. A treatise which comprehends the whole of any science.

[ Thou] a pandect mak'st, and universal book.
Donne.

2. plural The digest, or abridgment, in fifty books, of the decisions, writings, and opinions of the old Roman jurists, made in the sixth century by direction of the emperor Justinian, and forming the leading compilation of the Roman civil law. Kent.

Pandemic adjective [ Latin pandemus , Greek ..., ...; ..., ..., all + ... the people: confer French pandémique .] Affecting a whole people or a number of countries; everywhere epidemic. -- noun A pandemic disease. Harvey.

Pandemonium noun [ New Latin , from Greek ..., ..., all + ... a demon.]
1. The great hall or council chamber of demons or evil spirits. Milton.

2. An utterly lawless, riotous place or assemblage.

Pander noun [ From Pandarus , a leader in the Trojan army, who is represented by Chaucer and Shakespeare as having procured for Troilus the possession of Cressida.]


1. A male bawd; a pimp; a procurer.

Thou art the pander to her dishonor.
Shak.

2. Hence, one who ministers to the evil designs and passions of another.

Those wicked panders to avarice and ambition.
Burke.

Pander transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Pandered ; present participle & verbal noun Pandering .] To play the pander for.

Pander intransitive verb To act the part of a pander.

Panderage noun The act of pandering.

Panderism noun The employment, arts, or practices of a pander. Bp. Hall.

Panderly adjective Having the quality of a pander. "O, you panderly rascals." Shak.

Pandermite noun [ From Panderma , a port on the Black Sea from which it is exported.] (Min.) A hydrous borate of lime, near priceite.

Panderous adjective Of or relating to a pander; characterizing a pander.

Pandiculated adjective [ See Pandiculation .] Extended; spread out; stretched.

Pandiculation noun [ Latin pandiculari to stretch one's self, from pandere to spread out.] A stretching and stiffening of the trunk and extremities, as when fatigued and drowsy.

Pandit noun See Pundit .

Pandoor noun Same as Pandour .

Pandora noun [ Latin , from Greek Pandw`ra ; pa^s , pa^n , all + dw^ron a gift.]
1. (Class. Myth.) A beautiful woman ( all-gifted ), whom Jupiter caused Vulcan to make out of clay in order to punish the human race, because Prometheus had stolen the fire from heaven. Jupiter gave Pandora a box containing all human ills, which, when the box was opened, escaped and spread over the earth. Hope alone remained in the box. Another version makes the box contain all the blessings of the gods, which were lost to men when Pandora opened it.

2. (Zoology) A genus of marine bivalves, in which one valve is flat, the other convex.

Pandore noun [ French See Bandore .] An ancient musical instrument, of the lute kind; a bandore. [ Written also pandoran .]

Pandour noun One of a class of Hungarian mountaineers serving in the Austrian army; -- so called from Pandur , a principal town in the region from which they originally came. [ Written also pandoor .]

Her whiskered pandours and her fierce hussars.
Campbell.

Pandowdy noun A deep pie or pudding made of baked apples, or of sliced bread and apples baked together, with no bottom crust.

Pandurate, Panduriform adjective [ Latin pandura a pandore + -form : confer French panduriforme .] Obovate, with a concavity in each side, like the body of a violin; fiddle-shaped; as, a panduriform leaf; panduriform color markings of an animal.

Pane noun [ French panne .] The narrow edge of a hammer head. See Peen .

Pane noun [ Middle English pan part, portion of a thing, French pan a skirt, lappet, part or piece of a wall, side, from Latin pannus a cloth, fillet, rag; akin to English vane . See Vane , and confer Panel , Pawn pledge.]
1. A division; a distinct piece, limited part, or compartment of any surface; a patch; hence, a square of a checkered or plaided pattern.

2. One of the openings in a slashed garment, showing the bright colored silk, or the like, within; hence, the piece of colored or other stuff so shown.

3. (Architecture) (a) A compartment of a surface, or a flat space; hence, one side or face of a building; as, an octagonal tower is said to have eight panes . (b) Especially, in modern use, the glass in one compartment of a window sash.

4. In irrigating, a subdivision of an irrigated surface between a feeder and an outlet drain.

5. (a) One of the flat surfaces, or facets, of any object having several sides. (b) One of the eight facets surrounding the table of a brilliant cut diamond.

Paned adjective
1. Having panes; provided with panes; also, having openings; as, a paned window; paned window sash. " Paned hose." Massinger.

2. (Machinery) Having flat sides or surfaces; as, a six... paned nut.

Panegyric noun [ Latin panegyricus , Greek panhgyrico`s : confer French panégyrique . See Panegyric , adjective ] An oration or eulogy in praise of some person or achievement; a formal or elaborate encomium; a laudatory discourse; laudation. See Synonym of Eulogy .

Panegyric, Panegyrical adjective [ Latin panegyricus , Greek panhgyrico`s , from ... an assembly of the people, a high festival; pa^ , pa^n all + ..., an assembly.] Containing praise or eulogy; encomiastic; laudatory. " Panegyric strains." Pope. -- Pan`e*gyr"ic*al*ly , adverb

Some of his odes are panegyrical .
Dryden.

Panegyris noun [ New Latin , from Greek .... See Panegyric .] A festival; a public assembly. [ Obsolete] S. Harris.

Panegyrist noun [ Latin panegyrista , Greek ... one who attends a ...: confer ... to celebrate or attend a public festival, to make a set speech, esp. a panegyric, in a public assembly. See Panegyric .] One who delivers a panegyric; a eulogist; one who extols or praises, either by writing or speaking.

If these panegyrists are in earnest.
Burke.

Panegyrize transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Panegyrized ; present participle & verbal noun Panegyrizing .] [ Greek .... See Panegyrist .] To praise highly; to extol in a public speech; to write or deliver a panegyric upon; to eulogize.

Panegyrize intransitive verb To indulge in panegyrics. Mitford.

Panegyry noun A panegyric. [ Obsolete] Milton.

Panel noun [ Orig., a little piece; Old French panel , pannel , French panneau , dim. of pan skirt, lappet, part or piece of a wall, side. See 2d Pane .]
1. (Architecture) A sunken compartment with raised margins, molded or otherwise, as in ceilings, wainscotings, etc.

2. (Law) (a) A piece of parchment or a schedule, containing the names of persons summoned as jurors by the sheriff; hence, more generally, the whole jury. Blackstone. (b) (Scots Law) A prisoner arraigned for trial at the bar of a criminal court. Burrill.

3. Formerly, a piece of cloth serving as a saddle; hence, a soft pad beneath a saddletree to prevent chafing.

4. (Joinery) A board having its edges inserted in the groove of a surrounding frame; as, the panel of a door.

5. (Masonry) One of the faces of a hewn stone. Gwilt.

6. (Painting) A slab or plank of wood upon which, instead of canvas, a picture is painted.

7. (Mining) (a) A heap of dressed ore. (b) One of the districts divided by pillars of extra size, into which a mine is laid off in one system of extracting coal.

8. (Dressmaking) A plain strip or band, as of velvet or plush, placed at intervals lengthwise on the skirt of a dress, for ornament.

9. A portion of a framed structure between adjacent posts or struts, as in a bridge truss.

Panel game , a method of stealing money in a panel house. -- Panel house , a house of prostitution in which the rooms have secret entrances to facilitate theft by accomplices of the inmates. -- Panel saw , handsaw with fine teeth, -- used for cutting out panels, etc. -- Panel thief , one who robs in a panel house.

Panel transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Paneled or Panelled ; present participle & verbal noun Paneling or Panelling .] To form in or with panels; as, to panel a wainscot.

Paneled back (Architecture) , the paneled work covering the window back. See Window back .

Panel noun (Aëronautics) A segment of an aëroplane wing. In a biplane the outer panel extends from the wing tip to the next row of posts, and is trussed by oblique stay wires.

Panelation noun The act of impaneling a jury. [ Obsolete] [ Written also panellation .] Wood.

Paneless adjective Without panes.

To patch his paneless window.
Shenstone.

Paneling noun A forming in panels; panelwork. [ Written also panelling .]

Panelwork noun (Architecture) Wainscoting.

Paneulogism noun [ See Pan- , Eulogy .] Eulogy of everything; indiscriminate praise. [ R.]

Her book has a trace of the cant of paneulogism .
National Rev.

Panful noun ; plural Panfuls . [ See 5th Pan .] Enough to fill a pan.

Pang noun [ Prob. for older prange . Confer Prong .] A paroxysm of extreme pain or anguish; a sudden and transitory agony; a throe; as, the pangs of death.

Syn. -- Agony; anguish; distress. See Agony .

Pang transitive verb To torture; to cause to have great pain or suffering; to torment. [ R.] Shak.

Pangenesis noun [ Pan- + genesis .] (Biol.) An hypothesis advanced by Darwin in explanation of heredity.

» The theory rests on the assumption, that the whole organization, in the sense of every separate atom or unit, reproduces itself, the cells throwing off minute granules called gemmules , which circulate freely throughout the system and multiply by subdivision. These gemmules collect in the reproductive organs and products, or in buds, so that the egg or bud contains gemmules from all parts of the parent or parents, which in development give rise to cells in the offspring similar to those from which they were given off in the parent. The hypothesis also assumes that these gemmules need not in all cases develop into cells, but may lie dormant, and be transmitted from generation to generation without producing a noticeable effect until a case of atavism occurs.