Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Pangenetic adjective (Biol.) Of or pertaining to pangenesis.

Pangful adjective Full of pangs. Richardson.

Pangless adjective Without a pang; painless. Byron.

Pangolin noun [ Malay pang...lang .] (Zoology) Any one of several species of Manis , Pholidotus , and related genera, found in Africa and Asia. They are covered with imbricated scales, and feed upon ants. Called also scaly ant-eater .

Pangothic adjective [ Pan- + Gothic .] Of, pertaining to, or including, all the Gothic races. "Ancestral Pangothic stock." Earle.

Panhandle noun The handle of a pan; hence, fig., any arm or projection suggestive of the handle of a pan; as, the panhandle of West Virginia, Texas, or Idaho.

Panhandle State West Virginia; -- a nickname.

Panhellenic adjective [ See Panhellenium .] Of or pertaining to all Greece, or to Panhellenism; including all Greece, or all the Greeks.

Panhellenism noun A scheme to unite all the Greeks in one political body.

Panhellenist noun An advocate of Panhellenism.

Panhellenium noun [ New Latin , from Greek ...; ..., ..., all + ... the Greeks.] (Gr. Antiq.) An assembly or association of Greeks from all the states of Greece.

Panic noun [ Latin panicum .] (Botany) A plant of the genus Panicum ; panic grass; also, the edible grain of some species of panic grass.

Panic grass (Botany) , any grass of the genus Panicum .

Panic adjective [ Greek ... of or pertaining to ... Pan, to whom the causing of sudden fright was ascribed: confer French panique .] Extreme or sudden and causeless; unreasonable; - - said of fear or fright; as, panic fear, terror, alarm. "A panic fright." Dryden.

Panic noun [ Greek ... (with or without ... fear): confer French panigue . See Panic , adjective ]
1. A sudden, overpowering fright; esp., a sudden and groundless fright; terror inspired by a trifling cause or a misapprehension of danger; as, the troops were seized with a panic ; they fled in a panic .

2. By extension: A sudden widespread fright or apprehension concerning financial affairs.

Panic-stricken, Panic-struck adjective Struck with a panic, or sudden fear. Burke.

Panical adjective See Panic , adjective [ Obsolete] Camden.

Panicle noun [ Latin panicula a tuft on plants, dim. of panus the thread wound upon the bobbin in a shuttle; confer Greek ..., ...; probably akin to English pane : confer French panicule . See 2d Pane .] (Botany) A pyramidal form of inflorescence, in which the cluster is loosely branched below and gradually simpler toward the end.

Panicled adjective (Botany) Furnished with panicles; arranged in, or like, panicles; paniculate.

Paniculate, Paniculated adjective [ See Panicle .] (Bot) Same as Panicled .

Panicum noun [ Latin , panic grass.] (Botany) A genus of grasses, including several hundred species, some of which are valuable; panic grass.

Panidiomorphic adjective [ Pan- + idiomorphic .] (Geol.) Having a completely idiomorphic structure; -- said of certain rocks.

Panier noun See Pannier , 3. [ Obsolete]

Panification noun [ Latin panis bread + -ficare (in comp.) to make: confer French panification .] The act or process of making bread. Ure.

Panim noun See Painim . [ Obsolete] Milton.

Panislamism noun [ Pan- + Islamism .] A desire or plan for the union of all Mohammedan nations for the conquest of the world.

Panivorous adjective [ Latin panis bread + vorare to devour.] Eating bread; subsisting on bread.

Pannade noun The curvet of a horse.

Pannage noun [ Old French pasnage , Late Latin pasnadium , pastinaticum , from pastionare to feed on mast, as swine, from Latin pastio a pasturing, grazing. See Pastor .] (O. Eng. Law) (a) The food of swine in the woods, as beechnuts, acorns, etc.; -- called also pawns . (b) A tax paid for the privilege of feeding swine in the woods.

Pannary adjective See Panary . Loudon.

Panne noun [ French] A fabric resembling velvet, but having the nap flat and less close.

Pannel noun [ See Panel .]
1. A kind of rustic saddle. Tusser.

2. (Falconry) The stomach of a hawk. Ainsworth.

3. (Mil.) A carriage for conveying a mortar and its bed, on a march. Farrow.

Pannier noun [ French panier , from Latin panarium a bread basket, from panis bread. Confer Pantry .]
1. A bread basket; also, a wicker basket (used commonly in pairs) for carrying fruit or other things on a horse or an ass Hudibras.

2. (Mil. Antiq.) A shield of basket work formerly used by archers as a shelter from the enemy's missiles.

3. A table waiter at the Inns of Court, London.

4. A framework of steel or whalebone, worn by women to expand their dresses; a kind of bustle.

Panniered adjective Bearing panniers. Wordsworth.

Pannikel noun [ See Pan a dish.] The brainpan, or skull; hence, the crest. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Pannikin noun [ Dim. of pan a dish.] A small pan or cup. Marryat. Thackeray.

Pannose adjective [ See Pannus .] (Botany) Similar in texture or appearance to felt or woolen cloth.

Pannus noun [ Latin , cloth. See 2d Pane .] (Medicine) A very vascular superficial opacity of the cornea, usually caused by granulation of the eyelids. Foster.

Panoistic adjective [ Pan- + Greek ... an egg.] (Zoology) Producing ova only; -- said of the ovaries of certain insects which do not produce vitelligenous cells.

Panomphean adjective [ Latin panomphaeus , Greek ....] Uttering ominous or prophetic voices; divining. [ R.]

We want no half gods, panomphean Joves.
Mrs. Browning.

Panoplied adjective Dressed in panoply.

Panoply noun [ Greek ...; ..., ..., all + ... tool, implement, in plural, armor, arms.] Defensive armor in general; a full suit of defensive armor. Milton.

We had need to take the Christian panoply , to put on the whole armor of God.
Ray.

Panopticon noun [ New Latin See Pan- , and Optic .]


1. A prison so contructed that the inspector can see each of the prisoners at all times, without being seen.

2. A room for the exhibition of novelties.

Panorama noun [ New Latin , from Greek ..., ..., all + ... that which is seen, a view, from ... to see. See Pan- , and Wary .]


1. A complete view in every direction.

2. A picture presenting a view of objects in every direction, as from a central point.

3. A picture representing scenes too extended to be beheld at once, and so exhibited a part at a time, by being unrolled, and made to pass continuously before the spectator.

Panoramic, Panoramical adjective Of, pertaining to, or like, a panorama.

Panoramic camera . See under Camera .

Panorpian adjective (Zoology) Like, or pertaining to, the genus Panorpa . -- noun Same as Panorpid .

Panorpid noun (Zoology) Any neuropterous insect of the genus Panorpa , and allied genera. The larvæ feed on plant lice.

Panpharmacon noun [ New Latin See Pan- , and Pharmacon .] A medicine for all diseases; a panacea. [ R.]

Panpresbyterian adjective [ Pan- + Presbyterian .] Belonging to, or representative of, those who hold Presbyterian views in all parts of the world; as, a Panpresbyterian council.

Panpsychism noun [ See Pan- ; Psychic .] The theory that all nature is psychical or has a psychical aspect; the theory that every particle of matter has a psychical character or aspect. -- Pan*psy"chic adjective -- Pan*psy"chist noun -- Pan`psy*chis"tic adjective

Fechner affords a conspicuous instance of the idealistic tendency to mysterize nature in his panpsychicism , or that form of noumenal idealism which holds that the universe is a vast communion of spirits, souls of men, of animals, of plants, of earth and other planets, of the sun, all embraced as different members in the soul of the world.
Encyc. Brit.

Pansclavic, Pansclavism Pan`sclav"ist Pan`scla*vo"ni*an See Panslavic , Panslavism , etc.