Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Pampered adjective Fed luxuriously; indulged to the full; hence, luxuriant. " Pampered boughs." Milton. " Pampered insolence." Pope. -- Pam"pered*ness , noun Bp. Hall.

Pamperer noun One who, or that which, pampers. Cowper.

Pamperize transitive verb To pamper. [ R.] Sydney Smith.

Pampero noun [ Spanish , from pampa a plain.] A violent wind from the west or southwest, which sweeps over the pampas of South America and the adjacent seas, often doing great damage. Sir W. Parish.

Pamperos noun plural ; sing. Pampero [ Spanish American.] (Ethnol.) A tribe of Indians inhabiting the pampas of South America.

Pamphlet noun [ Middle English pamflet , pamfilet , paunflet , possibly from Old French palme the palm of the hand, French paume (see Palm ) + Old French fueillet a leaf, dim. of fueil , m., French feuille , f., from Latin folium , plural folia , thus meaning, a leaf to be held in the hand; or perhaps through old French, from Latin Pamphila , a female historian of the first century who wrote many epitomes; probably , however, from Old French Pamflette , the Old French name given to Pamphilus , a poem in Latin verse of the 12th century, pamphlets being named from the popularity of this poem.]
1. A writing; a book. Testament of love.

Sir Thomas More in his pamphlet of Richard the Third.
Ascham.

2. A small book consisting of a few sheets of printed paper, stitched together, often with a paper cover, but not bound; a short essay or written discussion, usually on a subject of current interest.

Pamphlet intransitive verb To write a pamphlet or pamphlets. [ R.] Howell.

Pamphleteer noun A writer of pamphlets; a scribbler. Dryden. Macaulay.

Pamphleteer intransitive verb To write or publish pamphlets.

By pamphleteering we shall not win.
C. Kingsley.

Pampiniform adjective [ Latin pampinus a tendril + -form .] (Anat.) In the form of tendrils; -- applied especially to the spermatic and ovarian veins.

Pampre noun [ French pampre a vine branch, Latin pampinus .] (Sculp.) An ornament, composed of vine leaves and bunches of grapes, used for decorating spiral columns.

Pamprodactylous adjective [ Pan- + Greek ... forward + ... finger.] (Zoology) Having all the toes turned forward, as the colies.

Pan noun [ Middle English See 2d Pane .]
1. A part; a portion.

2. (Fort.) The distance comprised between the angle of the epaule and the flanked angle.

3. [ Perh. a different word.] A leaf of gold or silver.

Pan transitive verb & i. [ Confer French pan skirt, lappet, Latin pannus a cloth, rag, W. panu to fur, to full.] To join or fit together; to unite. [ Obsolete] Halliwell.

Pan noun [ Hind. pān , Sanskrit parna leaf.] The betel leaf; also, the masticatory made of the betel leaf, etc. See ...etel .

Pan noun [ Latin , from Greek ....] (Gr. Myth.) The god of shepherds, guardian of bees, and patron of fishing and hunting. He is usually represented as having the head and trunk of a man, with the legs, horns, and tail of a goat, and as playing on the shepherd's pipe, which he is said to have invented.

Pan noun [ Middle English panne , Anglo-Saxon panne ; confer Dutch pan , German pfanne , Old High German pfanna , Icelandic , Swedish , Late Latin , & Ir. panna , of uncertain origin; confer Latin patina , English paten .]
1. A shallow, open dish or vessel, usually of metal, employed for many domestic uses, as for setting milk for cream, for frying or baking food, etc.; also employed for various uses in manufacturing. "A bowl or a pan ." Chaucer.

2. (Manuf.) A closed vessel for boiling or evaporating. See Vacuum pan , under Vacuum .

3. The part of a flintlock which holds the priming.

4. The skull, considered as a vessel containing the brain; the upper part of the head; the brainpan; the cranium. Chaucer.

5. (C...rp.) A recess, or bed, for the leaf of a hinge.

6. The hard stratum of earth that lies below the soil. See Hard pan , under Hard .

7. A natural basin, containing salt or fresh water, or mud.

Flash in the pan . See under Flash . -- To savor of the pan , to suggest the process of cooking or burning; in a theological sense, to be heretical. Ridley. Southey.

Pan transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Panned ; present participle & verbal noun Panning .] (Mining) To separate, as gold, from dirt or sand, by washing in a kind of pan. [ U. S.]

We . . . witnessed the process of cleaning up and panning out, which is the last process of separating the pure gold from the fine dirt and black sand.
Gen. W. T. Sherman.

Pan intransitive verb
1. (Mining) To yield gold in, or as in, the process of panning; -- usually with out ; as, the gravel panned out richly.

2. To turn out (profitably or unprofitably); to result; to develop; as, the investigation, or the speculation, panned out poorly. [ Slang, U. S.]

Pan-, Panta- Pan"to- [ Greek ..., m., ...,neut., gen. ..., all.] Combining forms signifying all , every ; as, pano rama, pan theism, panta graph, panto graph. Pan- becomes pam- before b or p , as pam prodactylous.

Pan-American adjective [ See Pan- .] Of or pertaining to both North and South America.

Pan-American Congress Any of several meetings of delegates from various American states; esp.: (a) One held in 1889-90 in the United States, at which all the independent states except Santo Domingo were represented and of which the practical result was the establishment of the Bureau of American Republics for the promotion of trade relations. (b) One held in Mexico in 1901-1902. (c) One held at Rio de Janeiro in 1906.

Pan-Americanism noun The principle or advocacy of a political alliance or union of all the states of America.

Pan-Anglican adjective [ Pan- + Anglican .] (Eccl.) Belonging to, or representing, the whole Church of England; used less strictly, to include the Protestant Episcopal Church of the United States; as, the Pan- Anglican Conference at Lambeth, in 1888.

Panabase noun [ Pan- + base . So called in allusion to the number of metals contained in it.] (Min.) Same as Tetrahedrite .

Panacea noun [ Latin , from Greek ..., from ... all-healing; ..., ..., all + ... to heal.]


1. A remedy for all diseases; a universal medicine; a cure-all; catholicon; hence, a relief or solace for affliction.

2. (Botany) The herb allheal.

Panacean adjective Having the properties of a panacea. [ R.] " Panacean dews." Whitehead.

Panache noun [ French, from Latin penna a feather. See Pen a feather.] A plume or bunch of feathers, esp. such a bunch worn on the helmet; any military plume, or ornamental group of feathers.

A panache of variegated plumes.
Prescott.

Panada, Panade noun [ Spanish panada , from Latin panis bread: confer French panade . See Pantry .] Bread boiled in water to the consistence of pulp, and sweetened or flavored. [ Written also panado .]

Panade noun A dagger. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Panama hat A fine plaited hat, made in Central America of the young leaves of a plant ( Carludovica palmata ).

Panamanian adjective Of or pert. to Panama. -- noun A native or citizen of Panama.

Panary adjective [ Latin panis bread.] Of or pertaining to bread or to breadmaking.

Panary noun A storehouse for bread. Halliwell.

Panathenæa noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ...; ..., ..., all + ... Athena.] The most ancient and important festival of Athens, celebrated in honor of Athena, the tutelary goddess of the city.

Pancake noun A thin cake of batter fried in a pan or on a griddle; a griddlecake; a flapjack. "A pancake for Shrove Tuesday." Shak.

Pancarte noun [ French, from Late Latin pancharta . See Pan- , and Carte .] A royal charter confirming to a subject all his possessions. [ Obsolete] Holinshed.

Pance noun (Botany) The pansy. [ Also paunce .]

Panch noun (Nautical) See Paunch .

Panchway noun [ Hind. pan...oi .] (Nautical) A Bengalese four-oared boat for passengers. [ Written also panshway and paunchwas .] Malcom.

Pancratian adjective Pancratic; athletic.

Pancratiast noun One who engaged in the contests of the pancratium.

Pancratiastic adjective Of or pertaining to the pancratium. G. West.

Pancratic adjective [ Greek ... all- powerful.] (Opt.) Having all or many degrees of power; having a great range of power; -- said of an eyepiece made adjustable so as to give a varying magnifying power.

Pancratic, Pancratical adjective [ See Pancratium .] Of or pertaining to the pancratium; athletic. Sir T. Browne

Pancratist noun An athlete; a gymnast.

Pancratium noun [ Latin , from Greek ... a complete contest, from ... all-powerful; ..., ..., all + ... strength.]


1. (Gr. Antiq.) An athletic contest involving both boxing and wrestling.

2. (Botany) A genus of Old World amaryllideous bulbous plants, having a funnel-shaped perianth with six narrow spreading lobes. The American species are now placed in the related genus Hymenocallis .

Pancreas noun [ New Latin , from Greek ...; ..., ..., all + ... flesh, meat: confer French pancréas .] (Anat.) The sweetbread, a gland connected with the intestine of nearly all vertebrates. It is usually elongated and light-colored, and its secretion, called the pancreatic juice, is discharged, often together with the bile, into the upper part of the intestines, and is a powerful aid in digestion. See Illust. of Digestive apparatus .

Pancreatic adjective [ Confer French pancréatique .] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the pancreas; as, the pancreatic secretion, digestion, ferments.

Pancreatic juice (Physiol.) , a colorless alkaline fluid secreted intermittently by the pancreatic gland. It is one of the most important of the digestive fluids, containing at least three distinct ferments, trypsin, steapsin and an amylolytic ferment, by which it acts upon all three classes of food stuffs. See Pancreas .

Pancreatin noun [ See Pancreas .] (Physiol. Chem.) One of the digestive ferments of the pancreatic juice; also, a preparation containing such a ferment, made from the pancreas of animals, and used in medicine as an aid to digestion.

» By some the term pancreatin is restricted to the amylolytic ferment of the pancreatic juice, by others it is applied to trypsin, and by still others to steapsin .