Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Pall noun Same as Pawl .

Pall noun [ Middle English pal , Anglo-Saxon pæl , from Latin pallium cover, cloak, mantle, pall; confer Latin palla robe, mantle.]
1. An outer garment; a cloak mantle.

His lion's skin changed to a pall of gold.
Spenser.

2. A kind of rich stuff used for garments in the Middle Ages. [ Obsolete] Wyclif (Esther viii. 15).

3. (R. C. Ch.) Same as Pallium .

About this time Pope Gregory sent two archbishop's palls into England, -- the one for London, the other for York.
Fuller.

4. (Her.) A figure resembling the Roman Catholic pallium, or pall, and having the form of the letter Y.

5. A large cloth, esp., a heavy black cloth, thrown over a coffin at a funeral; sometimes, also, over a tomb.

Warriors carry the warrior's pall .
Tennyson.

6. (Eccl.) A piece of cardboard, covered with linen and embroidered on one side; -- used to put over the chalice.

Pall transitive verb To cloak. [ R.] Shak

Pall intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Palled ; present participle & verbal noun Palling .] [ Either shortened from appall , or from French pâlir to grow pale. Confer Appall , Pale , adjective ] To become vapid, tasteless, dull, or insipid; to lose strength, life, spirit, or taste; as, the liquor palls .

Beauty soon grows familiar to the lover,
Fades in the eye, and palls upon the sense.
Addisin.

Pall transitive verb
1. To make vapid or insipid; to make lifeless or spiritless; to dull; to weaken. Chaucer.

Reason and reflection . . . pall all his enjoyments.
Atterbury.

2. To satiate; to cloy; as, to pall the appetite.

Pall noun Nausea. [ Obsolete] Shaftesbury.

Pall-mall noun [ Old French palemail , Italian pallamagio ; palla a ball (of German origin, akin to English ball ) + magio hammer, from Latin malleus . See lst Ball , and Mall a beetle.] A game formerly common in England, in which a wooden ball was driven with a mallet through an elevated hoop or ring of iron. The name was also given to the mallet used, to the place where the game was played, and to the street, in London, still called Pall Mall . [ Written also pail-mail and pell-mell .] Sir K. Digby. Evelyn.

Palla noun [ Latin See Pall a cloak.] (Rom. Antuq.) An oblong rectangular piece of cloth, worn by Roman ladies, and fastened with brooches.

Palladian adjective (Architecture) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a variety of the revived classic style of architecture, founded on the works of Andrea Palladio , an Italian architect of the 16th century.

Palladic adjective (Chemistry) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, palladium; -- used specifically to designate those compounds in which the element has a higher valence as contrasted with palladious compounds.

Palladious adjective (Chemistry) Of, pertaining to, or containing, palladium; -- used specifically to designate those compounds in which palladium has a lower valence as compared with palladic compounds.

Palladium noun [ Latin , from Greek ..., from ..., ..., Pallas.]


1. (Gr. Antiq.) Any statue of the goddess Pallas; esp., the famous statue on the preservation of which depended the safety of ancient Troy.

2. Hence: That which affords effectual protection or security; a safeguard; as, the trial by jury is the palladium of our civil rights. Blackstone.

Palladium noun [ New Latin ] (Chemistry) A rare metallic element of the light platinum group, found native, and also alloyed with platinum and gold. It is a silver-white metal resembling platinum, and like it permanent and untarnished in the air, but is more easily fusible. It is unique in its power of occluding hydrogen, which it does to the extent of nearly a thousand volumes, forming the alloy Pd 2 H. It is used for graduated circles and verniers, for plating certain silver goods, and somewhat in dentistry. It was so named in 1804 by Wollaston from the asteroid Pallas , which was discovered in 1802. Symbol Pd. Atomic weight, 106.2.

Palladiumize transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Palladiumized ; present participle & verbal noun Palladiumizing .] To cover or coat with palladium. [ R.]

Pallah noun (Zoology) A large South African antelope ( Æpyceros melampus ). The male has long lyrate and annulated horns. The general color is bay, with a black crescent on the croup. Called also roodebok .

Pallas noun [ Latin , from Greek ..., ....] (Gr. Myth.) Pallas Athene, the Grecian goddess of wisdom, called also Athene , and identified, at a later period, with the Roman Minerva.

Pallbearer noun One of those who attend the coffin at a funeral; -- so called from the pall being formerly carried by them.

Pallet noun [ Middle English paillet , French paillet a heap of straw, from paille straw, from Latin palea chaff; confer Greek ... fine meal, dust, Sanskrit pala straw, palāva chaff. Confer Paillasse .] A small and mean bed; a bed of straw. Milton.

Pallet noun [ Dim. of pale . See Pale a stake.] (Her.) A perpendicular band upon an escutcheon, one half the breadth of the pale.

Pallet noun [ French palette : af. Italian paletta ; prop. and orig., a fire shovel, dim. of Latin pala a shovel, spade. See Peel a shovel.]
1. (Paint.) Same as Palette .

2. (Pottery) (a) A wooden implement used by potters, crucible makers, etc., for forming, beating, and rounding their works. It is oval, round, and of other forms. (b) A potter's wheel.

3. (Gilding) (a) An instrument used to take up gold leaf from the pillow, and to apply it. (b) A tool for gilding the backs of books over the bands.

4. (Brickmaking) A board on which a newly molded brick is conveyed to the hack. Knight.

5. (Machinery) (a) A click or pawl for driving a ratchet wheel. (b) One of the series of disks or pistons in the chain pump. Knight.

6. (Horology) One of the pieces or levers connected with the pendulum of a clock, or the balance of a watch, which receive the immediate impulse of the scape-wheel, or balance wheel. Brande & C.

7. (Mus.) In the organ, a valve between the wind chest and the mouth of a pipe or row of pipes.

8. (Zoology) One of a pair of shelly plates that protect the siphon tubes of certain bivalves, as the Teredo. See Illust. of Teredo .

9. A cup containing three ounces, -- ...ormerly used by surgeons.

Pallial adjective [ Latin pallium a mantle. See Pall .] (Zoology) Of or pretaining to a mantle, especially to the mantle of mollusks; produced by the mantle; as, the pallial line, or impression, which marks the attachment of the mantle on the inner surface of a bivalve shell. See Illust. of Bivalve .

Pallial chamber (Zoology) , the cavity inclosed by the mantle. -- Pallial sinus (Zoology) , an inward bending of the pallial line, near the posterior end of certain bivalve shells, to receive the siphon. See Illust. of Bivalve .

Palliament noun [ Late Latin palliare to clothe, from Latin pallium a manltle. See Pall the garment.] A dress; a robe. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Palliard noun [ French paillard , orig., one addicted to the couch, from paille straw. See Pallet a small bed.]


1. A born beggar; a vagabond. [ Obsolete] Halliwell.

2. A lecher; a lewd person. [ Obsolete] Dryden.

Palliasse noun See Paillasse .

Palliate adjective [ Latin palliatus , from pallium a cloak. See Pall the garment.]
1. Covered with a mant...e; cloaked; disguised. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.

2. Eased; mitigated; alleviated. [ Obsolete] Bp. Fell.

Palliate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Palliated; present participle & verbal noun Palliating.]
1. To cover with a mantle or cloak; to cover up; to hide. [ Obsolete]

Being palliated with a pilgrim's coat.
Sir T. Herbert.

2. To cover with excuses; to conceal the enormity of, by excuses and apologies; to extenuate; as, to palliate faults.

They never hide or palliate their vices.
Swift.

3. To reduce in violence; to lessen or abate; to mitigate; to ease withhout curing; as, to palliate a disease.

To palliate dullness, and give time a shove.
Cowper.

Syn. -- To cover; cloak; hide; extenuate; conceal. -- To Palliate , Extenuate , Cloak . These words, as here compared, are used in a figurative sense in reference to our treatment of wrong action. We cloak in order to conceal completely. We extenuate a crime when we endeavor to show that it is less than has been supposed; we palliate a crime when we endeavor to cover or conceal its enormity, at least in part. This naturally leads us to soften some of its features, and thus palliate approaches extenuate till they have become nearly or quite identical. "To palliate is not now used, though it once was, in the sense of wholly cloaking or covering over, as it might be, our sins, but in that of extenuating ; to palliate our faults is not to hide them altogether, but to seek to diminish their guilt in part." Trench.

Palliation noun [ Confer French palliation .]
1. The act of palliating, or state of being palliated; extenuation; excuse; as, the palliation of faults, offenses, vices.

2. Mitigation; alleviation, as of a disease. Bacon.

3. That which cloaks or covers; disguise; also, the state of being covered or disguised. [ Obsolete]

Palliative adjective [ Confer French palliatif .] Serving to palliate; serving to extenuate or mitigate.

Palliative noun That which palliates; a palliative agent. Sir W. Scott.

Palliatory adjective Palliative; extenuating.

Pallid adjective [ Latin pallidus , from pallere to be or look pale. See pale , adjective ] Deficient in color; pale; wan; as, a pallid countenance; pallid blue. Spenser.

Pallidity noun Pallidness; paleness.

Pallidly adverb In a pallid manner.

Pallidness noun The quality or state of being pallid; paleness; pallor; wanness.

Palliobranchiata noun plural [ New Latin ] (Zoology) Same as Brachiopoda .

Palliobranchiate adjective [ See Pallium , and Branchia .] (Zoology) Having the pallium, or mantle, acting as a gill, as in brachiopods.

Pallium noun ; plural Latin Pallia English Palliums . [ Latin See Pall the garment.]
1. (Anc. Costume) A large, square, woolen cloak which enveloped the whole person, worn by the Greeks and by certain Romans. It is the Roman name of a Greek garment.

2. (R.C.Ch.) A band of white wool, worn on the shoulders, with four purple crosses worked on it; a pall.

» The wool is obtained from two lambs brought to the basilica of St. Agnes, Rome, and blessed. It is worn by the pope, and sent to patriarchs, primates, and archbishops, as a sign that they share in the plenitude of the episcopal office. Befoer it is sent, the pallium is laid on the tomb of St. Peter, where it remains all night.

3. (Zoology) (a) The mantle of a bivalve. See Mantle . (b) The mantle of a bird.

Pallone noun [ Italian , a large ball, from palla ball. See Balloon .] An Italian game, played with a large leather ball.

Pallor noun [ Latin , from pallere to be or look pale. See Pale , adjective ] Paleness; want of color; pallidity; as, pallor of the complexion. Jer. Taylor.

Palm noun [ Middle English paume , French paume , Latin palma , Greek ..., akin to Sanskrit pāni hand, and English fumble . See Fumble , Feel , and confer 2d Palm .]
1. (Anat.) The inner and somewhat concave part of the hand between the bases of the fingers and the wrist.

Clench'd her fingers till they bit the palm .
Tennyson.

2. A lineal measure equal either to the breadth of the hand or to its length from the wrist to the ends of the fingers; a hand; -- used in measuring a horse's height.

» In Greece, the palm was reckoned at three inches. The Romans adopted two measures of this name, the lesser palm of 2.91 inches, and the greater palm of 8.73 inches. At the present day, this measure varies in the most arbitrary manner, being different in each country, and occasionally varying in the same. Internat. Cyc.

3. (Sailmaking) A metallic disk, attached to a strap, and worn the palm of the hand, -- used to push the needle through the canvas, in sewing sails, etc.

4. (Zoology) The broad flattened part of an antler, as of a full-grown fallow deer; -- so called as resembling the palm of the hand with its protruding fingers.

5. (Nautical) The flat inner face of an anchor fluke.

Palm noun [ Anglo-Saxon palm , Latin palma ; -- so named from the leaf resembling a hand. See lst Palm , and confer Pam .]


1. (Botany) Any endogenous tree of the order Palmæ or Palmaceæ ; a palm tree.

» Palms are perennial woody plants, often of majestic size. The trunk is usually erect and rarely branched, and has a roughened exterior composed of the persistent bases of the leaf stalks. The leaves are borne in a terminal crown, and are supported on stout, sheathing, often prickly, petioles. They are usually of great size, and are either pinnately or palmately many-cleft. There are about one thousand species known, nearly all of them growing in tropical or semitropical regions. The wood, petioles, leaves, sap, and fruit of many species are invaluable in the arts and in domestic economy. Among the best known are the date palm, the cocoa palm, the fan palm, the oil palm, the wax palm, the palmyra, and the various kinds called cabbage palm and palmetto.

2. A branch or leaf of the palm, anciently borne or worn as a symbol of victory or rejoicing.

A great multitude . . . stood before the throne, and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, and palme in their hands.
Rev. vii. 9.

3. Hence: Any symbol or token of superiority, success, or triumph; also, victory; triumph; supremacy. "The palm of martyrdom." Chaucer.

So get the start of the majestic world
And bear the palm alone.
Shak.

Molucca palm (Botany) , a labiate herb from Asia ( Molucella lævis ), having a curious cup-shaped calyx. -- Palm cabbage , the terminal bud of a cabbage palm, used as food. -- Palm cat (Zoology) , the common paradoxure. -- Palm crab (Zoology) , the purse crab. -- Palm oil , a vegetable oil, obtained from the fruit of several species of palms, as the African oil palm ( Elæis Guineensis ), and used in the manufacture of soap and candles. See Elæis . -- Palm swift (Zoology) , a small swift ( Cypselus Batassiensis ) which frequents the palmyra and cocoanut palms in India. Its peculiar nest is attached to the leaf of the palmyra palm. -- Palm toddy . Same as Palm wine . -- Palm weevil (Zoology) , any one of mumerous species of very large weevils of the genus Rhynchophorus . The larvæ bore into palm trees, and are called palm borers , and grugru worms . They are considered excellent food. -- Palm wine , the sap of several species of palms, especially, in India, of the wild date palm ( Phœnix sylvestrix ), the palmyra, and the Caryota urens . When fermented it yields by distillation arrack, and by evaporation jaggery. Called also palm toddy . -- Palm worm , or Palmworm . (Zoology) (a) The larva of a palm weevil . (b) A centipede.

Palm transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Palmed ; present participle & verbal noun Palming .]
1. To handle. [ Obsolete] Prior.

2. To manipulate with, or conceal in, the palm of the hand; to juggle.

They palmed the trick that lost the game.
Prior.

3. To impose by fraud, as by sleight of hand; to put by unfair means; -- usually with off .

For you may palm upon us new for old.
Dryden.

Palm transitive verb To "grease the palm" of; to bribe or tip. [ Slang]

Palm Sunday (Eccl.) The Sunday next before Easter; -- so called in commemoration of our Savior's triumphal entry into Jerusalem, when the multitude strewed palm branches in the way.

Palma Christi [ Latin , palm of Christ.] (Botany) A plant ( Ricinus communis ) with ornamental peltate and palmately cleft foliage, growing as a woody perennial in the tropics, and cultivated as an herbaceous annual in temperate regions; -- called also castor-oil plant . [ Sometimes corrupted into palmcrist .]

Palmaceous adjective (Botany) Of or pertaining to palms; of the nature of, or resembling, palms.

Palmacite noun (Paleon.) A fossil palm.

Palmar adjective [ Latin palmaris , from palma the palm of the hand: confer French palmaire .]
1. (Anat.) Pertaining to, or corresponding with, the palm of the hand.

2. (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the under side of the wings of birds.

Palmarium noun ; plural Palmaria . [ New Latin See Palmar .] (Zoology) One of the bifurcations of the brachial plates of a crinoid.

Palmary adjective (Anat.) Palmar.

Palmary adjective [ Latin palmarius , palmaris , belonging to palms, deserving the palm or prize, from palma a palm.] Worthy of the palm; palmy; preëminent; superior; principal; chief; as, palmary work. Br. Horne.

Palmate noun (Chemistry) A salt of palmic acid; a ricinoleate. [ Obsoles.]