Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Pacific adjective [ Latin pacificus : confer French pacifique . See Pacify .] Of or pertaining to peace; suited to make or restore peace; of a peaceful character; not warlike; not quarrelsome; conciliatory; as, pacific words or acts; a pacific nature or condition.

Pacific Ocean , the ocean between America and Asia, so called by Magellan, its first European navigator, on account of the exemption from violent tempests which he enjoyed while sailing over it; -- called also, simply, the Pacific , and, formerly, the South sea .

Syn. -- Peacemaking; appeasing; conciliatory; tranquil; calm; quiet; peaceful; reconciling; mild; gentle.

Pacificable adjective Placable. [ R.] Bp. Hall.

Pacifical adjective Of or pertaining to peace; pacific. [ R.] Sir H. Wotton. -- Pa*cif"ic*al*ly , adverb [ R.]

Pacification noun [ Latin pacificatio : confer French pacification . See Pacify .] The act or process of pacifying, or of making peace between parties at variance; reconciliation. "An embassy of pacification ." Bacon.

Pacificator noun [ Latin ] One who, or that which, pacifies; a peacemaker. Bacon.

Pacificatory adjective [ Latin pacificatorius .] Tending to make peace; conciliatory. Barrow.

Pacifico noun [ Spanish See Pacific .] A peaceful person; -- applied specif. by the Spaniards to the natives in Cuba and the Philippine Islands who did not oppose the Spanish arms.

While we were going through the woods one of the pacificos pointed to a new grave.
Harper's Weekly.

Pacifier noun One who pacifies.

Pacify transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Pacified ; present participle & verbal noun Pacifying .] [ French pacifier , Latin pacificare ; pax , pacis , peace + -ficare (in comp.) to make. See Peace , and -fy .] To make to be at peace; to appease; to calm; to still; to quiet; to allay the agitation, excitement, or resentment of; to tranquillize; as, to pacify a man when angry; to pacify pride, appetite, or importunity. "Pray ye, pacify yourself." Shak.

To pacify and settle those countries.
Bacon.

Pacinian adjective (Anat.) Of, pertaining to, or discovered by, Filippo Pacini , an Italian physician of the 19th century.

Pacinian corpuscles , small oval bodies terminating some of the minute branches of the sensory nerves in the integument and other parts of the body. They are supposed to be tactile organs.

Pack noun [ Confer Pact .] A pact. [ Obsolete] Daniel.

Pack noun [ Akin to Dutch pak , German pack , Danish pakke , Swedish packa , Icelandic pakki , Gael. & Ir. pac , Arm. pak . Confer Packet .]


1. A bundle made up and prepared to be carried; especially, a bundle to be carried on the back; a load for an animal; a bale, as of goods. Piers Plowman.

2. [ Confer Peck , noun ] A number or quantity equal to the contents of a pack; hence, a multitude; a burden. "A pack of sorrows." "A pack of blessings." Shak.

» "In England, by a pack of meal is meant 280 lbs.; of wool, 240 lbs." McElrath.

3. A number or quantity of connected or similar things ; as: (a) A full set of playing cards; also, the assortment used in a particular game; as, a euchre pack . (b) A number of hounds or dogs, hunting or kept together. (c) A number of persons associated or leagued in a bad design or practice; a gang; as, a pack of thieves or knaves. (d) A shook of cask staves. (e) A bundle of sheet-iron plates for rolling simultaneously.

4. A large area of floating pieces of ice driven together more or less closely. Kane.

5. An envelope, or wrapping, of sheets used in hydropathic practice, called dry pack , wet pack , cold pack , etc., according to the method of treatment.

6. [ Prob. the same word; but confer Anglo-Saxon p...can to deceive.] A loose, lewd, or worthless person. See Baggage . [ Obsolete] Skelton.

Pack animal , an animal, as a horse, mule, etc., employed in carrying packs. -- Pack cloth , a coarse cloth, often duck, used in covering packs or bales. -- Pack horse . See Pack animal (above). -- Pack ice . See def. 4, above. -- Pack moth (Zoology) , a small moth ( Anacampsis sarcitella ) which, in the larval state, is very destructive to wool and woolen fabrics. -- Pack needle , a needle for sewing with pack thread. Piers Plowman. -- Pack saddle , a saddle made for supporting the load on a pack animal. Shak. -- Pack staff , a staff for supporting a pack; a peddler's staff. -- Pack thread , strong thread or small twine used for tying packs or parcels. -- Pack train (Mil.) , a troop of pack animals.

Pack transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Packed ; present participle & verbal noun Packing .] [ Akin to Dutch pakken , German packen , Danish pakke , Swedish packa , Icelandic pakka . See Pack , noun ]
1. To make a pack of; to arrange closely and securely in a pack; hence, to place and arrange compactly as in a pack; to press into close order or narrow compass; as to pack goods in a box; to pack fish.

Strange materials packed up with wonderful art.
Addison.

Where . . . the bones
Of all my buried ancestors are packed .
Shak.

2. To fill in the manner of a pack, that is, compactly and securely, as for transportation; hence, to fill closely or to repletion; to stow away within; to cause to be full; to crowd into; as, to pack a trunk; the play, or the audience, packs the theater.

3. To sort and arrange (the cards) in a pack so as to secure the game unfairly.

And mighty dukes pack cards for half a crown.
Pope.

4. Hence: To bring together or make up unfairly and fraudulently, in order to secure a certain result; as, to pack a jury or a causes.

The expected council was dwindling into . . . a packed assembly of Italian bishops.
Atterbury.

5. To contrive unfairly or fraudulently; to plot. [ Obsolete]

He lost life . . . upon a nice point subtilely devised and packed by his enemies.
Fuller.

6. To load with a pack; hence, to load; to encumber; as, to pack a horse.

Our thighs packed with wax, our mouths with honey.
Shack.

7. To cause to go; to send away with baggage or belongings; esp., to send away peremptorily or suddenly; -- sometimes with off ; as, to pack a boy off to school.

He . . . must not die

Till George be packed with post horse up to heaven.
Shak.

8. To transport in a pack, or in the manner of a pack ( i. e. , on the backs of men or beasts). [ Western U.S.]

9. (Hydropathy) To envelop in a wet or dry sheet, within numerous coverings. See Pack , noun , 5.

10. (Mech.) To render impervious, as by filling or surrounding with suitable material, or to fit or adjust so as to move without giving passage to air, water, or steam; as, to pack a joint; to pack the piston of a steam engine.

Pack intransitive verb
1. To make up packs, bales, or bundles; to stow articles securely for transportation.

2. To admit of stowage, or of making up for transportation or storage; to become compressed or to settle together, so as to form a compact mass; as, the goods pack conveniently; wet snow packs well.

3. To gather in flocks or schools; as, the grouse or the perch begin to pack . [ Eng.]

4. To depart in haste; -- generally with off or away .

Poor Stella must pack off to town
Swift.

You shall pack ,
And never more darken my doors again.
Tennyson.

5. To unite in bad measures; to confederate for ill purposes; to join in collusion. [ Obsolete] "Go pack with him." Shak.

To send packing , to drive away; to send off roughly or in disgrace; to dismiss unceremoniously. "The parliament . . . presently sent him packing ." South.

Pack noun
1. (Medicine) In hydropathic practice, a wrapping of blankets or sheets called dry pack , wet pack , cold pack , etc., according to the condition of the blankets or sheets used, put about a patient to give him treatment; also, the fact or condition of being so treated.

2. (Rugby Football) The forwards who compose one half of the scrummage; also, the scrummage.

Pack and prime road or way , a pack road or bridle way.

Pack transitive verb To cover, envelop, or protect tightly with something; specif. (Hydropathy) , to envelop in a wet or dry sheet, within numerous coverings.

Pack herse See under 2d Pack .

Pack saddle, Pack thread See under 2d Pack .

Package noun
1. Act or process of packing.

2. A bundle made up for transportation; a packet; a bale; a parcel; as, a package of goods.

3. A charge made for packing goods.

4. A duty formerly charged in the port of London on goods imported or exported by aliens, or by denizens who were the sons of aliens.

Packer noun A person whose business is to pack things; especially, one who packs food for preservation; as, a pork packer .

Packer noun A ring of packing or a special device to render gas-tight and water-tight the space between the tubing and bore of an oil well. [ U. S.]

Packet noun [ French paquet , dim. from Late Latin paccus , from the same source as English pack . See Pack .]


1. A small pack or package; a little bundle or parcel; as, a packet of letters. Shak.

2. Originally, a vessel employed by government to convey dispatches or mails; hence, a vessel employed in conveying dispatches, mails, passengers, and goods, and having fixed days of sailing; a mail boat.

Packet boat , ship , or vessel . See Packet , noun , 2. -- Packet day , the day for mailing letters to go by packet; or the sailing day. -- Packet note or post . See under Paper .

Packet transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Packeted ; present participle & verbal noun Packeting .]
1. To make up into a packet or bundle.

2. To send in a packet or dispatch vessel.

Her husband
Was packeted to France.
Ford.

Packet intransitive verb To ply with a packet or dispatch boat.

Packfong noun [ Chin. peh tung .] (Metal.) A Chinese alloy of nickel, zinc, and copper, resembling German silver.

Packhouse noun Warehouse for storing goods.

Packing noun
1. The act or process of one who packs.

2. Any material used to pack, fill up, or make close. Specifically (Machinery) : A substance or piece used to make a joint impervious ; as: (a) A thin layer, or sheet, of yielding or elastic material inserted between the surfaces of a flange joint. (b) The substance in a stuffing box, through which a piston rod slides. (c) A yielding ring, as of metal, which surrounds a piston and maintains a tight fit, as inside a cylinder, etc.

3. (Masonry) Same as Filling . [ Rare in the U. S.]

4. A trick; collusion. [ Obsolete] Bale.

Cherd packing (Bridge Building) , the arrangement, side by side, of several parts, as bars, diagonals, a post, etc., on a pin at the bottom of a chord. Waddell. -- Packing box , a stuffing box. See under Stuffing . -- Packing press , a powerful press for baling cotton, wool, hay, etc. -- Packing ring . See Packing , 2 (c) , and Illust. of Piston . -- Packing sheet . (a) A large cloth for packing goods . (b) A sheet prepared for packing hydropathic patients.

Packman noun ; plural Packmen One who bears a pack; a peddler.

Packwax noun (Anat.) Same as Paxwax .

Packway noun A path, as over mountains, followed by pack animals.

Paco, Pacos noun [ Spanish paco , from Peruv. paco . Confer Alpaca .]


1. (Zoology) Same as Alpaca .

2. [ Peruv. paco , pacu , red, reddish, reddish ore containing silver; perhaps a different word.] (Min.) An earthy-looking ore, consisting of brown oxide of iron with minute particles of native silver. Ure.

Pact noun [ Latin pactum , from paciscere to make a bargain or contract, from pacere to settle, or agree upon; confer pangere to fasten, Greek ..., Sanskrit pāca bond, and English fang : confer French pacie . Confer Peace , Fadge , v. ] An agreement; a league; a compact; a covenant. Bacon.

The engagement and pact of society whish goes by the name of the constitution.
Burke.

Paction noun [ Latin pactio : confer French paction . See Pact .] An agreement; a compact; a bargain. [ R.] Sir W. Scott.

Pactional adjective Of the nature of, or by means of, a paction. Bp. Sanderson.

Pactitious adjective [ Latin pactitius , pacticius .] Setted by a pact, or agreement. [ R.] Johnson.

Pactolian adjective Pertaining to the Pactolus, a river in ancient Lydia famous for its golden sands.

Pacu noun (Zoology) A South American freah-water fish ( Myleies pacu ), of the family Characinidæ . It is highly esteemed as food.

Pad noun [ Dutch pad . √21. See Path .]
1. A footpath; a road. [ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.]

2. An easy-paced horse; a padnag. Addison

An abbot on an ambling pad .
Tennyson.

3. A robber that infests the road on foot; a highwayman; -- usually called a footpad . Gay. Byron.

4. The act of robbing on the highway. [ Obsolete]

Pad transitive verb To travel upon foot; to tread. [ Obsolete]

Padding the streets for half a crown.
Somerville.

Pad intransitive verb
1. To travel heavily or slowly. Bunyan.

2. To rob on foot. [ Obsolete] Cotton Mather.

3. To wear a path by walking. [ Prov. Eng.]

Pad noun [ Perh. akin to pod .]
1. A soft, or small, cushion; a mass of anything soft; stuffing.

2. A kind of cushion for writing upon, or for blotting; esp., one formed of many flat sheets of writing paper, or layers of blotting paper; a block of paper.

3. A cushion used as a saddle without a tree or frame.

4. A stuffed guard or protection; esp., one worn on the legs of horses to prevent bruising.

5. (Zoology) A cushionlike thickening of the skin one the under side of the toes of animals.

6. A floating leaf of a water lily or similar plant.

7. (Medicine) A soft bag or cushion to relieve pressure, support a part, etc.

8. (Nautical) A piece of timber fixed on a beam to fit the curve of the deck. W. C. Russel.

9. A measure for fish; as, sixty mackerel go to a pad ; a basket of soles. [ Eng.] Simmonds.

Pad cloth , a saddlecloth; a housing. -- Pad saddle . See def. 3, above. -- Pad tree (Harness Making) , a piece of wood or metal which gives rigidity and shape to a harness pad. Knight.

Pad transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Padded ; present participle & verbal noun Padding .]
1. To stuff; to furnish with a pad or padding.

2. (Calico Printing) To imbue uniformly with a mordant; as, to pad cloth. Ure.

Pad elephant An elephant that is furnished with a pad for carrying burdens instead of with a howdah for carrying passengers.

Padar noun [ Etymol. uncertain.] Groats; coarse flour or meal. [ Obsolete] Sir. H. Wotton.

Padder noun
1. One who, or that which, pads.

2. A highwayman; a footpad. [ Obsolete]

Padding noun
1. The act or process of making a pad or of inserting stuffing.

2. The material with which anything is padded.

3. Material of inferior value, serving to extend a book, essay, etc. London Sat. Rev.

4. (Calico Printing) The uniform impregnation of cloth with a mordant.

Paddle intransitive verb [ Prob. for pattle , and a dim. of pat , v.; confer also English pad to tread, Prov. German paddeln , padden , to walk with short steps, to paddle, German patschen to splash, dash, dabble, French patouiller to dabble, splash, from patte a paw. √21.]
1. To use the hands or fingers in toying; to make caressing strokes. [ Obsolete] Shak.

2. To dabble in water with hands or feet; to use a paddle, or something which serves as a paddle, in swimming, in paddling a boat, etc.

As the men were paddling for their lives.
L'Estrange.

While paddling ducks the standing lake desire.
Gay.

Paddle transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Paddled ; present participle & verbal noun Paddling ]
1. To pat or stroke amorously, or gently.

To be paddling palms and pinching fingers.
Shak.

2. To propel with, or as with, a paddle or paddles.

3. To pad; to tread upon; to trample. [ Prov. Eng.]

Paddle noun [ See Paddle , intransitive verb ]
1. An implement with a broad blade, which is used without a fixed fulcrum in propelling and steering canoes and boats.

2. The broad part of a paddle, with which the stroke is made; hence, any short, broad blade, resembling that of a paddle.

Thou shalt have a paddle upon thy weapon.
Deut. xxiii. 13.

3. One of the broad boards, or floats, at the circumference of a water wheel, or paddle wheel.

4. A small gate in sluices or lock gates to admit or let off water; -- also called clough .

5. (Zoology) A paddle-shaped foot, as of the sea turtle.

6. A paddle-shaped implement for stirring or mixing.

7. [ In this sense probably for older spaddle , a dim . of spade .] See Paddle staff (b), below. [ Prov. Eng.]

Paddle beam (Shipbuilding) , one of two large timbers supporting the spring beam and paddle box of a steam vessel. -- Paddle board . See Paddle , noun , 3. -- Paddle box , the structure inclosing the upper part of the paddle wheel of a steam vessel. -- Paddle shaft , the revolving shaft which carries the paddle wheel of a steam vessel. -- Paddle staff . (a) A staff tipped with a broad blade, used by mole catchers. [ Prov. Eng.] (b) A long-handled spade used to clean a plowshare; -- called also plow staff . [ Prov. Eng.] -- Paddle steamer , a steam vessel propelled by paddle wheels, in distinction from a screw propeller. -- Paddle wheel , the propelling wheel of a steam vessel, having paddles (or floats) on its circumference, and revolving in a vertical plane parallel to the vessel's length.

Paddlecock noun (Zoology) The lumpfish. [ Prov. Eng.]