Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Palatize transitive verb To modify, as the tones of the voice, by means of the palate; as, to palatize a letter or sound. -- Pal`a*ti*za"tion noun J. Peile.

Palato- [ From Palate .] A combining form used in anatomy to indicate relation to , or connection with , the palate ; as in palatolingual .

Palatonares noun plural [ New Latin See Palato- , and Nares .] (Anat.) The posterior nares. See Nares .

Palatopterygoid adjective [ Palato- + pterygoid .] (Anat.) Pertaining to the palatine and pterygoid region of the skull; as, the palatopterygoid cartilage, or rod, from which the palatine and pterygoid bones are developed.

Palaver noun [ Spanish palabra , or Portuguese palavra , from Latin parabola a comparison, a parable, Late Latin , a word. See Parable .]


1. Talk; conversation; esp., idle or beguiling talk; talk intended to deceive; flattery.

2. In Africa, a parley with the natives; a talk; hence, a public conference and deliberation; a debate.

This epoch of parliaments and eloquent palavers .
Carlyle.

Palaver transitive verb & i. [ imperfect & past participle Palavered ; present participle & verbal noun Palavering .] To make palaver with, or to; to used palaver;to talk idly or deceitfully; to employ flattery; to cajole; as, to palaver artfully.

Palavering the little language for her benefit.
C. Bront...

Palaverer noun One who palavers; a flatterer.

Pale adjective [ Compar. Paler ; superl. Palest .] [ French pâle , from pâlir to turn pale, Latin pallere to be o... look pale. Confer Appall , Fallow , pall , intransitive verb , Pallid .]


1. Wanting in color; not ruddy; dusky white; pallid; wan; as, a pale face; a pale red; a pale blue. " Pale as a forpined ghost." Chaucer.

Speechless he stood and pale .
Milton.

They are not of complexion red or pale .
T. Randolph.

2. Not bright or brilliant; of a faint luster or hue; dim; as, the pale light of the moon.

The night, methinks, is but the daylight sick;
It looks a little paler .
Shak.

» Pale is often used in the formation of self- explaining compounds; as, pale -colored, pale -eyed, pale -faced, pale -looking, etc.

Pale noun Paleness; pallor. [ R.] Shak.

Pale intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Paled ; present participle & verbal noun Paling .] To turn pale; to lose color or luster. Whittier.

Apt to pale at a trodden worm.
Mrs. Browning.

Pale transitive verb To make pale; to diminish the brightness of.

The glow...worm shows the matin to be near,
And gins to pale his uneffectual fire.
Shak.

Pale noun [ French pal , from Latin palus : confer Dutch paal . See Pol... a stake, and lst Pallet .]
1. A pointed stake or slat, either driven into the ground, or fastened to a rail at the top and bottom, for fencing or inclosing; a picket.

Deer creep through when a pale tumbles down.
Mortimer.

2. That which incloses or fences in; a boundary; a limit; a fence; a palisade. "Within one pale or hedge." Robynson (More's Utopia).

3. A space or field having bounds or limits; a limited region or place; an inclosure; -- often used figuratively. "To walk the studious cloister's pale ." Milton. "Out of the pale of civilization." Macaulay.

4. A stripe or band, as on a garment. Chaucer.

5. (Her.) One of the greater ordinaries, being a broad perpendicular stripe in an escutcheon, equally distant from the two edges, and occupying one third of it.

6. A cheese scoop. Simmonds.

7. (Shipbuilding) A shore for bracing a timber before it is fastened.

English pale (Hist.) , the limits or territory within which alone the English conquerors of Ireland held dominion for a long period after their invasion of the country in 1172. Spencer.

Pale transitive verb To inclose with pales, or as with pales; to encircle; to encompass; to fence off.

[ Your isle, which stands] ribbed and paled in
With rocks unscalable and roaring waters.
Shak.

Palea noun ; plural Paleæ (-ē). [ Latin , chaff.]


1. (Botany) (a) The interior chaff or husk of grasses. (b) One of the chaffy scales or bractlets growing on the receptacle of many compound flowers, as the Coreopsis, the sunflower, etc.

2. (Zoology) A pendulous process of the skin on the throat of a bird, as in the turkey; a dewlap.

Paleaceous adjective [ Latin palea chaff.] (Botany) Chaffy; resembling or consisting of paleæ, or chaff; furnished with chaff; as, a paleaceous receptacle.

Palearctic adjective [ Paleo- + arctic .] Belonging to a region of the earth's surface which includes all Europe to the Azores, Iceland, and all temperate Asia.

Paled adjective [ See 5th Pale .]
1. Striped. [ Obsolete] "[ Buskins] . . . paled part per part." Spenser.

2. Inclosed with a paling. "A paled green." Spenser.

Paleëchinoidea noun plural [ New Latin See Paleo- , and Echinoidea .] (Zoology) An extinct order of sea urchins found in the Paleozoic rocks. They had more than twenty vertical rows of plates. Called also Palæechini . [ Written also Palæechinoidea .]

Paleface noun A white person; -- an appellation supposed to have been applied to the whites by the American Indians. J. F. Cooper.

Paleichthyes noun plural [ New Latin See Paleo- , and Ichthyology .] (Zoology) A comprehensive division of fishes which includes the elasmobranchs and ganoids. [ Written also Palæichthyes .]

Palely adverb [ From Pale , adjective ] In a pale manner; dimly; wanly; not freshly or ruddily. Thackeray.

Palempore noun A superior kind of dimity made in India, -- used for bed coverings. [ Written also palampore , palampoor , etc.] De Colange.

Paleness noun The quality or condition of being pale; want of freshness or ruddiness; a sickly whiteness; lack of color or luster; wanness.

The blood the virgin's cheek forsook;
A livid paleness spreads o'er all her look.
Pope.

Palenque noun plural (Ethnol.) A collective name for the Indians of Nicaragua and Honduras.

Paleo- [ Greek ... , adj.] A combining form meaning old , ancient ; as, pale arctic, pale ontology, paleo there, paleo graphy. [ Written also palæo -.]

Paleobotanist noun One versed in paleobotany.

Paleobotany noun [ Paleo- + botany .] That branch of paleontology which treats of fossil plants.

Paleocarida noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... ancient + ... , ... , ... , a kind of crustacean.] (Zoology) Same as Merostomata . [ Written also Palæocarida .]

Paleocrinoidea noun plural [ New Latin See Paleo- , and Crinoidea .] (Zoology) A suborder of Crinoidea found chiefly in the Paleozoic rocks.

Paleocrystic adjective [ Paleo- + Greek ... ice.] Of, pertaining to, or derived from, a former glacial formation.

Paleograph noun An ancient manuscript.

Paleographer noun One skilled in paleography; a paleographist.

Paleographic, Paleographical adjective [ Confer French paléographique .] Of or pertaining to paleography.

Paleographist noun One versed in paleography; a paleographer.

Paleography noun [ Paleo- + -graphy : confer French paléographie .]
1. An ancient manner of writing; ancient writings, collectively; as, Punic paleography .

2. The study of ancient inscriptions and modes of writing; the art or science of deciphering ancient writings, and determining their origin, period, etc., from external characters; diplomatics.

Paleogæan adjective [ Paleo- + Greek ... the eart] (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the Eastern hemisphere. [ Written also palæogæan .]

Paleola noun ; plural Paleolæ . [ New Latin , dim. of Latin palea .] (Botany) A diminutive or secondary palea; a lodicule.

Paleolith noun [ Paleo- + -lith .] (Geol.) A relic of the Paleolithic era.

Paleolithic adjective (Geol.) Of or pertaining to an era marked by early stone implements. The Paleolithic era (as proposed by Lubbock) includes the earlier half of the "Stone Age;" the remains belonging to it are for the most part of extinct animals, with relics of human beings.

Paleologist noun One versed in paleology; a student of antiquity.

Paleology noun [ Paleo- + -logy .] The study or knowledge of antiquities, esp. of prehistoric antiquities; a discourse or treatise on antiquities; archæology .

Paleontographical adjective Of or pertaining to the description of fossil remains.

Paleontography noun [ Paleo- + Greek ... existing things + -graphy .] The description of fossil remains.

Paleontological adjective Of or pertaining to paleontology. -- Pa`le*on`to*log"ic*al*ly , adverb

Paleontologist noun [ Confer French paléontologiste .] One versed in paleontology.

Paleontology noun [ Paleo- + Greek ... existing things + -logy . Confer Ontology .] The science which treats of the ancient life of the earth, or of fossils which are the remains of such life.

Paleophytologist noun A paleobotanist.

Paleophytology noun [ Paleo- + phytology .] Paleobotany.

Paleornithology noun [ Paleo- + ornithology .] The branch of paleontology which treats of fossil birds.

Paleosaurus noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... ancient + ... a lizard.] (Paleon.) A genus of fossil saurians found in the Permian formation.