Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Parenchymatous, Parenchymous adjective [ Confer French parenchymateux .] Of, pertaining to, or connected with, the parenchyma of a tissue or an organ; as, parenchymatous degeneration.

Parenesis noun [ Latin paraenesis , Greek ..., from ... to advise.] Exhortation. [ R.]

Parenetic, Parenetioal adjective [ Greek ...: confer French parénétique .] Hortatory; encouraging; persuasive. [ R.] F. Potter.

Parent noun [ Latin parens , - entis ; akin to parere to bring forth; confer Greek ... to give, beget: confer French parent . Confer Part .]
1. One who begets, or brings forth, offspring; a father or a mother.

Children, obey your parents in the Lord.
Eph. vi. 1.

2. That which produces; cause; source; author; begetter; as, idleness is the parent of vice.

Regular industry is the parent of sobriety.
Channing.

Parent cell . (Biol.) See Mother cell , under Mother , also Cytula . -- Parent nucleus (Biol.) , a nucleus which, in cell division, divides, and gives rise to two or more daughter nuclei. See Karyokinesis , and Cell division , under Division .

Parentage noun [ Confer French parentage relationship.] Descent from parents or ancestors; parents or ancestors considered with respect to their rank or character; extraction; birth; as, a man of noble parentage . "Wilt thou deny thy parentage ?" Shak.

Though men esteem thee low of parentage .
Milton.

Parental adjective [ Latin parentalis .]
1. Of or pertaining to a parent or to parents; as, parental authority; parental obligations.

2. Becoming to, or characteristic of, parents; tender; affectionate; devoted; as, parental care.

The careful course and parental provision of nature.
Sir T. Browne.

Parentally adverb In a parental manner.

Parentation noun [ Latin parentatio , from parentare to offer a solemn sacrifice in honor of deceased parents. See Parent .] Something done or said in honor of the dead; obsequies. [ Obsolete] Abp. Potter.

Parentele noun [ French parentèle , Latin parentela .] Kinship; parentage. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Parenthesis noun ; plural Parentheses . [ New Latin , from Greek ..., from ... to put in beside, insert; para` beside + ... in + ... to put, place. See Para- , En- , 2, and Thesis .]


1. A word, phrase, or sentence, by way of comment or explanation, inserted in, or attached to, a sentence which would be grammatically complete without it. It is usually inclosed within curved lines (see def. 2 below), or dashes. "Seldom mentioned without a derogatory parenthesis ." Sir T. Browne.

Don't suffer every occasional thought to carry you away into a long parenthesis .
Watts.

2. (Print.) One of the curved lines () which inclose a parenthetic word or phrase.

» Parenthesis , in technical grammar, is that part of a sentence which is inclosed within the recognized sign; but many phrases and sentences which are punctuated by commas are logically parenthetical. In def. 1, the phrase "by way of comment or explanation" is inserted for explanation, and the sentence would be grammatically complete without it. The present tendency is to avoid using the distinctive marks, except when confusion would arise from a less conspicuous separation.

Parenthesize transitive verb To make a parenthesis of; to include within parenthetical marks. Lowell.

Parenthetic, Parenthetical adjective [ Confer Greek ....]
1. Of the nature of a parenthesis; pertaining to, or expressed in, or as in, a parenthesis; as, a parenthetical clause; a parenthetic remark.

A parenthetical observation of Moses himself.
Hales.

2. Using or containing parentheses.

Parenthetically adverb In a parenthetical manner; by way of parenthesis; by parentheses.

Parenthood noun The state of a parent; the office or character of a parent.

Parenticide noun [ Latin parenticida a parricide; parens parent + caedere to kill.]


1. The act of one who kills one's own parent. [ R.]

2. One who kills one's own parent; a parricide. [ R.]

Parentless adjective Deprived of parents.

Parepididymis noun [ New Latin See Para- , and Epididymis .] (Anat.) A small body containing convoluted tubules, situated near the epididymis in man and some other animals, and supposed to be a remnant of the anterior part of the Wolffian body.

Parer noun [ From Pare , transitive verb ] One who, or that which, pares; an instrument for paring.

Parergon noun [ Latin ] See Parergy .

Parergy noun [ Latin parergon , Greek ...; para` beside + ... work.] Something unimportant, incidental, or superfluous. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.

Paresis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ..., from ... to let go; ... from + ... to send.] (Medicine) Incomplete paralysis, affecting motion but not sensation.

Parethmoid adjective [ Prefix para- + ethmoid .] (Anat.) Near or beside the ethmoid bone or cartilage; -- applied especially to a pair of bones in the nasal region of some fishes, and to the ethmoturbinals in some higher animals. -- noun A parethmoid bone.

Paretic adjective Of or pertaining to paresis; affected with paresis.

Parfay interj. [ Par + fay .] By my faith; verily. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Parfit adjective Perfect. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Parfitly adverb Perfectly. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Parfleche noun [ Prob. through Canadian F. from Amer. Indian.] A kind of rawhide consisting of hide, esp. of the buffalo, which has been soaked in crude wood-ash lye to remove the hairs, and then dried.

Parfocal adjective [ Pari- + focal .] (Opt.) With the lower focal points all in the same plane; -- said of sets of eyepieces so mounted that they may be interchanged without varying the focus of the instrument (as a microscope or telescope) with which they are used.

Parforn, Parfourn transitive verb To perform. [ Obsolete] Chaucer. Piers Plowman.

Pargasite noun [ So called from Pargas , in Finland.] (Min.) A dark green aluminous variety of amphibole, or hornblende.

Pargeboard noun See Bargeboard .

Parget transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Pargeted ; present participle & verbal noun Pargeting .] [ Middle English pargeten , also spargeten , sparchen ; of uncertain origin.]
1. To coat with parget; to plaster, as walls, or the interior of flues; as, to parget the outside of their houses. Sir T. Herbert.

The pargeted ceiling with pendants.
R. Latin Stevenson.

2. To paint; to cover over. [ Obsolete]

Parget intransitive verb
1. To lay on plaster.

2. To paint, as the face. [ Obsolete] B. Jonson.

Parget noun
1. Gypsum or plaster stone.

2. Plaster, as for lining the interior of flues, or for stuccowork. Knight.

3. Paint, especially for the face. [ Obsolete] Drayton.

Pargeter noun A plasterer. Johnson.

Pargeting noun [ Written also pargetting .] Plasterwork; esp.: (a) A kind of decorative plasterwork in raised ornamental figures, formerly used for the internal and external decoration of houses. (b) In modern architecture, the plastering of the inside of flues, intended to give a smooth surface and help the draught.

Pargetory noun Something made of, or covered with, parget, or plaster. [ Obsolete] Milton.

Parhelic adjective Of or pertaining to parhelia.

Parhelion noun ; plural Parhelia . [ Latin parelion , Greek ..., ...; para` beside + ... the sun.] A mock sun appearing in the form of a bright light, sometimes near the sun, and tinged with colors like the rainbow, and sometimes opposite to the sun. The latter is usually called an anthelion . Often several mock suns appear at the same time. Confer Paraselene .

Parhelium noun See Parhelion .

Pari- [ Latin par , paris , equal.] A combining form signifying equal ; as, pari digitate, pari pinnate.

Pariah noun [ From Tamil paraiyan , plural paraiyar , one of the low caste, from parai a large drum, because they beat the drums at certain festivals.]


1. One of an aboriginal people of Southern India, regarded by the four castes of the Hindoos as of very low grade. They are usually the serfs of the Sudra agriculturalists. See Caste . Balfour (Cyc. of India).

2. An outcast; one despised by society.

Pariah dog (Zoology) , a mongrel race of half-wild dogs which act as scavengers in Oriental cities. -- Pariah kite (Zoology) , a species of kite ( Milvus govinda ) which acts as a scavenger in India.

Parial noun See Pair royal , under Pair , noun

Parian adjective [ Latin Parius .] Of or pertaining to Paros, an island in the Ægean Sea noted for its excellent statuary marble; as, Parian marble.

Parian chronicle , a most ancient chronicle of the city of Athens, engraved on marble in the Isle of Paros, now among the Arundelian marbles.

Parian noun
1. A native or inhabitant of Paros.

2. A ceramic ware, resembling unglazed porcelain biscuit, of which are made statuettes, ornaments, etc.

Paridigitata noun plural [ New Latin See Pari- , and Digitate .] (Zoology) Same as Artiodactyla .

Paridigitate adjective (Anat.) Having an even number of digits on the hands or the feet. Qwen.

Paries noun ; plural Parietes . [ See Parietes .] (Zoology) The triangular middle part of each segment of the shell of a barnacle.

Parietal adjective [ Latin parietalis , from paries , -ietis , a wall: confer French pariétal . Confer Parietary , Pellitory .]


1. Of or pertaining to a wall; hence, pertaining to buildings or the care of them.

2. Resident within the walls or buildings of a college.

At Harvard College, the officers resident within the college walls constitute a permanent standing committee, called the Parietal Committee.
B. H. Hall (1856).

3. (Anat.) (a) Of pertaining to the parietes. (b) Of, pertaining to, or in the region of, the parietal bones, which form the upper and middle part of the cranium, between the frontals and occipitals.

4. (Botany) Attached to the main wall of the ovary, and not to the axis; -- said of a placenta.

Parietal noun
1. (Anat.) One of the parietal bones.

2. (Zoology) One of the special scales, or plates, covering the back of the head in certain reptiles and fishes.