Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Latin parietaria
, from parietarius
parietal. Confer Pellitory
.] (Botany) Any one of several species of Parietaria . See 1st Pellitory .
Parietes noun plural [ Latin paries a wall.]
1. (Anat.) The walls of a cavity or an organ; as, the abdominal parietes ; the parietes of the cranium. 2. (Botany) The sides of an ovary or of a capsule.
Parietic adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid found in the lichen Parmelia parietina , and called also chrysophanic acid .
Parietine noun [ Latin parietinus parietal: confer parietinae ruined walls.] A piece of a fallen wall; a ruin. [ Obsolete] Burton.
Parieto- (Anat.) A combining form used to indicate connection with , or relation to , the parietal bones or the parietal segment of the skull ; as, the parieto -mastoid suture.
Parigenin noun [ Pari llin + -gen + -in .] (Chemistry) A curdy white substance, obtained by the decomposition of parillin.
Parillin noun [ Shortened from sarsaparillin .] (Chemistry) A glucoside resembling saponin, found in the root of sarsaparilla, smilax, etc., and extracted as a bitter white crystalline substance; -- called also smilacin , sarsaparilla saponin , and sarsaparillin .
[ From Pare
, transitive verb
] 1. The act of cutting off the surface or extremites of anything. 2. That which is pared off. Pope.
Pare off the surface of the earth, and with the parings raise your hills. Mortimer.
Paripinnate adjective [ Pari- + pinnate .] (Botany) Pinnate with an equal number of leaflets on each side; having no odd leaflet at the end.
Paris noun [ From Paris , the son of Priam.] (Botany) A plant common in Europe ( Paris quadrifolia ); herb Paris; truelove. It has been used as a narcotic. » It much resembles the American genus Trillium , but has usually four leaves and a tetramerous flower.
Paris noun The chief city of France. Paris green
. See under Green , noun
-- Paris white (Chemistry)
, purified chalk used as a pigment; whiting; Spanish white.
[ Middle English parishe
, Old French paroisse
, French paroisse
, Latin parochia
, corrupted from paroecia
, Greek ..., from ... dwelling beside or near; para`
beside + ... a house, dwelling; akin to Latin vicus
village. See Vicinity
, and confer Parochial
.] 1. (Eccl. & Eng. Law) (a) That circuit of ground committed to the charge of one parson or vicar, or other minister having cure of souls therein. Cowell. (b) The same district, constituting a civil jurisdiction, with its own officers and regulations, as respects the poor, taxes, etc.
» Populous and extensive parishes are now divided, under various parliamentary acts, into smaller ecclesiastical districts for spiritual purposes. Mozley & W. 2. An ecclesiastical society, usually not bounded by territorial limits, but composed of those persons who choose to unite under the charge of a particular priest, clergyman, or minister; also, loosely, the territory in which the members of a congregation live.
[ U. S.] 3. In Louisiana, a civil division corresponding to a county in other States.
Parish adjective Of or pertaining to a parish; parochial; as, a parish church; parish records; a parish priest; maintained by the parish; as, parish poor. Dryden. Parish clerk . (a) The clerk or recording officer of a parish . (b) A layman who leads in the responses and otherwise assists in the service of the Church of England. -- Parish court , in Louisiana, a court in each parish.
Parishen noun A parishioner. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Parishional adjective Of or pertaining to a parish; parochial. [ R.] Bp. Hall.
Parishioner noun [ French paroissien , Late Latin parochianus .] One who belongs to, or is connected with, a parish.
Parisian noun [ Confer French parisen .] A native or inhabitant of Paris, the capital of France.
Parisian adjective Of or pertaining to Paris.
Parisienne noun [ French] A female native or resident of Paris.
Parisology noun [ Greek ... almost equal, evenly balanced + -logy .] The use of equivocal or ambiguous words. [ R.]
Parisyllabic, Parisyllabical adjective [ Pari- + syllabic , -ical : confer French parisyllabique .] Having the same number of syllables in all its inflections.
Paritor noun [ Abbrev. from apparitor : confer Latin paritor a servant, attendant.] An apparitor. "Summoned by an host of paritors ." Dryden.
Paritory noun Pellitory. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ Latin paritas
, from par
, equal: confer French parité
. See Pair
an equal.] The quality or condition of being equal or equivalent; A like state or degree; equality; close correspondence; analogy; as, parity of reasoning.
of principle." De Quincey.
Equality of length and parity of numeration. Sir T. Browne.
[ Anglo-Saxon pearroc
, or perhaps rather from French parc
; both being of the same origin; confer Late Latin parcus
, Ir. & Gael. pairc
, W. park
. Confer Paddock
an inclosure, Parrock
.] 1. (Eng. Law) A piece of ground inclosed, and stored with beasts of the chase, which a man may have by prescription, or the king's grant. Mozley & W. 2. A tract of ground kept in its natural state, about or adjacent to a residence, as for the preservation of game, for walking, riding, or the like. Chaucer.
While in the park I sing, the listening deer Waller. 3. A piece of ground, in or near a city or town, inclosed and kept for ornament and recreation; as, Hyde Park in London; Central Park in New York. 4. (Mil.) A space occupied by the animals, wagons, pontoons, and materials of all kinds, as ammunition, ordnance stores, hospital stores, provisions, etc., when brought together; also, the objects themselves; as, a park of wagons; a park of artillery. 5. A partially inclosed basin in which oysters are grown.
Attend my passion, and forget to fear.
[ Written also parc
.] Park of artillery
. See under Artillery .
-- Park phaeton
, a small, low carriage, for use in parks.
Park transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Parked
; present participle & verbal noun Parking
.] 1. To inclose in a park, or as in a park.
How are we parked , and bounded in a pale. Shak. 2. (Mil.) To bring together in a park, or compact body; as, to park the artillery, the wagons, etc.
Park noun Any place where vehicles are assembled according to a definite arrangement; also, the vehicles.
Park transitive verb
1. To bring together in a park, or compact body; as, to park artillery, wagons, automobiles, etc. 2. In oyster culture, to inclose in a park.
Park intransitive verb To promenade or drive in a park; also, of horses, to display style or gait on a park drive.
Parka, Parkee noun
[ Russian parka
, dim. of para
a pair, from German paar
, Latin par
. Confer Pair
.] An outer garment made of the skins of birds or mammals, worn by Eskimos, etc.
Parker noun The keeper of a park. Sir M. Hale.
Parkeria noun [ New Latin So named from W. K. Parker , a British zoölogist.] (Zoology) A genus of large arenaceous fossil Foraminifera found in the Cretaceous rocks. The species are globular, or nearly so, and are of all sizes up to that of a tennis ball.
Parkesine noun [ So called from Mr. Parkes , the inventor.] A compound, originally made from gun cotton and castor oil, but later from different materials, and used as a substitute for vulcanized India rubber and for ivory; -- called also xylotile .
Parkleaves noun (Botany) A European species of Saint John's-wort; the tutsan. See Tutsan .
[ Old French , from French parler
to speak. See Parley
.] Conversation; discourse; talk; diction; phrase; as, in legal parlance ; in common parlance .
A hate of gossip parlance and of sway. Tennyson.
Parlando Par*lan"te adjective & adverb [ Italian ] (Mus.) Speaking; in a speaking or declamatory manner; to be sung or played in the style of a recitative.
Parle intransitive verb
[ French parler
. See Parley
.] To talk; to converse; to parley.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
Finding himself too weak, began to parle . Milton.
Parle noun Conversation; talk; parley.
They ended parle , and both addressed for fight. Milton.
; plural Parleys
. [ French parler
speech, talk, from parler
to speak, Late Latin parabolare
, from Latin parabola
a comparison, parable, in Late Latin , a word. See Parable
, and confer Parliament
.] Mutual discourse or conversation; discussion; hence, an oral conference with an enemy, as with regard to a truce.
We yield on parley , but are stormed in vain. Dryden. To beat a parley (Mil.)
, to beat a drum, or sound a trumpet, as a signal for holding a conference with the enemy.
Parley intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Parleyed
; present participle & verbal noun Parleying
.] To speak with another; to confer on some point of mutual concern; to discuss orally; hence, specifically, to confer orally with an enemy; to treat with him by words, as on an exchange of prisoners, an armistice, or terms of peace.
They are at hand, Shak.
To parley or to fight; therefore prepare.
[ Middle English parlement
, French parlement
, from parler
to speak; confer Late Latin parlamentum
. See Parley
.] 1. A parleying; a discussion; a conference.
But first they held their parliament . Rom. of R. 2. A formal conference on public affairs; a general council; esp., an assembly of representatives of a nation or people having authority to make laws.
They made request that it might be lawful for them to summon a parliament of Gauls. Golding. 3. The assembly of the three estates of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, viz., the lords spiritual, lords temporal, and the representatives of the commons, sitting in the House of Lords and the House of Commons, constituting the legislature, when summoned by the royal authority to consult on the affairs of the nation, and to enact and repeal laws.
» Thought the sovereign is a constituting branch of Parliament, the word is generally used to denote the three estates named above. 4. In France, before the Revolution of 1789, one of the several principal judicial courts. Parliament heel
, the inclination of a ship when made to careen by shifting her cargo or ballast.
-- Parliament hinge (Architecture)
, a hinge with so great a projection from the wall or frame as to allow a door or shutter to swing back flat against the wall.
-- Long Parliament
, Rump Parliament
. See under Long , and Rump .
Parliamental adjective Parliamentary. [ Obsolete]
Parliamentarian adjective Of or pertaining to Parliament. Wood.
1. (Eng. Hist.) One who adhered to the Parliament, in opposition to King Charles I. Walpole. 2. One versed in the rules and usages of Parliament or similar deliberative assemblies; as, an accomplished parliamentarian .
Parliamentarily adverb In a parliamentary manner.
Parliamentary adjective [ Confer French parlementaire .] Parliamentary agent , a person, usually a solicitor, professionally employed by private parties to explain and recommend claims, bills, etc., under consideration of Parliament. [ Eng.] -- Parliamentary train , one of the trains which, by act of Parliament, railway companies are required to run for the conveyance of third-class passengers at a reduced rate. [ Eng.]
1. Of or pertaining to Parliament; as, parliamentary authority. Bacon. 2. Enacted or done by Parliament; as, a parliamentary act. Sir M. Hale. 3. According to the rules and usages of Parliament or of deliberative bodies; as, a parliamentary motion.
[ Middle English parlour
, French parloir
, Late Latin parlatorium
. See Parley
.] [ Written also parlour
.] A room for business or social conversation, for the reception of guests, etc.
Specifically: (a) The apartment in a monastery or nunnery where the inmates are permitted to meet and converse with each other, or with visitors and friends from without. Piers Plowman. (b) In large private houses, a sitting room for the family and for familiar guests, -- a room for less formal uses than the drawing-room. Esp., in modern times, the dining room of a house having few apartments, as a London house, where the dining parlor is usually on the ground floor. (c) Commonly, in the United States, a drawing- room, or the room where visitors are received and entertained.
» "In England people who have a drawing-room no longer call it a parlor
, as they called it of old and till recently." Fitzed. Hall. Parlor car
. See Palace car , under Car .
Parlor match A friction match that contains little or no sulphur.
Parlous adjective [ For perlous , a contr. from perilous .]
1. Attended with peril; dangerous; as, a parlous cough. [ Archaic] "A parlous snuffing." Beau. & Fl. 2. Venturesome; bold; mischievous; keen. [ Obsolete] "A parlous boy." Shak. "A parlous wit." Dryden. -- Par"lous*ly , adverb [ Obsolete] -- Par"lous*ness , noun [ Obsolete]