Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Pastime noun [ Pass + time : confer French passetemps .] That which amuses, and serves to make time pass agreeably; sport; amusement; diversion.
Pastime intransitive verb To sport; to amuse one's self. [ R.]
[ Latin , from pascere
, to pasture, to feed. Confer Pabulum
.] 1. A shepherd; one who has the care of flocks and herds. 2. A guardian; a keeper; specifically (Eccl.) , a minister having the charge of a church and parish. 3. (Zoology) A species of starling ( Pastor roseus ), native of the plains of Western Asia and Eastern Europe. Its head is crested and glossy greenish black, and its back is rosy. It feeds largely upon locusts.
Pastorage noun The office, jurisdiction, or duty, of a pastor; pastorate.
[ Latin pastoralis
: confer French pastoral
. See Pastor
.] 1. Of or pertaining to shepherds; hence, relating to rural life and scenes; as, a pastoral life. 2. Relating to the care of souls, or to the pastor of a church; as, pastoral duties; a pastoral letter. Pastoral staff (Eccl.)
, a staff, usually of the form of a shepherd's crook, borne as an official emblem by a bishop, abbot, abbess, or other prelate privileged to carry it. See Crook , and Crosier .
-- Pastoral Theology
, that part of theology which treats of the duties of pastors.
Pastoral noun 1. A poem describing the life and manners of shepherds; a poem in which the speakers assume the character of shepherds; an idyl; a bucolic.
A pastoral is a poem in which any action or passion is represented by its effects on a country life. Rambler. 2. (Mus.) A cantata relating to rural life; a composition for instruments characterized by simplicity and sweetness; a lyrical composition the subject of which is taken from rural life. Moore (Encyc. of Music). 3. (Eccl.) A letter of a pastor to his charge; specifically, a letter addressed by a bishop to his diocese; also (Prot. Epis. Ch.) , a letter of the House of Bishops, to be read in each parish.
Pastorale noun [ Italian ]
1. (Mus.) A composition in a soft, rural style, generally in 6-8 or 12-8 time. 2. A kind of dance; a kind of figure used in a dance.
1. In a pastoral or rural manner. 2. In the manner of a pastor.
[ Confer French pastorat
. See Pastor
.] The office, state, or jurisdiction of a pastor.
[ See Pastor
; confer Auditorium
.] A parsonage; -- so called in some Baptist churches.
[ Southern U. S.]
Pastorless adjective Having no pastor.
Pastorling noun An insignificant pastor. [ R.]
Pastorly adjective Appropriate to a pastor. Milton.
Pastorship noun Pastorate. Bp. Bull.
; plural Pastries 1. The place where pastry is made.
[ Obsolete] Shak. 2. Articles of food made of paste, or having a crust made of paste, as pies, tarts, etc. Pastry cook
, one whose occupation is to make pastry; as, the pastry cook of a hotel.
Pasturable adjective Fit for pasture.
[ Old French pasturage
, French pâturage
. See Pasture
.] 1. Grazing ground; grass land used for pasturing; pasture. 2. Grass growing for feed; grazing. 3. The business of feeding or grazing cattle.
[ Old French pasture
, French pâture
, Latin pastura
, from pascere
, to pasture, to feed. See Pastor
.] 1. Food; nourishment.
Toads and frogs his pasture poisonous. Spenser. 2. Specifically: Grass growing for the food of cattle; the food of cattle taken by grazing. 3. Grass land for cattle, horses, etc.; pasturage.
He maketh me to lie down in green pastures . Ps. xxiii. 2.
So graze as you find pasture . Shak.
Pasture transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Pastured
; present participle & verbal noun Pasturing
.] To feed, esp. to feed on growing grass; to supply grass as food for; as, the farmer pastures fifty oxen; the land will pasture forty cows.
Pasture intransitive verb To feed on growing grass; to graze.
Pastureless adjective Destitute of pasture. Milton.
Pasturer noun One who pastures; one who takes cattle to graze. See Agister .
Pasty adjective Like paste, as in color, softness, stickness. "A pasty complexion." G. Eliot.
; plural Pasties
. [ Old French pasté
, French pâté
. See Paste
, and confer Patty
.] A pie consisting usually of meat wholly surrounded with a crust made of a sheet of paste, and often baked without a dish; a meat pie.
"If ye pinch me like a pasty
A large pasty baked in a pewter platter. Sir W. Scott.
Pat transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Patted
; present participle & verbal noun Patting
.] [ Confer German patschen
, Prov. German patzen
, to strike, tap.] To strike gently with the fingers or hand; to stroke lightly; to tap; as, to pat a dog.
Gay pats my shoulder, and you vanish quite. Pope.
Pat noun 1. A light, quik blow or stroke with the fingers or hand; a tap. 2. A small mass, as of butter, shaped by pats.
It looked like a tessellated work of pats of butter. Dickens.
Pat adjective [ Confer pat a light blow, Dutch te pas convenient, pat, where pas is from French passer to pass.] Exactly suitable; fit; convenient; timely. " Pat allusion." Barrow.
Pat adverb In a pat manner.
I foresaw then 't would come in pat hereafter. Sterne.
Pataca noun [ Spanish ] The Spanish dollar; -- called also patacoon . [ Obsolete]
Patache noun [ French & Spanish patache , P. patacho .] (Nautical) A tender to a fleet, formerly used for conveying men, orders, or treasure. [ Spain & Portugal]
[ Spanish ] See Pataca .
; plural Patagia
. [ Latin , an edge or border.] 1. (Anat.) In bats, an expansion of the integument uniting the fore limb with the body and extending between the elongated fingers to form the wing; in birds, the similar fold of integument uniting the fore limb with the body. 2. (Zoology) One of a pair of small vesicular organs situated at the bases of the anterior wings of lepidopterous insects. See Illust. of Butterfly .
Patagonian adjective Of or pertaining to Patagonia. -- noun A native of Patagonia.
Patamar noun [ From the native name.] (Nautical) A vessel resembling a grab, used in the coasting trade of Bombay and Ceylon. [ Written also pattemar .]
Patas noun (Zoology) A West African long-tailed monkey ( Cercopithecus ruber ); the red monkey.
Patavinity noun [ Latin patavinitas , from Patavium : confer French patavinité ] The use of local or provincial words, as in the peculiar style or diction of Livy, the Roman historian; -- so called from Patavium, now Padua, the place of Livy's nativity.
[ Middle English pacche
; of uncertain origin, perhaps for placche
; confer Prov. English platch
patch, LG. plakk
.] 1. A piece of cloth, or other suitable material, sewed or otherwise fixed upon a garment to repair or strengthen it, esp. upon an old garment to cover a hole.
Patches set upon a little breach. Shak. 2.
Hence: A small piece of anything used to repair a breach; as, a patch on a kettle, a roof, etc. 3. A small piece of black silk stuck on the face, or neck, to hide a defect, or to heighten beauty.
Your black patches you wear variously. Beau. & Fl. 4. (Gun.) A piece of greased cloth or leather used as wrapping for a rifle ball, to make it fit the bore. 5. Fig.: Anything regarded as a patch; a small piece of ground; a tract; a plot; as, scattered patches of trees or growing corn.
Employed about this patch of ground. Bunyan. 6. (Mil.) A block on the muzzle of a gun, to do away with the effect of dispart, in sighting. 7. A paltry fellow; a rogue; a ninny; a fool.
[ Obsolete or Colloq.] "Thou scurvy patch
." Shak. Patch ice
, ice in overlapping pieces in the sea.
-- Soft patch
, a patch for covering a crack in a metallic vessel, as a steam boiler, consisting of soft material, as putty, covered and held in place by a plate bolted or riveted fast.
Patch transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Patched
; present participle & verbal noun Patching
.] 1. To mend by sewing on a piece or pieces of cloth, leather, or the like; as, to patch a coat. 2. To mend with pieces; to repair with pieces festened on; to repair clumsily; as, to patch the roof of a house. 3. To adorn, as the face, with a patch or patches.
Ladies who patched both sides of their faces. Spectator. 4. To make of pieces or patches; to repair as with patches; to arrange in a hasty or clumsy manner; -- generally with up ; as, to patch up a truce.
"If you'll patch
a quarrel." Shak.
Patcher noun One who patches or botches. Foxe.
Patchery noun Botchery; covering of defects; bungling; hypocrisy. [ R.] Shak.
Patchingly adverb Knavishy; deceitfully. [ Obsolete]
Patchouli, Patchouly noun [ CF. French patchouli ; probably of East Indian origin.] Patchouly camphor (Chemistry) , a substance homologous with and resembling borneol, found in patchouly oil.
1. (Botany) A mintlike plant ( Pogostemon Patchouli ) of the East Indies, yielding an essential oil from which a highly valued perfume is made. 2. The perfume made from this plant.
Patchwork noun Work composed of pieces sewed together, esp. pieces of various colors and figures; hence, anything put together of incongruous or ill-adapted parts; something irregularly clumsily composed; a thing putched up. Swift.
Patchy adjective Full of, or covered with, patches; abounding in patches.
Paté adjective (Her.) See Patté .
[ French pâté
.] 1. A pie. See Patty . 2. (Fort.) A kind of platform with a parapet, usually of an oval form, and generally erected in marshy grounds to cover a gate of a fortified place.
[ Confer LG. & Prov. German pattkopf
, scabby head; patt
, scab + kopf
head.] 1. The head of a person; the top, or crown, of the head.
[ Now generally used in contempt or ridicule.]
His mischief shall return upon his own head, and his violent dealing shall come down upon his own pate . Ps. vii. 16.
Fat paunches have lean pate . Shak. 2. The skin of a calf's head.
Pated adjective Having a pate; -- used only in composition; as, long- pated ; shallow- pated .
Patefaction noun [ Latin patefactio , from patefacere to open; patere to lie open + facere to make.] The act of opening, disclosing, or manifesting; open declaration. Jer. Taylor.
Patela noun [ Hind. patelā .] A large flat-bottomed trading boat peculiar to the river Ganges; -- called also puteli .