Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Latin , from Greek pa`qos
a suffering, passion, from ..., ..., to suffer; confer ... toil, Latin pati
to suffer, English patient
.] That quality or property of anything which touches the feelings or excites emotions and passions, esp., that which awakens tender emotions, such as pity, sorrow, and the like; contagious warmth of feeling, action, or expression; pathetic quality; as, the pathos of a picture, of a poem, or of a cry.
The combination of incident, and the pathos of catastrophe. T. Warton.
1. The quality or character of those emotions, traits, or experiences which are personal, and therefore restricted and evanescent; transitory and idiosyncratic dispositions or feelings as distinguished from those which are universal and deep-seated in character; -- opposed to ethos . 2. Suffering; the enduring of active stress or affliction.
Pathway noun A footpath; a beaten track; any path or course. Also used figuratively. Shak.
In the way of righteousness is life; and in the pathway thereof is no death. Prov. xii. 28.
We tread the pathway arm in arm. Sir W. Scott.
Patible adjective [ Latin patibilis , from pati to suffer.] Sufferable; tolerable; endurable. [ Obsolete] Bailey.
Patibulary adjective [ Latin patibulum a gallows: confer French patibulaire .] Of or pertaining to the gallows, or to execution. [ R.] Carlyle.
Patibulated adjective Hanged on a gallows. [ R.]
[ French patience
, from Latin patientia
. See Patient
.] 1. The state or quality of being patient; the power of suffering with fortitude; uncomplaining endurance of evils or wrongs, as toil, pain, poverty, insult, oppression, calamity, etc.
Strenthened with all might, . . . unto all patience and long-suffering. Col. i. 11.
I must have patience to endure the load. Shak.
Who hath learned lowliness Keble. 2. The act or power of calmly or contentedly waiting for something due or hoped for; forbearance.
From his Lord's cradle, patience from his cross.
Have patience with me, and I will pay thee all. Matt. xviii. 29. 3. Constancy in labor or application; perseverance.
He learned with patience , and with meekness taught. Harte. 4. Sufferance; permission.
[ Obsolete] Hooker.
They stay upon your patience . Shak. 5. (Botany) A kind of dock ( Rumex Patientia ), less common in America than in Europe; monk's rhubarb. 6. (Card Playing) Solitaire. Syn.
implies the quietness or self-possession of one's own spirit under sufferings, provocations, etc.; resignation
implies submission to the will of another. The Stoic may have patience
; the Christian should have both patience
[ French, from Latin patiens
, present participle of pati
to suffer. Confer Pathos
.] 1. Having the quality of enduring; physically able to suffer or bear.
Patient of severest toil and hardship. Bp. Fell. 2. Undergoing pains, trails, or the like, without murmuring or fretfulness; bearing up with equanimity against trouble; long-suffering. 3. Constant in pursuit or exertion; persevering; calmly diligent; as, patient endeavor.
Whatever I have done is due to patient thought. Sir I. Newton. 4. Expectant with calmness, or without discontent; not hasty; not overeager; composed.
Not patient to expect the turns of fate. Prior. 5. Forbearing; long-suffering.
Be patient toward all men. 1 Thess. v. 14.
Patient noun 1. ONe who, or that which, is passively affected; a passive recipient.
Malice is a passion so impetuous and precipitate that often involves the agent and the patient . Gov. of Tongue. 2. A person under medical or surgical treatment; -- correlative to physician or nurse .
Like a physician, . . . seeing his patient in a pestilent fever. Sir P. Sidney. In patient
, a patient who receives lodging and food, as treatment, in a hospital or an infirmary.
-- Out patient
, one who receives advice and medicine, or treatment, from an infirmary.
Patient transitive verb To compose, to calm. [ Obsolete] " Patient yourself, madam." Shak.
Patiently adverb In a patient manner. Cowper.
Patin, Patine noun A plate. See Paten .
"Inlaid with patines
of bright gold." Shak.
[ Italian , from Latin patina
a dish, a pan, a kind of cake. Confer Paten
.] 1. A dish or plate of metal or earthenware; a patella. 2. (Fine Arts) The color or incrustation which age gives to works of art; especially, the green rust which covers ancient bronzes, coins, and medals. Fairholt.
Patio (pä"te*o) noun [ Spanish , a court] (Metal) A paved yard or floor where ores are cleaned and sorted, or where ore, salt, mercury, etc., are trampled by horses, to effect intermixture and amalgamation. » The patio process is used to reduce silver ores by amalgamation.
Patio noun In Spain, Spanish America, etc., a court or courtyard of a house or other building; esp., an inner court open to the sky.
[ French pâtisserie
. See Pate
.] Pastry. Sterne.
Patly adverb Fitly; seasonably. Barrow.
Patness noun Fitness or appropriateness; striking suitableness; convenience.
The description with equal patness may suit both. Barrow.
[ French] A dialect peculiar to the illiterate classes; a provincial form of speech.
The jargon and patois of several provinces. Sir T. Browne.
Patolli noun [ Mex. patolli dice.] An American Indian game analogous to dice, probably originally a method of divination.
[ Confer French patte d'once
paw of an ounce.] (Her.) Having the arms growing broader and floriated toward the end; -- said of a cross. See Illust. 9 of Cross .
Patrial adjective [ Latin patria fatherland, country, from pater father.] (Lat. Gram.) Derived from the name of a country, and designating an inhabitant of the country; gentile; -- said of a noun. -- noun A patrial noun. Thus Romanus , a Roman, and Troas , a woman of Troy, are patrial nouns, or patrials . Andrews.
[ French patriarche
, Latin patriarcha
, Greek ..., from ... lineage, especially on the father's side, race; ... father + ... a leader, chief, from ... to lead, rule. See Father
.] 1. The father and ruler of a family; one who governs his family or descendants by paternal right; -- usually applied to heads of families in ancient history, especially in Biblical and Jewish history to those who lived before the time of Moses. 2. (R. C. Ch. & Greek Ch.) A dignitary superior to the order of archbishops; as, the patriarch of Constantinople, of Alexandria, or of Antioch. 3. A venerable old man; an elder. Also used figuratively.
The patriarch hoary, the sage of his kith and the hamlet. Longfellow.
The monarch oak, the partiarch of trees. Dryde.
[ Confer French patriarcal
.] 1. Of or pertaining to a patriarch or to patriarchs; possessed by, or subject to, patriarchs; as, patriarchal authority or jurisdiction; a patriarchal see; a patriarchal church. 2. Characteristic of a patriarch; venerable.
About whose patriarchal knee Tennyson. 3. (Ethnol.) Having an organization of society and government in which the head of the family exercises authority over all its generations. Patriarchal cross (Her.)
Late the little children clung.
, a cross, the shaft of which is intersected by two transverse beams, the upper one being the smaller. See Illust. (2) of Cross .
-- Patriarchal dispensation
, the divine dispensation under which the patriarchs lived before the law given by Moses.
(p> amac/`trĭ*är"kat) noun
[ Confer French patriarcat
.] 1. The office, dignity, or jurisdiction of a patriarch. Jer. Taylor. 2. The residence of an ecclesiastic patriarch. 3. (Ethnol.) A patriarchal form of government or society. See Patriarchal , adjective , 3.
Patriarchdom noun The office or jurisdiction of a patriarch; patriarchate. [ R.]
Patriarchic adjective [ Latin patriarchicus , Greek ....] Patriarchal.
Patriarchism noun Government by a patriarch, or the head of a family.
Patriarchship noun A patriarchate. Ayliffe.
Patriarchy noun [ Greek ....]
1. The jurisdiction of a patriarch; patriarchship. Brerewood. 2. Government by a patriarch; patriarchism.
[ Latin patricius
, from patres
fathers or senators, plural of pater
: confer French patricien
. See Paternal
.] 1. (Rom. Antiq.) Of or pertaining to the Roman patres (fathers) or senators, or patricians. 2. Of, pertaining to, or appropriate to, a person of high birth; noble; not plebeian.
Born in the patrician file of society. Sir W. Scott.
His horse's hoofs wet with patrician blood. Addison.
Patrician noun [ Latin patricius : confer French patricien .]
1. (Rom. Antiq.) Originally, a member of any of the families constituting the populus Romanus , or body of Roman citizens, before the development of the plebeian order; later, one who, by right of birth or by special privilege conferred, belonged to the nobility. 2. A person of high birth; a nobleman. 3. One familiar with the works of the Christian Fathers; one versed in patristic lore. [ R.] Colridge.
Patricianism noun The rank or character of patricians.
Patriciate noun The patrician class; the aristocracy; also, the office of patriarch. Milman.
Patricidal adjective Of or pertaining to patricide; parricidal.
[ Latin pater
father + caedere
to kill. Confer Parricide
.] 1. The murderer of his father. 2. The crime of one who murders his father. Same as Parricide .
Patrimonial adjective [ Latin patrimonialis : confer French patrimonial .] Of or pertaining to a patrimony; inherited from ancestors; as, a patrimonial estate.
Patrimonially adverb By inheritance.
; plural Patrimonies
. [ Latin patrimonium
, from pater
father: confer French patrimoine
. See Paternal
.] 1. A right or estate inherited from one's father; or, in a larger sense, from any ancestor.
"'Reave the orphan of his patrimony
." Shak. 2. Formerly, a church estate or endowment. Shipley.
[ French patriote
; confer Spanish patriota
, Italian patriotto
; all from Greek ... a fellow-countryman, from ... established by forefathers, from ... father. See Father
.] One who loves his country, and zealously supports its authority and interests. Bp. Hall.
Such tears as patriots shaed for dying laws. Pope.
Patriot adjective Becoming to a patriot; patriotic.
Patriotic adjective [ Confer French patriotique , Greek ... belonging to a fellow-countryman.] Inspired by patriotism; actuated by love of one's country; zealously and unselfishly devoted to the service of one's country; as, a patriotic statesman, vigilance.
Patriotical adjective Patriotic; that pertains to a patriot. -- Pa`tri*ot"ic*al*ly , adverb
Patriotism noun [ Confer French patriotisme .] Love of country; devotion to the welfare of one's country; the virtues and actions of a patriot; the passion which inspires one to serve one's country. Berkley.
Patriots' Day A legal holiday in the States of Massachusetts and Maine, April 19, the anniversary of the battle of Lexington in 1775. It was first observed in 1894. [ U. S.]
Patripassian noun [ Late Latin Patripassiani , plural; Latin pater father + pati , passus , to suffer: confer French patripassiens .] (Eccl. Hist.) One of a body of believers in the early church who denied the independent preëxistent personality of Christ, and who, accordingly, held that the Father suffered in the Son; a monarchian. -- Pa`tri*pas"sian*ism noun
Patrist noun One versed in patristics.
Patristic, Patristical adjective
[ French patristique
. See Paternal
.] Of or pertaining to the Fathers of the Christian church.
The voluminous editor of Jerome anf of tons of patristic theology. I. Taylor.
Patristics noun That departnent of historical theology which treats of the lives and doctrines of the Fathers of the church.
Patrizate intransitive verb [ Latin patrissare , patrizare ;cf. Greek ....] To imitate one's father. [ R.]