Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Paytine noun (Chemistry) An alkaloid obtained from a white bark resembling that of the cinchona, first brought from Payta , in Peru.
[ Old French peis
. See Poise
.] The sliding weight on a steelyard.
[ Written also pee
Pea noun (Nautical) See Peak , noun , 3.
; plural Peas
. [ Middle English pese
, from Anglo-Saxon pisa
, or Old French peis
, French pois
; both from Latin pisum
; confer Greek ..., .... The final s
was misunderstood in English as a plural ending. Confer Pease
.] 1. (Botany) A plant, and its fruit, of the genus Pisum , of many varieties, much cultivated for food. It has a papilionaceous flower, and the pericarp is a legume, popularly called a pod .
» When a definite number, more than one, is spoken of, the plural form peas
is used; as, the pod contained nine peas
; but, in a collective sense, the form pease
is preferred; as, a bushel of pease
; they had pease
at dinner. This distinction is not always preserved, the form peas
being used in both senses. 2. A name given, especially in the Southern States, to the seed of several leguminous plants (species of Dolichos , Cicer , Abrus , etc.) esp. those having a scar ( hilum ) of a different color from the rest of the seed.
» The name pea
is given to many leguminous plants more or less closely related to the common pea. See the Phrases, below. Beach pea (Botany)
, a seashore plant, Lathyrus maritimus .
-- Black-eyed pea
, a West Indian name for Dolichos sphærospermus and its seed.
-- Butterfly pea
, the American plant Clitoria Mariana , having showy blossoms.
-- Chick pea
. See Chick-pea .
-- Egyptian pea
. Same as Chick-pea .
-- Everlasting pea
. See under Everlasting .
-- Glory pea
. See under Glory , noun
-- Hoary pea
, any plant of the genus Tephrosia ; goat's rue.
-- Issue pea
, Orris pea
. (Medicine) See under Issue , and Orris .
-- Milk pea
. (Botany) See under Milk .
-- Pea berry
, a kind of a coffee bean or grain which grows single, and is round or pea-shaped; often used adjectively; as, pea-berry coffee.
-- Pea bug
. (Zoology) Same as Pea weevil .
-- Pea coal
, a size of coal smaller than nut coal.
-- Pea crab (Zoology)
, any small crab of the genus Pinnotheres , living as a commensal in bivalves; esp., the European species ( P. pisum ) which lives in the common mussel and the cockle.
-- Pea dove (Zoology)
, the American ground dove.
-- Pea-flower tribe (Botany)
, a suborder ( Papilionaceæ ) of leguminous plants having blossoms essentially like that of the pea. G. Bentham.
-- Pea maggot (Zoology)
, the larva of a European moth ( Tortrix pisi ), which is very destructive to peas.
-- Pea ore (Min.)
, argillaceous oxide of iron, occurring in round grains of a size of a pea; pisolitic ore.
-- Pea starch
, the starch or flour of the common pea, which is sometimes used in adulterating wheat flour, pepper, etc.
-- Pea tree (Botany)
, the name of several leguminous shrubs of the genus Caragana , natives of Siberia and China.
-- Pea vine
. (Botany) (a) Any plant which bears peas
. (b) A kind of vetch or tare, common in the United States ( Lathyrus Americana , and other similar species).
-- Pea weevil (Zoology)
, a small weevil ( Bruchus pisi ) which destroys peas by eating out the interior.
-- Pigeon pea
. (Botany) See Pigeon pea .
-- Sweet pea (Botany)
, the annual plant Lathyrus odoratus ; also, its many-colored, sweet-scented blossoms.
Pea-jacket noun [ Prob. from Dutch pij , pije , a coat of a coarse woolen stuff.] A thick loose woolen jacket, or coat, much worn by sailors in cold weather.
Peabird noun (Zoology) The wryneck; -- so called from its note. [ Prov. Eng.]
Peabody bird (Zoology) An American sparrow ( Zonotrichia albicollis ) having a conspicuous white throat. The name is imitative of its note. Called also White- throated sparrow .
[ Middle English pees
, Old French pais, paiz, pes, French paix
, Latin pax
, akin to pacere
, to make an agreement, and probably also pangere
to fasten. Confer Appease
to requite.] A state of quiet or tranquillity; freedom from disturbance or agitation; calm; repose
; specifically: (a) Exemption from, or cessation of, war with public enemies. (b) Public quiet, order, and contentment in obedience to law. (c) Exemption from, or subjection of, agitating passions; tranquillity of mind or conscience. (d) Reconciliation; agreement after variance; harmony; concord.
"The eternal love and pees
is sometimes used as an exclamation in commanding silence, quiet, or order. " Peace
! foolish woman." Shak. At peace
, in a state of peace.
-- Breach of the peace
. See under Breach .
-- Justice of the peace
. See under Justice .
-- Peace of God
. (Law) (a) A term used in wills, indictments, etc., as denoting a state of peace and good conduct. (b) (Theol.) The peace of heart which is the gift of God.
-- Peace offering
. (a) (Jewish Antiq.) A voluntary offering to God in token of devout homage and of a sense of friendly communion with Him
. (b) A gift or service offered as satisfaction to an offended person.
-- Peace officer
, a civil officer whose duty it is to preserve the public peace, to prevent riots, etc., as a sheriff or constable.
-- To hold one's peace
, to be silent; to refrain from speaking.
-- To make one's peace with
, to reconcile one with, to plead one's cause with, or to become reconciled with, another.
"I will make your peace
with him." Shak.
Peace transitive verb & i. To make or become quiet; to be silent; to stop.
[ R.] " Peace
your tattlings." Shak.
When the thunder would not peace at my bidding. Shak.
[ Middle English peisible
, French paisible
.] Begin in or at peace; tranquil; quiet; free from, or not disposed to, war, disorder, or excitement; not quarrelsome.
, adverb Syn.
-- Peaceful; pacific; tranquil; quiet; mild; undisturbed; serene; still. -- Peaceable
describes the state of an individual, nation, etc., in reference to external hostility, attack, etc.; peaceful
, in respect to internal disturbance. The former denotes "in the spirit of peace;" latter; "in the possession or enjoyment of peace." A peaceable
adjustment of difficulties; a peaceful
Peacebreaker noun One who disturbs the public peace. -- Peace"break`ing , noun
Peaceful adjective 1. Possessing or enjoying peace; not disturbed by war, tumult, agitation, anxiety, or commotion; quiet; tranquil; as, a peaceful time; a peaceful country; a peaceful end. 2. Not disposed or tending to war, tumult or agitation; pacific; mild; calm; peaceable; as, peaceful words. Syn.
-- See Peaceable
. -- Peace"ful*ly
. -- Peace"ful*ness
Peaceless adjective Without peace; disturbed. Sandys.
Peacemaker noun One who makes peace by reconciling parties that are at variance. Matt. v. 9. -- Peace"mak`ing , noun
Peach transitive verb
[ See Appeach
.] To accuse of crime; to inform against.
[ Obsolete] Foxe.
Peach intransitive verb To turn informer; to betray one's accomplice.
[ Obsolete or Colloq.]
If I be ta'en, I'll peach for this. Shak.
[ Middle English peche
, Old French pesche
, French pêche
, from Late Latin persia
, Latin Persicum
) a Persian apple, a peach. Confer Persian
, and Parsee
.] (Botany) A well-known high-flavored juicy fruit, containing one or two seeds in a hard almond-like endocarp or stone; also, the tree which bears it ( Prunus, or Amygdalus Persica ). In the wild stock the fruit is hard and inedible. Guinea
, or Sierra Leone
, the large edible berry of the Sarcocephalus esculentus , a rubiaceous climbing shrub of west tropical Africa.
-- Palm peach
, the fruit of a Venezuelan palm tree ( Bactris speciosa ).
-- Peach color
, the pale red color of the peach blossom.
-- Peach-tree borer (Zoology)
, the larva of a clearwing moth ( Ægeria, or Sannina, exitiosa ) of the family Ægeriidæ , which is very destructive to peach trees by boring in the wood, usually near the ground; also, the moth itself. See Illust. under Borer .
Peach-colored adjective Of the color of a peach blossom. " Peach-colored satin." Shak.
Peachblow adjective (Ceramics) Of the delicate purplish pink color likened to that of peach blooms; -- applied esp. to a Chinese porcelain, small specimens of which bring great prices in the Western countries.
Peacher noun One who peaches. [ Low] Foxe.
Peachick noun (Zoology) The chicken of the peacock.
Peachy adjective Resembling a peach or peaches.
[ Middle English pecok
in this word is from Anglo-Saxon peá
, peacock, from Latin pavo
, probably of Oriental origin; confer Greek ..., ..., Persian tāus
, Arabic tāwu...s
. See Cock
the bird.] 1. (Zoology) The male of any pheasant of the genus Pavo , of which at least two species are known, native of Southern Asia and the East Indies.
» The upper tail coverts, which are long and capable of erection, are each marked with a black spot bordered by concentric bands of brilliant blue, green, and golden colors. The common domesticated species is Pavo cristatus
. The Javan peacock ( P. muticus
) is more brilliantly colored than the common species. 2. In common usage, the species in general or collectively; a peafowl. Peacock butterfly (Zoology)
, a handsome European butterfly ( Hamadryas Io ) having ocelli like those of peacock.
-- Peacock fish (Zoology)
, the European blue-striped wrasse ( Labrus variegatus ); -- so called on account of its brilliant colors. Called also cook wrasse and cook .
-- Peacock pheasant (Zoology)
, any one of several species of handsome Asiatic pheasants of the genus Polyplectron . They resemble the peacock in color.
1. A famous throne formerly of the kings of Delhi, India, but since 1739, when it was carried off by Nadir Shah, held by the shahs of Persia (later Iran); - - so called from its bearing a fully expanded peacock's tail done in gems.
[ See Peacock
.] (Zoology) The peacock or peahen; any species of Pavo.
Peag noun [ Written also peage , peak , peeke .] [ Prob. of North Amer. Indian origin.] A kind of aboriginal shell money, or wampum, of the Atlantic coast of the United States; -- originally applied only to polished white cylindrical beads.
Peagrit noun (Min.) A coarse pisolitic limestone. See Pisolite .
[ See Peacock
.] (Zoology) The hen or female peafowl.
[ Middle English pek
, Anglo-Saxon peac
, perh of Celtic origin; confer Ir. peac
a sharp- pointed thing. Confer Pike
.] 1. A point; the sharp end or top of anything that terminates in a point; as, the peak , or front, of a cap.
"Run your beard into a peak
." Beau. & Fl. 2. The top, or one of the tops, of a hill, mountain, or range, ending in a point; often, the whole hill or mountain, esp. when isolated; as, the Peak of Teneriffe.
Silent upon a peak in Darien. Keats. 3. (Nautical) (a) The upper aftermost corner of a fore-and-aft sail; -- used in many combinations; as, peak -halyards, peak -brails, etc. (b) The narrow part of a vessel's bow, or the hold within it. (c) The extremity of an anchor fluke; the bill.
[ In the last sense written also pea
.] Fore peak
. (Nautical) See under Fore .
Peak intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Peaked
; present participle & verbal noun Peaking
.] 1. To rise or extend into a peak or point; to form, or appear as, a peak.
There peaketh up a mighty high mount. Holand. 2. To acquire sharpness of figure or features; hence, to look thin or sicky.
, and pine." Shak. 3.
[ Confer Peek
.] To pry; to peep slyly. Shak. Peak arch (Architecture)
, a pointed or Gothic arch.
Peak transitive verb (Nautical) To raise to a position perpendicular, or more nearly so; as, to peak oars, to hold them upright; to peak a gaff or yard, to set it nearer the perpendicular.
1. Pointed; ending in a point; as, a peaked roof. 2. (Oftener ...) Sickly; not robust. [ Colloq.]
1. Mean; sneaking. [ Vulgar] 2. Pining; sickly; peakish. [ Colloq.]
1. Of or relating to a peak; or to peaks; belonging to a mountainous region. "Her peakish spring." Drayton. "His peakish dialect." Bp. Hall. 2. Having peaks; peaked. 3. Having features thin or sharp, as from sickness; hence, sickly. [ Colloq.]
1. Having a peak or peaks. Tennyson. 2. Sickly; peaked. [ Colloq.]
Peal noun [ Etymol. uncertain.] (Zoology) A small salmon; a grilse; a sewin. [ Prov. Eng.]
Peal intransitive verb To appeal. [ Obsolete] Spencer.
[ An abbrev. of French appel
a call, appeal, ruffle of a drum, from appeller
to call, Latin appellare
. See Appeal
.] 1. A loud sound, or a succession of loud sounds, as of bells, thunder, cannon, shouts, of a multitude, etc.
"A fair peal
of artillery." Hayward.
Whether those peals of praise be his or no. Shak.
And a deep thunder, peal on peal , afar. Byron. 2. A set of bells tuned to each other according to the diatonic scale; also, the changes rung on a set of bells. To ring a peal
. See under Ring .
Peal intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Pealed
; present participle & verbal noun Pealing
.] 1. To utter or give out loud sounds.
There let the pealing organ blow. Milton. 2. To resound; to echo.
And the whole air pealed Longfellow.
With the cheers of our men .
Peal transitive verb 1. To utter or give forth loudly; to cause to give out loud sounds; to noise abroad.
The warrior's name, J. Barlow. 2. To assail with noise or loud sounds.
Though pealed and chimed on all the tongues of fame.
Nor was his ear less pealed . Milton. 3. To pour out.
[ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.
Pean noun [ Old French pene , French panne .] (Her.) One of the furs, the ground being sable , and the spots or tufts or .
Pean noun A song of praise and triumph. See Pæan .
Peanism noun [ Greek ..., from ... to chant the pæan.] The song or shout of praise, of battle, or of triumph. [ R.]
Peanut noun (Botany) The fruit of a trailing leguminous plant ( Arachis hypogæa ); also, the plant itself, which is widely cultivated for its fruit. » The fruit is a hard pod, usually containing two or three seeds, sometimes but one, which ripen beneath the soil. Called also earthnut , groundnut , and goober .
Peanut butter A paste made by mixing ground fresh roasted peanuts with a small quantity of water or oil, and used chiefly as a relish on sandwiches, etc.
[ Middle English pere
, Anglo-Saxon peru
, Latin pirum
: confer French poire
. Confer Perry
.] (Botany) The fleshy pome, or fruit, of a rosaceous tree ( Pyrus communis ), cultivated in many varieties in temperate climates; also, the tree which bears this fruit. See Pear family , below. Pear blight
. (a) (Botany) A name of two distinct diseases of pear trees, both causing a destruction of the branches, viz., that caused by a minute insect ( Xyleborus pyri ), and that caused by the freezing of the sap in winter. A. J. Downing. (b) (Zoology) A very small beetle ( Xyleborus pyri ) whose larvæ bore in the twigs of pear trees and cause them to wither.
-- Pear family (Botany)
, a suborder of rosaceous plants ( Pomeæ ), characterized by the calyx tube becoming fleshy in fruit, and, combined with the ovaries, forming a pome. It includes the apple, pear, quince, service berry, and hawthorn.
-- Pear gauge (Physics)
, a kind of gauge for measuring the exhaustion of an air-pump receiver; -- so called because consisting in part of a pear-shaped glass vessel.
-- Pear shell (Zoology)
, any marine gastropod shell of the genus Pyrula , native of tropical seas; -- so called from the shape.
-- Pear slug (Zoology)
, the larva of a sawfly which is very injurious to the foliage of the pear tree.
[ Obsolete] See Perch .