Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Pecker noun 1. One who, or that which, pecks; specif., a bird that pecks holes in trees; a woodpecker. 2. An instrument for pecking; a pick. Garth. Flower pecker
. (Zoology) See under Flower .
Peckish adjective Inclined to eat; hungry. [ Colloq.] "When shall I feel peckish again?" Beaconsfield.
Peckled adjective Speckled; spotted. [ Obsolete]
Pecopteris noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... to comb + ... a kind of fern.] (Paleon.) An extensive genus of fossil ferns; -- so named from the regular comblike arrangement of the leaflets.
Pecora noun plural
[ New Latin , from Latin pecus
. See Pecuniary
.] (Zoology) An extensive division of ruminants, including the antelopes, deer, and cattle.
Pectate noun (Chemistry) A salt of pectic acid.
[ Latin pecten
, - inis
, a comb, a kind of shellfish. See Pectinate
.] 1. (Anat.) (a) A vascular pigmented membrane projecting into the vitreous humor within the globe of the eye in birds, and in many reptiles and fishes; -- also called marsupium . (b) The pubic bone. 2. (Zoology) Any species of bivalve mollusks of the genus Pecten , and numerous allied genera (family Pectinidæ ); a scallop. See Scallop . 3. (Zoology) The comb of a scorpion. See Comb , 4 (b) .
Pectic adjective [ Greek ... curdled.] (Chemistry) Of or pertaining to pectin; specifically, designating an acid obtained from ordinary vegetable jelly (pectin) as an amorphous substance, tough and horny when dry, but gelatinous when moist.
Pectin noun [ Greek ... curdled, congealed, from ... to make fast or stiff: confer French pectine .] (Chemistry) One of a series of carbohydrates, commonly called vegetable jelly , found very widely distributed in the vegetable kingdom, especially in ripe fleshy fruits, as apples, cranberries, etc. It is extracted as variously colored, translucent substances, which are soluble in hot water but become viscous on cooling.
[ Latin pecten
comb. See Pectinate
.] Of or pertaining to a comb; resembling a comb.
Pectinal noun A fish whose bone... resemble comb teeth. Sir T. Browne.
Pectinate, Pectinated adjective
[ Latin pectinatus
, present participle of pectinare
to comb, from pecten
, a comb; confer Greek ... to comb, Anglo-Saxon feax
hair, Old High German fahs
, English paxwax
.] 1. Resembling the teeth of a comb. 2. (Nat. Hist.) Having very narrow, close divisions, in arrangement and regularity resembling those of a comb; comblike; as, a pectinate leaf; pectinated muscles. See Illust. (e) of Antennæ . 3. Interlaced, like two combs.
[ R.] "Our fingers pectinated
, or shut together." Sir T. Browne. Pectinate claw (Zoology)
, a claw having a serrate edge, found in some birds, and supposed to be used in cleaning the feathers.
Pectinately adverb In a pectinate manner.
1. The state of being pectinated; that which is pectinated. Sir T. Browne. 2. The act of combing; the combing of the head. 3. (Nat. Hist.) Comblike toothing.
[ See Pecten
.] (Anat.) (a) Of or pertaining to the pecten. (b) Relating to, or connected with, the pubic bone.
Pectinibranch noun (Zoology) One of the Pectinibranchiata. Also used adjectively.
Pectinibranchiata noun plural
[ New Latin See Pecten
, and Branchia
.] (Zoology) A division of Gastropoda, including those that have a comblike gill upon the neck.
Pectinibranchiate adjective [ Latin pecten , -inis , a comb + English branchiate .] (Zoology) Having pectinated gills.
Pectiniform adjective Comblike in form.
Pectize intransitive verb [ Greek ... solid.] To congeal; to change into a gelatinous mass. [ R.] H. Spencer.
Pectolite noun [ Latin pecten a comb + -lite .] (Min.) A whitish mineral occurring in radiated or fibrous crystalline masses. It is a hydrous silicate of lime and soda.
[ Latin pectoralis
, from pectus
the breast; confer French pectoral
.] 1. Of or pertaining to the breast, or chest; as, the pectoral muscles. 2. Relating to, or good for, diseases of the chest or lungs; as, a pectoral remedy. 3. (Zoology) Having the breast conspicuously colored; as, the pectoral sandpiper. Pectoral arch
, or Pectoral girdle (Anat.)
, the two or more bony or cartilaginous pieces of the vertebrate skeleton to which the fore limbs are articulated; the shoulder girdle. In man it consists of two bones, the scapula and clavicle, on each side.
-- Pectorial cross (Eccl.)
, a cross worn on the breast by bishops and abbots, and sometimes also by canons.
- - Pectorial
fins, or Pectorials (Zoology)
, fins situated on the sides, behind the gills. See Illust. under Fin .
-- Pectorial rail
. (Zoology) See Land rail (b) under Land .
-- Pectorial sandpiper (Zoology)
, the jacksnipe (b) .
Pectoral noun [ Latin pectorale a breastplate, neut. of pectorials .]
1. A covering or protecting for the breast. 2. (Eccl.) (a) A breastplate, esp. that worn by the Jewish high person. (b) A clasp or a cross worn on the breast. 3. A medicine for diseases of the chest organs, especially the lungs.
Pectorally adverb As connected with the breast.
Pectoriloquial adjective [ Confer French pectoriloque .] Pertaining to, or of the nature of, pectoriloquy.
Pectoriloquism noun Pectoriloquy.
Pectoriloquous adjective Pectoriloquial.
Pectoriloquy noun [ Latin pectus , -oris , the breast + loqui to speak: confer French pectoriloquie .] (Medicine) The distinct articulation of the sounds of a patient's voice, heard on applying the ear to the chest in auscultation. It usually indicates some morbid change in the lungs or pleural cavity.
Pectose noun [ Pect ic + cellul ose .] (Chemistry) An amorphous carbohydrate found in the vegetable kingdom, esp. in unripe fruits. It is associated with cellulose, and is converted into substances of the pectin group.
Pectosic adjective (Chemistry) Of, pertaining to, resembling, or derived from, pectose; specifically, designating an acid supposed to constitute largely ordinary pectin or vegetable jelly.
Pectostraca noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... fixed + ... shell of a testacean.] (Zoology) A degenerate order of Crustacea, including the Rhizocephala and Cirripedia.
Pectous adjective (Chemistry) Of, pertaining to, or consisting of, pectose.
; plural Pectora
. [ Latin , the breast.] (Zoology) The breast of a bird.
Peculate intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Peculated
; present participle & verbal noun Peculating
.] [ Latin peculatus
, past participle of peculari
to peculate, akin to peculium
private property. See Peculiar
.] To appropriate to one's own use the property of the public; to steal public moneys intrusted to one's care; to embezzle.
An oppressive, . . . rapacious, and peculating despotism. Burke.
Peculation noun The act or practice of peculating, or of defrauding the public by appropriating to one's own use the money or goods intrusted to one's care for management or disbursement; embezzlement.
Every British subject . . . active in the discovery of peculations has been ruined. Burke.
Peculator noun [ Latin ] One who peculates. " Peculators of the public gold." Cowper.
[ Latin peculiaris
, from peculium
private property, akin to pecunia
money: confer Old French peculier
. See Pecuniary
.] 1. One's own; belonging solely or especially to an individual; not possessed by others; of private, personal, or characteristic possession and use; not owned in common or in participation.
And purify unto himself a peculiar people. Titus ii. 14.
Hymns . . . that Christianity hath peculiar unto itself. Hooker. 2. Particular; individual; special; appropriate.
While each peculiar power forgoes his wonted seat. Milton.
My fate is Juno's most peculiar care. Dryden. 3. Unusual; singular; rare; strange; as, the sky had a peculiar appearance. Syn.
is from the Roman peculium
, which was a thing emphatically and distinctively one's own, and hence was dear. The former sense always belongs to peculiar
(as, a peculiar
manners, etc.), and usually so much of the latter as to involve feelings of interest; as, peculiar
care, watchfulness, satisfaction, etc. Nothing of this kind belongs to special
. They mark simply the relation of species
, and denote that there is something in this case more than ordinary; as, a special
act of Congress; especial
Beauty, which, either walking or asleep, Milton.
Shot forth peculiar graces.
For naught so vile that on the earth doth live, Shak.
But to the earth some special good doth give.
Peculiar noun 1. That which is peculiar; a sole or exclusive property; a prerogative; a characteristic.
Revenge is . . . the peculiar of Heaven. South. 2. (Eng. Canon Law) A particular parish or church which is exempt from the jurisdiction of the ordinary. Court of Peculiars (Eng. Law)
, a branch of the Court of Arches having cognizance of the affairs of peculiars. Blackstone.
-- Dean of peculiars
. See under Dean , 1.
; plural Peculiarities 1. The quality or state of being peculiar; individuality; singularity. Swift. 2. That which is peculiar; a special and distinctive characteristic or habit; particularity.
The smallest peculiarity of temper on manner. Macaulay. 3. Exclusive possession or right.
[ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.
Peculiarize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Pecularized
; present participle & verbal noun Pecularizing
.] To make peculiar; to set appart or assign, as an exclusive possession.
[ R.] Dr. John Smith.
Peculiarly adverb In a peculiar manner; particulary; in a rare and striking degree; unusually.
Peculiarness noun The quality or state of being peculiar; peculiarity. Mede.
[ Latin See Peculiar
.] 1. (Rom. Law) The saving of a son or a slave with the father's or master's consent; a little property or stock of one's own; any exclusive personal or separate property. Burrill. 2. A special fund for private and personal uses.
A slight peculium only subtracted to supply his snuff box and tobacco pouch. Sir W. Scott.
Pecunial adjective Pecuniary. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Pecuniarily adverb In a pecuniary manner; as regards money.
[ Latin pecuniarius
, from pecunia
money, orig., property in cattle, from pecus
cattle: confer French pécuniaire
. See Fee
, and confer Peculiar
.] 1. Relating to money; monetary; as, a pecuniary penalty; a pecuniary reward. Burke.
Pecunious adjective [ Latin pecuniosus , from pecunia : confer French pécunieux .] Abounding in money; wealthy; rich. [ Obsolete] Sherwood.
[ Middle English See Peddler
.] A basket; a hammer; a pannier.
[ Obsolete] Halliwell.
[ Late Latin pedagium
, for pedaticum
. See Paage
.] A toll or tax paid by passengers, entitling them to safe-conduct and protection.
[ Obsolete] Spelman.