Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ See 2d Pell
.] A customs duty on skins of leather.
Pellagra (pĕl"lȧ*grȧ) noun (Medicine) An erythematous affection of the skin, with severe constitutional and nervous symptoms, endemic in Northern Italy.
Pellagrin noun One who is afficted with pellagra. Chambers's Encyc.
Pellagrous adjective [ Italian pellagroso : confer French pellagreux .] (Medicine) Pertaining to, or affected with, or attendant on, pellagra; as, pellagrous insanity.
[ French pelote
, Late Latin pelota
, from Latin pila
a ball. Confer Platoon
.] 1. A little ball; as, a pellet of wax ... paper. 2. A bullet; a ball for firearms.
[ Obsolete] Bacon.
As swift as a pellet out of a gun. Chaucer. Pellet molding (Architecture)
, a narrow band ornamented with smalt, flat disks.
Pellet v..... To form into small balls. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Pelleted adjective Made of, or like, pellets; furnished with pellets. [ R.] "This pelleted storm." Shak.
Pellibranchiata noun plural [ New Latin , from pellis garment + branchia a gill.] (Zoology) A division of Nudibranchiata, in which the mantle itself serves as a gill.
Pellicle noun [ Latin pellicu...a , dim. of pellis skin: confer French pellicule .]
1. A thin skin or film. 2. (Chemistry) A thin film formed on the surface of an evaporating solution.
Pellicular adjective Of or pertaining to a pellicle. Henslow.
Pellile noun (Zoology) The redshank; -- so called from its note. [ Prov. Eng.]
[ Middle English paritorie
, Old French paritoire
, French pariétaire
; (cf. Italian & Spanish parietaria
), Latin parietaria
the parietary, or pellitory, the wall plant, from parietarus
belonging to the walls, from paries
a wall. Confer Parietary
.] (Botany) The common name of the several species of the genus Parietaria , low, harmless weeds of the Nettle family; -- also called wall pellitory , and lichwort .
» Parietaria officinalis
is common on old walls in Europe; P. pennsylvanica
is found in the United States; and six or seven more species are found near the Mediterranean, or in the Orient.
[ Spanish pelitre
, from Latin pyrethrum
. See Bertram
.] (Botany) (a) A composite plant ( Anacyclus Pyrethrum ) of the Mediterranean region, having finely divided leaves and whitish flowers. The root is the officinal pellitory, and is used as an irritant and sialogogue. Called also bertram , and pellitory of Spain . (b) The feverfew ( Chrysanthemum Parthenium ); -- so called because it resembles the above.
[ French pêle- mêle
, probably from pelle
a shovel + mêler
to mix, as when different kinds of grain are heaped up and mixed with a shovel. See Pell
.] In utter confusion; with confused violence.
"Men, horses, chariots, crowded pellmell
[ Latin pellucidus
) + lucidus
clear, bright: confer French pellucide
.] Transparent; clear; limpid; translucent; not opaque.
crystal." Dr. H. More.
Pellucidity, Pellucidness noun [ Latin pellucid itas.] The quality or state of being pellucid; transparency; translucency; clearness; as, the pellucidity of the air. Locke.
Pellucidly adverb In a pellucid manner.
; plural Pelmata
. [ New Latin , from Greek ....] (Zoology) The under surface of the foot.
Pelopium noun [ New Latin , from Latin Pelops , brother of Niobe, Greek ....] (Chemistry) A supposed new metal found in columbite, afterwards shown to be identical with columbium, or niobium.
Peloponnesian adjective [ Latin Peloponnesius , from Peloponnesus , Greek ..., lit., the Island of Pelops; ..., ..., Pelops + ... an island.] Of or pertaining to the Peloponnesus, or southern peninsula of Greece. -- noun A native or an inhabitant of the Peloponnesus.
Peloria noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... monstrous.] (Botany) Abnormal regularity; the state of certain flowers, which, being naturally irregular, have become regular through a symmetrical repetition of the special irregularity.
Peloric adjective (Botany) Abnormally regular or symmetrical. Darwin.
Pelorus noun [ After Pelorus , said to have been Hannibal's pilot when he left Italy.] (Navig.) An instrument similar to a mariner's compass, but without magnetic needles, and having two sight vanes by which bearings are taken, esp. such as cannot be taken by the compass.
Pelota noun [ Spanish , lit., ball.] A Basque, Spanish, and Spanish-American game played in a court, in which a ball is struck with a wickerwork racket.
Pelotage noun [ French] Packs or bales of Spanish wool.
[ Confer German pelz
a pelt, fur, from Old French pelice
, French pelisse
); or perhaps shortened from peltry
.] 1. The skin of a beast with the hair on; a raw or undressed hide; a skin preserved with the hairy or woolly covering on it. See 4th Fell . Sir T. Browne.
Raw pelts clapped about them for their clothes. Fuller. 2. The human skin.
[ Jocose] Dryden. 3. (Falconry) The body of any quarry killed by the hawk. Pelt rot
, a disease affecting the hair or wool of a beast.
Pelt transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Pelted
; present participle & verbal noun Pelting
.] [ Middle English pelten
, to thrust, throw, strike; confer Latin pultare
, equiv. to pulsare
(v. freq. from pellere
to drive), and English pulse
a beating.] 1. To strike with something thrown or driven; to assail with pellets or missiles, as, to pelt with stones; pelted with hail.
The children billows seem to pelt the clouds. Shak. 2. To throw; to use as a missile.
My Phillis me with pelted apples plies. Dryden.
Pelt intransitive verb 1. To throw missiles. Shak. 2. To throw out words.
Another smothered seems to pelt and swear. Shak.
Pelt noun A blow or stroke from something thrown.
; plural Peltæ
. [ Latin , a shield, from Greek ....] 1. (Antiq.) A small shield, especially one of an approximately elliptic form, or crescent-shaped. 2. (Botany) A flat apothecium having no rim.
Peltate, Peltated adjective
[ Confer French pelté
. See Pelta
.] Shield-shaped; scutiform; (Botany) having the stem or support attached to the lower surface, instead of at the base or margin; -- said of a leaf or other organ.
-- Pel"tate*ly adverb
Pelter noun One who pelts.
Pelter noun A pinchpenny; a mean, sordid person; a miser; a skinflint. [ Obsolete] "Let such pelters prate." Gascoigne.
Peltier effect [ After Jean C. A. Peltier , French physicist, the discoverer.] (Electricity) The production or absorption of heat at the junction of two metals on the passage of a current. Heat generated by the passage of the current in one direction will be absorbed if the current is reversed.
Peltier's cross (Electricity) A cross formed of two strips of different metals, to illustrate the Peltier effect.
Peltiform adjective [ Pelta + - form .] Shieldlike, with the outline nearly circular; peltate. Henslow.
Pelting adjective Mean; paltry. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Pelton wheel (Mech.) A form of impulse turbine or water wheel, consisting of a row of double cup-shaped buckets arranged round the rim of a wheel and actuated by one or more jets of water playing into the cups at high velocity.
[ French pelleterie
peltry, furriery, from pelletier
a furrier, from Old French pel
skin, French peau
, Latin pelis
. See Pelt
a skin, Pell
a skin.] Pelts or skins, collectively; skins with the fur on them; furs.
Peltryware noun Peltry. [ Obsolete]
Peludo noun [ Spanish peludo hairy.] (Zoology) The South American hairy armadillo ( Dasypus villosus ).
Pelure noun [ French, lit., peel, from peler to peel.] A crisp, hard, thin paper, sometimes used for postage stamps.
Pelusiac adjective [ Latin Pelusiacus .] Of or pertaining to Pelusium, an ancient city of Egypt; as, the Pelusiac (or former eastern) outlet of the Nile.
Pelvic adjective Of, pertaining to, or in the region of, the pelvis; as, pelvic cellulitis. Pelvic arch
, or Pelvic girdle (Anat.)
, the two or more bony or cartilaginous pieces of the vertebrate skeleton to which the hind limbs are articulated. When fully ossified, the arch usually consists of three principal bones on each side, the ilium, ischium, and pubis, which are often closely united in the adult, forming the innominate bone. See Innominate bone , under Innominate .
Pelvimeter noun [ Pelvis + -meter .: confer French pelvimètre .] An instrument for measuring the dimensions of the pelvis. Coxe.
Pelvimetry noun [ Pelvis + -metry .] (Medicine) The measurement of the pelvis.
[ Latin , a basin, laver; confer Greek ..., ..., bowl.] 1. (Anat.) The pelvic arch, or the pelvic arch together with the sacrum. See Pelvic arch , under Pelvic , and Sacrum . 2. (Zoology) The calyx of a crinoid. Pelvis of the kidney (Anat.)
, the basinlike cavity into which the ureter expands as it joins the kidney.
[ From Pembroke
, a town and shire in Wales.] A style of four-legged table in vogue in England, chiefly in the later Georgian period.
The characteristic which gives a table the name of Pembroke consists in the drop leaves, which are held up, when the table is open, by brackets which turn under the top. F. C. Morse.