Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Pegging noun The act or process of fastening with pegs.
Pegm noun [ Latin pegma a movable stage, Greek ..., orig., a framework.] A sort of moving machine employed in the old pageants. [ Obsolete] B. Jonson.
[ From Greek ... something fastened together, in allusion to the quartz and feldspar in graphic granite: confer French pegmatite
. See Pegm
.] (Min.) (a) Graphic granite. See under Granite . (b) More generally, a coarse granite occurring as vein material in other rocks.
Pegmatitic adjective (Min.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, pegmatite; as, the pegmatic structure of certain rocks resembling graphic granite.
Pegmatoid adjective [ Pegmat ite + -oid .] (Min.) Resembling pegmatite; pegmatic.
Pegomancy noun [ Greek phgh` fountain + -mancy .] Divination by fountains. [ R.]
Pehlevi noun [ Parsee Pahlavi .] An ancient Persian dialect in which words were partly represented by their Semitic equivalents. It was in use from the 3d century (and perhaps earlier) to the middle of the 7th century, and later in religious writings. [ Written also Pahlavi .]
[ French, from peigner
to comb, Latin pectinare
. See Pectinate
.] A woman's loose dressing sack; hence, a loose morning gown or wrapper.
Peirameter noun [ Greek ... a trail + -meter .] A dynamometer for measuring the force required to draw wheel carriages on roads of different constructions. G. Francis.
Peirastic adjective [ Greek ..., from ... to try, from ... a trail.] Fitted for trail or test; experimental; tentative; treating of attempts.
[ See Poise
.] A weight; a poise.
[ Obsolete] "To weigh pence with a peise
." Piers Plowman.
Peise transitive verb To poise or weight.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Lest leaden slumber peise me down. Shak.
Peitrel noun (Anc. Armor) See Peytrel .
Pejorative adjective [ French péjoratif , from Latin pejor , used as compar. of malus evil.] Implying or imputing evil; depreciatory; disparaging; unfavorable.
[ French pekan
.] (Zoology) See Fisher , 2.
Pekoe noun [ Chin. pih-hoau : confer French pekoë ] A kind of black tea. [ Written also pecco .]
Pela noun (Zoology) See Wax insect , under Wax .
Pelage noun [ French pelage , from Latin pilus hair.] (Zoology) The covering, or coat, of a mammal, whether of wool, fur, or hair.
Pelagian adjective [ Latin pelagius , Greek ..., from ... the sea: confer French pélagien .] Of or pertaining to the sea; marine; pelagic; as, pelagian shells.
Pelagian noun [ Latin Pelagianus : confer French pélagien .] (Eccl. Hist.) A follower of Pelagius , a British monk, born in the later part of the 4th century, who denied the doctrines of hereditary sin, of the connection between sin and death, and of conversion through grace.
Pelagian adjective [ Confer French pélagien .] Of or pertaining to Pelagius, or to his doctrines.
Pelagianism noun [ Confer French pélagianisme .] The doctrines of Pelagius.
Pelagic adjective [ Latin pelagicus .] Of or pertaining to the ocean; -- applied especially to animals that live at the surface of the ocean, away from the coast.
Pelargonic adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or designating, an organic acid (called also nonoic acid ) found in the leaves of the geranium ( Pelargonium ) and allied plants.
[ New Latin , from Greek ... a stork.] (Botany) A large genus of plants of the order Geraniaceæ , differing from Geranium in having a spurred calyx and an irregular corolla.
» About one hundred and seventy species are known, nearly all of them natives of South Africa, and many having very beautiful blossoms. See the Note under Geranium
Pelasgian, Pelasgic adjective [ Latin Pelasgus , Greek ... a Pelasgian.]
1. Of or pertaining to the Pelasgians, an ancient people of Greece, of roving habits. 2. (Zoology) Wandering.
Pele's hair [ After a Hawaiian goddess associated with the crater Kilauea.] Glass threads or fibers formed by the wind from bits blown from frothy lava or from the tips of lava jets or from bits of liquid lava thrown into the air. It often collects in thick masses resembling tow.
Pelecan noun (Zoology) See Pelican .
Pelecaniformes noun plural
[ New Latin See Pelican
, and -form
.] (Zoology) Those birds that are related to the pelican; the Totipalmi.
Pelecoid noun [ Greek ... a hatchet + -oid .] (Geom.) A figure, somewhat hatched-shaped, bounded by a semicircle and two inverted quadrants, and equal in area to the square ABCD inclosed by the chords of the four quadrants. [ Written also pelicoid .] Math. Dict.
Pelecypoda noun plural
[ New Latin , from Greek ... a hatchet + -poda
.] (Zoology) Same as Lamellibranchia .
Pelegrine adjective See Peregrine .
[ French pèlerine
a tippet, from pèlerin
a pilgrim, from Latin peregrinus
foreign, alien. See Pilgrim
.] A woman's cape; especially, a fur cape that is longer in front than behind.
[ Middle English pelfir
booty, Old French pelfre
, akin to pelfrer
to plunder, and perhaps to English pillage
. Confer Pilfer
.] Money; riches; lucre; gain; -- generally conveying the idea of something ill-gotten or worthless. It has no plural.
Can their pelf prosper, not got by valor or industry? Fuller.
Pelfish adjective Of or pertaining to pelf. Stanyhurst.
Pelfray, Pelfry noun Pelf; also, figuratively, rubbish; trash. [ Obsolete] Cranmer.
[ French pélican
, Latin pelicanus
, Greek ..., ..., ..., the woodpecker, and also a water bird of the pelican kind, from ... to hew with an ax, akin to Sanskrit paraçu
.] [ Written also pelecan
.] 1. (Zoology) Any large webfooted bird of the genus Pelecanus , of which about a dozen species are known. They have an enormous bill, to the lower edge of which is attached a pouch in which captured fishes are temporarily stored.
» The American white pelican ( Pelecanus erythrorhynchos
) and the brown species ( P. fuscus
) are abundant on the Florida coast in winter, but breed about the lakes in the Rocky Mountains and British America. 2. (Old Chem.) A retort or still having a curved tube or tubes leading back from the head to the body for continuous condensation and redistillation.
» The principle is still employed in certain modern forms of distilling apparatus. Frigate pelican (Zoology)
, the frigate bird. See under Frigate .
-- Pelican fish (Zoology)
, deep-sea fish ( Eurypharynx pelecanoides ) of the order Lyomeri , remarkable for the enormous development of the jaws, which support a large gular pouch.
-- Pelican flower (Botany)
, the very large and curiously shaped blossom of a climbing plant ( Aristolochia grandiflora ) of the West Indies; also, the plant itself.
-- Pelican ibis (Zoology)
, a large Asiatic wood ibis ( Tantalus leucocephalus ). The head and throat are destitute of feathers; the plumage is white, with the quills and the tail greenish black.
-- Pelican in her piety
(in heraldry and symbolical art), a representation of a pelican in the act of wounding her breast in order to nourish her young with her blood; -- a practice fabulously attributed to the bird, on account of which it was adopted as a symbol of the Redeemer, and of charity.
-- Pelican's foot (Zoology)
, a marine gastropod shell of the genus Aporrhais , esp. Aporrhais pes-pelicani of Europe.
Pelican State Louisiana; -- a nickname alluding to the device on its seal.
Pelick noun (Zoology) The American coot ( Fulica ).
Pelicosauria noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... a wooden bowl (but taken to mean, pelvis) + ... a lizard.] (Paleon.) A suborder of Theromorpha, including terrestrial reptiles from the Permian formation.
[ See Pelioma
.] (Min.) A variety of iolite, of a smoky blue color; pelioma.
[ New Latin , from Greek ..., from ... livid.] 1. (Medicine) A livid ecchymosis. 2. (Min.) See Peliom .
[ French, from Latin pelliceus
, made of skins, from pellis
a skin. Confer Pelt
, and see 2d Pell
.] An outer garment for men or women, originally of fur, or lined with fur; a lady's outer garment, made of silk or other fabric.
Pelisse noun A lady's or child's long outer garment, of silk or other fabric.
Pell transitive verb
[ Confer Pelt
, transitive verb
] To pelt; to knock about.
[ Obsolete] Holland.
[ Old French pel
, French peau
, Latin pellis
a skin. See Fell
a skin.] 1. A skin or hide; a pelt. 2. A roll of parchment; a parchment record. Clerk of the pells
, formerly, an officer of the exchequer who entered accounts on certain parchment rolls, called pell rolls .
[ Confer Gael. Peileag
.] (Zoology) A porpoise.