Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Patella noun ; plural Patellæ . [ Latin , a small pan, the kneepan, dim. of patina , patena , a pan, dish.]
1. A small dish, pan, or vase.

2. (Anat.) The kneepan; the cap of the knee.

3. (Zoology) A genus of marine gastropods, including many species of limpets. The shell has the form of a flattened cone. The common European limpet ( Patella vulgata ) is largely used for food.

4. (Botany) A kind of apothecium in lichens, which is orbicular, flat, and sessile, and has a special rim not a part of the thallus.

Patellar adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the patella, or kneepan.

Patelliform adjective [ Patella + form : confer French pattelliforme .]
1. Having the form of a patella.

2. (Zoology) Resembling a limpet of the genus Patella.

Patellula noun ; plural Patellulæ . [ New Latin , dim. of Latin patella . See Patella .] (Zoology) A cuplike sucker on the feet of certain insects.

Paten noun [ Late Latin patina , patena , from Latin patina , patena , a pan; confer Latin patere to be open, English patent , and Greek ... a kind of flat dish: confer French patène . Confer Patina .]
1. A plate. [ Obsolete]

2. (Eccl.) The place on which the consecrated bread is placed in the Eucharist, or on which the host is placed during the Mass. It is usually small, and formed as to fit the chalice, or cup, as a cover.

[ Written also patin , patine .]

Patena noun [ Late Latin ] (Eccl.) A paten.

Patena noun [ Confer Portuguese patena a paten.] A grassy expanse in the hill region of Ceylon.

Patency noun [ See Patent .]
1. The condition of being open, enlarged, or spread.

2. The state of being patent or evident.

Patent (păt" e nt or pāt" e nt) adjective [ Latin patens , -entis , present participle of patere to be open: confer French patent . Confer Fathom .]
1. ( Oftener pronounced pāt" e nt in this sense ) Open; expanded; evident; apparent; unconcealed; manifest; public; conspicuous.

He had received instructions, both patent and secret.

2. Open to public perusal; -- said of a document conferring some right or privilege; as, letters patent . See Letters patent , under 3d Letter .

3. Appropriated or protected by letters patent; secured by official authority to the exclusive possession, control, and disposal of some person or party; patented; as, a patent right; patent medicines.

Madder . . . in King Charles the First's time, was made a patent commodity.

4. (Botany) Spreading; forming a nearly right angle with the steam or branch; as, a patent leaf.

Patent leather , a varnished or lacquered leather, used for boots and shoes, and in carriage and harness work. -- Patent office , a government bureau for the examination of inventions and the granting of patents. -- Patent right . (a) The exclusive right to an invention, and the control of its manufacture . (b) (Law) The right, granted by the sovereign, of exclusive control of some business of manufacture, or of the sale of certain articles, or of certain offices or prerogatives. -- Patent rolls , the registers, or records, of patents.

Patent noun [ Confer French patente . See Patent , adjective ]
1. A letter patent, or letters patent; an official document, issued by a sovereign power, conferring a right or privilege on some person or party. Specifically: (a) A writing securing to an invention. (b) A document making a grant and conveyance of public lands.

Four other gentlemen of quality remained mentioned in that patent .

» In the United States, by the act of 1870, patents for inventions are issued for seventeen years, without the privilege of renewal except by act of Congress.

2. The right or privilege conferred by such a document; hence, figuratively, a right, privilege, or license of the nature of a patent.

If you are so fond over her iniquity, give her patent to offend.

Patent transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Patented ; present participle & verbal noun Patenting .] To grant by patent; to make the subject of a patent; to secure or protect by patent; as, to patent an invention; to patent public lands.

Patent-hammered adjective (Stone Cutting) Having a surface dressed by cutting with a hammer the head of which consists of broad thin chisels clamped together.

Patentable adjective Suitable to be patented; capable of being patented.

Patentee noun One to whom a grant is made, or a privilege secured, by patent. Bacon.

Patently adverb Openly; evidently.

Patera noun ; plural Pateræ [ Latin , from patere to lie open.]
1. A saucerlike vessel of earthenware or metal, used by the Greeks and Romans in libations and sacrificies.

2. (Architecture) A circular ornament, resembling a dish, often worked in relief on friezes, and the like.

Paterero noun See Pederero . [ Obsolete]

Paterfamilias noun ; plural Pateresfamilias . [ Latin , from pater father + familias , gen. of familia family.] (Rom. Law) The head of a family; in a large sense, the proprietor of an estate; one who is his own master.

Paternal adjective [ Latin paternus , from pater a father: confer French paternel . See Father .]
1. Of or pertaining to a father; fatherly; showing the disposition of a father; guiding or instructing as a father; as, paternal care. "Under paternal rule." Milton.

2. Received or derived from a father; hereditary; as, a paternal estate.

Their small paternal field of corn.

Paternal government (Polit. Science) , the assumption by the governing power of a quasi-fatherly relation to the people, involving strict and intimate supervision of their business and social concerns, upon the theory that they are incapable of managing their own afffairs.

Paternalism noun (Polit. Science) The theory or practice of paternal government. See Paternal government , under Paternal . London Times.

Paternally adverb In a paternal manner.

Paternity noun [ Latin paternitas : confer French paternité . See Paternal .]
1. The relation of a father to his child; fathership; fatherhood; family headship; as, the divine paternity .

The world, while it had scarcity of people, underwent no other dominion than paternity and eldership.
Sir W. Raleigh.

2. Derivation or descent from a father; male parentage; as, the paternity of a child.

3. Origin; authorship.

The paternity of these novels was . . . disputed.
Sir W. Scott.

Paternoster noun [ Latin , Our Father.]
1. The Lord's prayer, so called from the first two words of the Latin version.

2. (Architecture) A beadlike ornament in moldings.

3. (Angling) A line with a row of hooks and bead...shaped sinkers.

Paternoster pump , Paternoster wheel , a chain pump; a noria. -- Paternoster while , the space of time required for repeating a paternoster. Udall.

Paternoster noun (Mining) An elevator of an inclined endless traveling chain or belt bearing buckets or shelves which ascend on one side loaded, and empty themselves at the top.

Patesi noun [ Assyrian.] (Babylonian Antiq.) A religious as well as a secular designation applied to rulers of some of the city states of ancient Chaldea, as Lagash or Shirpurla, who were conceived to be direct representatives of the tutelary god of the place.

Path (pȧth) noun ; plural Paths (pȧ&thlig;z). [ As. pæð , pað ; akin to Dutch pad , German pfad , of uncertain origin; confer Greek pa`tos , Sanskrit patha , path . √21.]
1. A trodden way; a footway.

The dewy paths of meadows we will tread.

2. A way, course, or track, in which anything moves or has moved; route; passage; an established way; as, the path of a meteor, of a caravan, of a storm, of a pestilence. Also used figuratively, of a course of life or action.

All the paths of the Lord are mercy and truth.
Ps. xxv. 10.

The paths of glory lead but to the grave.

Path (pȧ&thlig;) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Pathed (pȧ&thlig;d); pr.p. & verbal noun Pathing .] To make a path in, or on (something), or for (some one). [ R.] " Pathing young Henry's unadvised ways." Drayton.

Path intransitive verb To walk or go. [ R.] Shak.

Pathematic adjective [ Greek ..., from ... a suffering, ..., to suffer.] Of, pertaining to, or designating, emotion or suffering. [ R.] Chalmers.

Pathetic adjective [ Latin patheticus , Greek ..., from ..., ..., to suffer: confer French pathétique . See Pathos .]
1. Expressing or showing anger; passionate. [ Obsolete]

2. Affecting or moving the tender emotions, esp. pity or grief; full of pathos; as, a pathetic song or story. " Pathetic action." Macaulay.

No theory of the passions can teach a man to be pathetic .
E. Porter.

Pathetic muscle (Anat.) , the superior oblique muscle of the eye. -- Pathetic nerve (Anat.) , the fourth cranial, or trochlear, nerve, which supplies the superior oblique, or pathetic, muscle of the eye. -- The pathetic , a style or manner adapted to arouse the tender emotions.

Pathetical adjective Pathetic. [ R.] -- Pa*thet"ic*al*ly , adverb -- Pa*thet"ic*al*ness , noun

Pathetism noun [ Confer French pathétisme .] See Mesmerism . Latin Sunderland.

Pathfinder noun One who discovers a way or path; one who explores untraversed regions.

The cow is the true pathfinder and pathmaker.
J. Burroughs.

Pathic noun [ Latin pathicus , Greek ..., passive, from ..., ..., to suffer] A male who submits to the crime against nature; a catamite. [ R.] B. Jonson.

Pathic adjective [ Greek ....] Passive; suffering.

Pathless adjective Having no beaten path or way; untrodden; impenetrable; as, pathless woods.

Trough the heavens' wide, pathless way.

Pathmaker noun One who, or that which, makes a way or path.

Pathogene noun [ See Pathogenic .] (Biol.) One of a class of virulent microörganisms or bacteria found in the tissues and fluids in infectious diseases, and supposed to be the cause of the disease; a pathogenic organism; a pathogenic bacterium; -- opposed to zymogene .

Pathogenesis noun (Medicine) Pathogeny.

Pathogenetic adjective (Medicine) Pathogenic.

Pathogenic adjective [ Greek ... disease + the root of ... birth.] (Med. & Biol.) Of or pertaining to pathogeny; producting disease; as, a pathogenic organism; a pathogenic bacterium.

Pathogeny noun (Medicine) (a) The generation, and method of development, of disease; as, the pathogeny of yellow fever is unsettled. (b) That branch of pathology which treats of the generation and development of disease.

Pathognomonic adjective [ Greek ... skilled in judging of diseases; ... a disease + ... skilled: confer French pathognomonique . See Gnomic .] (Medicine) Specially or decisively characteristic of a disease; indicating with certainty a disease; as, a pathognomonic symptom.

The true pathognomonic sign of love jealousy.

Pathognomy noun [ Greek ... passion + ... a judgment, from ..., ..., to know.] Expression of the passions; the science of the signs by which human passions are indicated.

Pathologic, Pathological adjective [ Greek ...: confer French pathologique .] Of or pertaining to pathology. -- Path`o*log"ic*al*ly , adverb

Pathologist noun [ Confer French pathologiste .] One skilled in pathology; an investigator in pathology; as, the pathologist of a hospital, whose duty it is to determine the causes of the diseases.

Pathology (-jȳ) noun ; plural Pathologies (-jĭz). [ Greek pa`qos a suffering, disease + -logy : confer French pathologie .] (Medicine) The science which treats of diseases, their nature, causes, progress, symptoms, etc.

» Pathology is general or special , according as it treats of disease or morbid processes in general, or of particular diseases; it is also subdivided into internal and external , or medical and surgical pathology. Its departments are nosology , ætiology , morbid anatomy , symptomatology , and therapeutics , which treat respectively of the classification, causation, organic changes, symptoms, and cure of diseases.

Celluar pathology , a theory that gives prominence to the vital action of cells in the healthy and diseased function of the body. Virchow.

Pathology noun (Medicine) The condition of an organ, tissue, or fluid produced by disease.

Pathopœla noun ; plural -ias . [ New Latin , from Greek ...; ... passion + ... to make.] (Rhet.) A speech, or figure of speech, designed to move the passion. Smart.