Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Middle English frothe
, Icelandic froða
; akin to Danish fraade
, Swedish fradga
, Anglo-Saxon āfreoðan
to froth.] 1. The bubbles caused in fluids or liquors by fermentation or agitation; spume; foam; esp., a spume of saliva caused by disease or nervous excitement. 2. Any empty, senseless show of wit or eloquence; rhetoric without thought. Johnson.
It was a long speech, but all froth . L'Estrange. 3. Light, unsubstantial matter. Tusser. Froth insect (Zoology)
, the cuckoo spit or frog hopper; -- called also froth spit , froth worm , and froth fly .
-- Froth spit
. See Cuckoo spit , under Cuckoo.
Froth transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Frothed
; present participle & verbal noun
.] 1. To cause to foam. 2. To spit, vent, or eject, as froth.
He . . . froths treason at his mouth. Dryden.
Is your spleen frothed out, or have ye more? Tennyson. 3. To cover with froth; as, a horse froths his chain.
Froth intransitive verb To throw up or out spume, foam, or bubbles; to foam; as beer froths ; a horse froths .
Frothily adverb In a frothy manner.
Frothiness noun State or quality of being frothy.
Frothing noun Exaggerated declamation; rant.
Frothless adjective Free from froth.
[ Compar. Frothier
; superl. Frothiest
.] 1. Full of foam or froth, or consisting of froth or light bubbles; spumous; foamy. 2. Not firm or solid; soft; unstable. Bacon. 3. Of the nature of froth; light; empty; unsubstantial; as, a frothy speaker or harangue. Tillotson.
Froufrou noun [ French, of imitative origin.] A rustling, esp. the rustling of a woman's dress.
Frounce intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Frounced
; present participle & verbal noun Frouncing
.] [ Middle English frouncen
, to told, wrinkle, Old French froncier
, French froncer
, perhaps from an assumed Late Latin frontiare
to wrinkle the forehead, Latin frons
forehead. See Front
, and confer Flounce
part of a dress.] To gather into or adorn with plaits, as a dress; to form wrinkles in or upon; to curl or frizzle, as the hair.
Not tricked and frounced , as she was wont. Milton.
Frounce intransitive verb To form wrinkles in the forehead; to manifest displeasure; to frown.
The Commons frounced and stormed. Holland.
1. A wrinkle, plait, or curl; a flounce; -- also, a frown. [ Obsolete] Beau. & Fl. 2. An affection in hawks, in which white spittle gathers about the hawk's bill. Booth.
Frounceless adjective Without frounces. Rom. of R.
[ Prov. English frouzy
froward, peevish, offensive to the eye or smell; confer froust
a musty smell, frouse to rumple, frouze to curl, and English frounce
.] Fetid, musty; rank; disordered and offensive to the smell or sight; slovenly; dingy. See Frowzy .
"Petticoats in frouzy
Frow noun [ Dutch vrouw ; akin to German frau woman, wife, goth, fráuja master, lord, Anglo-Saxon freá .]
1. A woman; especially, a Dutch or German woman. Beau. & Fl. 2. A dirty woman; a slattern. [ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.
[ Confer Frower
.] A cleaving tool with handle at right angles to the blade, for splitting cask staves and shingles from the block; a frower.
Frow adjective Brittle. [ Obsolete] Evelyn.
+ - ward
. See Fro
, and confer Fromward
.] Not willing to yield or compIy with what is required or is reasonable; perverse; disobedient; peevish; as, a froward child.
A froward man soweth strife. Prov. xvi. 28.
A froward retention of custom is as turbulent a thing as innovation. Bacon. Syn.
-- Untoward; wayward; unyielding; ungovernable: refractory; obstinate; petulant; cross; peevish. See Perverse
. -- Fro"ward*ly
[ Confer frow
a frower, and Prov. E, frommard
.] A tool. See 2d Frow . Tusser.
[ See Frow
] (Carp.) Working smoothly, or without splitting; -- said of timber.
Frown intransitive verb
[ imperfect &, past participle Frowned
; present participle & verbal noun Frowning
.] [ Old French froignier
, French frogner
, in se refrogner
, se renfrogner
, to knit the brow, to frown; perhaps of Teutonic origin; confer Italian in frigno
wrinkled, frowning, Prov. Italian frignare
to cringe the face, to make a wry face, dial. Swedish fryna
to make a wry face,] 1. To contract the brow in displeasure, severity, or sternness; to scowl; to put on a stern, grim, or surly look.
The frowning wrinkle of her brow. Shak. 2. To manifest displeasure or disapprobation; to look with disfavor or threateningly; to lower; as, polite society frowns upon rudeness.
The sky doth frown and lower upon our army. Shak.
Frown transitive verb To repress or repel by expressing displeasure or disapproval; to rebuke with a look; as, frown the impudent fellow into silence.
Frown noun 1. A wrinkling of the face in displeasure, rebuke, etc.; a sour, severe, or stere look; a scowl.
His front yet threatens, and his frowns command. Prior.
Her very frowns are fairer far H. Coleridge. 2. Any expression of displeasure; as, the frowns of Providence; the frowns of Fortune.
Than smiles of other maidens are.
Frowningly adverb In a frowning manner.
Frowny adjective Frowning; scowling.
Her frowny mother's ragged shoulder. Sir F. Palgrave.
[ Confer Frowzy
.] Musty. rancid; as, frowy butter.
[ See Frouzy
.] Slovenly; unkempt; untidy; frouzy.
"With head all frowzy
The frowzy soldiers' wives hanging out clothes. W. D. Howells.
Frozen adjective 1. Congealed with cold; affected by freezing; as, a frozen brook.
They warmed their frozen feet. Dryden. 2. Subject to frost, or to long and severe cold; chilly; as, the frozen north; the frozen zones. 3. Cold-hearted; unsympathetic; unyielding.
Be not ever frozen , coy. T. Carew.
Frozenness noun A state of being frozen.
Frubish transitive verb
[ See Furbish
.] To rub up: to furbish.
[ Obsolete] Beau. c& Et.
[ Latin fructus
fruit. See Fruit
.] (Her.) Bearing fruit; -- said of a tree or plant so represented upon an escutcheon. Cussans.
Fructescence noun [ Latin fructus fruit.] (Botany) The maturing or ripening of fruit. [ R.] Martyn.
Fructiculose adjective Fruitful; full of fruit.
[ French, from Latin fructus
fruit.] The twelfth month of the French republican calendar; -- commencing August 18, and ending September 16. See Vendémiaire .
Fructiferuos adjective [ Latin fructifer ; fructus fruit + ferre to bear; confer French fructifère .] Bearing or producing fruit. Boyle.
[ Latin fructificatio
: confer French fructification
.] 1. The act of forming or producing fruit; the act of fructifying, or rendering productive of fruit; fecundation.
The prevalent fructification of plants. Sir T. Brown. 2. (Botany) (a) The collective organs by which a plant produces its fruit, or seeds, or reproductive spores. (b) The process of producing fruit, or seeds, or spores.
(frŭk"tĭ*fī) intransitive verb
[ French fructifier
, Latin fructificare
fruit + -ficare
(only in comp.), akin to Latin facere
to make. See Fruit
, and Fact
.] To bear fruit.
"Causeth the earth to fructify
Fructify transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Fructified
; present participle & verbal noun Fructifying
.] To make fruitful; to render productive; to fertilize; as, to fructify the earth.
Fructose (frŭk*tōs" or frŭk"tōs) noun [ Latin fructus fruit.] (Chemistry) Fruit sugar; levulose. [ R.]
; plural Fructuaries
(- rĭz). [ Latin fructuarius
.] One who enjoys the profits, income, or increase of anything.
Kings are not proprietors nor fructuaries . Prynne.
Fructuation (-ā"shŭn) noun Produce; fruit. [ R.]
[ Latin fructuosus
: cf, French fructueux
.] Fruitful; productive; profitable.
Nothing fructuous or profitable. Chaucer.
[ Latin frui
, past participle fructus
, to enjoy. See Fruit
] Use; fruition; enjoyment.
[ Obsolete] Cotgrave.
Frue vanner [ Etymol. uncertain.] (Mining) A moving, inclined, endless apron on which ore is concentrated by a current of water; a kind of buddle.
[ Latin frugalis
, from frugi
, lit., for fruit
; hence, fit for food, useful, proper, temperate, the dative of frux
, fruit, akin to English fruit
: confer French frugal
. See Fruit
] 1. Economical in the use or appropriation of resources; not wasteful or lavish; wise in the expenditure or application of force, materials, time, etc.; characterized by frugality; sparing; economical; saving; as, a frugal housekeeper; frugal of time.
I oft admire Milton. 2. Obtained by, or appropriate to, economy; as, a frugal fortune.
How Nature, wise and frugal , could commit
; plural Frugalities
. [ Latin frugalitas
: confer French frugalité
.] 1. The quality of being frugal; prudent economy; that careful management of anything valuable which expends nothing unnecessarily, and applies what is used to a profitable purpose; thrift; --- opposed to extravagance .
Frugality is founded on the principle that all riches have Burke. 2. A sparing use; sparingness; as, frugality of praise. Syn.
-- Economy; parsimony. See Economy
Frugally adverb Thriftily; prudently.
Frugalness noun Quality of being frugal; frugality.
Frugiferous adjective [ Latin frugifer ; frux , frugis , fruit + ferre to bear: confer French frugifere .] Producing fruit; fruitful; fructiferous. Dr. H. More.