Fremitus Frem"i·tus noun , sing. & plural [ Latin , a murmuring, roaring.] (Medicine) Palpable vibration or thrill; as, the rhonchial fremitus .
Fren Fren (frĕn) noun [ Middle English frenne , contr. from forrene foreign. See Foreign , adjective ] A stranger. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
French French (frĕnch) adjective [ Anglo-Saxon frencisc , Late Latin franciscus , from Latin Francus a Frank: confer Old French franceis , franchois , françois , F. français. See Frank , adjective , and confer Frankish .] Of or pertaining to France or its inhabitants. French bean ( Bot .), the common kidney bean ( Phaseolus vulgaris ). -- French berry (Botany) , the berry of a species of buckthorn ( Rhamnus catharticus ), which affords a saffron, green or purple pigment. -- French casement (Architecture) See French window , under Window . -- French chalk (Min.) , a variety of granular talc; -- used for drawing lines on cloth, etc. See under Chalk . -- French cowslip (Botany) The Primula Auricula . See Bear's- ear . -- French fake (Nautical) , a mode of coiling a rope by running it backward and forward in parallel bends, so that it may run freely. -- French honeysuckle (Botany) a plant of the genus Hedysarum ( H. coronarium ); -- called also garland honeysuckle . -- French horn , a metallic wind instrument, consisting of a long tube twisted into circular folds and gradually expanding from the mouthpiece to the end at which the sound issues; -- called in France cor de chasse . -- French leave , an informal, hasty, or secret departure; esp., the leaving a place without paying one's debts. -- French pie [ French (here used in sense of "foreign") + pie a magpie (in allusion to its black and white color)] (Zoology) , the European great spotted woodpecker ( Dryobstes major ); -- called also wood pie . -- French polish . (a) A preparation for the surface of woodwork, consisting of gums dissolved in alcohol, either shellac alone, or shellac with other gums added. (b) The glossy surface produced by the application of the above. -- French purple , a dyestuff obtained from lichens and used for coloring woolen and silken fabrics, without the aid of mordants. Ure. -- French red rouge. -- French rice , amelcorn. -- French roof (Architecture) , a modified form of mansard roof having a nearly flat deck for the upper slope. - - French tub , a dyer's mixture of protochloride of tin and logwood; -- called also plum tub . Ure. -- French window . See under Window .
French French noun 1. The language spoken in France. 2. Collectively, the people of France.
Frenchify French"i·fy transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Frenchified ; present participle & verbal noun Frenchifying .] [ French + -fy .] To make French; to infect or imbue with the manners or tastes of the French; to Gallicize. Burke.
Frenchism French"ism noun A French mode or characteristic; an idiom peculiar to the French language. Earle.
Frenchman French"man noun
; plural Frenchmen A native or one of the people of France.
Frenetic Fre·net"ic adjective [ See Frantic , adjective ] Distracted; mad; frantic; phrenetic. Milton.
Frenetical Fre·net"ic·al adjective Frenetic; frantic; frenzied. -- Frenet"ic*al*ly , adverb
Frenum Fre"num noun
, Latin Frena
. [ Latin , a bridle.] 1. (Zoology) A cheek stripe of color. 2. (Anat.) Same as Frænum .
Frenzical Fren"zi·cal (frĕn"zĭ*k a l) adjective Frantic. [ Obsolete] Orrery.
Frenzied Fren"zied past participle & adjective Affected with frenzy; frantic; maddened.
The people frenzied by centuries of oppression. Buckle.
Up starting with a frenzied look. Sir W. Scott.
; plural Frenzies
(-zĭz). [ Middle English frenesie
, French frénésie
, Latin phrenesis
, from Greek fre`nhsis
disease of the mind, phrenitis, from frhn
mind. Confer Frantic
.] Any violent agitation of the mind approaching to distraction; violent and temporary derangement of the mental faculties; madness; rage.
All else is towering frenzy and distraction. Addison.
The poet's eye in a fine frenzy rolling. Shak. Syn.
-- Insanity; lunacy; madness; derangement; alienation; aberration; delirium. See Insanity
Frenzy Fren"zy adjective Mad; frantic.
They thought that some frenzy distemper had got into his head. Bunyan.
Frenzy Fren"zy transitive verb To affect with frenzy; to drive to madness [ R.] " Frenzying anguish." Southey.
Frequence Fre"quence noun [ See Frequency .] 1. A crowd; a throng; a concourse. [ Archaic.] Tennyson. 2. Frequency; abundance. [ R.] Bp. Hall.
Frequency Fre"quen·cy noun
; plural Frequencies
. [ Latin frequentia
numerous attendance, multitude: confer French fréquence
. See Frequent
.] 1. The condition of returning frequently; occurrence often repeated; common occurence; as, the frequency of crimes; the frequency of miracles.
The reasons that moved her to remove were, because Rome was a place of riot and luxury, her soul being almost stifled with, the frequencies of ladies' visits. Fuller. 2. A crowd; a throng.
[ Obsolete] B. Jonson.
Frequent Fre"quent adjective
[ Latin frequens
, crowded, frequent, akin to farcire
to stuff: confer French fréquent
. Confer Farce
] 1. Often to be met with; happening at short intervals; often repeated or occurring; as, frequent visits.
feudal towers." Byron. 2. Addicted to any course of conduct; inclined to indulge in any practice; habitual; persistent.
He has been loud and frequent in declaring himself hearty for the government. Swift. 3. Full; crowded; thronged.
'T is Cæsar's will to have a frequent senate. B. Jonson. 4. Often or commonly reported.
'T is frequent in the city he hath subdued Massinger.
The Catti and the Daci.
Frequent Fre·quent" transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Frequented
; present participle & verbal noun Frequenting
.] [ Latin frequentare
: confer French fréquenter
. See Frequent
] 1. To visit often; to resort to often or habitually.
He frequented the court of Augustus. Dryden. 2. To make full; to fill.
With their sighs the air Milton.
Frequenting , sent from hearts contrite.
Frequentable Fre·quent"a·ble adjective Accessible. [ R.] Sidney.
Frequentage Fre·quent"age noun The practice or habit of frequenting. [ R.] Southey.
Frequentation Fre"quen·ta"tion noun [ Latin frequentatio a crowding together, frequency : confer French fréquentation .] The act or habit of frequenting or visiting often; resort. Chesterfield.
Frequentative Fre·quent"a·tive adjective [ Latin frequentativus : confer French fréquentatif .] (Gram.) Serving to express the frequent repetition of an action; as, a frequentative verb. -- noun A frequentative verb.
Frequenter Fre·quent·er noun One who frequents; one who often visits, or resorts to customarily.
Frequently Fre·quent·ly adverb At frequent or short intervals; many times; often; repeatedly; commonly.
Frequentness Fre"quent·ness noun The quality of being frequent.
Frère Frère noun [ French See Friar .] A friar. Chaucer.
Frescade Fres"cade noun [ See Fresco , Fresh , adjective ] A cool walk; shady place. [ R.] Maunder.
Fresco Fres"co noun
; plural Frescoes
. [ Italian , from fresco
fresh; of German origin. See Fresh
] 1. A cool, refreshing state of the air; duskiness; coolness; shade.
[ R.] Prior. 2. (Fine Arts) (a) The art of painting on freshly spread plaster, before it dries. (b) In modern parlance, incorrectly applied to painting on plaster in any manner. (c) A painting on plaster in either of senses a and b .
Fresco Fres"co transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Frescoed ; present participle & verbal noun Frescoing .] To paint in fresco, as walls.
[ Compar. Fresher
.] [ Middle English fresch
, Anglo-Saxon fersc
; akin to Dutch versch
, German frisch
, Old High German frisc
, Swedish frisk
, Danish frisk
, Icelandic frīskr
frisky, brisk, ferskr
fresh; confer Italian fresco
, Old French fres
, fem. freske
, French frais
, fem. fraîche
, which are of German origin. Confer Fraischeur
.] 1. Possessed of original life and vigor; new and strong; unimpaired; sound. 2. New; original; additional.
"Fear of fresh
mistakes." Sir W. Scott.
A fresh pleasure in every fresh posture of the limbs. Landor. 3. Lately produced, gathered, or prepared for market; not stale; not dried or preserved; not wilted, faded, or tainted; in good condition; as, fresh vegetables, flowers, eggs, meat, fruit, etc.; recently made or obtained; occurring again; repeated; as, a fresh supply of goods; fresh tea, raisins, etc.; lately come or made public; as, fresh news; recently taken from a well or spring; as, fresh water. 4. Youthful; florid; as, these fresh nymphs. Shak. 5. In a raw, green, or untried state; uncultivated; uncultured; unpracticed; as, a fresh hand on a ship. 6. Renewed in vigor, alacrity, or readiness for action; as, fresh for a combat; hence, tending to renew in vigor; rather strong; cool or brisk; as, a fresh wind. 7. Not salt; as, fresh water, in distinction from that which is from the sea, or brackish; fresh meat, in distinction from that which is pickled or salted. Fresh breeze (Nautical)
, a breeze between a moderate and a strong breeze; one blowinq about twenty miles an hour.
-- Fresh gale
, a gale blowing about forty-five miles an hour.
-- Fresh way (Nautical)
, increased speed. Syn.
-- Sound; unimpaired; recent; unfaded: ruddy; florid; sweet; good: inexperienced; unpracticed: unused; lively; vigorous; strong.
Fresh Fresh noun
; plural Freshes 1. A stream or spring of fresh water.
He shall drink naught but brine; for I'll not show him Shak. 2. A flood; a freshet.
Where the quick freshes are.
[ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell. 3. The mingling of fresh water with salt in rivers or bays, as by means of a flood of fresh water flowing toward or into the sea. Beverly.
Fresh Fresh transitive verb To refresh; to freshen. [ Obsolete] Rom. of R.
Fresh-new Fresh"-new` adjective Unpracticed. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Fresh-water Fresh"-wa`ter adjective 1. Of, pertaining to, or living in, water not salt; as, fresh-water geological deposits; a fresh- water fish; fresh-water mussels. 2. Accustomed to sail on fresh water only; unskilled as a seaman; as, a fresh-water sailor. 3. Unskilled; raw. [ Colloq.] " Fresh- water soldiers." Knolles.
Freshen Fresh"en transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Freshened ; present participle & verbal noun Freshening ] 1. To make fresh; to separate, as water, from saline ingredients; to make less salt; as, to freshen water, fish, or flesh. 2. To refresh; to revive. [ Obsolete] Spenser. 3. (Nautical) To relieve, as a rope, by change of place where friction wears it; or to renew, as the material used to prevent chafing; as, to freshen a hawse. Totten. To freshen ballast (Nautical) , to shift Or restore it. -- To freshen the hawse , to pay out a little more cable, so as to bring the chafe on another part. -- To freshen the way , to increase the speed of a vessel. Ham. Nav. Encyc.
Freshen Fresh"en intransitive verb 1. To grow fresh; to lose saltness. 2. To grow brisk or strong; as, the wind freshens .
Freshet Fresh"et noun
[ Middle English fresche
flood + -et
. See Fresh
] 1. A stream of fresh water.
[ Obsolete] Milton. 2. A flood or overflowing of a stream caused by heavy rains or melted snow; a sudden inundation.
Cracked the sky, as ice in rivers Longfellow.
When the freshet is at highest.
Freshly Fresh"ly adverb In a fresh manner; vigorously; newly, recently; brightly; briskly; coolly; as, freshly gathered; freshly painted; the wind blows freshly .
Looks he as freshly as he did? Shak.
Freshman Fresh"man noun
; plural Freshmen A novice; one in the rudiments of knowledge; especially, a student during his first year in a college or university.
He drank his glass and cracked his joke, Goldsmith. Freshman class
And freshmen wondered as he spoke.
, the lowest of the four classes in an American college.
[ U. S.]
Freshmanship Fresh"man·ship noun The state of being a freshman.
Freshment Fresh"ment noun Refreshment. [ Obsolete]
Freshness Fresh"ness noun The state of being fresh.
The Scots had the advantage both for number and freshness Hayward.
And breathe the freshness of the open air. Dryden.
Her cheeks their freshness lose and wonted grace. Granville.
Fresnel lamp, Fres'nel' lan'tern Fres`nel" lamp", Fres'nel' lan'tern [ From Fresnel the inventor, a French physicist.] A lantern having a lamp surrounded by a hollow cylindrical Fresnel lens.
Fresnel lens Fres`nel" lens" [ See Fresnel lamp .] (Optics) See under Lens .
Fret Fret (frĕt) noun [ Obsolete] See 1st Frith .
(frĕt) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Fretted
; present participle & verbal noun Fretting
.] [ Middle English freten
to eat, consume; Anglo-Saxon fretan
, for foretan
; prefix for-
to eat; akin to Dutch vreten
, Old High German frezzan
, German fressen
, Swedish fräta
, Goth. fra-itan
. See For
, and Eat
, transitive verb
] 1. To devour.
The sow frete the child right in the cradle. Chaucer. 2. To rub; to wear away by friction; to chafe; to gall; hence, to eat away; to gnaw; as, to fret cloth; to fret a piece of gold or other metal; a worm frets the plants of a ship.
With many a curve my banks I fret . Tennyson. 3. To impair; to wear away; to diminish.
By starts Shak. 4. To make rough, agitate, or disturb; to cause to ripple; as, to fret the surface of water. 5. To tease; to irritate; to vex.
His fretted fortunes give him hope and fear.
Fret not thyself because of evil doers. Ps. xxxvii. 1.
Fret Fret intransitive verb 1. To be worn away; to chafe; to fray; as, a wristband frets on the edges. 2. To eat in; to make way by corrosion.
Many wheals arose, and fretted one into another with great excoriation. Wiseman. 3. To be agitated; to be in violent commotion; to rankle; as, rancor frets in the malignant breast. 4. To be vexed; to be chafed or irritated; to be angry; to utter peevish expressions.
He frets , he fumes, he stares, he stamps the ground. Dryden.
Fret Fret noun 1. The agitation of the surface of a fluid by fermentation or other cause; a rippling on the surface of water. Addison. 2. Agitation of mind marked by complaint and impatience; disturbance of temper; irritation; as, he keeps his mind in a continual fret .
Yet then did Dennis rave in furious fret . Pope. 3. Herpes; tetter. Dunglison. 4. plural (Mining) The worn sides of river banks, where ores, or stones containing them, accumulate by being washed down from the hills, and thus indicate to the miners the locality of the veins.
Fret Fret transitive verb
[ Middle English fretten
to adorn, Anglo-Saxon frætwan
; akin to Old Saxon fratahōn
, confer Goth. us-fratwjan
to make wise, also Anglo-Saxon frætwe
ornaments, Old Saxon fratahī
adornment.] To ornament with raised work; to variegate; to diversify.
Whose skirt with gold was fretted all about. Spenser.
Yon gray lines, Shak.
That fret the clouds, are messengers of day.
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