Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ French fret
, Old High German frēht
merit, reward. See Fraught
] 1. That with which anything is fraught or laden for transportation; lading; cargo, especially of a ship, or a car on a railroad, etc.; as, a freight of cotton; a full freight . 2. (Law) (a) The sum paid by a party hiring a ship or part of a ship for the use of what is thus hired. (b) The price paid a common carrier for the carriage of goods. Wharton. 3. Freight transportation, or freight line.
(frāt) adjective Employed in the transportation of freight; having to do with freight; as, a freight car. Freight agent
, a person employed by a transportation company to receive, forward, or deliver goods.
-- Freight car
. See under Car .
-- Freight train
, a railroad train made up of freight cars; -- called in England goods train .
Freight transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Freighted
; present participle & verbal noun Freighting
.] [ Confer French freter
.] To load with goods, as a ship, or vehicle of any kind, for transporting them from one place to another; to furnish with freight; as, to freight a ship; to freight a car.
Freightage (-aj; 48) noun
1. Charge for transportation; expense of carriage. 2. The transportation of freight. 3. Freight; cargo; lading. Milton.
1. One who loads a ship, or one who charters and loads a ship. 2. One employed in receiving and forwarding freight. 3. One for whom freight is transported. 4. A vessel used mainly to carry freight.
Freightless adjective Destitute of freight.
; plural Freiherrn
. [ G., lit., free lord.] In Germany and Austria, a baron.
Frelte noun Frailty. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Fremd, Fremed adjective [ Middle English , from Anglo-Saxon fremede , fremde ; akin to German fremd .] Strange; foreign. [ Old Eng. & Scot.] Chaucer.
Fremescent adjective [ Latin fremere to roar, murmur + -escent .] Becoming murmurous, roaring. " Fremescent clangor." Carlyle . -- Fre*mes"cence noun
Fremitus noun , sing. & plural [ Latin , a murmuring, roaring.] (Medicine) Palpable vibration or thrill; as, the rhonchial fremitus .
[ Middle English frenne
, contr. from forrene
foreign. See Foreign
] A stranger.
[ Obsolete] Spenser.
[ Anglo-Saxon frencisc
, Late Latin franciscus
, from Latin Francus
a Frank: confer Old French franceis
, F. français. See Frank
, and confer Frankish
.] Of or pertaining to France or its inhabitants. French bean
.), the common kidney bean ( Phaseolus vulgaris ).
-- French berry (Botany)
, the berry of a species of buckthorn ( Rhamnus catharticus ), which affords a saffron, green or purple pigment.
-- French casement (Architecture) See French window , under Window .
-- French chalk (Min.)
, a variety of granular talc; -- used for drawing lines on cloth, etc. See under Chalk .
-- French cowslip (Botany) The Primula Auricula . See Bear's- ear .
-- French fake (Nautical)
, a mode of coiling a rope by running it backward and forward in parallel bends, so that it may run freely.
-- French honeysuckle (Botany) a plant of the genus Hedysarum ( H. coronarium ); -- called also garland honeysuckle .
-- French horn
, a metallic wind instrument, consisting of a long tube twisted into circular folds and gradually expanding from the mouthpiece to the end at which the sound issues; -- called in France cor de chasse .
-- French leave
, an informal, hasty, or secret departure; esp., the leaving a place without paying one's debts.
-- French pie
(here used in sense of "foreign") + pie
a magpie (in allusion to its black and white color)] (Zoology)
, the European great spotted woodpecker ( Dryobstes major ); -- called also wood pie .
-- French polish
. (a) A preparation for the surface of woodwork, consisting of gums dissolved in alcohol, either shellac alone, or shellac with other gums added. (b) The glossy surface produced by the application of the above.
-- French purple
, a dyestuff obtained from lichens and used for coloring woolen and silken fabrics, without the aid of mordants. Ure.
-- French red rouge.
-- French rice
-- French roof (Architecture)
, a modified form of mansard roof having a nearly flat deck for the upper slope.
- - French tub
, a dyer's mixture of protochloride of tin and logwood; -- called also plum tub . Ure.
-- French window
. See under Window .
1. The language spoken in France. 2. Collectively, the people of France.
Frenchify transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Frenchified
; present participle & verbal noun Frenchifying
.] [ French
.] To make French; to infect or imbue with the manners or tastes of the French; to Gallicize. Burke.
Frenchism noun A French mode or characteristic; an idiom peculiar to the French language. Earle.
; plural Frenchmen A native or one of the people of France.
[ See Frantic
] Distracted; mad; frantic; phrenetic. Milton.
Frenetical adjective Frenetic; frantic; frenzied. -- Frenet"ic*al*ly , adverb
, Latin Frena
. [ Latin , a bridle.] 1. (Zoology) A cheek stripe of color. 2. (Anat.) Same as Frænum .
Frenzical (frĕn"zĭ*k a l) adjective Frantic. [ Obsolete] Orrery.
Frenzied past participle & adjective Affected with frenzy; frantic; maddened.
The people frenzied by centuries of oppression. Buckle.
Up starting with a frenzied look. Sir W. Scott.
; plural Frenzies
(-zĭz). [ Middle English frenesie
, French frénésie
, Latin phrenesis
, from Greek fre`nhsis
disease of the mind, phrenitis, from frhn
mind. Confer Frantic
.] Any violent agitation of the mind approaching to distraction; violent and temporary derangement of the mental faculties; madness; rage.
All else is towering frenzy and distraction. Addison.
The poet's eye in a fine frenzy rolling. Shak. Syn.
-- Insanity; lunacy; madness; derangement; alienation; aberration; delirium. See Insanity
Frenzy adjective Mad; frantic.
They thought that some frenzy distemper had got into his head. Bunyan.
Frenzy transitive verb To affect with frenzy; to drive to madness [ R.] " Frenzying anguish." Southey.
[ See Frequency
.] 1. A crowd; a throng; a concourse.
[ Archaic.] Tennyson. 2. Frequency; abundance.
[ R.] Bp. Hall.
; plural Frequencies
. [ Latin frequentia
numerous attendance, multitude: confer French fréquence
. See Frequent
.] 1. The condition of returning frequently; occurrence often repeated; common occurence; as, the frequency of crimes; the frequency of miracles.
The reasons that moved her to remove were, because Rome was a place of riot and luxury, her soul being almost stifled with, the frequencies of ladies' visits. Fuller. 2. A crowd; a throng.
[ Obsolete] B. Jonson.
[ Latin frequens
, crowded, frequent, akin to farcire
to stuff: confer French fréquent
. Confer Farce
] 1. Often to be met with; happening at short intervals; often repeated or occurring; as, frequent visits.
feudal towers." Byron. 2. Addicted to any course of conduct; inclined to indulge in any practice; habitual; persistent.
He has been loud and frequent in declaring himself hearty for the government. Swift. 3. Full; crowded; thronged.
'T is Cæsar's will to have a frequent senate. B. Jonson. 4. Often or commonly reported.
'T is frequent in the city he hath subdued Massinger.
The Catti and the Daci.
Frequent transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Frequented
; present participle & verbal noun Frequenting
.] [ Latin frequentare
: confer French fréquenter
. See Frequent
] 1. To visit often; to resort to often or habitually.
He frequented the court of Augustus. Dryden. 2. To make full; to fill.
With their sighs the air Milton.
Frequenting , sent from hearts contrite.
Frequentable adjective Accessible. [ R.] Sidney.
Frequentage noun The practice or habit of frequenting. [ R.] Southey.
Frequentation noun [ Latin frequentatio a crowding together, frequency : confer French fréquentation .] The act or habit of frequenting or visiting often; resort. Chesterfield.
Frequentative adjective [ Latin frequentativus : confer French fréquentatif .] (Gram.) Serving to express the frequent repetition of an action; as, a frequentative verb. -- noun A frequentative verb.
Frequenter noun One who frequents; one who often visits, or resorts to customarily.
Frequently adverb At frequent or short intervals; many times; often; repeatedly; commonly.
Frequentness noun The quality of being frequent.
[ French See Friar
.] A friar. Chaucer.
[ See Fresco
] A cool walk; shady place.
[ R.] Maunder.
; plural Frescoes
. [ Italian , from fresco
fresh; of German origin. See Fresh
] 1. A cool, refreshing state of the air; duskiness; coolness; shade.
[ R.] Prior. 2. (Fine Arts) (a) The art of painting on freshly spread plaster, before it dries. (b) In modern parlance, incorrectly applied to painting on plaster in any manner. (c) A painting on plaster in either of senses a and b .
Fresco transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Frescoed
; present participle & verbal noun Frescoing
.] To paint in fresco, as walls.
[ Compar. Fresher
.] [ Middle English fresch
, Anglo-Saxon fersc
; akin to Dutch versch
, German frisch
, Old High German frisc
, Swedish frisk
, Danish frisk
, Icelandic frīskr
frisky, brisk, ferskr
fresh; confer Italian fresco
, Old French fres
, fem. freske
, French frais
, fem. fraîche
, which are of German origin. Confer Fraischeur
.] 1. Possessed of original life and vigor; new and strong; unimpaired; sound. 2. New; original; additional.
"Fear of fresh
mistakes." Sir W. Scott.
A fresh pleasure in every fresh posture of the limbs. Landor. 3. Lately produced, gathered, or prepared for market; not stale; not dried or preserved; not wilted, faded, or tainted; in good condition; as, fresh vegetables, flowers, eggs, meat, fruit, etc.; recently made or obtained; occurring again; repeated; as, a fresh supply of goods; fresh tea, raisins, etc.; lately come or made public; as, fresh news; recently taken from a well or spring; as, fresh water. 4. Youthful; florid; as, these fresh nymphs. Shak. 5. In a raw, green, or untried state; uncultivated; uncultured; unpracticed; as, a fresh hand on a ship. 6. Renewed in vigor, alacrity, or readiness for action; as, fresh for a combat; hence, tending to renew in vigor; rather strong; cool or brisk; as, a fresh wind. 7. Not salt; as, fresh water, in distinction from that which is from the sea, or brackish; fresh meat, in distinction from that which is pickled or salted. Fresh breeze (Nautical)
, a breeze between a moderate and a strong breeze; one blowinq about twenty miles an hour.
-- Fresh gale
, a gale blowing about forty-five miles an hour.
-- Fresh way (Nautical)
, increased speed. Syn.
-- Sound; unimpaired; recent; unfaded: ruddy; florid; sweet; good: inexperienced; unpracticed: unused; lively; vigorous; strong.
; plural Freshes 1. A stream or spring of fresh water.
He shall drink naught but brine; for I'll not show him Shak. 2. A flood; a freshet.
Where the quick freshes are.
[ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell. 3. The mingling of fresh water with salt in rivers or bays, as by means of a flood of fresh water flowing toward or into the sea. Beverly.
Fresh transitive verb To refresh; to freshen. [ Obsolete] Rom. of R.
Fresh-new adjective Unpracticed. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Freshen transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Freshened
; present participle & verbal noun Freshening
] 1. To make fresh; to separate, as water, from saline ingredients; to make less salt; as, to freshen water, fish, or flesh. 2. To refresh; to revive.
[ Obsolete] Spenser. 3. (Nautical) To relieve, as a rope, by change of place where friction wears it; or to renew, as the material used to prevent chafing; as, to freshen a hawse. Totten. To freshen ballast (Nautical)
, to shift Or restore it.
-- To freshen the hawse
, to pay out a little more cable, so as to bring the chafe on another part.
-- To freshen the way
, to increase the speed of a vessel. Ham. Nav. Encyc.
Freshen intransitive verb
1. To grow fresh; to lose saltness. 2. To grow brisk or strong; as, the wind freshens .
[ Middle English fresche
flood + -et
. See Fresh
] 1. A stream of fresh water.
[ Obsolete] Milton. 2. A flood or overflowing of a stream caused by heavy rains or melted snow; a sudden inundation.
Cracked the sky, as ice in rivers Longfellow.
When the freshet is at highest.
Freshly adverb In a fresh manner; vigorously; newly, recently; brightly; briskly; coolly; as, freshly gathered; freshly painted; the wind blows freshly .
Looks he as freshly as he did? Shak.
; plural Freshmen A novice; one in the rudiments of knowledge; especially, a student during his first year in a college or university.
He drank his glass and cracked his joke, Goldsmith. Freshman class
And freshmen wondered as he spoke.
, the lowest of the four classes in an American college.
[ U. S.]
Freshmanship noun The state of being a freshman.
Freshment noun Refreshment. [ Obsolete]
Freshness noun The state of being fresh.
The Scots had the advantage both for number and freshness Hayward.
And breathe the freshness of the open air. Dryden.
Her cheeks their freshness lose and wonted grace. Granville.