Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Franc-tireur noun [ French, from franc free + tireur shooter, from tirer to shoot.] (Mil.) A French partisan soldier, or one belonging to a corps of detached light troops engaged in forays, skirmishes, scouting, etc.
Francolin noun [ F.; confer Italian francolino , Spanish francolin .] (Zoology) A spurred partidge of the genus Francolinus and allied genera, of Asia and Africa. The common species ( F. vulgaris ) was formerly common in southern Europe, but is now nearly restricted to Asia.
Francolite noun (Min.) A variety of apatite from Wheal Franco in Devonshire.
[ Latin frangens
, present participle of frangere
. See Fraction
.] Causing fracture; breaking.
[ R.] H. Walpole.
Frangibility noun [ Confer French frangibilité .] The state or quality of being frangible. Fox.
Frangible adjective [ Confer French frangible .] Capable of being broken; brittle; fragile; easily broken.
Frangipane noun [ French frangipane ; supposed to be called so from the inventor, the Marquis Frangipani , major general under Louis XIV.]
1. A perfume of jasmine; frangipani. 2. A species of pastry, containing cream and almonds.
Frangipani, Frangipanni noun [ Another spelling of frangipane .] A perfume derived from, or imitating the odor of, the flower of the red jasmine, a West Indian tree of the genus Plumeria .
Frangulic, Frangulinic adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or drived from, frangulin, or a species ( Rhamnus Frangula ) of the buckthorn. Frangulinic acid (Chemistry) , a yellow crystalline substance, resembling alizarin, and obtained by the decomposition of frangulin.
Frangulin noun (Chemistry) A yellow crystalline dyestuff, regarded as a glucoside, extracted from a species ( Rhamnus Frangula ) of the buckthorn; -- called also rhamnoxanthin .
Franion noun [ Perh. from French fainéant an idler.] A paramour; a loose woman; also, a gay, idle fellow. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Frank noun [ Old French franc .] A pigsty. [ Obsolete]
Frank transitive verb To shut up in a frank or sty; to pen up; hence, to cram; to fatten. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Frank noun (Zoology) The common heron; -- so called from its note. [ Prov. Eng.]
[ Compar Franker
; superl. Frankest
.] [ French franc
free, frank, Latin Francus
a Frank, from Old High German Franko
the name of a Germanic people on the Rhine, who afterward founded the French monarchy; confer Anglo-Saxon franca
javelin, Icelandic frakka
. Confer Franc
] 1. Unbounded by restrictions, limitations, etc.; free.
[ R.] "It is of frank
gift." Spenser. 2. Free in uttering one's real sentiments; not reserved; using no disguise; candid; ingenuous; as, a frank nature, conversation, manner, etc. 3. Liberal; generous; profuse.
Frank of civilities that cost them nothing. L'Estrange. 4. Unrestrained; loose; licentious; -- used in a bad sense. Spenser. Syn.
-- Ingenuous; candid; artless; plain; open; unreserved; undisguised; sincere. See Candid
Frank transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Franked
; present participle & verbal noun Franking
.] 1. To send by public conveyance free of expense. Dickens. 2. To extempt from charge for postage, as a letter, package, or packet, etc.
[ See Frank
] The privilege of sending letters or other mail matter, free of postage, or without charge; also, the sign, mark, or signature denoting that a letter or other mail matter is to free of postage.
I have said so much, that, if I had not a frank , I must burn my letter and begin again. Cowper.
[ Confer French franc
. See Frank
] 1. (Ethnol.) A member of one of the German tribes that in the fifth century overran and conquered Gaul, and established the kingdom of France. 2. A native or inhabitant of Western Europe; a European; -- a term used in the Levant. 3. A French coin. See Franc .
Frank-chase noun [ Frank free + chase .] (Eng. Law) The liberty or franchise of having a chase; free chase. Burrill.
Frank-fee noun [ Frank free + fee .] (Eng. Law) A species of tenure in fee simple, being the opposite of ancient demesne, or copyhold. Burrill.
Frank-law noun [ Frank free + law .] (Eng. Law) The liberty of being sworn in courts, as a juror or witness; one of the ancient privileges of a freeman; free and common law; -- an obsolete expression signifying substantially the same as the American expression civil rights . Abbot.
Frank-marriage noun [ Frank free + marriage .] (Eng. Law) A certain tenure in tail special; an estate of inheritance given to a man his wife (the wife being of the blood of the donor), and descendible to the heirs of their two bodies begotten. [ Obsolete] Blackstone.
[ French franc
free + Norm. French almoigne
alma, for almosne
, French aumône
. See Frank
, and Almoner
.] (Eng. Law) A tenure by which a religious corporation holds lands given to them and their successors forever, usually on condition of praying for the soul of the donor and his heirs; -- called also tenure by free alms . Burrill.
Frankfort black A black pigment used in copperplate printing, prepared by burning vine twigs, the lees of wine, etc. McElrath.
Frankincense noun [ Old French franc free, pure + encens incense.] A fragrant, aromatic resin, or gum resin, burned as an incense in religious rites or for medicinal fumigation. The best kinds now come from East Indian trees, of the genus Boswellia ; a commoner sort, from the Norway spruce ( Abies excelsa ) and other coniferous trees. The frankincense of the ancient Jews is still unidentified.
Franking noun (Carp.) A method of forming a joint at the intersection of window-sash bars, by cutting away only enough wood to show a miter.
Frankish adjective Like, or pertaining to, the Franks.
[ Middle English frankelein
; confer Late Latin franchilanus
. See Frank
] An English freeholder, or substantial householder.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
The franklin , a small landholder of those days. Sir J. Stephen.
Franklin stove A kind of open stove introduced by Benjamin Franklin , the peculiar feature of which was that a current of heated air was directly supplied to the room from an air box; -- now applied to other varieties of open stoves.
Franklinic adjective Of or pertaining to Benjamin Franklin. Franklinic electricity , electricity produced by friction; called also statical electricity .
Franklinite noun (Min.) A kind of mineral of the spinel group.
Frankly adverb In a frank manner; freely.
Very frankly he confessed his treasons. Shak. Syn.
-- Openly; ingenuously; plainly; unreservedly; undisguisedly; sincerely; candidly; artlessly; freely; readily; unhesitatingly; liberally; willingly.
Frankness noun The quality of being frank; candor; openess; ingenuousness; fairness; liberality.
free + pledge
.] (O. Eng. Law) (a) A pledge or surety for the good behavior of freemen, -- each freeman who was a member of an ancient decennary, tithing, or friborg, in England, being a pledge for the good conduct of the others, for the preservation of the public peace; a free surety. (b) The tithing itself. Bouvier.
The servants of the crown were not, as now, bound in frankpledge for each other. Macaulay.
[ Middle English frentik
, French frentique
, Latin phreneticus
, from Greek .... See Frenzy
, and confer Frenetic
.] Mad; raving; furious; violent; wild and disorderly; distracted.
Die, frantic wretch, for this accursed deed! Shak.
Torrents of frantic abuse. Macaulay.
-- Fran"tic*al*ly adverb
-- Fran"tic*ly adverb Shak.
, noun Johnson.
Frap transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Frapped
; present participle & verbal noun Frapping
.] [ Confer French frapper
to strike, to seize ropes. Confer Affrap
.] 1. (Nautical) To draw together; to bind with a view to secure and strengthen, as a vessel by passing cables around it; to tighten; as a tackle by drawing the lines together. Tottem. 2. To brace by drawing together, as the cords of a drum. Knoght.
Frape noun [ Confer frap , and Prov. English frape to scold.] A crowd, a rabble. [ Obsolete] ares.
Frapler noun A blusterer; a rowdy.
Unpolished, a frapler , and base. B. Jonson.
Frappé (frȧ`pā") adjective [ French, p.p. of frapper to strike, to chill.] Iced; frozen; artificially cooled; as, wine frappé . -- noun A frappé mixture or beverage, as a water ice, variously flavored, frozen soft, and served in glasses.
[ From Frap
.] (Nautical) A lashing binding a thing tightly or binding things together.
Frater noun [ Latin , a brother.] (Eccl.) A monk; also, a frater house. [ R.] Shipley. Frater house , an apartament in a convent used as an eating room; a refectory; -- called also a fratery .
[ French fraternel
, Late Latin fraternalis
, from Latin fraternus
, from frater
brother. See Brother
.] Of, pertaining to, or involving, brethren; becoming to brothers; brotherly; as, fraternal affection; a fraternal embrace.
An abhorred, a cursed, a fraternal war. Milton.
Fraternal love and friendship. Addison.
Fraternate intransitive verb To fraternize; to hold fellowship. Jefferson.
Fraternation, Fraternism noun Fraternization. [ R.] Jefferson.
; plural Fraternities
. [ French fraternité
, Latin fraternitas
.] 1. The state or quality of being fraternal or brotherly; brotherhood. 2. A body of men associated for their common interest, business, or pleasure; a company; a brotherhood; a society; in the Roman Catholic Church, an association for special religious purposes, for relieving the sick and destitute, etc. 3. Men of the same class, profession, occupation, character, or tastes.
With what terms of respect knaves and sots will speak of their own fraternity ! South.
Fraternization noun The act of fraternizing or uniting as brothers.
I hope that no French fraternization . . . could so change the hearts of Englishmen. Burke.
Fraternize intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Fraternized
; present participle & verbal noun
.] [ Confer French fraterniser
.] To associate or hold fellowship as brothers, or as men of like occupation or character; to have brotherly feelings.
Fraternize transitive verb To bring into fellowship or brotherly sympathy.
Correspondence for fraternizing the two nations. Burke.
Fraternizer noun One who fraternizes. Burke.
[ Latin frater
brother: confer Italian frateria
a brotherhood of monks. See Friar
.] A frater house. See under Frater .