Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Fractionate transitive verb To separate into different portions or fractions, as in the distillation of liquids.
Fractious adjective [ Confer Prov. English frack forward, eager, English freak , fridge ; or Prov. English fratch to squabble, quarrel.] Apt to break out into a passion; apt to scold; cross; snappish; ugly; unruly; as, a fractious man; a fractious horse. Syn. -- Snappish; peevish; waspish; cross; irritable; perverse; pettish. -- Frac"tious*ly , v. -- Frac"tious*ness , noun
Fractural adjective Pertaining to, or consequent on, a fracture. [ R.]
[ Latin fractura
, from frangere
, to break: confer French fracture
. See Fraction
.] 1. The act of breaking or snapping asunder; rupture; breach. 2. (Surg.) The breaking of a bone. 3. (Min.) The texture of a freshly broken surface; as, a compact fracture ; an even, hackly, or conchoidal fracture . Comminuted fracture (Surg.)
, a fracture in which the bone is broken into several parts.
-- Complicated fracture (Surg.)
, a fracture of the bone combined with the lesion of some artery, nervous trunk, or joint.
-- Compound fracture (Surg.)
, a fracture in which there is an open wound from the surface down to the fracture.
-- Simple fracture (Surg.)
, a fracture in which the bone only is ruptured. It does not communicate with the surface by an open wound. Syn.
. These words denote different kinds of breaking
, according to the objects to which they are applied. Fracture
is applied to hard substances; as, the fracture
of a bone. Rupture
is oftener applied to soft substances; as, the rupture
of a blood vessel. It is also used figuratively. "To be an enemy and once to have been a friend, does it not embitter the rupture
Fracture transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Fractured
(#; 135); present participle & verbal noun
.] [ Confer French fracturer
.] To cause a fracture or fractures in; to break; to burst asunder; to crack; to separate the continuous parts of; as, to fracture a bone; to fracture the skull.
[ Latin fragilis
, from frangere
to break; confer French fragile
. See Break
, transitive verb
, and confer Frail
] Easily broken; brittle; frail; delicate; easily destroyed.
The state of ivy is tough, and not fragile . Bacon. Syn.
-- Brittle; infirm; weak; frail; frangible; slight. -- Frag"ile*ly
[ Latin fragilitas
: confer French fragilité
. Confer Frailty
.] 1. The condition or quality of being fragile; brittleness; frangibility. Bacon. 2. Weakness; feebleness.
An appearance of delicacy, and even of fragility , is almost essential to it [ beauty]. Burke. 3. Liability to error and sin; frailty.
The fragility and youthful folly of Qu. Fabius. Holland.
[ Latin fragmentum
, from frangere to break: confer French fragment
. See Break
, transitive verb
] A part broken off; a small, detached portion; an imperfect part; as, a fragment of an ancient writing.
Gather up the fragments that remain. John vi. 12.
1. Fragmentary. 2. (Geol.) Consisting of the pulverized or fragmentary material of rock, as conglomerate, shale, etc.
Fragmental noun (Geol.) A fragmentary rock.
Fragmentarily adverb In a fragmentary manner; piecemeal.
Fragmentariness noun The quality or property of being in fragments, or broken pieces; incompleteness; want of continuity. G. Eliot.
Fragmentary adjective [ Confer French fragmentaire .]
1. Composed of fragments, or broken pieces; disconnected; not complete or entire. Donne. 2. (Geol.) Composed of the fragments of other rocks.
Fragmented adjective Broken into fragments.
Fragmentist noun A writer of fragments; as, the fragmentist of Wolfenbüttel. [ R.]
Fragor noun [ Latin , a breaking to pieces, from frangere to break.]
1. A loud and sudden sound; the report of anything bursting; a crash. I. Watts. 2. [ Due to confusion with fragrant .] A strong or sweet scent. [ Obsolete & Illegitimate.] Sir T. Herbert.
Fragrance, Fragrancy noun
[ Latin fragrantia
: confer Old French fragrance
.] The quality of being fragrant; sweetness of smell; a sweet smell; a pleasing odor; perfume.
Eve separate he spies, Milton.
Veiled in a cloud of fragrance .
The goblet crowned, Pope.
Breathed aromatic fragrancies around.
[ Latin fragrans
, present participle of fragrare
to emit a smell of fragrance: confer Old French fragrant
.] Affecting the olfactory nerves agreeably; sweet of smell; odorous; having or emitting an agreeable perfume.
Fragrant the fertile earth Milton. Syn.
After soft showers.
-- Sweet-smelling; odorous; odoriferous; sweet- scented; redolent; ambrosial; balmy; spicy; aromatic. -- Fra"grant*ly
Fraight adjective Same as Fraught .
[ Obsolete] Spenser.
Frail noun [ Middle English fraiel , fraile , Old French fraiel , freel , frael , from Late Latin fraellum .] A basket made of rushes, used chiefly for containing figs and raisins. 2. The quantity of raisins -- about thirty- two, fifty-six, or seventy-five pounds, -- contained in a frail. 3. A rush for weaving baskets. Johnson.
[ Compar. Frailer
.] [ Middle English frele
, Old French fraile
, French frêle
, from Latin fragilis
. See Fragile
.] 1. Easily broken; fragile; not firm or durable; liable to fail and perish; easily destroyed; not tenacious of life; weak; infirm.
That I may know how frail I am. Ps. xxxix. 4.
An old bent man, worn and frail . Lowell. 2. Tender.
Deep indignation and compassion. Spenser. 3. Liable to fall from virtue or be led into sin; not strong against temptation; weak in resolution; also, unchaste; -- often applied to fallen women.
Man is frail , and prone to evil. Jer. Taylor.
Frailly adverb Weakly; infirmly.
Frailness noun Frailty.
; plural Frailties
(-tĭz). [ Middle English frelete
, Old French fraileté
, from Latin fragilitas
. See Frail
, and confer Fragility
.] 1. The condition or quality of being frail, physically, mentally, or morally; frailness; infirmity; weakness of resolution; liableness to be deceived or seduced.
God knows our frailty , [ and] pities our weakness. Locke. 2. A fault proceeding from weakness; foible; sin of infirmity. Syn.
-- Frailness; fragility; imperfection; failing.
[ Old French ; F fraicheur
, from frais
, fem. fraîche
, fresh; of German origin. See Frash
] Freshness; coolness.
[ R.] Dryden.
[ See Froise
.] A large and thick pancake, with slices of bacon in it.
[ Obsolete] Johnson.
Fraise noun [ French fraise , orig., a ruff, confer French frise frieze, English frieze a coarse stuff.]
1. (Fort.) A defense consisting of pointed stakes driven into the ramparts in a horizontal or inclined position. 2. (Mech.) A fluted reamer for enlarging holes in stone; a small milling cutter.
Fraise transitive verb (Mil.) To protect, as a line of troops, against an onset of cavalry, by opposing bayonets raised obliquely forward. Wilhelm.
Fraised adjective Fortified with a fraise.
Fraken noun A freckle.
A few fraknes in his face. Chaucer.
Framable adjective Capable of being framed.
[ French & New Latin , from French framboise
raspberry.] (Medicine) The yaws. See Yaws .
Frame transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Framed
; present participle & verbal noun Framing
.] [ Middle English framen
, to execute, build, Anglo-Saxon fremman
to further, perform, effect, from fram
strong, valiant; akin to English foremost
, and probably to Anglo-Saxon fram
from, Icelandic fremja
, to further, framr
forward, German fromm
worthy, excellent, pious. See Foremost
, and confer Furnish
.] 1. (Arch. & Engin.) To construct by fitting and uniting the several parts of the skeleton of any structure; specifically, in woodwork, to put together by cutting parts of one member to fit parts of another. See Dovetail , Halve , transitive verb , Miter , Tenon , Tooth , Tusk , Scarf , and Splice . 2. To originate; to plan; to devise; to contrive; to compose; in a bad sense, to invent or fabricate, as something false.
How many excellent reasonings are framed in the mind of a man of wisdom and study in a length of years. I. Watts. 3. To fit to something else, or for some specific end; to adjust; to regulate; to shape; to conform.
And frame my face to all occasions. Shak.
We may in some measure frame our minds for the reception of happiness. Landor.
The human mind is framed to be influenced. I. Taylor. 4. To cause; to bring about; to produce.
Fear frames disorder, and disorder wounds. Shak. 5. To support.
[ Obsolete & R.]
That on a staff his feeble steps did frame . Spenser. 6. To provide with a frame, as a picture.
Frame intransitive verb 1. To shape; to arrange, as the organs of speech.
[ Obsolete] Judg. xii. 6. 2. To proceed; to go.
The bauty of this sinful dame Shak.
Made many princes thither frame .
Frame noun 1. Anything composed of parts fitted and united together; a fabric; a structure; esp., the constructional system, whether of timber or metal, that gives to a building, vessel, etc., its model and strength; the skeleton of a structure.
These are thy glorious works, Parent of good, Milton. 2. The bodily structure; physical constitution; make or build of a person.
Almighty! thine this universal frame .
Some bloody passion shakes your very frame . Shak.
No frames could be strong enough to endure it. Prescott. 3. A kind of open case or structure made for admitting, inclosing, or supporting things, as that which incloses or contains a window, door, picture, etc.; that on which anything is held or stretched
; as: (a) The skeleton structure which supports the boiler and machinery of a locomotive upon its wheels. (b) (Founding) A molding box or flask, which being filled with sand serves as a mold for castings. (c) The ribs and stretchers of an umbrella or other structure with a fabric covering. (d) A structure of four bars, adjustable in size, on which cloth, etc., is stretched for quilting, embroidery, etc. (e) (Hort.) A glazed portable structure for protecting young plants from frost. (f) (Print.) A stand to support the type cases for use by the compositor. 4. (Machinery) A term applied, especially in England, to certain machines built upon or within framework; as, a stocking frame ; lace frame ; spinning frame , etc. 5. Form; shape; proportion; scheme; structure; constitution; system; as, a frame of government.
She that hath a heart of that fine frame Shak.
To pay this debt of love but to a brother.
Put your discourse into some frame . Shak. 6. Particular state or disposition, as of the mind; humor; temper; mood; as, to be always in a happy frame . 7. Contrivance; the act of devising or scheming.
John the bastard Shak. Balloon frame
Whose spirits toil in frame of villainies.
, Cant frames
, etc. See under Balloon , Cant , etc.
-- Frame building or house
, a building of which the form and support is made of framed timbers.
[ U.S.] -- Frame level
, a mason's level.
-- Frame saw
, a thin saw stretched in a frame to give it rigidity.
Frame noun In games: (a) In pool, the triangular form used in setting up the balls; also, the balls as set up, or the round of playing required to pocket them all; as, to play six frames in a game of 50 points. (b) In bowling, as in tenpins, one of the several innings forming a game.
Frame-up noun A conspiracy or plot, esp. for a malicious or evil purpose, as to incriminate a person on false evidence. [ Slang]
Framer noun One who frames; as, the framer of a building; the framers of the Constitution.
Framework noun 1. The work of framing, or the completed work; the frame or constructional part of anything; as, the framework of society.
A staunch and solid piece of framework . Milton. 2. Work done in, or by means of, a frame or loom.
Framing noun Framing chisel (Carp.) , a heavy chisel with a socket shank for making mortises.
1. The act, process, or style of putting together a frame, or of constructing anything; a frame; that which frames. 2. (Arch. & Engin.) A framework, or a sy... of frames.
Frampel, Frampoid adjective
[ Also written frampul
.] [ Confer W. fframfol
angry, fretting; or perhaps akin to English frump
.] Peevish; cross; vexatious; quarrelsome.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
Is Pompey grown so malapert, so frampel ? Beau. & Fl.
[ French, from franc
a Franc. See Frank
] A silver coin of France, and since 1795 the unit of the French monetary system. It has been adopted by Belgium and Swizerland. It is equivalent to about nineteen cents, or ten pence, and is divided into 100 centimes.
[ French, from franc
, fem. franche
, free. See Frank
] 1. Exemption from constraint or oppression; freedom; liberty.
[ Obsolete] Spenser. 2. (LAw) A particular privilege conferred by grant from a sovereign or a government, and vested in individuals; an immunity or exemption from ordinary jurisdiction; a constitutional or statutory right or privilege, esp. the right to vote.
Election by universal suffrage, as modified by the Constitution, is the one crowning franchise of the American people. W. H. Seward. 3. The district or jurisdiction to which a particular privilege extends; the limits of an immunity; hence, an asylum or sanctuary.
Churches and mobasteries in Spain are franchises for criminals. London Encyc. 4. Magnanimity; generosity; liberality; frankness; nobility.
in woman." [ Obsolete] Chaucer. Elective franchise
, the privilege or right of voting in an election of public officers.
Franchise transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Franchised
; present participle & verbal noun Franchising
.] [ Confer Old French franchir
to free, F., to cross.] To make free; to enfranchise; to give liberty to. Shak.
Franchisement noun [ Confer Old French franchissement .] Release; deliverance; freedom. Spenser.
[ See Frank
] Pertaining to the Franks, or their language; Frankish.
Franciscan adjective [ Late Latin Franciscus Francis: confer French franciscain .] (R. C. Ch.) Belonging to the Order of St. Francis of the Franciscans. Franciscan Brothers , pious laymen who devote themselves to useful works, such as manual labor schools, and other educational institutions; -- called also Brothers of the Third Order of St. Francis . -- Franciscan Nuns , nuns who follow the rule of St. Francis, esp. those of the Second Order of St. Francis, -- called also Poor Clares or Minoresses . -- Franciscan Tertiaries , the Third Order of St. Francis.
Franciscan noun (R.C.Ch.) A monk or friar of the Order of St. Francis, a large and zealous order of mendicant monks founded in 1209 by St. Francis of Assisi. They are called also Friars Minor ; and in England, Gray Friars , because they wear a gray habit.
; plural Frænula
. [ New Latin , dim. of Latin fraenum
a bridle.] (Anat.) A frænum.
Frænum, Frenum noun
, Latin Fræna
. [ Latin , a bridle.] (Anat.) A connecting fold of membrane serving to support or restrain any part; as, the frænum of the tongue.