Webster's Dictionary, 1913
(fôr"tun; 135) noun
[ French fortune
, Latin fortuna
; akin to fors
, chance, probably from ferre
to bear, bring. See Bear
to support, and confer Fortuitous
.] 1. The arrival of something in a sudden or unexpected manner; chance; accident; luck; hap; also, the personified or deified power regarded as determining human success, apportioning happiness and unhappiness, and distributing arbitrarily or fortuitously the lots of life.
'T is more by fortune , lady, than by merit. Shak.
O Fortune , Fortune , all men call thee fickle. Shak. 2. That which befalls or is to befall one; lot in life, or event in any particular undertaking; fate; destiny; as, to tell one's fortune .
You, who men's fortunes in their faces read. Cowley. 3. That which comes as the result of an undertaking or of a course of action; good or ill success; especially, favorable issue; happy event; success; prosperity as reached partly by chance and partly by effort.
Our equal crimes shall equal fortune give. Dryden.
There is a tide in the affairs of men, Shak.
Which, taken at the flood, leads on to fortune .
His father dying, he was driven to seek his fortune . Swift. 4. Wealth; large possessions; large estate; riches; as, a gentleman of fortune . Syn.
-- Chance; accident; luck; fate. Fortune book
, a book supposed to reveal future events to those who consult it. Crashaw.
-- Fortune hunter
, one who seeks to acquire wealth by marriage.
-- Fortune teller
, one who professes to tell future events in the life of another.
-- Fortune telling
, the practice or art of professing to reveal future events in the life of another.
Fortune transitive verb
[ Old French fortuner
, Latin fortunare
. See Fortune
] 1. To make fortunate; to give either good or bad fortune to.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. 2. To provide with a fortune. Richardson. 3. To presage; to tell the fortune of.
[ Obsolete] Dryden.
Fortune intransitive verb To fall out; to happen.
It fortuned the same night that a Christian, serving a Turk in the camp, secretely gave the watchmen warning. Knolles.
Fortuneless adjective Luckless; also, destitute of a fortune or portion. Spenser.
Fortunize transitive verb To regulate the fortune of; to make happy. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
[ Middle English forti
, Anglo-Saxon feówertig
four + suff. - tig
ten; akin to Old Saxon fiwartig
, Dutch veertig
, German vierzig
, Icelandic fjörutīu
, Swedish fyratio
, Danish fyrretyve
, Goth. fidwōr tigjus
. See Four
, and Ten
, and confer Fourteen
.] Four times ten; thirty-nine and one more.
; plural Forties
(-tĭz). 1. The sum of four tens; forty units or objects. 2. A symbol expressing forty units; as, 40, or xl.
Forty-niner noun One of those who went to California in the rush for gold in 1849; an argonaut. [ Colloq., U. S.]
Forty-spot noun (Zoology) The Tasmanian forty-spotted diamond bird ( Pardalotus quadragintus ).
, Latin Fora
. [ Latin ; akin to foris
, out of doors. See Foreign
.] 1. A market place or public place in Rome, where causes were judicially tried, and orations delivered to the people. 2. A tribunal; a court; an assembly empowered to hear and decide causes.
He [ Lord Camden] was . . . more eminent in the senate than in the forum . Brougham.
Forwaked past participle & adjective Tired out with excessive waking or watching. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Forwander intransitive verb To wander away; to go astray; to wander far and to weariness. [ Obsolete]
[ Middle English , from Anglo-Saxon foreweard
before + weard
a ward. See Ward
] An agreement; a covenant; a promise.
Tell us a tale anon, as forward is. Chaucer.
Forward adjective 1. Near, or at the fore part; in advance of something else; as, the forward gun in a ship, or the forward ship in a fleet. 2. Ready; prompt; strongly inclined; in an ill sense, overready; too hasty.
Only they would that we should remember the poor; the same which I also was forward to do. Gal. ii. 10.
Nor do we find him forward to be sounded. Shak. 3. Ardent; eager; earnest; in an ill sense, less reserved or modest than is proper; bold; confident; as, the boy is too forward for his years.
I have known men disagreeably forward from their shyness. T. Arnold. 4. Advanced beyond the usual degree; advanced for the season; as, the grass is forward , or forward for the season; we have a forward spring.
The most forward bud Shak.
Is eaten by the canker ere it blow.
Forward transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Forwarded
; present participle & verbal noun Forwarding
.] 1. To help onward; to advance; to promote; to accelerate; to quicken; to hasten; as, to forward the growth of a plant; to forward one in improvement. 2. To send forward; to send toward the place of destination; to transmit; as, to forward a letter.
Forward, Forwards adverb
[ Anglo-Saxon forweard
; akin to German vorwärts
. The s
is properly a genitive ending. See For
, and -ward
.] Toward a part or place before or in front; onward; in advance; progressively; -- opposed to backward .
1. One who forwards or promotes; a promoter. Udall. 2. One who sends forward anything; (Com.) one who transmits goods; a forwarding merchant. 3. (Bookbinding) One employed in forwarding.
1. The act of one who forwards; the act or occupation of transmitting merchandise or other property for others. 2. (Bookbinding) The process of putting a book into its cover, and making it ready for the finisher.
Forwardly adverb Eagerly; hastily; obtrusively.
Forwardness noun The quality of being forward; cheerful readiness; promtness; as, the forwardness of Christians in propagating the gospel. 2. An advanced stage of progress or of preparation; advancement; as, his measures were in great forwardness . Robertson. 3. Eagerness; ardor; as, it is difficult to restrain the forwardness of youth. 3. Boldness; confidence; assurance; want of due reserve or modesty.
In France it is usual to bring children into company, and cherish in them, from their infancy, a kind of forwardness and assurance. Addison. 5. A state of advance beyond the usual degree; prematureness; precocity; as, the forwardness of spring or of corn; the forwardness of a pupil.
He had such a dexterous proclivity, as his teachers were fain to restrain his forwardness . Sir H. Wotton. Syn.
-- Promptness; promptitude; eagerness; ardor; zeal; assurance; confidence; boldness; impudence; presumption.
Forwaste transitive verb [ Prefix for- + waste .] To desolate or lay waste utterly. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Forweary transitive verb To weary extremely; to dispirit. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Forweep intransitive verb To weep much. [ Obsolete]
Forwete transitive verb See Forewite .
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Forwhy conj. [ For + why , Anglo-Saxon hw... , instrumental case of hwā who.] Wherefore; because. [ Obsolete]
Forworn adjective Much worn.
A silly man, in simple weeds forworn . Spenser.
Forwot present indic. 1st & 3d pers. sing. of Forwete .
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Forwrap transitive verb To wrap up; to conceal.
All mote be said and nought excused, nor hid, nor forwrapped . Chaucer.
Foryelde transitive verb [ Anglo-Saxon forgieldan .] To repay; to requite. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Foryete transitive verb To forget. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
obsolete past participle of Foryete . Chaucer.
[ Italian , propast participle p. of forzare
to force.] (Mus.) See Sforzato .
; plural FossÆ
. [ Latin , a ditch. See Fosse
.] (Anat.) A pit, groove, cavity, or depression, of greater or less depth; as, the temporal fossa on the side of the skull; the nasal fossæ containing the nostrils in most birds.
Fossane noun [ Confer French fossane .] (Zoology) A species of civet ( Viverra fossa ) resembling the genet.
[ French, from Latin fossa
, from fodere
, to dig.] 1. (Fort.) A ditch or moat. 2. (Anat.) See Fossa . Fosse road
. See Fosseway .
Fosset noun A faucet. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Fossette noun [ French, dim. of fosse a fosse.]
1. A little hollow; hence, a dimple. 2. (Medicine) A small, deep-centered ulcer of the transparent cornea.
Fosseway noun One of the great military roads constructed by the Romans in England and other parts of Europe; -- so called from the fosse or ditch on each side for keeping it dry.
Fossick intransitive verb
[ Dial. English fossick
, a troublesome person, fussick
to potter over one's work, fussock
to bustle about; of uncertain origin. Confer Fuss
.] 1. (Mining) To search for gold by picking at stone or earth or among roots in isolated spots, picking over abandoned workings, etc.; hence, to steal gold or auriferous matter from another's claim.
[ Australia] 2. To search about; to rummage.
A man who has fossicked in nature's byways. D. Macdonald.
[ Latin fossilis
, from fodere
to dig: confer French fossile
. See Fosse
.] 1. Dug out of the earth; as, fossil coal; fossil salt. 2. (Paleon.) Like or pertaining to fossils; contained in rocks, whether petrified or not; as, fossil plants, shells. Fossil copal
, a resinous substance, first found in the blue clay at Highgate, near London, and apparently a vegetable resin, partly changed by remaining in the earth.
-- Fossil cork
, or wood
, varieties of amianthus.
-- Fossil farina
, a soft carbonate of lime.
-- Fossil ore
, fossiliferous red hematite. Raymond.
1. A substance dug from the earth. [ Obsolete] » Formerly all minerals were called fossils , but the word is now restricted to express the remains of animals and plants found buried in the earth. Ure. 2. (Paleon.) The remains of an animal or plant found in stratified rocks. Most fossils belong to extinct species, but many of the later ones belong to species still living. 3. A person whose views and opinions are extremely antiquated; one whose sympathies are with a former time rather than with the present. [ Colloq.]
Fossiliferous adjective [ Fossil + -ferous .] (Paleon.) Containing or composed of fossils.
Fossilification noun [ Fossil + Latin facere to make.] The process of becoming fossil.
1. The science or state of fossils. Coleridge. 2. The state of being extremely antiquated in views and opinions.
Fossilist noun One who is versed in the science of fossils; a paleontologist. Joseph Black.
Fossilization noun [ Confer French fossilisation .] The process of converting, or of being converted, into a fossil.
Fossilize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Fossilized
; present participle & verbal noun Fossilizing
.] [ Confer French fossiliser
.] 1. To convert into a fossil; to petrify; as, to fossilize bones or wood. 2. To cause to become antiquated, rigid, or fixed, as by fossilization; to mummify; to deaden.
Ten layers of birthdays on a woman's head Mrs. Browning.
Are apt to fossilize her girlish mirth.
Fossilize intransitive verb
1. To become fossil. 2. To become antiquated, rigid, or fixed, beyond the influence of change or progress.
Fossilized adjective Converted into a fossil; antiquated; firmly fixed in views or opinions.
A fossilized sample of confused provincialism. Earle.
Fossores noun plural [ New Latin , from Latin fossor... digger, from fodere to dig.] (Zoology) A group of hymenopterous insects including the sand wasps. They excavate cells in earth, where they deposit their eggs, with the bodies of other insects for the food of the young when hatched. [ Written also Fossoria .]