Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Forlie intransitive verb See Forelie .
Forlore imperfect plural & past participle of Forlese .
The beasts their caves, the birds their nests forlore . Fairfax.
[ Middle English , past participle of forlesen
to lose utterly, Anglo-Saxon forleósan
(past participle forloren
); prefix for-
(in comp.) to lose; confer Dutch verliezen
to lose, German verlieren
, Swedish förlora
, Danish forloren
, Goth. fraliusan
to lose. See For-
, and Lorn
, transitive verb
] 1. Deserted; abandoned; lost.
Of fortune and of hope at once forlorn . Spenser.
Some say that ravens foster forlorn children. Shak. 2. Destitute; helpless; in pitiful plight; wretched; miserable; almost hopeless; desperate.
For here forlorn and lost I tread. Goldsmith.
The condition of the besieged in the mean time was forlorn in the extreme. Prescott.
She cherished the forlorn hope that he was still living. Thomson. A forlorn hope
[ Dutch verloren hoop
, prop., a lost band or troop; verloren
, past participle of verliezen
to lose + hoop
band; akin to English heap
. See For-
, and Heap
, a body of men (called in French enfants perdus , in German verlornen posten ) selected, usually from volunteers, to attempt a breach, scale the wall of a fortress, or perform other extraordinarily perilous service; also, a desperate case or enterprise. Syn.
-- Destitute, lost; abandoned; forsaken; solitary; helpless; friendless; hopeless; abject; wretched; miserable; pitiable.
Forlorn noun 1. A lost, forsaken, or solitary person.
Forced to live in Scotland a forlorn . Shak. 2. A forlorn hope; a vanguard.
Our forlorn of horse marched within a mile of the enemy. Oliver Cromvell.
Forlornly adverb In a forlorn manner. Pollok.
Forlornness noun State of being forlorn. Boyle.
Forlye intransitive verb Same as Forlie .
(fōrm; in senses
8 & 9, often
fōrm in England
[ Middle English & French forme
, from Latin forma
; confer Sanskrit dhariman
. Confer Firm
.] 1. The shape and structure of anything, as distinguished from the material of which it is composed; particular disposition or arrangement of matter, giving it individuality or distinctive character; configuration; figure; external appearance.
The form of his visage was changed. Dan. iii. 19.
And woven close close, both matter, form , and style. Milton. 2. Constitution; mode of construction, organization, etc.; system; as, a republican form of government. 3. Established method of expression or practice; fixed way of proceeding; conventional or stated scheme; formula; as, a form of prayer.
Those whom form of laws Dryden. 4. Show without substance; empty, outside appearance; vain, trivial, or conventional ceremony; conventionality; formality; as, a matter of mere form .
Condemned to die.
Though well we may not pass upon his life Shak. 5. Orderly arrangement; shapeliness; also, comeliness; elegance; beauty.
Without the form of justice.
The earth was without form and void. Gen. i. 2.
He hath no form nor comeliness. Is. liii. 2. 6. A shape; an image; a phantom. 7. That by which shape is given or determined; mold; pattern; model. 8. A long seat; a bench; hence, a rank of students in a school; a class; also, a class or rank in society.
"Ladies of a high form
." Bp. Burnet. 9. The seat or bed of a hare.
As in a form sitteth a weary hare. Chaucer. 10. (Print.) The type or other matter from which an impression is to be taken, arranged and secured in a chase. 11. (Fine Arts) The boundary line of a material object. In painting , more generally, the human body. 12. (Gram.) The particular shape or structure of a word or part of speech; as, participial forms ; verbal forms . 13. (Crystallog.) The combination of planes included under a general crystallographic symbol. It is not necessarily a closed solid. 14. (Metaph.) That assemblage or disposition of qualities which makes a conception, or that internal constitution which makes an existing thing to be what it is; -- called essential or substantial form , and contradistinguished from matter ; hence, active or formative nature; law of being or activity; subjectively viewed, an idea; objectively, a law. 15. Mode of acting or manifestation to the senses, or the intellect; as, water assumes the form of ice or snow. In modern usage, the elements of a conception furnished by the mind's own activity, as contrasted with its object or condition, which is called the matter ; subjectively, a mode of apprehension or belief conceived as dependent on the constitution of the mind; objectively, universal and necessary accompaniments or elements of every object known or thought of. 16. (Biol.) The peculiar characteristics of an organism as a type of others; also, the structure of the parts of an animal or plant. Good form
or Bad form
, the general appearance, condition or action, originally of horses, atterwards of persons; as, the members of a boat crew are said to be in good form when they pull together uniformly. The phrases are further used colloquially in description of conduct or manners in society; as, it is not good form to smoke in the presence of a lady.
(fôrm) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Formed
(fôrmd); present participle & verbal noun Forming
.] [ French former
, Latin formare
, from forma
. See Form
] 1. To give form or shape to; to frame; to construct; to make; to fashion.
God formed man of the dust of the ground. Gen. ii. 7.
The thought that labors in my forming brain. Rowe. 2. To give a particular shape to; to shape, mold, or fashion into a certain state or condition; to arrange; to adjust; also, to model by instruction and discipline; to mold by influence, etc.; to train.
'T is education forms the common mind. Pope.
Thus formed for speed, he challenges the wind. Dryden. 3. To go to make up; to act as constituent of; to be the essential or constitutive elements of; to answer for; to make the shape of; -- said of that out of which anything is formed or constituted, in whole or in part.
The diplomatic politicians . . . who formed by far the majority. Burke. 4. To provide with a form, as a hare. See Form , noun , 9.
The melancholy hare is formed in brakes and briers. Drayton. 5. (Gram.) To derive by grammatical rules, as by adding the proper suffixes and affixes.
Form intransitive verb To form on (Mil.) , to form a lengthened line with reference to (any given object) as a basis.
1. To take a form, definite shape, or arrangement; as, the infantry should form in column. 2. To run to a form, as a hare. B. Jonson.
Form transitive verb (Electricity) To treat (plates) so as to bring them to fit condition for introduction into a storage battery, causing one plate to be composed more or less of spongy lead, and the other of lead peroxide. This was formerly done by repeated slow alternations of the charging current, but now the plates or grids are coated or filled, one with a paste of red lead and the other with litharge, introduced into the cell, and formed by a direct charging current.
[ Latin form
ic + al
cohol.] (Chemistry) See Methylal .
[ Latin formalis
: confer French formel
.] 1. Belonging to the form, shape, frame, external appearance, or organization of a thing. 2. Belonging to the constitution of a thing, as distinguished from the matter composing it; having the power of making a thing what it is; constituent; essential; pertaining to or depending on the forms, so called, of the human intellect.
Of [ the sounds represented by] letters, the material part is breath and voice; the formal is constituted by the motion and figure of the organs of speech. Holder. 3. Done in due form, or with solemnity; according to regular method; not incidental, sudden or irregular; express; as, he gave his formal consent.
His obscure funeral . . . Shak. 4. Devoted to, or done in accordance with, forms or rules; punctilious; regular; orderly; methodical; of a prescribed form; exact; prim; stiff; ceremonious; as, a man formal in his dress, his gait, his conversation.
No noble rite nor formal ostentation.
A cold-looking, formal garden, cut into angles and rhomboids. W. Irwing.
She took off the formal cap that confined her hair. Hawthorne. 5. Having the form or appearance without the substance or essence; external; as, formal duty; formal worship; formal courtesy, etc. 6. Dependent in form; conventional.
Still in constraint your suffering sex remains, Pope. 7. Sound; normal.
Or bound in formal or in real chains.
To make of him a formal man again. Shak. Formal cause
. See under Cause . Syn.
-- Precise; punctilious; stiff; starched; affected; ritual; ceremonial; external; outward. -- Formal
. When applied to things, these words usually denote a mere accordance with the rules of form or ceremony; as, to make a formal
call; to take a ceremonious
leave. When applied to a person or his manners, they are used in a bad sense; a person being called formal
who shapes himself too much by some pattern or set form, and ceremonious
when he lays too much stress on the conventional laws of social intercourse. Formal
manners render a man stiff or ridiculous; a ceremonious
carriage puts a stop to the ease and freedom of social intercourse.
Formaldehyde noun [ Form ic + aldehyde .] (Chemistry) A colorless, volatile liquid, H 2 CO, resembling acetic or ethyl aldehyde, and chemically intermediate between methyl alcohol and formic acid.
Formalin noun [ Form ic + al dehyde + -in .] (Chemistry) An aqueous solution of formaldehyde, used as a preservative in museums and as a disinfectant.
l*ĭz'm) noun The practice or the doctrine of strict adherence to, or dependence on, external forms, esp. in matters of religion.
Official formalism . Sir H. Rawlinson.
[ Confer French formaliste
.] One overattentive to forms, or too much confined to them; esp., one who rests in external religious forms, or observes strictly the outward forms of worship, without possessing the life and spirit of religion.
As far a formalist from wisdom sits, Young.
In judging eyes, as libertines from wits.
; plural Formalities
. [ Confer French formalité
.] 1. The condition or quality of being formal, strictly ceremonious, precise, etc. 2. Form without substance.
Such [ books] as are mere pieces of formality , so that if you look on them, you look though them. Fuller. 3. Compliance with formal or conventional rules; ceremony; conventionality.
Nor was his attendance on divine offices a matter of formality and custom, but of conscience. Atterbury. 4. An established order; conventional rule of procedure; usual method; habitual mode.
He was installed with all the usual formalities . C. Middleton. 5. plural The dress prescribed for any body of men, academical, municipal, or sacerdotal.
The doctors attending her in their formalities as far as Shotover. Fuller. 6. That which is formal; the formal part.
It unties the inward knot of marriage, . . . while it aims to keep fast the outward formality . Milton. 7. The quality which makes a thing what it is; essence.
The material part of the evil came from our father upon us, but the formality of it, the sting and the curse, is only by ourselves. Jer. Taylor.
The formality of the vow lies in the promise made to God. Bp. Stillingfleet. 8. (Scholastic. Philos.) The manner in which a thing is conceived or constituted by an act of human thinking; the result of such an act; as, animality and rationality are formalities .
l*īz) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Formalized
; present participle & verbal noun Formalizing
.] 1. To give form, or a certain form, to; to model.
[ R.] 2. To render formal.
Formalize intransitive verb To affect formality. [ Obsolete] ales.
Formally adverb In a formal manner; essentially; characteristically; expressly; regularly; ceremoniously; precisely.
That which formally makes this [ charity] a Christian grace, is the spring from which it flows. Smalridge.
You and your followers do stand formally divided against the authorized guides of the church and rest of the people. Hooker.
[ French or G. Confer Formation
.] (Print.) The shape and size of a book; hence, its external form.
The older manuscripts had been written in a much larger format than that found convenient for university work. G. H. Putnam.
One might, indeed, protest that the format is a little too luxurious. Nature.
[ See Formic
.] (Chemistry) A salt of formic acid.
[ Written also formiate
Formation (fŏr*mā"shŭn) noun [ Latin formatio : confer French formation .]
1. The act of giving form or shape to anything; a forming; a shaping. Beattie. 2. The manner in which a thing is formed; structure; construction; conformation; form; as, the peculiar formation of the heart. 3. A substance formed or deposited. 4. (Geol.) (a) Mineral deposits and rock masses designated with reference to their origin; as, the siliceous formation about geysers; alluvial formations ; marine formations . (b) A group of beds of the same age or period; as, the Eocene formation . 5. (Mil.) The arrangement of a body of troops, as in a square, column, etc. Farrow.
[ Confer French formatif
.] 1. Giving form; having the power of giving form; plastic; as, the formative arts.
The meanest plant can not be raised without seed, by any formative residing in the soil. Bentley. 2. (Gram.) Serving to form; derivative; not radical; as, a termination merely formative . 3. (Biol.) Capable of growth and development; germinal; as, living or formative matter.
Formative noun (Gram.) (a) That which serves merely to give form, and is no part of the radical, as the prefix or the termination of a word. (b) A word formed in accordance with some rule or usage, as from a root.
Formé adjective (Her.) Same as Paté or Patté .
[ Middle English , from Anglo-Saxon forma
. See Foremost
[ Obsolete] "Adam our forme
Formed adjective 1. (Astron.) Arranged, as stars in a constellation; as, formed stars.
[ R.] 2. (Biol.) Having structure; capable of growth and development; organized; as, the formed or organized ferments. See Ferment , noun Formed material (Biol.)
, a term employed by Beale to denote the lifeless matter of a cell, that which is physiologically dead, in distinction from the truly germinal or living matter.
Formedon noun [ Old French , from Latin. So called because the plaintiff claimed "by the form of the gift,: Latin per formam doni .] (O. Eng. Law) A writ of right for a tenant in tail in case of a discontinuance of the estate tail. This writ has been abolished.
Formell noun [ Dim. of French forme the female of a bird of prey.] (Zoology) The female of a hawk or falcon.
1. One who forms; a maker; a creator. 2. (Mech.) (a) A shape around which an article is to be shaped, molded, woven wrapped, pasted, or otherwise constructed. (b) A templet, pattern, or gauge by which an article is shaped. (c) A cutting die.
[ A compar. due to Middle English formest
. See Foremost
.] 1. Preceding in order of time; antecedent; previous; prior; earlier; hence, ancient; long past.
For inquire, I pray thee, of the former age. Job. viii. 8.
The latter and former rain. Hosea vi. 3. 3. Near the beginning; preceeding; as, the former part of a discourse or argument. 3. Earlier, as between two things mentioned together; first mentioned.
A bad author deserves better usage than a bad critic; a man may be the former merely through the misfortune of an ill judgment; but he can not be latter without both that and an ill temper. Pope. Syn.
-- Prior; previous; anterior; antecedent; preceding; foregoing.
Formeret noun [ French] (Architecture) One of the half ribs against the walls in a ceiling vaulted with ribs.
Formerly adverb In time past, either in time immediately preceding or at any indefinite distance; of old; heretofore.
Formful adjective Creative; imaginative. [ R.] "The formful brain." Thomson.
Formic adjective [ Latin formica an ant: confer French formique .] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or derived from, ants; as, formic acid; in an extended sense, pertaining to, or derived from, formic acid; as, formic ether. Amido formic acid , carbamic acid. -- Formic acid , a colorless, mobile liquid, HCO.OH, of a sharp, acid taste, occurring naturally in ants, nettles, pine needles, etc., and produced artifically in many ways, as by the oxidation of methyl alcohol, by the reduction of carbonic acid or the destructive distillation of oxalic acid. It is the first member of the fatty acids in the paraffin series, and is homologous with acetic acid.
[ Latin , an ant.] (Zoology) A Linnæan genus of hymenopterous insects, including the common ants. See Ant .
Formicaroid adjective [ New Latin Formicarius , the typical genus + -oid .] (Zoology) Like or pertaining to the family Formicaridæ or ant thrushes.
Formicary noun [ Late Latin formicarium , from Latin formica an ant.] (Zoology) The nest or dwelling of a swarm of ants; an ant-hill.
Formicate adjective [ Latin formica an ant.] (Zoology) Resembling, or pertaining to, an ant or ants.
(fôr"mĭ*kāt) intransitive verb
[ See Formication
.] To creep or crawl like ants; swarm with, or as with, ants.
An open space which formicated with peasantry. Lowell.
Formication noun [ Latin formicatio , from formicare to creep like an ant, to feel as if ants were crawling on one's self, from formica ant: confer French formication .] (Medicine) A sensation resembling that made by the creeping of ants on the skin. Dunglison.
Formicid adjective (Zoology) Pertaining to the ants. -- noun One of the family Formicidæ , or ants.
Formidability noun Formidableness. Walpole.
[ Latin formidabilis
, from formidare
to fear, dread: confer French formidable
.] Exciting fear or apprehension; impressing dread; adapted to excite fear and deter from approach, encounter, or undertaking; alarming.
They seemed to fear the formodable sight. Dryden.
I swell my preface into a volume, and make it formidable , when you see so many pages behind. Drydn. Syn.
-- Dreadful; fearful; terrible; frightful; shocking; horrible; terrific; tremendous.
Formidableness noun The quality of being formidable, or adapted to excite dread. Boyle.
Formidably adverb In a formidable manner.
Formidolose adjective [ Latin formidolosus , from formido fear.] Very much afraid. [ Obsolete] Bailey.
Forming noun The act or process of giving form or shape to anything; as, in shipbuilding, the exact shaping of partially shaped timbers.