Webster's Dictionary, 1913
1. Of, pertaining to, or living in, water not salt; as, fresh-water geological deposits; a fresh- water fish; fresh-water mussels. 2. Accustomed to sail on fresh water only; unskilled as a seaman; as, a fresh-water sailor. 3. Unskilled; raw. [ Colloq.] " Fresh- water soldiers." Knolles.
Fresnel lamp, Fres'nel' lan'tern [ From Fresnel the inventor, a French physicist.] A lantern having a lamp surrounded by a hollow cylindrical Fresnel lens.
[ Obsolete] See 1st Frith .
(frĕt) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Fretted
; present participle & verbal noun Fretting
.] [ Middle English freten
to eat, consume; Anglo-Saxon fretan
, for foretan
; prefix for-
to eat; akin to Dutch vreten
, Old High German frezzan
, German fressen
, Swedish fräta
, Goth. fra-itan
. See For
, and Eat
, transitive verb
] 1. To devour.
The sow frete the child right in the cradle. Chaucer. 2. To rub; to wear away by friction; to chafe; to gall; hence, to eat away; to gnaw; as, to fret cloth; to fret a piece of gold or other metal; a worm frets the plants of a ship.
With many a curve my banks I fret . Tennyson. 3. To impair; to wear away; to diminish.
By starts Shak. 4. To make rough, agitate, or disturb; to cause to ripple; as, to fret the surface of water. 5. To tease; to irritate; to vex.
His fretted fortunes give him hope and fear.
Fret not thyself because of evil doers. Ps. xxxvii. 1.
Fret intransitive verb 1. To be worn away; to chafe; to fray; as, a wristband frets on the edges. 2. To eat in; to make way by corrosion.
Many wheals arose, and fretted one into another with great excoriation. Wiseman. 3. To be agitated; to be in violent commotion; to rankle; as, rancor frets in the malignant breast. 4. To be vexed; to be chafed or irritated; to be angry; to utter peevish expressions.
He frets , he fumes, he stares, he stamps the ground. Dryden.
Fret noun 1. The agitation of the surface of a fluid by fermentation or other cause; a rippling on the surface of water. Addison. 2. Agitation of mind marked by complaint and impatience; disturbance of temper; irritation; as, he keeps his mind in a continual fret .
Yet then did Dennis rave in furious fret . Pope. 3. Herpes; tetter. Dunglison. 4. plural (Mining) The worn sides of river banks, where ores, or stones containing them, accumulate by being washed down from the hills, and thus indicate to the miners the locality of the veins.
Fret transitive verb
[ Middle English fretten
to adorn, Anglo-Saxon frætwan
; akin to Old Saxon fratahōn
, confer Goth. us-fratwjan
to make wise, also Anglo-Saxon frætwe
ornaments, Old Saxon fratahī
adornment.] To ornament with raised work; to variegate; to diversify.
Whose skirt with gold was fretted all about. Spenser.
Yon gray lines, Shak.
That fret the clouds, are messengers of day.
Fret noun [ French frette a saltire, also a hoop, ferrule, probably a dim. of Latin ferrum iron. For sense 2, confer also English fret to rub.]
1. (Her.) A saltire interlaced with a mascle. 2. (Mus.) A short piece of wire, or other material fixed across the finger board of a guitar or a similar instrument, to indicate where the finger is to be placed.
Fret transitive verb To furnish with frets, as an instrument of music.
[ See 2d Fret
.] Disposed to fret; ill-humored; peevish; angry; in a state of vexation; as, a fretful temper.
, noun Syn.
-- Peevish; ill-humored; ill-natured; irritable; waspish; captious; petulant; splenetic; spleeny; passionate; angry. - - Fretful
. These words all indicate an unamiable working and expression of temper. Peevish
marks more especially the inward spirit: a peevish
man is always ready to find fault. Fretful
points rather to the outward act, and marks a complaining impatience: sickly children are apt to be fretful
is peevishness mingled with vexation or anger.
[ See 2d Fret
.] (Mining) The worn side of the bank of a river. See 4th Fret , noun , 4.
[ See Frit
.] A vitreous compound, used by potters in glazing, consisting of lime, silica, borax, lead, and soda.
Fretted past participle & adjective
[ From 2d Fret
.] 1. Rubbed or worn away; chafed. 2. Agitated; vexed; worried.
Fretten adjective [ The old past participle of fret to rub.] Rubbed; marked; as, pock- fretten , marked with the smallpox. [ Obsolete] Wright.
Fretter noun One who, or that which, frets.
[ See 5th Fret
.] Adorned with fretwork.
; plural Freta
. [ Latin ] A strait, or arm of the sea.
[ 6th fret + work
.] Work adorned with frets; ornamental openwork or work in relief, esp. when elaborate and minute in its parts. Hence, any minute play of light and shade, dark and light, or the like.
Banqueting on the turf in the fretwork of shade and sunshine. Macaulay.
Freya (frī"ȧ) noun [ Icelandic Freyja .] (Scand. Myth.) The daughter of Njörd, and goddess of love and beauty; the Scandinavian Venus; - - in Teutonic myths confounded with Frigga, but in Scandinavian, distinct. [ Written also Frea , Freyia , and Freyja .]
Friabiiity noun [ Confer French friabilité .] The quality of being friable; friableness. Locke.
Friable adjective [ Latin friabilis , from friare to rub, break, or crumble into small pieces, confer fricare to rub, English fray : confer French friable .] Easily crumbled, pulverized, or reduced to powder. " Friable ground." Evelyn. "Soft and friable texture." Paley. -- Fri'a*ble*ness , noun
[ OR. frere
, French frère
, from Latin frater
brother. See Brother
.] 1. (R. C. Ch.) A brother or member of any religious order, but especially of one of the four mendicant orders, viz: (a) Minors, Gray Friars, or Franciscans. (b) Augustines . (c) Dominicans or Black Friars. (d) White Friars or Carmelites. See these names in the Vocabulary. 2. (Print.) A white or pale patch on a printed page. 3. (Zoology) An American fish; the silversides. Friar bird (Zoology)
, an Australian bird ( Tropidorhynchus corniculatus ), having the head destitute of feathers; -- called also coldong , leatherhead , pimlico ; poor soldier , and four- o'clock .
The name is also applied to several other species of the same genus. -- Friar's balsam (Medicine)
, a stimulating application for wounds and ulcers, being an alcoholic solution of benzoin, styrax, tolu balsam, and aloes; compound tincture of benzoin. Brande & C.
-- Friar's cap (Botany)
, the monkshood.
-- Friar's cowl (Botany)
, an arumlike plant ( Arisarum vulgare ) with a spathe or involucral leaf resembling a cowl.
-- Friar's lantern
, the ignis fatuus or Will-o'-the-wisp. Milton.
-- Friar skate (Zoology)
, the European white or sharpnosed skate ( Raia alba ); -- called also Burton skate , border ray , scad , and doctor .
Friarly adjective Like a friar; inexperienced. Bacon.
[ From Friar
] Like a friar; pertaining to friars or to a convent.
[ Obsolete] Camden.
[ Old French frerie
, from frère
. See Friar
.] 1. A monastery; a convent of friars. Drugdale. 2. The institution or practices of friars. Fuller.
[ See Friable
.] The act of breaking up or pulverizing.
Fribble adjective [ Confer French frivole , Latin frivolus , or English frippery .] Frivolous; trifling; silly.
Fribble noun A frivolous, contemptible fellow; a fop.
A pert fribble of a peer. Thackeray.
Fribble intransitive verb 1. To act in a trifling or foolish manner; to act frivolously.
The fools that are fribbling round about you. Thackeray. 2. To totter.
Fribbler noun A trifler; a fribble.
Fribbling adjective Frivolous; trining; toolishly captious.
Friborg, Friborgh noun
[ Anglo-Saxon friðborh
, lit., peace pledge; frið
peace + borh
, pledge, akin to English borrow
. The first part of the word was confused with free
, the last part, with borough.] (Old Eng. Law) The pledge and tithing, afterwards called by the Normans frankpledge . See Frankpledge .
[ Written also friburgh
[ See Fricassee
.] 1. Meat sliced and dressed with strong sauce.
[ Obsolete] King. 2. An unguent; also, the act of rubbing with the unguent.
Fricandeau Fric`an*do" noun [ French fricandeau ; confer Spanish fricandó .] A ragout or fricassee of veal; a fancy dish of veal or of boned turkey, served as an entrée , - - called also fricandel . A. J. Cooley.
[ French fricassée
, from fricasser
; confer Late Latin fricare
, perhaps for frictare
, to rub. Confer Fry
.] A dish made of fowls, veal, or other meat of small animals cut into pieces, and stewed in a gravy.
Fricassee transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Fricasseed
; present participle &. verbal noun Fricasseeing
.] To dress like a fricassee.
Frication noun [ Latin fricatio , from fricare , fricatum , to rub. ] Friction. [ Obsolete] Bacon.
[ See Frication
.] (Phon.) Produced by the friction or rustling of the breath, intonated or unintonated, through a narrow opening between two of the mouth organs; uttered through a close approach, but not with a complete closure, of the organs of articulation, and hence capable of being continued or prolonged; -- said of certain consonantal sounds, as f , v , s , z , etc.
-- noun A fricative consonant letter or sound. See Guide to Pronunciation , §§ 197-206, etc.
Fricatrice noun [ Confer Latin frictrix , from fricare to rub.] A lewd woman; a harlot. [ Obsolete] B. Jonson.
Frickle noun A bushel basket. [ Obsolete]
[ Latin frictio
, from fricare
,to rub: confer French friction
. See Fray
to rub, arid confer Dentifrice
.] 1. The act of rubbing the surface of one body against that of another; attrition; in hygiene, the act of rubbing the body with the hand, with flannel, or with a brush etc., to excite the skin to healthy action. 2. (Mech.) The resistance which a body meets with from the surface on which it moves. It may be resistance to sliding motion, or to rolling motion. 3. A clashing between two persons or parties in opinions or work; a disagreement tending to prevent or retard progress. Angle of friction (Mech.)
, the angle which a plane onwhich a body is lying makes with a horizontal plane,when the hody is just ready to slide dewn the plane.
This angle varies for different bodies, and for planes of different materials. -- Anti-friction wheels (Machinery)
, wheels turning freely on small pivots, and sustaining, at the angle formed by their circumferences, the pivot or journal of a revolving shaft, to relieve it of friction; -- called also friction wheels .
-- Friction balls
, or Friction rollers
, balls or rollers placed so as to receive the pressure or weight of bodies in motion, and relieve friction, as in the hub of a bicycle wheel.
-- Friction brake (Machinery)
, a form of dynamometer for measuring the power a motor exerts. A clamp around the revolving shaft or fly wheel of the motor resists the motion by its friction, the work thus absorbed being ascertained by observing the force required to keep the clamp from revolving with the shaft; a Prony brake.
-- Friction chocks
, brakes attached to the common standing garrison carriages of guns, so as to raise the trucks or wheels off the platform when the gun begins to recoil, and prevent its running back. Earrow.
-- Friction clutch
, Friction coupling
, an engaging and disengaging gear for revolving shafts, pulleys, etc., acting by friction
; esp.: (a) A device in which a piece on one shaft or pulley is so forcibly pressed against a piece on another shaft that the two will revolve together; as, in the illustration, the cone a on one shaft, when thrust forcibly into the corresponding hollow cone b on the other shaft, compels the shafts to rotate together, by the hold the friction of the conical surfaces gives. (b) A toothed clutch, one member of which, instead of being made fast on its shaft, is held by friction and can turn, by slipping, under excessive strain or in starting.
-- Friction drop hammer
, one in which the hammer is raised for striking by the friction of revolving rollers which nip the hammer rod.
-- Friction gear
. See Frictional gearing , under Frictional .
-- Friction machine
, an electrical machine, generating electricity by friction.
-- Friction meter
, an instrument for measuring friction, as in testing lubricants.
-- Friction powder
, Friction composition
, a composition of chlorate of potassium, antimony, sulphide, etc, which readily ignites by friction.
-- Friction primer
, Friction tube
, a tube used for firing cannon by means of the friction of a roughened wire in the friction powder or composition with which the tube is filled.
-- Friction wheel (Machinery)
, one of the wheels in frictional gearing. See under Frictional .
Frictional adjective Relating to friction; moved by friction; produced by friction; as, frictional electricity. Frictional gearing , wheels which transmit motion by surface friction instead of teeth. The faces are sometimes made more or less V-shaped to increase or decrease friction, as required.
Frictionless adjective Having no friction.
[ Anglo-Saxon frigedæg
, from Frigu
, the gooddes of marriage; friqu
love + dæg
day; confer Icelandic Frigg
name of a goddess, the wife of Odin or Wodan, Old High German Frīatag
, Icelandic Frjādagr
. Anglo-Saxon frigu
is probably from the root of English friend
. See Free
, and Day
.] The sixth day of the week, following Thursday and preceding Saturday.
Fridge transitive verb
[ Anglo-Saxon frician
to dance, from free
bold. Confer Freak
] To rub; to fray.
[ Obsolete] Sterne.
(frĭth"stōl`) , noun
[ Anglo-Saxon friðstō
l. See Fred
, and Stool
.] A seat in churches near the altar, to which offenders formerly fled for sanctuary.
[ Written variously fridstool
, etc.] [ Obsolete]
(frīd), imperfect & past participle of Fry .