Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Frons noun [ Latin , front .] (Anal.) The forehead; the part of the cranium between the orbits and the vertex.
[ French frant
forehead, Latin frons
; perhaps akin to English brow
.] 1. The forehead or brow, the part of the face above the eyes; sometimes, also, the whole face.
Bless'd with his father's front , his mother's tongue. Pope.
Grim-visaged war hath smoothed his wrinkled front . Shak.
His front yet threatens, and his frowns command. Prior. 2. The forehead, countenance, or personal presence, as expressive of character or temper, and especially, of boldness of disposition, sometimes of impudence; seeming; as, a bold front ; a hardened front.
With smiling fronts encountering. Shak.
The inhabitants showed a bold front . Macaulay. 3. The part or surface of anything which seems to look out, or to be directed forward; the fore or forward part; the foremost rank; the van; -- the opposite to back or rear; as, the front of a house; the front of an army.
Had he his hurts before? Shak. 4. A position directly before the face of a person, or before the foremost part of a thing; as, in front of un person, of the troops, or of a house. 5. The most conspicuous part.
Ay, on the front .
The very head and front of my offending. Shak. 6. That which covers the foremost part of the head: a front piece of false hair worn by women.
Like any plain Miss Smith's, who wears s front. Mrs. Browning. 7. The beginning.
." Shak. Bastioned front (Mil.)
, a curtain connerting two half bastions.
-- Front door
, the door in the front wall of a building, usually the principal entrance.
-- Front of fortification
, the works constructed upon any one side of a polygon. Farrow.
-- Front of operations
, all that part of the field of operations in front of the successive positions occupied by the army as it moves forward. Farrow.
-- To come to the front
, to attain prominence or leadership.
Front adjective Of or relating to the front or forward part; having a position in front; foremost; as, a front view.
Front transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Fronted
; present participle & verbal noun Fronting
.] 1. To oppose face to face; to oppose directly; to meet in a hostile manner.
You four shall front them in the narrow lane. Shak. 2. To appear before; to meet.
[ Enid] daily fronted him Tennyson. 3. To face toward; to have the front toward; to confront; as, the house fronts the street.
In some fresh splendor.
And then suddenly front the changed reality. J. Morley. 4. To stand opposed or opposite to, or over against as, his house fronts the church. 5. To adorn in front; to supply a front to; as, to front a house with marble; to front a head with laurel.
Yonder walls, that pertly front your town. Shak.
Front transitive verb To have or turn the face or front in any direction; as, the house fronts toward the east.
1. (Fort.) All the works along one side of the polygon inclosing the site which is fortified. 2. (Phon.) The middle of the upper part of the tongue, -- the part of the tongue which is more or less raised toward the palate in the pronunciation of certain sounds, as the vowel i in machine , e in bed , and consonant y in you. See Guide to Pronunciation, §10. 3. The call boy whose turn it is to answer the call, which is often the word "front," used as an exclamation. [ Hotel Cant]
Frontage noun The front part of an edifice or lot; extent of front.
Frontal adjective [ Confer French frontal .] Belonging to the front part; being in front ; esp. (Anat.) , Of or pertaining to the forehead or the anterior part of the roof of the brain case; as, the frontal bones.
[ French frontal
, Old French Frontel
, Latin frontale
an ornament for the forehead, frontlet. See Front
.] 1. Something worn on the forehead or face; a frontlet
; as: (a) An ornamental band for the hair. (b) (Mil.) The metal face guard of a soldier. 2. (Architecture) A little pediment over a door or window. 3. (Eccl.) A movable, decorative member in metal, carved wood, or, commonly, in rich stuff or in embroidery, covering the front of the altar. Frontals are usually changed according to the different ceremonies. 4. (Medicine) A medicament or application for the forehead.
[ Obsolete] Quincy. 5. (Anat.) The frontal bone, or one of the two frontal bones, of the cranium. Frontal hammer or helve
, a forge hammer lifted by a cam, acting upon a "tongue" immediately in front of the hammer head. Raymond.
Frontate, Fron'tated adjective Growing broader and broader, as a leaf; truncate.
Fronted adjective Formed with a front; drawn up in line. "Fronted brigades." Milton.
[ French frontière
, Late Latin frontaria
. See Front
.] 1. That part of a country which fronts or faces another country or an unsettled region; the marches; the border, confine, or extreme part of a country, bordering on another country; the border of the settled and cultivated part of a country; as, the frontier of civilization. 2. (Fort.) An outwork.
Palisadoes, frontiers , parapets. Shak.
1. Lying on the exterior part; bordering; conterminous; as, a frontier town. 2. Of or relating to a frontier. "Frontier experience." W. Irving.
Frontier intransitive verb To constitute or form a frontier; to have a frontier; -- with on. [ Obsolete] Sir W. Temple.
Frontiered p. adjective Placed on the frontiers. [ R.]
; plural Frontiersmen A man living on the frontier.
Frontignac, Frontignan noun [ So called from Frontignan , a town in Southern France.]
1. A sweet muscadine wine made in Frontignan (Languedoc), France. 2. (Botany) A grape of many varieties and colors.
Frontingly adverb In a fronting or facing position; opposingly.
[ French frontispice
, Late Latin frontispicium
beginning, front of a church, from Latin frons
front + spicere
, to look at, view: confer Italian frontispizio
. See Front
.] The part which first meets the eye
; as: (a) (Architecture) The principal front of a building.
[ Obsolete or R.] (b) An ornamental figure or illustration fronting the first page, or titlepage, of a book; formerly, the titlepage itself.
Frontless adjective Without face or front; shameless; not diffident; impudent. [ Obsolete] " Frontless vice." Dryden. " Frontless flattery." Pope.
Frontlessly adverb Shamelessly; impudently. [ Obsolete]
[ Old French frontelet brow band, dim. of frontel
. See Frontal
] 1. A frontal or brow band; a fillet or band worn on the forehead.
They shall be as frontlets between thine eyes. Deut. vi. 8. 2. A frown (likened to a frontlet).
[ R. & Poetic]
What makes that frontlet on? Methinks you are too much of late i' the frown. Shak. 3. (Zoology) The margin of the head, behind the bill of birds, often bearing rigid bristles.
Fronto- [ Latin frons , frontis , the forehead.] (Anat.) A combining form signifying relating to the forehead or the frontal bone ; as, fronto- parietal, relating to the frontal and the parietal bones; fronto- nasal, etc.
[ French, a pediment. See Front
.] (Architecture) Same as Frontal , 2.
[ Confer Frap
.] Peevish; froward.
[ Obsolete] Clarendon.
[ See Frorn
The parching air Milton.
Burns frore , and cold performs the effect of fire.
Frorn p. adjective
[ Anglo-Saxon froren
, past participle of freósun
to freeze. See Freeze
Well nigh frorn I feel. Spenser.
[ Anglo-Saxon freórig
. See Frorn
.] 1. Frozen; stiff with cold.
[ Obsolete] Spenser. 2. Covered with a froth like hoarfrost.
The foaming steed with frory bit to steer. Fairfax.
(frŏst; 115) noun
[ Middle English frost
, Anglo-Saxon forst
. from freósan
to freeze; akin to Dutch varst
, G., Old High German , Icelandic , Dan., & Swedish frost
. √18. See Freeze
, intransitive verb
] 1. The act of freezing; -- applied chiefly to the congelation of water; congelation of fluids. 2. The state or temperature of the air which occasions congelation, or the freezing of water; severe cold or freezing weather.
The third bay comes a frost , a killing frost . Shak. 3. Frozen dew; -- called also hoarfrost or white frost .
He scattereth the hoar frost like ashes. Ps. cxlvii. 16. 4. Coldness or insensibility; severity or rigidity of character.
It was of those moments of intense feeling when the frost of the Scottish people melts like a snow wreath. Sir W. Scott. Black frost
, cold so intense as to freeze vegetation and cause it to turn black, without the formation of hoarfrost.
-- Frost bearer (Physics)
, a philosophical instrument illustrating the freezing of water in a vacuum; a cryophorus.
-- Frost grape (Botany)
, an American grape, with very small, acid berries.
-- Frost lamp
, a lamp placed below the oil tube of an Argand lamp to keep the oil limpid on cold nights; -- used especially in lighthouses. Knight.
-- Frost nail
, a nail with a sharp head driven into a horse's shoe to keep him from slipping.
-- Frost smoke
, an appearance resembling smoke, caused by congelation of vapor in the atmosphere in time of severe cold.
The brig and the ice round her are covered by a strange black Kane.
obscurity: it is the frost smoke of arctic winters.
-- Frost valve
, a valve to drain the portion of a pipe, hydrant, pump, etc., where water would be liable to freeze.
-- Jack Frost
, a popular personification of frost.
Frost transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Frosted
; present participle & verbal noun Frosting
.] 1. To injure by frost; to freeze, as plants. 2. To cover with hoarfrost; to produce a surface resembling frost upon, as upon cake, metals, or glass.
While with a hoary light she frosts the ground. Wordsworth. 3. To roughen or sharpen, as the nail heads or calks of horseshoes, so as to fit them for frosty weather.
Frost signal (Meteor.) A signal consisting of a white flag with a black center, used by the United States Weather Bureau to indicate that a local frost is expected. It is used only in Florida and along the coasts of the Pacific and the Gulf Mexico.
Frost-bitten p. adjective Nipped, withered, or injured, by frost or freezing.
Frost-blite noun (Botany) (a) A plant of the genus Atriplex ; orache. Gray. (b) The lamb's- quarters ( Chenopodium album ). Dr. Prior.
Frostbird noun (Zoology) The golden plover.
Frostbite noun The freezing, or effect of a freezing, of some part of the body, as the ears or nose. Kane.
[ 1913 Webster]
Frostbite transitive verb To expose to the effect of frost, or a frosty air; to blight or nip with frost.
My wife up and with Mrs. Pen to walk in the fields to frostbite themselves. Pepys.
Frostbow noun A white arc or circle in the sky attending frosty weather and formed by reflection of sunlight from ice crystals floating in the air; the parhelic circle whose center is at the zenith.
Frosted adjective Covered with hoarfrost or anything resembling hoarfrost; ornamented with frosting; also, frost-bitten; as, a frosted cake; frosted glass.
Frosted work is introduced as a foil or contrast to burnished work. Knight.
Frostfish noun (Zoology) (a) The tomcod; -- so called because it is abundant on the New England coast in autumn at about the commencement of frost. See Tomcod . (b) The smelt.
[ Local, U. S.] (c) A name applied in New Zealand to the scabbard fish ( Lepidotus ) valued as a food fish.
Frostily adverb In a frosty manner.
Frostiness noun State or quality of being frosty.
1. A composition of sugar and beaten egg, used to cover or ornament cake, pudding, etc. 2. A lusterless finish of metal or glass; the process of producing such a finish.
Frostless adjective Free from frost; as, a frostless winter.
Frostweed noun (Botany) An American species of rockrose ( Helianthemum Canadense ), sometimes used in medicine as an astringent or aromatic tonic. » It has large yellow flowers which are often sterile, and later it has abundant but inconspicuous flowers which bear seed. It is so called because, late in autumn, crystals of ice shoot from the cracked bark at the root; -- called also frostwort.
Frostwork noun The figurework, often fantastic and delicate, which moisture sometimes forms in freezing, as upon a window pane or a flagstone.
Frosty adjective [ Confer Anglo-Saxon fyrstig .]
1. Attended with, or producing, frost; having power to congeal water; cold; freezing; as, a frosty night. 2. Covered with frost; as, the grass is frosty . 3. Chill in affection; without warmth of affection or courage. Johnson. 4. Appearing as if covered with hoarfrost; white; gray-haired; as, a frosty head. Shak.
Frote transitive verb [ French frotter .] To rub or wear by rubbing; to chafe. [ Obsolete] B. Jonson.
Froterer noun One who frotes; one who rubs or chafes. [ Obsolete] Marston.