Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Frugivora noun plural
[ New Latin See Frugivorous
.] (Zoology) The fruit bate; a group of the Cheiroptera, comprising the bats which live on fruits. See Eruit bat , under Fruit .
Frugivorous adjective [ Latin frux , frugis , fruit + vorare to devour.: confer French frugivore .] Feeding on fruit, as birds and other animals. Pennant.
[ Middle English fruit
, French fruit
, from Latin fructus
enjoyment, product, fruit, from frui
, past participle fructus
, to enjoy; akin to English brook
, transitive verb
, transitive verb
, and confer Fructify
.] 1. Whatever is produced for the nourishment or enjoyment of man or animals by the processes of vegetable growth, as corn, grass, cotton, flax, etc.; -- commonly used in the plural.
Six years thou shalt sow thy land, and shalt gather in the Ex. xxiii. 10. 2. (Hort.) The pulpy, edible seed vessels of certain plants, especially those grown on branches above ground, as apples, oranges, grapes, melons, berries, etc. See 3. 3. (Botany) The ripened ovary of a flowering plant, with its contents and whatever parts are consolidated with it.
» Fruits are classified as fleshy
, and dry
. Fleshy fruits
include berries, gourds, and melons, orangelike fruits and pomes; drupaceous fruits
are stony within and fleshy without, as peaches, plums, and cherries; and dry fruits
are further divided into achenes
, and several other kinds.
[ 1913 Webster] 4. (Botany) The spore cases or conceptacles of flowerless plants, as of ferns, mosses, algae, etc., with the spores contained in them. 6. The produce of animals; offspring; young; as, the fruit of the womb, of the loins, of the body.
King Edward's fruit , true heir to the English crown. Shak. 6. That which is produced; the effect or consequence of any action; advantageous or desirable product or result; disadvantageous or evil consequence or effect; as, the fruits of labor, of self-denial, of intemperance.
The fruit of rashness. Shak.
What I obtained was the fruit of no bargain. Burke.
They shall eat the fruit of their doings. Is. iii 10.
The fruits of this education became visible. Macaulay.
is frequently used adjectively, signifying of
, or pertaining to
; as, fruit
tree; etc. Fruit bat (Zoology)
, one of the Frugivora; -- called also fruit-eating bat .
-- Fruit bud (Botany)
, a bud that produces fruit; -- in most oplants the same as the power bud. Fruit dot (Botany)
, a collection of fruit cases, as in ferns.
. -- Fruit fly (Zoology)
, a small dipterous insect of the genus Drosophila , which lives in fruit, in the larval state.
-- Fruit jar
, a jar for holding preserved fruit, usually made of glass or earthenware.
-- Fruit pigeon (Zoology)
, one of numerous species of pigeons of the family Carpophagidæ , inhabiting India, Australia, and the Pacific Islands. They feed largely upon fruit. and are noted for their beautiful colors.
-- Fruit sugar (Chemistry)
, a kind of sugar occurring, naturally formed, in many ripe fruits, and in honey; levulose. The name is also, though rarely, applied to invert sugar , or to the natural mixture or dextrose and levulose resembling it, and found in fruits and honey.
-- Fruit tree (Hort.)
, a tree cultivated for its edible fruit.
-- Fruit worm (Zoology)
, one of numerous species of insect larvæ: which live in the interior of fruit. They are mostly small species of Lepidoptera and Diptera.
-- Small fruits (Hort.)
, currants, raspberries, strawberries, etc.
Fruit intransitive verb To bear fruit. Chesterfield.
Fruit'y adjective Having the odor, taste, or appearance of fruit; also, fruitful. Dickens.
[ French fruitage
.] 1. Fruit, collectively; fruit, in general; fruitery.
The trees . . . ambrosial fruitage bear. Milton. 2. Product or result of any action; effect, good or ill.
Fruiter adjective A ship for carrying fruit.
Fruiterer noun [ Confer French fruitier .] One who deals in fruit; a seller of fruits.
Fruiteress noun A woman who sells fruit.
; plural Fruiteries
. [ French fruiterie
place where fruit is kept, in Old French also, fruitage
.] 1. Fruit, taken collectively; fruitage. J. Philips. 2. A repository for fruit. Johnson.
Fruitestere noun A fruiteress. [ Obsolete]
Fruitful adjective Full of fruit; producing fruit abundantly; bearing results; prolific; fertile; liberal; bountiful; as, a fruitful tree, or season, or soil; a fruitful wife.
Be fruitful and multiply and replenish the earth. Gen. i. 28.
[ Nature] By disburdening grows Milton.
More fruitful .
The great fruitfulness of the poet's fancy. Addison. Syn.
-- Fertile; prolific; productive; fecund; plentiful; rich; abundant; plenteous. See Fertile
Fruiting adjective Pertaining to, or producing, fruit.
Fruiting noun The bearing of fruit.
[ Old French fruition
, Latin fruitio
, enjoyment, from Latin frui
, past participle fruitus
, to use or enjoy. See Fruit
] Use or possession of anything, especially such as is accompanied with pleasure or satisfaction; pleasure derived from possession or use.
"Capacity of fruition
Where I may have fruition of her love. Shak.
[ See Fruition
.] Enjoying; possessing.
[ Obsolete] Boyle.
Fruitless adjective 1. Lacking, or not bearing, fruit; barren; destitute of offspring; as, a fruitless tree or shrub; a fruitless marriage. Shak. 2. Productive of no advantage or good effect; vain; idle; useless; unprofitable; as, a fruitless attempt; a fruitless controversy.
They in mutual accusation spent Milton. Syn.
The fruitless hours.
-- Useless; barren; unprofitable; abortive; ineffectual; vain; idle; profitless. See Useless
. -- Fruit"less*ly
[ Latin frumentaceus
, from frumentum
corn or grain, from the root of frux
fruit: confer French frumentacé
. See Frugal
.] Made of, or resembling, wheat or other grain.
Frumentarious adjective [ Latin frumentarius.] Of or pertaining to wheat or grain. [ R.] Coles.
Frumentation noun [ Latin frumentatio .] (Rom. Antiq.) A largess of grain bestowed upon the people, to quiet them when uneasy.
[ Old French fromentée
, from Latin frumentum
. See Frumentaceous
.] Food made of hulled wheat boiled in milk, with sugar, plums, etc.
[ Written also furmenty
Frump transitive verb [ Confer Prov. English frumple to wrinkle, ruffle, Dutch frommelen .] To insult; to flout; to mock; to snub. [ Obsolete] Beau. & Fl.
1. A contemptuous speech or piece of conduct; a gibe or flout. [ Obsolete] Beau. & Fl. 2. A cross, old-fashioned person; esp., an old woman; a gossip. [ Colloq.] Halliwell.
Frumper noun A mocker. [ Obsolete] Cotgrave.
Frumpish adjective 1. Cross-tempered; scornful.
[ Obsolete] 2. Old-fashioned, as a woman's dress.
Our Bell . . . looked very frumpish . Foote.
Frush transitive verb
[ French froisser
to bruise. Confer Froise
.] To batter; to break in pieces.
I like thine armor well; Shak.
I'll frush it and unlock the rivets all.
Frush adjective Easily broken; brittle; crisp.
Frush noun Noise; clatter; crash. [ R.] Southey.
[ Confer Middle English frosch
, a frog (the animal), German frosch
frog (the animal), also carney or lampass of horses. See Frog
, 2.] 1. (Far.) The frog of a horse's foot. 2. A discharge of a fetid or ichorous matter from the frog of a horse's foot; -- also caled thrush.
Frustrable adjective [ Latin frustrabilis : confer French frustable .] Capable of beeing frustrated or defeated.
[ See Frustrate
] Vain; useless; unprofitable.
[ Obsolete] South.
Frustrate adjective [ Latin frustratus , past participle of frustrare , frustrari , to deceive, frustrate, from frustra in vain, witout effect, in erorr, probably for frudtra and akin to fraus , English fraud .] Vain; ineffectual; useless; unprofitable; null; voil; nugatory; of no effect. "Our frustrate search." Shak.
Frustrate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Frustrated
; present participle & verbal noun Frustrating
.] 1. To bring to nothing; to prevent from attaining a purpose; to disappoint; to defeat; to baffle; as, to frustrate a plan, design, or attempt; to frustrate the will or purpose.
Shall the adversary thus obtain Milton. 2. To make null; to nullifly; to render invalid or of no effect; as, to frustrate a conveyance or deed. Syn.
His end and frustrate thine ?
-- To balk; thwart; foil; baffle; defeat.
Frustrately adverb In vain. [ Obsolete] Vicars.
Frustration noun [ Latin frustratio : confer Old French frustration .] The act of frustrating; disappointment; defeat; as, the frustration of one's designs
Frustrative adjective Tending to defeat; fallacious. [ Obsolete] Ainsworth.
Frustratory adjective [ Latin frustratorius : confer French frustratoire .] Making void; rendering null; as, a frustratory appeal. [ Obsolete] Ayliffe.
Frustule noun [ Latin frustulum , dim. from frustum a piece: confer French frustule .] (Botany) The siliceous shell of a diatom. It is composed of two valves, one overlapping the other, like a pill box and its cover.
[ Latin frustulentus
. See Frustule
.] Abounding in fragments.
, English Frustums
. [ Latin fruslum
piece, bit.] 1. (Geom.) The part of a solid next the base, formed by cutting off the, top; or the part of any solid, as of a cone, pyramid, etc., between two planes, which may be either parallel or inclined to each other. 2. (Architecture) One of the drums of the shaft of a column.
[ Confer Fruitage
.] 1. A picture of fruit; decoration by representation of fruit.
The cornices consist of frutages and festoons. Evelyn. 2. A confection of fruit.
[ Obsolete] Nares.
Frutescent adjective [ Latin frutex , fruticis , shrub, bush: confer French frutescent , Latin fruticescens , present participle ] (Botany) Somewhat shrubby in character; imperfectly shrubby, as the American species of Wistaria.
Frutex noun [ Latin ] (Botany) A plant having a woody, durable stem, but less than a tree; a shrub.
Fruticant adjective [ Latin fruticans , present participle of fruticare , to become bushy, from frutex , fruticis, shrub.] Full of shoots. [ Obsolete] Evelyn.
Fruticose adjective [ Latin fruticosus , from frutex, fruticis , shrub] (Botany) Pertaining to a shrub or shrubs; branching like a shrub; shrubby; shrublike; as, a fruticose stem. Gray.
Fruticous adjective (Botany) Fruticose. [ R.]
Fruticulose adjective [ Dim. from Latin fruticosus bushy: confer French fruticuleux .] (Botany) Like, or pertaining to, a small shrub. Gray.