Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ OR. frend
, Anglo-Saxon freónd
, prop. present participle of freón
, to love; akin to Dutch vriend
friend, Old Saxon friund
to love, Old High German friunt
friend, German freund
, Icelandic frændi
kinsman, Swedish frände
. Goth. frijōnds
to love. √83. See Free
, and confer Fiend
.] 1. One who entertains for another such sentiments of esteem, respect, and affection that he seeks his society and welfare; a wellwisher; an intimate associate; sometimes, an attendant.
Want gives to know the flatterer from the friend . Dryden.
A friend that sticketh closer than a brother. Prov. xviii. 24. 2. One not inimical or hostile; one not a foe or enemy; also, one of the same nation, party, kin, etc., whose friendly feelings may be assumed. The word is some times used as a term of friendly address.
Friend , how camest thou in hither? Matt. xxii. 12. 3. One who looks propitiously on a cause, an institution, a project, and the like; a favorer; a promoter; as, a friend to commerce, to poetry, to an institution. 4. One of a religious sect characterized by disuse of outward rites and an ordained ministry, by simplicity of dress and speech, and esp. by opposition to war and a desire to live at peace with all men. They are popularly called Quakers.
America was first visited by Friends in 1656. T. Chase. 5. A paramour of either sex.
[ Obsolete] Shak. A friend at court or in court
, one disposed to act as a friend in a place of special opportunity or influence.
-- To be friends with
, to have friendly relations with.
"He's . . . friends with
-- To make friends with
, to become reconciled to or on friendly terms with.
"Having now made friends with
the Athenians." Jowett (Thucyd.).
Friend transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Friended
; present participle & verbal noun Friending
.] To act as the friend of; to favor; to countenance; to befriend.
Fortune friends the bold. Spenser.
1. Having friends; [ Obsolete] 2. Inclined to love; well-disposed. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Friending noun Friendliness. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Friendless adjective [ Anglo-Saxon freóndleás .] Destitute of friends; forsaken. -- Friend"less*ness , noun
Friendlily adverb In a friendly manner. Pope.
Friendliness noun The condition or quality of being friendly. Sir P. Sidney.
[ Anglo-Saxon freéndlīce
.] 1. Having the temper and disposition of a friend; disposed to promote the good of another; kind; favorable. 2. Appropriate to, or implying, friendship; befitting friends; amicable.
In friendly relations with his moderate opponents. Macaulay. 3. Not hostile; as, a friendly power or state. 4. Promoting the good of any person; favorable; propitious; serviceable; as, a friendly breeze or gale.
On the first friendly bank he throws him down. Addison. Syn.
-- Amicable; kind; conciliatory; propitious; favorable. See Amicable
Friendly adverb In the manner of friends; amicably; like friends.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
In whom all graces that can perfect beauty Beau. & Fl.
Are friendly met.
Friendly noun A friendly person; -- usually applied to natives friendly to foreign settlers or invaders.
These were speedily routed by the friendlies , who attacked the small force before them in fine style. E. N. Bennett.
[ Anglo-Saxon freóndscipe
. See Friend
, and -ship
.] 1. The state of being friends; friendly relation, or attachment, to a person, or between persons; affection arising from mutual esteem and good will; friendliness; amity; good will.
There is little friendship in the world. Bacon.
There can be no friendship without confidence, and no confidence without integrity. Rambler.
Preferred by friendship , and not chosen by sufficiency. Spenser. 2. Kindly aid; help; assistance,
Some friendship will it [ a hovel] lend you gainst the tempest. Shak. 3. Aptness to unite; conformity; affinity; harmony; correspondence.
Those colors . . . have a friendship with each other. Dryden.
Frier noun One who fries.
Friesic adjective Of or pertaining to Friesland, a province in the northern part of the Netherlands.
Friesic noun The language of the Frisians, a Teutonic people formerly occupying a large part of the coast of Holland and Northwestern Germany. The modern dialects of Friesic are spoken chiefly in the province of Friesland, and on some of the islands near the coast of Germany and Denmark.
Friesish adjective Friesic. [ R.]
[ Perh. the same word as frieze a, kind of cloth. Confer Friz
.] (Architecture) (a) That part of the entablature of an order which is between the architrave and cornice. It is a flat member or face, either uniform or broken by triglyphs, and often enriched with figures and other ornaments of sculpture. (b) Any sculptured or richly ornamented band in a building or, by extension, in rich pieces of furniture. See Illust. of Column .
Cornice or frieze with bossy sculptures graven. Milton.
[ French frise
, perhaps originally a woolen cloth or stuff from Friesland
); confer Late Latin frisii panni
and frissatus pannus
, a shaggy woolen cloth, French friser
to friz, curl. Confer Friz
.] A kind of coarse woolen cloth or stuff with a shaggy or tufted (friezed) nap on one side.
"Robes of frieze
Frieze transitive verb To make a nap on (cloth); to friz. See Friz , transitive verb , 2. Friezing machine
, a machine for friezing cloth; a friezing machine.
Friezed adjective Gathered, or having the map gathered, into little tufts, knots, or protuberances. Confer Frieze , transitive verb , and Friz , transitive verb , 2.
Friezer noun One who, or that which, friezes or frizzes.
[ French frégate
, Italian fregata
, probably contracted from Latin fabricata
something constructed or built. See Fabricate
.] 1. Originally, a vessel of the Mediterranean propelled by sails and by oars. The French, about 1650, transferred the name to larger vessels, and by 1750 it had been appropriated for a class of war vessels intermediate between corvettes and ships of the line. Frigates, from about 1750 to 1850, had one full battery deck and, often, a spar deck with a lighter battery. They carried sometimes as many as fifty guns. After the application of steam to navigation steam frigates of largely increased size and power were built, and formed the main part of the navies of the world till about 1870, when the introduction of ironclads superseded them.
[ Formerly spelled frigat
.] 2. Any small vessel on the water.
[ Obsolete] Spenser. Frigate bird (Zoology)
, a web- footed rapacious bird, of the genus Fregata ; -- called also man-of-war bird , and frigate pelican . Two species are known; that of the Southern United States and West Indies is F. aquila . They are remarkable for their long wings and powerful flight. Their food consists of fish which they obtain by robbing gulls, terns, and other birds, of their prey. They are related to the pelicans.
-- Frigate mackerel (Zoology)
, an oceanic fish ( Auxis Rochei ) of little or no value as food, often very abundant off the coast of the United States.
-- Frigate pelican
. (Zoology) Same as Frigate bird .
Frigate-built adjective (Nautical) Built like a frigate with a raised quarter-deck and forecastle.
[ Italian fregatone
: confer French frégaton
. See Frigate
.] (Nautical) A Venetian vessel, with a square stern, having only a mainmast, jigger mast, and bowsprit; also a sloop of war ship- rigged.
Frigefaction noun [ Latin frigere to be cold + facere to make.] The act of making cold. [ Obsolete]
Frigefactive adjective Cooling. [ Obsolete] Boyle.
Frigerate transitive verb [ Latin frigerare , from frigus cold.] To make cool. [ Obsolete] Blount.
Frigg, Frigga noun
[ Icelandic Frigg
. See Friday
.] (Scand. Myth.) The wife of Odin and mother of the gods; the supreme goddess; the Juno of the Valhalla. Confer Freya .
[ Middle English frigt
, Anglo-Saxon fyrhto
; akin to Old Saxon forhta
, Old High German forhta
, German furcht
, Danish frygt
, Swedish fruktan
, Goth. faúrhtei
timid.] 1. A state of terror excited by the sudden appearance of danger; sudden and violent fear, usually of short duration; a sudden alarm. 2. Anything strange, ugly or shocking, producing a feeling of alarm or aversion.
[ Colloq.] Syn.
-- Alarm; terror; consternation. See Alarm
Fright transitive verb
[ imperfect Frighted
; present participle & verbal noun
.] [ Middle English frigten
to fear, frighten, Anglo-Saxon fyrhtan
to frighten, forhtian
to fear; akin to Old Saxon forhtian
, Old High German furihten
, German fürchten
, Swedish frukta
, Danish frygte
, Goth. faurhtjan
. See Fright
, and confer Frighten
.] To alarm suddenly; to shock by causing sudden fear; to terrify; to scare.
Nor exile or danger can fright a brave spirit. Dryden. Syn.
-- To affright; dismay; daunt; intimidate.
Frighten transitive verb
[ imperfect Frightened
; present participle & verbal noun Frightening
.] [ See Fright
, transitive verb
] To disturb with fear; to throw into a state of alarm or fright; to affright; to terrify.
More frightened than hurt. Old Proverb.
Frightful adjective 1. Full of fright; affrighted; frightened.
See how the frightful herds run from the wood. W. Browne. 2. Full of that which causes fright; exciting alarm; impressing terror; shocking; as, a frightful chasm, or tempest; a frightful appearance. Syn.
-- Terrible; dreadful; alarming; fearful; terrific; awful; horrid; horrible; shocking. -- Frightful
. These words all express fear. In frightful
, it is a sudden emotion; in dreadful
, it is deeper and more prolonged; in awful
, the fear is mingled with the emotion of awe, which subdues us before the presence of some invisible power. An accident may be frightful
; the approach of death is dreadful
to most men; the convulsions of the earthquake are awful
Frightfully adverb In a frightful manner; to a frightful dagree.
Frightfulness noun The quality of being frightful.
Frightless adjective Free from fright; fearless. [ Obsolete]
Frightment noun Fear; terror. [ Obsolete]
[ Latin frigidus
, from frigere
to be cold; probably akin to Greek ... to shudder, or perhaps to ... cold. Confer Frill
.] 1. Cold; wanting heat or warmth; of low temperature; as, a frigid climate. 2. Wanting warmth, fervor, ardor, fire, vivacity, etc.; unfeeling; forbidding in manner; dull and unanimated; stiff and formal; as, a frigid constitution; a frigid style; a frigid look or manner; frigid obedience or service. 3. Wanting natural heat or vigor sufficient to excite the generative power; impotent. Johnson. Frigid zone
, that part of the earth which lies between either polar circle and its pole. It extends 23... 28... from the pole. See the Note under Arctic .
; plural Frigidaria
. [ Latin , neut. of frigidarium
cooling.] The cooling room of the Roman thermæ, furnished with a cold bath.
[ Latin frigiditas
: confer French frigidité
.] 1. The condition or quality of being frigid; coldness; want of warmth.
Ice is water congealed by the frigidity of the air. Sir T. Browne. 2. Want of ardor, animation, vivacity, etc.; coldness of affection or of manner; dullness; stiffness and formality; as, frigidity of a reception, of a bow, etc. 3. Want of heat or vigor; as, the frigidity of old age.
Frigidly adverb In a frigid manner; coldly; dully; without affection.
Frigidness noun The state of being frigid; want of heat, vigor, or affection; coldness; dullness.
Frigorific, Frigorifical adjective [ Latin frigorificus ; frigus , frigoris , cold + facere to make: confer French frigorifique .] Causing cold; producing or generating cold. Quincy.
Frijol, Frijole noun
; plural Frijoles
[ Spanish fríjol
.] 1. In Mexico, the southwestern United States, and the West Indies, any cultivated bean of the genus Phaseolus , esp. the black seed of a variety of P. vulgaris . 2. The beanlike seed of any of several related plants, as the cowpea. Frijoles are an important article of diet among Spanish-American peoples, being used as an ingredient of many dishes.
Frill intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Frilled
; present participle & verbal noun Frilling
.] [ Old French friller
, from Latin frigidulus
somewhat cold, dim. of frigidus
cold; akin to French frileux
chilly.] 1. To shake or shiver as with cold; as, the hawk frills . Johnson. 2. (Photog.) To wrinkle; -- said of the gelatin film.
Frill transitive verb To provide or decorate with a frill or frills; to turn back. in crimped plaits; as, to frill a cap.
[ See Frill
, intransitive verb
]. (Zoology) (a) A ruffing of a bird's feathers from cold. (b) A ruffle, consisting of a fold of membrane, of hairs, or of feathers, around the neck of an animal.
See Frilled lizard
(below). (c) A similar ruffle around the legs or other appendages of animals. (d) A ruffled varex or fold on certain shells. 2. A border or edging secured at one edge and left free at the other, usually fluted or crimped like a very narrow flounce.
Frilled adjective Furnished with a frill or frills. Frilled lizard (Zoology) , a large Australian lizard ( Chlamydosaurus Kingii ) about three feet long, which has a large, erectile frill on each side of the neck.
Frim adjective [ Confer Anglo-Saxon freme good, bold, and English frame .] Flourishing; thriving; fresh; in good case; vigorous. [ Obsolete] "Frim pastures." Drayton.
[ French, from frimas
hoarfrost.] The third month of the French republican calendar. It commenced November 21, and ended December 20., See Vendémiaire .