Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Fry transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Fried
; present participle & verbal noun Frying
.] [ Middle English frien
, French frire
, from Latin frigere to roast, parch, fry
, confer Greek ..., Sanskrit bhrajj
. Confer Fritter
.] To cook in a pan or on a griddle (esp. with the use of fat, butter, or olive oil) by heating over a fire; to cook in boiling lard or fat; as, to fry fish; to fry doughnuts.
Fry intransitive verb 1. To undergo the process of frying; to be subject to the action of heat in a frying pan, or on a griddle, or in a kettle of hot fat. 2. To simmer; to boil.
With crackling flames a caldron fries . Dryden
The frothy billows fry . Spenser. 3. To undergo or cause a disturbing action accompanied with a sensation of heat.
To keep the oil from frying in the stomach. Bacon. 4. To be agitated; to be greatly moved.
What kindling motions in their breasts do fry . Fairfax.
1. A dish of anything fried. 2. A state of excitement; as, to be in a fry . [ Colloq.]
[ Middle English fri
, seed, descendants, confer Old French froye
spawning, spawn of. fishes, little fishes, from Latin fricare
tosub (see Friction
), but confer also Icelandic fræ
, seed, Swedish & Danish frö
, Goth. fraiw
seed, descendants.] 1. (Zoology) The young of any fish. 2. A swarm or crowd, especially of little fishes; young or small things in general.
The fry of children young. Spenser.
To sever . . . the good fish from the other fry . Milton.
We have burned two frigates, and a hundred and twenty small fry . Walpole.
Frying noun The process denoted by the verb fry . Frying pan , an iron pan with a long handle, used for frying meat, vegetables, etc.
Fu noun [ Chin.] A department in China comprising several hsein; also, the chief city of a department; -- often forming the last part of a name; as, Paoting- fu .
Fuar noun Same as Feuar .
Fub transitive verb
[ The same word as fob
to cheat.] To put off by trickery; to cheat.
I have been fubbed off, and fubbed off, and fabbed off, from this day to that day. Shak.
Fub, Fubs noun
[ Confer Fob
a pocket.] A plump young person or child.
[ Obsolete] Smart.
Fubbery noun Cheating; deception. Marston.
Fubby, Fubsy adjective Plump; chubby; short and stuffy; as a fubsy sofa.
A fubsy , good-humored, silly . . . old maid. Mme. D'Arblay.
Fucate, Fucated adjective [ Latin fucatus , past participle of fucare to color, paint, from fucus .] Painted; disguised with paint, or with false show.
Fuchs noun [ G., prop., a fox.] (German Univ.) A student of the first year.
, Latin Fuchsiæ
. [ New Latin Named after Leonard Fuchs
, a German botanist.] (Botany) A genus of flowering plants having elegant drooping flowers, with four sepals, four petals, eight stamens, and a single pistil. They are natives of Mexico and South America. Double- flowered varieties are now common in cultivation.
[ Named by the French inventor, from Fuchs
a fox, the German equivalent of his own name, Renard
.] (Chemistry) Aniline red; an artificial coal-tar dyestuff, of a metallic green color superficially, resembling cantharides, but when dissolved forming a brilliant dark red. It consists of a hydrochloride or acetate of rosaniline. See Rosaniline .
Fucivorous adjective [ Fucus + Latin vorare to eat.] (Zoology) Eating fucus or other seaweeds.
Fucoid adjective [ Fucus + - oid .] (Botany) (a) Properly, belonging to an order of alga: ( Fucoideæ ) which are blackish in color, and produce oöspores which are not fertilized until they have escaped from the conceptacle. The common rockweeds and the gulfweed ( Sargassum ) are fucoid in character. (b) In a vague sense, resembling seaweeds, or of the nature of seaweeds.
Fucoid noun (Botany) A plant, whether recent or fossil, which resembles a seaweed. See Fucoid , adjective
1. (Botany) Fucoid. 2. (Geol.) Containing impressions of fossil fucoids or seaweeds; as, fucoidal sandstone.
; plural Fuci
. [ Latin rock lichen, orchil, used as a red dye, red or purple color, disguise, deceit.] 1. A paint; a dye; also, false show.
[ Obsolete] 2. (Botany) A genus of tough, leathery seaweeds, usually of a dull brownish green color; rockweed.
» Formerly most marine algæ were called fuci
Fucusol noun [ Fucus + Latin oleum oil.] (Chemistry) An oily liquid, resembling, and possibly identical with, furfurol, and obtained from fucus, and other seaweeds.
Fud noun [ Of uncertain origin.]
1. The tail of a hare, coney, etc. [ Prov. Eng. & Scot.] Burns. 2. Woolen waste, for mixing with mungo and shoddy.
Fudder noun See Fodder , a weight.
Fuddle transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle , Fuddled
; present participle & verbal noun Fuddling
.] [ Perh. formed as a kind of dim. of full. Confer Fuzzle
.] To make foolish by drink; to cause to become intoxicated.
I am too fuddled to take care to observe your orders. Steele.
Fuddle intransitive verb To drink to excess. [ Colloq.]
Fuddler noun A drunkard. [ Colloq.] Baxter.
Fudge noun [ Confer Prov. French fuche , feuche , an interj. of contempt.] A made-up story; stuff; nonsense; humbug; -- often an exclamation of contempt.
Fudge transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Fudged
; present participle & verbal noun Fudging
.] 1. To make up; to devise; to contrive; to fabricate; as, he never did the experiment, and merely fudged the data.
Fudged up into such a smirkish liveliness. N. Fairfax. 2. To foist; to interpolate.
That last "suppose" is fudged in. Foote.
Fudge noun A kind of soft candy composed of sugar or maple sugar, milk, and butter, and often chocolate or nuts, boiled and stirred to a proper consistency.
Fudge wheel (Shoemaking) A tool for ornamenting the edge of a sole.
Fuegian adjective Of or pertaining to Terra del Fuego. -- noun A native of Terra del Fuego.
[ Old French fouail
, or fouaille
, Late Latin focalium
, from Latin focus
hearth, fireplace, in Late Latin , fire. See Focus
.] [ Formerly written also fewel.
] 1. Any matter used to produce heat by burning; that which feeds fire; combustible matter used for fires, as wood, coal, peat, etc. 2. Anything that serves to feed or increase passion or excitement. Artificial fuel
, fuel consisting of small particles, as coal dust, sawdust, etc., consolidated into lumps or blocks.
Fuel transitive verb 1. To feed with fuel.
Never, alas I the dreadful name, Cowley. 2. To store or furnish with fuel or firing.
That fuels the infernal flame.
Well watered and well fueled . Sir H. Wotton.
Fueler noun One who, or that which, supplies fuel. [ R.] [ Written also fueller .] Donne.
Fuero noun [ Spanish , from Latin forum .] (Sp. Law) (a) A code; a charter; a grant of privileges. (b) A custom having the force of law. (c) A declaration by a magistrate. (d) A place where justice is administered. (e) The jurisdiction of a tribunal. Burrill.
Fuff transitive verb & i.
[ Of imitative origin. Confer Puff
.] To puff.
[ Prov. Eng. A Local, U. S.] Halliwel.
Fuffy adjective Light; puffy. [ Prov. Eng. & Local, U. S.]
Fuga noun [ Italian ] (Mus.) A fugue.
[ Latin fugax
, from fugere
: confer French fugace
. See Fugitive
.] 1. Flying, or disposed to fly; fleeing away; lasting but a short time; volatile.
Much of its possessions is so hid, so fugacious, and of so uncertain purchase. Jer. Taylor. 2. (Biol.) Fleeting; lasting but a short time; -- applied particularly to organs or parts which are short-lived as compared with the life of the individual.
Fugaciousness noun Fugacity. [ Obsolete]
Fugacity adjective [ L fugacitas : confer French fugacité .]
1. The quality of being fugacious; fugaclousness; volatility; as, fugacity of spirits. Boyle. 2. Uncertainty; instability. Johnson.
Fugacy noun Banishment. [ Obsolete] Milton.
Fugato adjective (Mus.) in the gugue style, but not strictly like a fugue. -- noun A composition resembling a fugue.
Fugh interj. An exclamation of disgust; foh; faugh. Dryden.
Fughetta noun [ Italian ] (Mus.) a short, condensed fugue. Grove.
[ Middle English fugitif
, French fugitif
, from Latin fugitivus
, from fugere
to flee. See Bow
to bend, and confer Feverfew
.] 1. Fleeing from pursuit, danger, restraint, etc., escaping, from service, duty etc.; as, a fugitive solder; a fugitive slave; a fugitive debtor.
The fugitive Parthians follow. Shak.
Can a fugitive daughter enjoy herself while her parents are in tear? Richardson
A libellous pamphlet of a fugitive physician. Sir H. Wotton. 2. Not fixed; not durable; liable to disappear or fall away; volatile; uncertain; evanescent; liable to fade; -- applied to material and immaterial things; as, fugitive colors; a fugitive idea.
The me more tender and fugitive parts, the leaves . . . of vegatables. Woodward. Fugitive compositions
, Such as are short and occasional, and so published that they quickly escape notice. Syn.
-- Fleeting; unstable; wandering; uncertain; volatile; fugacious; fleeing; evanescent.
Fugitive noun 1. One who flees from pursuit, danger, restraint, service, duty, etc.; a deserter; as, a fugitive from justice. 2. Something hard to be caught or detained.
Or Catch that airy fugitive called wit. Harte. Fugitive from justice (Law)
, one who, having committed a crime in one jurisdiction, flees or escapes into another to avoid punishment.
Fugitively adverb In a fugitive manner.
Fugitiveness noun The quality or condition of being fugitive; evanescence; volatility; fugacity; instability.
Fugle intransitive verb To maneuver; to move hither and thither.
Wooden arms with elbow joints jerking and fugling in the Carlyle.
; plural Fuglemen
. [ German flügelmann
file leader; flügel
wing (akin to E. fly) + mann
man. Confer Flugrelman
.] 1. (Mil.) A soldier especially expert and well drilled, who takes his place in front of a military company, as a guide for the others in their exercises; a file leader. He originally stood in front of the right wing.
[ Written also flugelman
.] 2. Hence, one who leads the way.
[ French, from Italian fuga
, from Latin fuga
a fleeing, flight, akin to fugere
to fiee. See Fugitive
.] (Mus.) A polyphonic composition, developed from a given theme or themes, according to strict contrapuntal rules. The theme is first given out by one voice or part, and then, while that pursues its way, it is repeated by another at the interval of a fifth or fourth, and so on, until all the parts have answered one by one, continuing their several melodies and interweaving them in one complex progressive whole, in which the theme is often lost and reappears.
All parts of the scheme are eternally chasing each other, like the parts of a fugue . Jer. Taylor.