Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Compar. Funnier
; superl. Funniest
.] [ From Fun
.] Droll; comical; amusing; laughable. Funny bone
. See crazy bone , under Crazy .
; plural Funnies A clinkerbuit, narrow boat for sculling.
[ Middle English furre
, Old French forre
, sheath, case, of German origin; confer Old High German fuotar
lining, case, German futter
; akin to Icelandic fōðr
lining, Goth. fōdr
, scabbard; confer Sanskrit pātra
vessel, dish. The German and Icelandic words also have the sense, fodder
, but this was probably a different word originally. Confer Fodder
, transitive verb
] 1. The short, fine, soft hair of certain animals, growing thick on the skin, and distinguished from the hair, which is longer and coarser. 2. The skins of certain wild animals with the fur; peltry; as, a cargo of furs. 3. Strips of dressed skins with fur, used on garments for warmth or for ornament. 4. plural Articles of clothing made of fur; as, a set of furs for a lady (a collar, tippet, or cape, muff, etc.).
Wrapped up in my furs . Lady M. W. Montagu. 5. Any coating considered as resembling fur
; as: (a) A coat of morbid matter collected on the tongue in persons affected with fever. (b) The soft, downy covering on the skin of a peach. (c) The deposit formed on the interior of boilers and other vessels by hard water. 6. (Her.) One of several patterns or diapers used as tinctures. There are nine in all, or, according to some writers, only six. See Tincture.
Fur adjective Of or pertaining to furs; bearing or made of fur; as, a fur cap; the fur trade. Fur seal (Zoology) one of several species of seals of the genera Callorhinus and Arclocephalus , inhabiting the North Pacific and the Antarctic oceans. They have a coat of fine and soft fur which is highly prized. The northern fur seal ( Callorhinus ursinus ) breeds in vast numbers on the Prybilov Islands, off the coast of Alaska; -- called also sea bear .
Fur transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Furred
; present participle & verbal noun Furring
.] 1. To line, face, or cover with fur; as, furred robes.
your gloves with reason." Shak. 2. To cover with morbid matter, as the tongue. 3. (Architecture) To nail small strips of board or larger scantling upon, in order to make a level surface for lathing or boarding, or to provide for a space or interval back of the plastered or boarded surface, as inside an outer wall, by way of protection against damp. Gwill.
Furacious adjective [ Latin furax , -racis thievish, from fur thief.] Given to theft; thievish. [ Obsolete]
Furacity noun [ Latin furacitas.] Addictedness to theft; thievishness. [ Obsolete]
Furbelow noun [ Prov. French farbala , equiv. to French falbala , Italian falbalÃ .] A plaited or gathered flounce on a woman's garment.
Furbelow transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Furbelowed
; present participle & verbal noun Furbelowing
.] To put a furbelow on; to ornament.
Furbish transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Furbished
; present participle & verbal noun Furbishing
.] [ Middle English forbischen
, Old French forbir
, French fourbir
, from Old High German furban
to clean. See -ish
.] To rub or scour to brightness; to clean; to burnish; as, to furbish a sword or spear. Shak.
Furbish new the name of John a Gaunt. Shak.
Furbishable adjective Capable of being furbished.
Furbisher noun [ Confer French fourbisseur .] One who furbishes; esp., a sword cutler, who finishes sword blades and similar weapons.
Furcate, Furcated adjective
[ Latin furca
fork. See Fork
.] Forked; branching like a fork; as, furcate twigs.
Furcation noun A branching like a fork.
Furciferous adjective [ Latin furcifer yoke bearer, scoundrel; furca fork, yoke, fork-shaped instrument of punishment + ferre to bear.] Rascally; scandalous. [ R.] " Furciferous knaves." De Quincey.
Furcula noun [ Latin , a forked prop, dim. of furca a fork.] (Anat.) A forked process; the wishbone or furculum.
Furcular adjective Shaped like a fork; furcate.
Furculum noun [ New Latin , dim. of Latin furca a fork.] (Anat.) The wishbone or merrythought of birds, formed by the united clavicles.
Furdle transitive verb
[ See Fardel
, and confer Furl
.] To draw up into a bundle; to roll up.
Furfur noun [ Latin ] Scurf; dandruff.
Furfuraceous adjective [ Latin furfuraceus .] Made of bran; like bran; scurfy.
Furfuran noun [ Latin furfur bran.] (Chemistry) A colorless, oily substance, C 4 H 4 O, obtained by distilling certain organic substances, as pine wood, salts of pyromucic acid, etc.; -- called also tetraphenol .
Furfuration noun [ Latin furfur bran, scurf.] Falling of scurf from the head; desquamation.
Furfurine noun (Chemistry) A white, crystalline base, obtained indirectly from furfurol.
Furfurol noun [ Latin furfur bran + ole um oil.] (Chemistry) A colorless oily liquid, C 4 H 3 O.CHO, of a pleasant odor, obtained by the distillation of bran, sugar, etc., and regarded as an aldehyde derivative of furfuran; -- called also furfural .
Furfurous adjective Made of bran; furfuraceous. [ R.] " Furfurous bread." Sydney Smith.
Furial adjective [ Latin furialis : confer Old French furial .] Furious; raging; tormenting. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Furibundal adjective [ Latin furibundus , from furere to rage.] Full of rage. [ Obsolete] G. Harvey.
Furies noun plural See Fury , 3.
Furile noun [ Fur furol + ben zile .] (Chemistry) A yellow, crystalline substance, (C 4 H 3 O) 2 .C 2 O 2 , obtained by the oxidation of furoin. [ Written also furil .]
Furilic adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or derived from, furile; as, furilic acid.
Furioso adjective & adverb [ Italian ] (Mus.) With great force or vigor; vehemently.
[ Latin furiosus
, from furia
rage, fury: confer French furieux
. See Fury
.] 1. Transported with passion or fury; raging; violent; as, a furious animal. 2. Rushing with impetuosity; moving with violence; as, a furious stream; a furious wind or storm. Syn.
-- Impetuous; vehement; boisterous; fierce; turbulent; tumultuous; angry; mad; frantic; frenzied. -- Fu"ri*ous*ly
(fûrl) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Furled
(fûrl); present participle & verbal noun Furling
.] [ Contr. from furdle
, from fardel
bundle: confer French ferler
to furl, Old French fardeler
to pack. See Furdle
, and confer Farl
.] To draw up or gather into close compass; to wrap or roll, as a sail, close to the yard, stay, or mast, or, as a flag, close to or around its staff, securing it there by a gasket or line. Totten
[ Middle English furlong
, Anglo-Saxon furlang
, prop., the length of a furrow; furh
furrow + lang
long. See Furrow
, and Long
] A measure of length; the eighth part of a mile; forty rods; two hundred and twenty yards.
[ Prob. from Dutch verlof
, from a prefix akin to English for
+ the root of English lief
, and akin to Danish forlov
, Swedish förlof
, German verlaub
permission. See Life
] (Mil.) Leave of absence; especially, leave given to an officer or soldier to be absent from service for a certain time; also, the document granting leave of absence.
Furlough transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Furloughed
; present participle & verbal noun Furloughing
.] (Mil.) To furnish with a furlough; to grant leave of absence to, as to an officer or soldier.
Furmonty, Furmity noun Same as Frumenty .
[ Middle English fornais
, Old French fornaise
, French fournaise
, from Latin fornax
; akin to furnus oven, and probably to English forceps
.] 1. An inclosed place in which heat is produced by the combustion of fuel, as for reducing ores or melting metals, for warming a house, for baking pottery, etc.; as, an iron furnace ; a hot-air furnace ; a glass furnace ; a boiler furnace , etc.
» Furnaces are classified as wind
when the fire is urged only by the natural draught; as blast furnaces
, when the fire is urged by the injection artificially of a forcible current of air; and as reverberatory furnaces
, when the flame, in passing to the chimney, is thrown down by a low arched roof upon the materials operated upon. 2. A place or time of punishment, affiction, or great trial; severe experience or discipline. Deut. iv. 20. Bustamente furnace
, a shaft furnace for roasting quicksilver ores.
-- Furnace bridge
, Same as Bridge wall .
, 5. -- Furnace cadmiam or cadmia
, the oxide of zinc which accumulates in the chimneys of furnaces smelting zinciferous ores. Raymond.
-- Furnace hoist (Iron Manuf.)
, a lift for raising ore, coal, etc., to the mouth of a blast furnace.
Furnace noun 1. To throw out, or exhale, as from a furnace; also, to put into a furnace.
[ Obsolete or R.]
He furnaces Shak.
The thick sighs from him.
[ Confer French fourniment
. See Furnish
[ Obsolete] Spenser.
Furnish transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Furnished
; present participle & verbal noun Furnishing
.] [ Old French furnir
, to furnish
, French fournir
; akin to Pr. formir
, to accomplish, satisfy, from Old High German frumjan
to further, execute, do, akin to English frame
. See Frame
, transitive verb
, and - ish
.] 1. To supply with anything necessary, useful, or appropriate; to provide; to equip; to fit out, or fit up; to adorn; as, to furnish a family with provisions; to furnish one with arms for defense; to furnish a Cable; to furnish the mind with ideas; to furnish one with knowledge or principles; to furnish an expedition or enterprise, a room or a house.
That the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished 2 Tim. iii. 17, 2. To offer for use; to provide (something); to give (something); to afford; as, to furnish food to the hungry: to furnish arms for defense.
unto all good works.
Ye are they . . . that furnish the drink offering unto that number. Is. lxv. 11.
His writings and his life furnish abundant proofs that he was not a man of strong sense. Macaulay.
Furnish noun That which is furnished as a specimen; a sample; a supply. [ Obsolete] Greene.
Furnisher noun One who supplies or fits out.
Furnishment noun The act of furnishing, or of supplying furniture; also, furniture. [ Obsolete] Daniel.
[ French fourniture
. See Furnish
, transitive verb
] 1. That with which anything is furnished or supplied; supplies; outfit; equipment.
The form and all the furniture of the earth. Tillotson.
The thoughts which make the furniture of their minds. M. Arnold. 2. Articles used for convenience or decoration in a house or apartment, as tables, chairs, bedsteads, sofas, carpets, curtains, pictures, vases, etc. 3. The necessary appendages to anything, as to a machine, a carriage, a ship, etc. (a) (Nautical) The masts and rigging of a ship. (b) (Mil.) The mountings of a gun. (c) Builders' hardware such as locks, door and window trimmings. (d) (Print) Pieces of wood or metal of a lesser height than the type, placed around the pages or other matter in a form, and, with the quoins, serving to secure the form in its place in the chase. 4. (Mus.) A mixed or compound stop in an organ; -- sometimes called mixture .
[ See Furfurol
.] (Chemistry) A colorless, crystalline substance, C 10 H 8 O 4 , from furfurol.
Furore noun [ Italian ] Excitement; commotion; enthusiasm.
Furrier noun [ Confer French fourreur .] A dealer in furs; one who makes or sells fur goods.
1. Furs, in general. Tooke. 2. The business of a furrier; trade in furs.
Furring noun 1. (Carp.) (a) The leveling of a surface, or the preparing of an air space, by means of strips of board or of larger pieces. See Fur , transitive verb , 3. (b) The strips thus laid on. 2. (Shipbuilding) Double planking of a ship's side. 3. A deposit from water, as on the inside of a boiler; also, the operation of cleaning away this deposit.