Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Funding adjective
1. Providing a fund for the payment of the interest or principal of a debt.

2. Investing in the public funds.

Funding system , a system or scheme of finance or revenue by which provision is made for paying the interest or principal of a public debt.

Fundless adjective Destitute of funds.

Fundus (fŭn"dŭs) noun [ Latin , bottom.] (Anat.) The bottom or base of any hollow organ; as, the fundus of the bladder; the fundus of the eye.

Funebrial (fu*nē"brĭ* a l) adjective [ Latin funebris belonging to a funeral, from funus funeral.] Pertaining to a funeral or funerals; funeral; funereal. [ Obsolete] [ Written also funebral .] Sir T. Browne.

Funebrious adjective Funebrial. [ Obsolete]

Funeral (fū"nẽr* a l) noun [ Late Latin funeralia , prop. neut. plural of funeralis of a funeral, from Latin funus , funeris , funeral: confer French funérailles .]
1. The solemn rites used in the disposition of a dead human body, whether such disposition be by interment, burning, or otherwise; esp., the ceremony or solemnization of interment; obsequies; burial; -- formerly used in the plural.

King James his funerals were performed very solemnly in the collegiate church at Westminster.
Euller.

2. The procession attending the burial of the dead; the show and accompaniments of an interment. "The long funerals ." Pope.

3. A funeral sermon; -- usually in the plural. [ Obsolete]

Mr. Giles Lawrence preached his funerals .
South.

Funeral adjective [ Late Latin funeralis . See Funeral , noun ] Persian taining to a funeral; used at the interment of the dead; as, funeral rites, honors, or ceremonies. Shak.

Funeral pile , a structure of combustible material, upon which a dead body is placed to be reduced to ashes, as part of a funeral rite; a pyre.

-- Fu"ner*al*ly , adverb [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.

Funerate transitive verb [ Latin funeratus , past participle of funerare to funerate, from funus . See Funeral .] To bury with funeral rites. [ Obsolete] Cockeram.

Funeration noun [ Latin funeratio .] The act of burying with funeral rites. [ Obsolete] Knatchbull.

Funereal adjective [ Latin funereus , from fentus a funeral.] Suiting a funeral; pertaining to burial; solemn. Hence: Dark; dismal; mournful. Jer. Taylor.

What seem to us but sad funereal tapers May be heaven's distant lamps.
Longfellow.

-- Fu*ne"re*al*ly , adverb

Funest adjective [ Latin funestus , from funus a funeral, destruction: confer French funeste .] Lamentable; doleful. [ R.] " Funest and direful deaths." Coleridge.

A forerunner of something very funest .
Evelyn.

Fungal adjective Of or pertaining to fungi.

Fungate noun [ Confer French fongate .] (Chemistry) A salt of fungic acid. [ Formerly written also fungiate .]

Funge noun [ Latin fungus mushroom, dolt.] A blockhead; a dolt; a fool. [ Obsolete] Burton.

Fungi noun plural (Botany) See Fungus .

Fungi Imperfecti plural [ Latin imperfecti imperfect.] (Botany) A heterogenous group of fungi of which the complete life history is not known. Some undoubtedly represent the conidium stages of various Ascomycetes. The group is divided into the orders Sphæropsidales, Melanconiales, and Moniliales.

Fungia noun [ New Latin , from Latin fungus mushroom: confer French fongie .] (Zoology) A genus of simple, stony corals; -- so called because they are usually flat and circular, with radiating plates, like the gills of a mushroom. Some of them are eighteen inches in diameter.

Fungian adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the Fungidæ , a family of stony corals. -- noun One of the Fungidæ .

Fungibles noun plural [ Late Latin ( res ) fungibiles , probably from Latin fungi to discharge. "A barbarous term, supposed to have originated in the use of the words functionem recipere in the Digeste." Bouvier . "Called fungibiles , quia una alterius vice fungitur." John Taylor (1755). Confer Function .]
1. (Civ. Law) Things which may be furnished or restored in kind, as distinguished from specific things; -- called also fungible things . Burrill.

2. (Scots Law) Movable goods which may be valued by weight or measure, in contradistinction from those which must be judged of individually. Jamieson.

Fungic adjective [ Latin fungus mushroom: confer French fungique , fongique .] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or obtained from, mushrooms; as, fungic acid.

Fungicide noun [ Fungi + -cide , from Latin caedere to kill.] Anything that kills fungi. -- Fun`gi*ci"dal noun

Fungiform adjective [ Eungus + -form : confer French fongiforme .] Shaped like a fungus or mushroom.

Fungiform papillæ (Anat.) , numerous small, rounded eminences on the upper surface of the tongue.

Fungilliform adjective Shaped like a small fungus.

Fungin noun [ Latin fungus mushroom: confer F, fongine , fungine .] (Chemistry) A name formerly given to cellulose found in certain fungi and mushrooms.

Fungite noun [ Latin fungus mushroom: confer French pongite .] (Paleon.) A fossil coral resembling Fungia.

Fungivorous adjective [ Latin fungus + vorare to eat greedily: confer French fongivore .] (Zoology) Eating fungi; -- said of certain insects and snails.

Fungoid adjective [ Fungus + - oil : confer French fongoïde .] Like a fungus; fungous; spongy.

Fungologist noun A mycologist.

Fungology noun [ Fungus + -logy .] Mycology.

Fungosity noun [ Confer French fungosité , fongosité .] The quality of that which is fungous; fungous excrescence. Dunglison.

Fungous adjective [ Latin fungosus : confer French fungueux .]
1. Of the nature of fungi; spongy.

2. Growing suddenly, but not substantial or durable.

Fungus noun ; plural Latin Fungi , English Funguses . [ Latin , a mushroom; perhaps akin to a doubtful Greek ... sponge, for ...; if so, confer English sponge .]
1. (Botany) Any one of the Fungi, a large and very complex group of thallophytes of low organization, -- the molds, mildews, rusts, smuts, mushrooms, toadstools, puff balls, and the allies of each.

» The fungi are all destitute of chorophyll, and, therefore, to be supplied with elaborated nourishment, must live as saprophytes or parasites. They range in size from single microscopic cells to systems of entangled threads many feet in extent, which develop reproductive bodies as large as a man's head. The vegetative system consists of septate or rarely unseptate filaments called hyphæ; the aggregation of hyphæ into structures of more or less definite form is known as the mycelium. See Fungi, in the Supplement.

2. (Medicine) A spongy, morbid growth or granulation in animal bodies, as the proud flesh of wounds. Hoblyn.

Funic adjective (Anat.) Funicular.

Funicle noun [ Latin funiculus , dim. of funis cord, rope: confer French funicule funicle (in sense 2). Confer Funambulo .] (Botany)
1. A small cord, ligature, or fiber.

2. (Botany) The little stalk that attaches a seed to the placenta.

Funicular adjective [ Confer French funiculaire .]


1. Consisting of a small cord or fiber.

2. Dependent on the tension of a cord.

3. (Anat.) Pertaining to a funiculus; made up of, or resembling, a funiculus, or funiculi; as, a funicular ligament.

Funicular action (Mech.) , the force or action exerted by a rope in drawing together the supports to which its ends are Fastened, when acted upon by forces applied in a direction transverse to the rope, as in the archer's bow. -- Funicular curve . Same as Catenary . -- Funicular machine (Mech.) , an apparatus for illustrating certain principles in statics, consisting of a cord or chain attached at one end to a fixed point, and having the other passed over a pulley and sustaining a weight, while one or more other weights are suspended from the cord at points between the fixed support and the pulley. -- Funicular polygon (Mech.) , the polygonal figure assumed by a cord fastened at its extremities, and sustaining weights at different points.

Funiculate adjective Forming a narrow ridge.

Funiculus noun ; plural Funiculi . [ Latin , a little cord. See Funicle .]
1. (Anat.) A cord, baud, or bundle of fibers; esp., one of the small bundles of fibers, of which large nerves are made up; applied also to different bands of white matter in the brain and spinal cord.

2. (Zoology) (a) A short cord which connects the embryo of some myriapods with the amnion. (b) In Bryozoa, an organ extending back from the stomach. See Bryozoa , and Phylactolema .

Funiliform adjective [ Latin funis rope + -form .] (Botany) Resembling a cord in toughness and flexibility, as the roots of some endogenous trees.

Funis noun [ Latin , a rope. ] A cord; specifically, the umbilical cord or navel string.

Funk noun [ Middle English funke a little fire; akin to Prov. English funk touchwood, German funke spark, and perhaps to Goth. f...n fire.] An offensive smell; a stench. [ Low]

Funk transitive verb To envelop with an offensive smell or smoke. [ Obsolete] King.

Funk intransitive verb
1. To emit an offensive smell; to stink.

2. To be frightened, and shrink back; to flinch; as, to funk at the edge of a precipice. [ Colloq.] C. Kingsley.

To funk out , to back out in a cowardly fashion. [ Colloq.]

To funk right out o' political strife.
Lowell (Biglow Papers).

Funk noun One who funks; a shirk; a coward. [ Colloq.]

Funk transitive verb
1. To funk at; to flinch at; to shrink from (a thing or person); as, to funk a task. [ Colloq.]

2. To frighten; to cause to flinch. [ Colloq.]

Funk, Funking noun A shrinking back through fear. [ Colloq.] "The horrid panic, or funk (as the men of Eton call it)." De Quincey.

Funky adjective Pertaining to, or characterized by, great fear, or funking. [ Colloq. Eng.]

Funnel noun [ Middle English funel , fonel , probably through Old French fr, Latin fundibulum , infundibulum , funnel, from infundere to pour in; in in + fundere to pour; confer Armor. founil funnel, W. ffynel air hole, chimney. See Fuse , transitive verb ]
1. A vessel of the shape of an inverted hollow cone, terminating below in a pipe, and used for conveying liquids into a close vessel; a tunnel.

2. A passage or avenue for a fluid or flowing substance; specifically, a smoke flue or pipe; the iron chimney of a steamship or the like.

Funnel box (Mining) , an apparatus for collecting finely crushed ore from water. Knight. -- Funnel stay (Nautical) , one of the ropes or rods steadying a steamer's funnel.

Funnelform adjective (Botany) Having the form of a funnel, or tunnel; that is, expanding gradually from the bottom upward, as the corolla of some flowers; infundibuliform.