Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Latin cista
box, chest, Greek ... Confer Chest
.] 1. (Antiq.) A box or chest. Specifically: (a) A bronze receptacle, round or oval, frequently decorated with engravings on the sides and cover, and with feet, handles, etc., of decorative castings. (b) A cinerary urn. See Illustration in Appendix. 2. See Cyst .
Cisted adjective Inclosed in a cyst. See Cysted .
Cistercian noun [ Late Latin Cistercium . French Cîteaux , a convent not far from Dijon, in France: confer French cistercien .] (Eccl.) A monk of the prolific branch of the Benedictine Order, established in 1098 at Cîteaux, in France, by Robert, abbot of Molesme. For two hundred years the Cistercians followed the rule of St. Benedict in all its rigor. -- adjective Of or pertaining to the Cistercians.
[ Middle English cisterne
, Old French cisterne
, French cisterne
, from Latin cisterna
, from cista
box, chest. See Cist
, and confer chest
.] 1. An artificial reservoir or tank for holding water, beer, or other liquids. 2. A natural reservoir; a hollow place containing water.
"The wide cisterns
of the lakes." Blackmore.
[ Contr. from citizen
.] A citizen; an inhabitant of a city; a pert townsman; -- used contemptuously.
"Insulted as a cit
Which past endurance sting the tender cit .
Citable adjective Capable of being cited.
[ French citadelle
, Italian citadella
, di.... of citt...
city, from Latin civitas
. See City
.] A fortress in or near a fortified city, commanding the city and fortifications, and intended as a final point of defense. Syn
. -- Stronghold. See Fortress .
[ From Cite
] 1. Summons to appear, as before a judge.
[ R.] Johnson 2. Citation; quotation
[ R.] Johnson.
[ French citation
, Late Latin citatio
, from Latin citare
to cite. See Cite
] 1. An official summons or notice given to a person to appear; the paper containing such summons or notice. 2. The act of citing a passage from a book, or from another person, in his own words; also, the passage or words quoted; quotation.
This horse load of citations and fathers. 3. Enumeration; mention; as, a citation of facts. 4. (Law) A reference to decided cases, or books of authority, to prove a point in law.
Citator noun One who cites. [ R]
Citatory adjective [ Late Latin citatirius .] Having the power or form of a citation; as, letters citatory .
Cite transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Cited
; present participle & verbal noun Citing
] [ French citer
, from Latin citare
, intens. of cire
, to put in motion, to excite; akin to Greek ... to go, Sanskrit ... to sharpen.] 1. To call upon officially or authoritatively to appear, as before a court; to summon.
The cited dead,
Of all past ages, to the general doom
Cited by finger of God. 2. To urge; to enjoin.
[ R.] Shak. 3. To quote; to repeat, as a passage from a book, or the words of another.
The devil can cite Scripture for his purpose. 4. To refer to or specify, as for support, proof, illustration, or confirmation.
The imperfections which you have cited . 5. To bespeak; to indicate.
Aged honor cites a virtuous youth. 6. (Law) To notify of a proceeding in court. Abbot Syn.
-- To quote; mention, name; refer to; adduce; select; call; summon. See Quote
Citer noun One who cites.
[ From Cit
.] A city woman
[ Latin Confer Cittern
.] (Mus.) An ancient instrument resembling the harp.
Citharistic adjective [ Greek ..., from ... cithara.] Pertaining, or adapted, to the cithara.
Citicism noun [ From cit .] The manners of a cit or citizen.
1. Belonging to, or resembling, a city. "Smoky, citied towns" [ R.] Drayton. 2. Containing, or covered with, cities. [ R.] "The citied earth." Keats.
Citified adjective [ City + -fy .] Aping, or having, the manners of a city.
Citigrade adjective [ Confer French citigrade .] (Zoology) Pertaining to the Citigradæ. -- noun One of the Citigradæ.
Citigradæ noun plural
[ New Latin , from Latin citus
swift (past participle of cire
, to move) + gradi
to walk. See Cite
.] (Zoology) A suborder of Arachnoidea, including the European tarantula and the wolf spiders ( Lycosidae ) and their allies, which capture their prey by rapidly running and jumping. See Wolf spider .
Citiner noun One who is born or bred in a city; a citizen. [ Obsolete] Champan.
[ Middle English citisein
, Old French citeain
, French citoyen
, from cité
city. See City
, and confer Cit
.] 1. One who enjoys the freedom and privileges of a city; a freeman of a city, as distinguished from a foreigner, or one not entitled to its franchises.
That large body of the working men who were not counted as citizens and had not so much as a vote to serve as an anodyne to their stomachs. 2. An inhabitant of a city; a townsman. Shak. 3. A person, native or naturalized, of either sex, who owes allegiance to a government, and is entitled to reciprocal protection from it.
» This protection is . . . national protection, recognition of the individual, in the face of foreign nations, as a member of the state, and assertion of his security and rights abroad as well as at home. Abbot 4. One who is domiciled in a country, and who is a citizen, though neither native nor naturalized, in such a sense that he takes his legal status from such country.
Citizen adjective 1. Having the condition or qualities of a citizen, or of citizens; as, a citizen soldiery. 2. Of or pertaining to the inhabitants of a city; characteristic of citizens; effeminate; luxurious.
I am not well,
But not so citizen a wanton as
To seem to die ere sick.
Citizeness noun A female citizen. [ R.]
Citizenship noun The state of being a citizen; the status of a citizen.
[ Old French citole
, from Latin cithara
. See Cittern
.] (Mus.) A musical instrument; a kind of dulcimer.
Citraconic adjective [ Citric + acon itic.] Pertaining to, derived from, or having certain characteristics of, citric and aconitic acids. Citraconic acid (Chemistry) , a white, crystalline, deliquescent substance, C 3 H 4 (CO 2 H) 2 , obtained by distillation of citric acid. It is a compound of the ethylene series.
Citrange noun [ Citr us + or ange .] A citrous fruit produced by a cross between the sweet orange and the trifoliate orange ( Citrus trifoliata ). It is more acid and has a more pronounced aroma than the orange; the tree is hardier. There are several varieties.
[ From Citric
.] (Chemistry) A salt of citric acid.
[ Confer French citrique
. See Citron
.] (Chemistry) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, the citron or lemon; as, citric acid. Citric acid (Chemistry)
, an organic acid, C 3 H 4 OH.(CO 2 H) 3 , extracted from lemons, currants, gooseberries, etc., as a white crystalline substance, having a pleasant sour taste.
[ See Citrine
.] The process by which anything becomes of the color of a lemon; esp., in alchemy, the state of perfection in the philosopher's stone indicated by its assuming a deep yellow color. Thynne.
[ French citrin
. See Citron
.] Like a citron or lemon; of a lemon color; greenish yellow. Citrine ointment (Medicine)
, a yellowish mercurial ointment, the unguentum hydrargyri nitratis .
Citrine noun A yellow, pellucid variety of quartz.
Citron (sĭt"rŭn) noun [ French citron , Late Latin citro , from Latin citrus citron tree (cf. citreum , sc. malum, a citron), from Greek ki`tron citron] Citron melon . (a) A small variety of muskmelon with sugary greenish flesh. (b) A small variety of watermelon, whose solid white flesh is used in making sweetmeats and preserves. -- Citron tree (Botany) , the tree which bears citrons. It was probably a native of northern India, and is now understood to be the typical form of Citrus Medica .
1. (Bot) A fruit resembling a lemon, but larger, and pleasantly aromatic. The thick rind, when candied, is the citron of commerce. 2. A citron tree. 3. A citron melon.
Citrus (sĭt"rŭs) noun [ Latin , a citron tree.] (Botany) A genus of trees including the orange, lemon, citron, etc., originally natives of southern Asia.
[ Latin cithara
, Greek kiqa`ra
. Confer Cithara
.] (Mus.) An instrument shaped like a lute, but strung with wire and played with a quill or plectrum.
[ Written also cithern
» Not to be confounded with zither
Cittern-head noun Blockhead; dunce; -- so called because the handle of a cittern usually ended with a carved head. Marsion
; plural Cities
(-ĭz). [ Middle English cite
, French cité
, from Latin civitas
citizenship, state, city, from civis
citizen; akin to Goth. heiwa
frauja man of the house), Anglo-Saxon hīwan
, plural, members of a family, servants, hīred
family, G. heirath
marriage, prop., providing a house, English hind
a peasant.] 1. A large town. 2. A corporate town; in the United States, a town or collective body of inhabitants, incorporated and governed by a mayor and aldermen or a city council consisting of a board of aldermen and a common council; in Great Britain, a town corporate, which is or has been the seat of a bishop, or the capital of his see.
A city is a town incorporated; which is, or has been, the see of a bishop; and though the bishopric has been dissolved, as at Westminster, it yet remaineth a city .
When Gorges constituted York a city , he of course meant it to be the seat of a bishop, for the word city has no other meaning in English law. 3. The collective body of citizens, or inhabitants of a city.
"What is the city
but the people?" Shak. Syn.
-- See Village
City adjective Of or pertaining to a city. Shak. City council
. See under Council .
-- City court
, The municipal court of a city.
[ U. S.] -- City ward
, a watchman, or the collective watchmen, of a city.
[ Obsolete] Fairfax.
(sīv) noun (Botany) Same as Chive .
Civet (sĭv"ĕt) noun [ French civette (cf. Italian zibetto ) civet, civet cat, from LGr. zape`tion , from Arabic zubād , zabād , civet.]
1. A substance, of the consistence of butter or honey, taken from glands in the anal pouch of the civet ( Viverra civetta ). It is of clear yellowish or brownish color, of a strong, musky odor, offensive when undiluted, but agreeable when a small portion is mixed with another substance. It is used as a perfume. 2. (Zoöl) The animal that produces civet ( Viverra civetta ); -- called also civet cat . It is carnivorous, from two to three feet long, and of a brownish gray color, with transverse black bands and spots on the body and tail. It is a native of northern Africa and of Asia. The name is also applied to other species of the subfamily Viverrinae .
Civet transitive verb To scent or perfume with civet. Cowper
[ Latin civicus, from civis
citizen. See City
.] Relating to, or derived from, a city or citizen; relating to man as a member of society, or to civil affairs. Civic crown (Rom. Antiq.)
, a crown or garland of oak leaves and acorns, bestowed on a soldier who had saved the life of a citizen in battle.
Civicism noun The principle of civil government.
Civics noun The science of civil government.
[ Latin civilis
, from civis
citizen: confer French civil
. See City
.] 1. Pertaining to a city or state, or to a citizen in his relations to his fellow citizens or to the state; within the city or state. 2. Subject to government; reduced to order; civilized; not barbarous; -- said of the community.
England was very rude and barbarous; for it is but even the other day since England grew civil . 3. Performing the duties of a citizen; obedient to government; -- said of an individual.
Civil men come nearer the saints of God than others; they come within a step or two of heaven. 4. Having the manners of one dwelling in a city, as opposed to those of savages or rustics; polite; courteous; complaisant; affable.
» "A civil
man now is one observant of slight external courtesies in the mutual intercourse between man and man; a civil
man once was one who fulfilled all the duties and obligations flowing from his position as a 'civis' and his relations to the other members of that 'civitas.'" Trench 5. Pertaining to civic life and affairs, in distinction from military, ecclesiastical, or official state. 6. Relating to rights and remedies sought by action or suit distinct from criminal proceedings. Civil action
, an action to enforce the rights or redress the wrongs of an individual, not involving a criminal proceeding.
-- Civil architecture
, the architecture which is employed in constructing buildings for the purposes of civil life, in distinction from military and naval architecture, as private houses, palaces, churches, etc.
-- Civil death
. (Law.) See under Death .
- - Civil engineering
. See under Engineering .
-- Civil law
. See under Law .
-- Civil list
. See under List .
-- Civil remedy (Law)
, that given to a person injured, by action, as opposed to a criminal prosecution.
-- Civil service
, all service rendered to and paid for by the state or nation other than that pertaining to naval or military affairs.
-- Civil service reform
, the substitution of business principles and methods for the spoils system in the conduct of the civil service, esp. in the matter of appointments to office.
-- Civil state
, the whole body of the laity or citizens not included under the military, maritime, and ecclesiastical states.
-- Civil suit
. Same as Civil action .
-- Civil war
. See under War .
-- Civil year
. See under Year .
Civil Service Commission In the United States, a commission appointed by the President, consisting of three members, not more than two of whom may be adherents of the same party, which has the control, through examinations, of appointments and promotions in the classified civil service. It was created by act of Jan, 16, 1883 (22 Stat. 403).