Webster's Dictionary, 1913
; plural Cimices
. [ Latin , a bug.] (Zoology) A genus of hemipterous insects of which the bedbug is the best known example. See Bedbug .
Cimia noun (Architecture) See Cimbia .
Cimiss noun [ Latin cimex , -icis , a bug.] (Zoology) The bedbug. [ Obsolete] Wright.
[ Latin Cimmerius
.] [ Written also Kimmerian
.] 1. Pertaining to the Cimmerii, a fabulous people, said to have lived, in very ancient times, in profound and perpetual darkness. 2. Without any light; intensely dark.
In dark Cimmerian desert ever dwell.
Cimolite noun [ Greek ... (sc. ...) Cimolian earth, from ..., Latin Cimolus , an island of the Cyclades.] (Min.) A soft, earthy, clayey mineral, of whitish or grayish color.
Cinch noun [ Spanish cincha , from Latin cingere to gird.]
1. A strong saddle girth, as of canvas. [ West. U. S.] 2. A tight grip. [ Colloq.]
Cinch transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Cinched
; present participle & verbal noun Cinch"ing
.] 1. To put a cinch upon; to girth tightly.
[ Western U. S.] 2. To get a sure hold upon; to get into a tight place, as for forcing submission.
[ Slang, U. S.]
Cinch intransitive verb To perform the action of cinching; to tighten the cinch; -- often with up . [ Western U. S.]
Cinch noun [ Confer cinch a girth, a tight grip, as v., to get a sure hold upon; perhaps so named from the tactics used in the game; also confer Spanish cinco five (the five spots of the color of the trump being important cards).] A variety of auction pitch in which a draw to improve the hand is added, and the five of trumps (called right pedro ) and the five of the same color (called left pedro , and ranking between the five and the four of trumps) each count five on the score. Fifty-one points make a game. Called also double pedro and high five .
Cinch transitive verb In the game of cinch, to protect (a trick) by playing a higher trump than the five.
Cinchona noun [ So named from the wife of Count Chinchon , viceroy of Peru in the seventeenth century, who by its use was freed from an intermittent fever, and after her return to Spain, contributed to the general propagation of this remedy.]
1. (Botany) A genus of trees growing naturally on the Andes in Peru and adjacent countries, but now cultivated in the East Indies, producing a medicinal bark of great value. 2. (Medicine) The bark of any species of Cinchona containing three per cent. or more of bitter febrifuge alkaloids; Peruvian bark; Jesuits' bark.
Cinchonaceous adjective Allied or pertaining to cinchona, or to the plants that produce it.
Cinchonic adjective Belonging to, or obtained from, cinchona. Mayne.
[ From Cinchona
.] (Chemistry) One of the quinine group of alkaloids, found especially in red cinchona bark. It is a white crystalline substance, C 19 H 22 N 2 O, with a bitter taste and qualities similar to, but weaker than, quinine; -- sometimes called also cinchonidia .
[ From Cinchona
: confer French cinchonine
.] (Chemistry) One of the quinine group of alkaloids isomeric with and resembling cinchonidine; -- called also cinchonia .
[ From Cinchona
.] (Medicine) A condition produced by the excessive or long-continued use of quinine, and marked by deafness, roaring in the ears, vertigo, etc.
Cinchonize transitive verb To produce cinchonism in; to poison with quinine or with cinchona.
Cincinnati epoch (Geol.) An epoch at the close of the American lower Silurian system. The rocks are well developed near Cincinnati , Ohio. The group includes the Hudson River and Lorraine shales of New York.
; plural - ni
. [ Also cicinus
.] [ Latin , a curl of hair.] (Botany) A form of monochasium in which the lateral branches arise alternately on opposite sides of the false axis; -- called also scorpioid cyme .
-- Cin*cin"nal adjective
Cincture noun [ Latin cinctura , from cingere , cinctum , to gird.]
1. A belt, a girdle, or something worn round the body, -- as by an ecclesiastic for confining the alb. 2. That which encompasses or incloses; an inclosure. "Within the cincture of one wall." Bacon. 3. (Architecture) The fillet, listel, or band next to the apophyge at the extremity of the shaft of a column.
Cinctured noun Having or wearing a cincture or girdle.
[ Anglo-Saxon sinder
slag, dross; akin to Icelandic sindr
dross, Swedish sinder
, German sinter
, Dutch sintel
; perhaps influenced by French cendre
ashes, from Latin cinis
. Confer Sinter
.] 1. Partly burned or vitrified coal, or other combustible, in which fire is extinct. 2. A hot coal without flame; an ember. Swift. 3. A scale thrown off in forging metal. 4. The slag of a furnace, or scoriaceous lava from a volcano. Cinder frame
, a framework of wire in front of the tubes of a locomotive, to arrest the escape of cinders.
-- Cinder notch (Metal.)
, the opening in a blast furnace, through which melted cinder flows out.
Cindery adjective Resembling, or composed of, cinders; full of cinders.
Cinefaction noun [ Late Latin cinefactio : Latin cinis ashes + facere to make: confer French cinéfaction .] Cineration; reduction to ashes. [ Obsolete]
Cinematic, Cinematical adjective See Kinematic .
[ Greek ..., ..., motion + -graph
.] 1. A machine, combining magic lantern and kinetoscope features, for projecting on a screen a series of pictures, moved rapidly (25 to 50 a second) and intermittently before an objective lens, and producing by persistence of vision the illusion of continuous motion; a moving-picture machine; also, any of several other machines or devices producing moving pictorial effects. Other common names for the cinematograph are animatograph , biograph , bioscope , electrograph , electroscope , kinematograph , kinetoscope , veriscope , vitagraph , vitascope , zoögyroscope , zoöpraxiscope , etc.
The cinematograph , invented by Edison in 1894, is the result of the introduction of the flexible film into photography in place of glass. Encyc. Brit. 2. A camera for taking chronophotographs for exhibition by the instrument described above.
Cinematographer noun One who exhibits moving pictures or who takes chronophotographs by the cinematograph. -- Cin`e*mat`o*graph"ic adjective -- Cin`e*mat`o*graph"ic*al*ly adverb
Cinemograph noun [ Greek ... motion + -graph .] An integrating anemometer.
Cineraceous adjective [ Latin cineraceus , from cinis ashes.] Like ashes; ash- colored; cinereous.
Cineraria noun [ New Latin , from Late Latin cinerarius pert. to ashes, from cinis ashes. So called from the ash-colored down on the leaves.] (Botany) A Linnæan genus of free-flowering composite plants, mostly from South Africa. Several species are cultivated for ornament.
Cinerary adjective [ Latin cinerarius , from cinis ashes.] Pertaining to ashes; containing ashes. Cinerary urns , vessels used by the ancients to preserve the ashes of the dead when burned.
Cineration noun [ Latin cinis ashes: confer French cinération .] The reducing of anything to ashes by combustion; cinefaction.
Cinereous adjective [ Latin cinereus , from cinis ashes.] Like ashes; ash- colored; grayish.
Cinerescent adjective Somewhat cinereous; of a color somewhat resembling that of wood ashes.
Cineritious adjective [ Latin cineritius , cinericius , from cinis ashes.] Like ashes; having the color of ashes, -- as the cortical substance of the brain.
Cinerulent adjective Full of ashes. [ Obsolete]
Cingalese noun sing. & plural [ Confer French Cingalais .] A native or natives of Ceylon descended from its primitive inhabitants ; also ( sing. ), the language of the Cingalese. -- adjective Of or pertaining to the Cingalese. [ Written also Singhalese .] » Ceylonese is applied to the inhabitants of the island in general.
[ Latin cingula
, from cingere
to gird.] A girth.
[ R.] See Surcingle
Cingulum noun [ Latin , a girdle.] (Zoology) (a) A distinct girdle or band of color; a raised spiral line as seen on certain univalve shells. (b) The clitellus of earthworms. (c) The base of the crown of a tooth.
[ Latin cinnabaris
, Greek ...; probably of Oriental origin; confer Persian qinbār
, Hind. shangarf
.] 1. (Min.) Red sulphide of mercury, occurring in brilliant red crystals, and also in red or brown amorphous masses. It is used in medicine. 2. The artificial red sulphide of mercury used as a pigment; vermilion. Cinnabar Græcorum
[ Latin Graecorum
, gen. plural, of the Greeks.] (Medicine) Same as Dragon's blood .
-- Green cinnabar
, a green pigment consisting of the oxides of cobalt and zinc subjected to the action of fire.
-- Hepatic cinnabar (Min.)
, an impure cinnabar of a liver-brown color and submetallic luster.
Cinnabarine adjective [ Confer French cinabarin .] Pertaining to, or resembling, cinnabar; consisting of cinnabar, or containing it; as, cinnabarine sand.
[ From Cinnamic
.] (Chemistry) Styrene (which was formerly called cinnamene because obtained from cinnamic acid). See Styrene .
[ From Cinnamon
.] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or obtained from, cinnamon. Cinnamic acid (Chemistry)
, a white, crystalline, odorless substance. C 6 H 5 . C 2 H 2 C 2 H 2 .CO 2 H, formerly obtained from storax and oil of cinnamon, now made from certain benzene derivatives in large quantities, and used for the artificial production of indigo.
[ Latin cinnamomum
cinnamon.] (Chemistry) See Cinnamic .
[ Hebrew qinnāmōn
; confer Greek ..., ..., cinnamomum
, cinnamon. The Hebrew word itself seems to have been borrowed from some other language; confer Malay kājū mānis
sweet wood.] (a) The inner bark of the shoots of Cinnamomum Zeylanicum , a tree growing in Ceylon. It is aromatic, of a moderately pungent taste, and is one of the best cordial, carminative, and restorative spices. (b) Cassia. Cinnamon stone (Min.)
, a variety of garnet, of a cinnamon or hyacinth red color, sometimes used in jewelry.
-- Oil of cinnamon
, a colorless aromatic oil obtained from cinnamon and cassia, and consisting essentially of cinnamic aldehyde, C 6 H 5 .C 2 H 2 .CHO.
- - Wild cinnamon
. See Canella .
Cinnamone noun [ Cinnamic + -one .] A yellow crystalline substance, (C 6 H 5 . C 2 H 2 ) 2 CO, the ketone of cinnamic acid.
Cinnamyl noun [ Cinnamic + -yl .] (Chemistry) The hypothetical radical, (C 6 H 5 . C 2 H 2 ) 2 C, of cinnamic compounds. [ Formerly written also cinnamule .]
Cinnoline noun [ Cinn amic + quin oline .] A nitrogenous organic base, C 8 H 6 N 2 , analogous to quinoline, obtained from certain complex diazo compounds.
[ French cinq
, from Latin quinque
five. See Five
.] Five; the number five in dice or cards.