Chyle Chyle noun [ New Latin chylus , Greek ... juice, chyle, from ... to pour: confer French chyle ; probably akin to English fuse to melt.] (Physiol.) A milky fluid containing the fatty matter of the food in a state of emulsion, or fine mechanical division; formed from chyme by the action of the intestinal juices. It is absorbed by the lacteals, and conveyed into the blood by the thoracic duct.
Chylifaction Chyl`i·fac"tion noun [ Chyle + Latin facere to make.] (Physiol.) The act or process by which chyle is formed from food in animal bodies; chylification, -- a digestive process.
Chylifactive Chyl`i·fac"tive adjective (Physiol.) Producing, or converting into, chyle; having the power to form chyle.
Chyliferous Chy·lif"er·ous adjective [ Chyle + -ferous : confer French chylifère .] (Physiol.) Transmitting or conveying chyle; as, chyliferous vessels.
Chylific Chy·lif"ic adjective Chylifactive.
Chylification Chyl`i·fi·ca"tion noun (Physiol.) The formation of chyle. See Chylifaction .
Chylificatory Chy·lif"i·ca·to·ry adjective Chylifactive.
Chylify Chy"li·fy transitive verb & i. [ Chyle + -ly .] (Physiol.) To make chyle of; to be converted into chyle.
Chylopoetic Chy`lo·po·et"ic adjective [ Greek chylopoiei^n to make into juice, chylo`s juice, chyle + poiei^n to make.] (Physiol.) Concerned in the formation of chyle; as, the chylopoetic organs.
Chylous Chy"lous adjective [ Confer French chyleux .] (Physiol.) Consisting of, or similar to, chyle.
Chyluria Chy·lu"ri·a noun [ New Latin from Greek ... chyle + ... urine.] (Medicine) A morbid condition in which the urine contains chyle or fatty matter, giving it a milky appearance.
Chyme Chyme noun [ Latin chymus chyle, Greek ... juice, like ..., from ... to pour: confer French chyme . See Chyle .] (Physiol.) The pulpy mass of semi-digested food in the small intestines just after its passage from the stomach. It is separated in the intestines into chyle and excrement. See Chyle .
Chymic, Chymist Chym"ic, Chym"ist Chym"is*try [ Obsolete] See Chemic , Chemist , Chemistry .
Chymiferous Chy·mif"er·ous adjective [ Chyme + -ferous .] (Physiol.) Bearing or containing chyme.
Chymification Chym`i·fi·ca"tion noun [ Chyme + Latin facere to make: confer French Chymification .] (Physiol.) The conversion of food into chyme by the digestive action of gastric juice.
Chymify Chym"i·fy transitive verb [ Chyme + -fy : confer French chymifier .] (Physiol.) To form into chyme.
Chymous Chy"mous adjective Of or pertaining to chyme.
Chyometer Chy·om"e·ter noun [ Greek ... to pour + -meter .] (Chemistry) An instrument for measuring liquids. It consists of a piston moving in a tube in which is contained the liquid, the quantity expelled being indicated by the graduation upon the piston rod.
Chætetes Chæ·te"tes noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... hair.] (Zoology) A genus of fossil corals, common in the lower Silurian limestones.
Chætiferous Chæ·tif"er·ous adjective [ Greek ... hair + -ferous .] (Zoology) Bearing setæ.
Chætodont Chæ"to·dont noun [ Greek ... hair + ..., ..., tooth.] (Zoology) A marine fish of the family Chætodontidæ . The chætodonts have broad, compressed bodies, and usually bright colors.
Chætodont Chæto·dont adjective Of or pertaining to the Chætodonts or the family Chætodontidæ .
Chætognath Chæ"tog·nath adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the Chætognatha.
Chætognatha Chæ·tog"na·tha noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... hair + ... jaw.] (Zoöl) An order of free-swimming marine worms, of which the genus Sagitta is the type. They have groups of curved spines on each side of the head.
Chætopod Chæ"to·pod adjective (Zoology) Pertaining to the Chætopoda. -- noun One of the Chætopoda.
Chætopoda Chæ·top"o·da noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... hair + -poda .] (Zoology) A very extensive order of Annelida, characterized by the presence of lateral setæ, or spines, on most or all of the segments. They are divided into two principal groups: Oligochæta, including the earthworms and allied forms, and Polychæta, including most of the marine species.
Chætotaxy Chæ"to·tax`y noun [ Greek ... hair + ... arrangement.] (Zoology) The arrangement of bristles on an insect.
Ci-devant Ci`-de·vant" adjective [ French, hitherto, formerly.] Former; previous; of times gone by; as, a ci-devant governor.
Cibarious Ci·ba"ri·ous adjective [ Latin cibaruus , from cibus food.] Pertaining to food; edible. Johnson.
Cibation Ci·ba"tion noun [ Latin cibatio , from cibare to feed.] 1. The act of taking food. 2. (Alchemy) The process or operation of feeding the contents of the crucible with fresh material. B. Jonson.
Cibol Cib"ol noun [ French ciboule , Late Latin cepula , cepola , dim. of Latin cepa , caepa , caepe , an onion. Confer Chibbal , Cives .] A perennial alliaceous plant ( Allium fistulosum ), sometimes called Welsh onion . Its fistular leaves areused in cookery.
Ciborium Ci·bo"ri·um noun
: plural Ciboria
. [ Late Latin , from Latin ciborium
a cup, from Greek ... a seed vessel of the Egyptian bean; also, a cup made from its largeleaves, or resembling its seed vessel in shape.] 1. (Architecture) A canopy usually standing free and supported on four columns, covering the high altar, or, very rarely, a secondary altar. 2. (R. C. Ch.) The coffer or case in which the host is kept; the pyx.
(- dȧz), Latin Cicadæ
(-dē). [ Latin ] (Zoology) Any species of the genus Cicada . They are large hemipterous insects, with nearly transparent wings. The male makes a shrill sound by peculiar organs in the under side of the abdomen, consisting of a pair of stretched membranes, acted upon by powerful muscles. A noted American species ( C. septendecim ) is called the seventeen year locust . Another common species is the dogday cicada .
Cicala Ci·ca"la (che*kä"lȧ) noun [ Italian , from Latin cicada .] A cicada. See Cicada . "At eve a dry cicala sung." Tennison.
Cicatrice Cic"a·trice noun [ French, from Latin cicatrix .] A cicatrix.
Cicatricial Cic`a·tri"cial adjective (Medicine) Relating to, or having the character of, a cicatrix. Dunglison.
Cicatricle Cic"a·tri`cle noun [ Confer French cicatricule , from Latin cicatricula a small scar, from cicatrix a scar.] (Biol.) The germinating point in the embryo of a seed; the point in the yolk of an egg at which development begins.
Cicatrisive Cic"a·tri`sive adjective Tending to promote the formation of a cicatrix; good for healing of a wound.
Cicatrix Ci·ca"trix noun
; plural Cicatrices
. [ Latin ] (Medicine) The pellicle which forms over a wound or breach of continuity and completes the process of healing in the latter, and which subsequently contracts and becomes white, forming the scar.
Cicatrizant Cic"a·tri`zant noun [ Confer French cicatrisant , properly present participle of cicatriser .] (Medicine) A medicine or application that promotes the healing of a sore or wound, or the formation of a cicatrix.
Cicatrization Cic`a·tri·za"tion noun [ Confer French cicatrisation .] (Medicine) The process of forming a cicatrix, or the state of being cicatrized.
Cicatrize Cic"a·trize transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Cicatrized ; present participle & verbal noun Cicatrizing .] [ Confer French cicatriser , from cicatrice , Latin cicatrix , scar.] (Medicine) To heal or induce the formation of a cicatrix in, as in wounded or ulcerated flesh. Wiseman.
Cicatrize Cic"a·trize intransitive verb (Medicine) To heal; to have a new skin.
Cicatrose Cic"a·trose` adjective Full of scars. Craig.
Cicely Cic"e·ly noun [ Latin seselis , Greek ..., ...; perhaps ultimately of Egyptian origin.] (Botany) Any one of several umbelliferous plants, of the genera Myrrhis , Osmorrhiza , etc.
Cicero Cic"e·ro noun (Print.) Pica type; -- so called by French printers.
Cicerone Ci`ce·ro"ne noun
, English Cicerones
. [ Italian , from Latin Cicero
, the Roman orator. So called from the ordinary talkativeness of such a guide.] One who shows strangers the curiosities of a place; a guide.
Every glib and loquacious hireling who shows strangers about their picture galleries, palaces, and ruins, is termed by them [ the Italians] a cicerone , or a Cicero.
Ciceronian Cic`e·ro"ni·an adjective [ Latin Ciceronianus , from Cicero , the orator.] Resembling Cicero in style or action; eloquent.
Ciceronianism Cic`e·ro"ni·an·ism noun Imitation of, or resemblance to, the style or action Cicero; a Ciceronian phrase or expression. "Great study in Ciceronianism , the chief abuse of Oxford." Sir P. Sidney.
Cich-pea Cich"-pea` noun The chick- pea. Holland.