Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Chondrology noun [ Greek ... cartilage + -logy : confer French chondrologie .] (Anat.) The science which treats of cartilages. Dunglison.

Chondroma noun ; plural Chondromata . [ New Latin , from Greek ... cartilage + -oma .] A cartilaginous tumor or growth.

Chondrometer noun [ Greek ... a grain (of wheat or spelt), cartilage + -meter .] A steelyard for weighting grain.

Chondropterygian adjective [ Confer French chondropterygien .] Having a cartilaginous skeleton. -- noun One of the Chondropterygii.

Chondropterygii noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... cartilage + ..., ..., wing, fin.] (Zoology) A group of fishes, characterized by cartilaginous fins and skeleton. It includes both ganoids (sturgeons, etc.) and selachians (sharks), but is now often restricted to the latter. [ Written also Chondropterygia .]

Chondrostei noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... cartilage + ... bone.] (Zoology) An order of fishes, including the sturgeons; -- so named because the skeleton is cartilaginous.

Chondrotomy noun [ Greek ... + ... a cutting.] (Anat.) The dissection of cartilages.

Chondrule noun [ Dim. from Greek ... a grain (of wheat or spelt), cartilage.] (Min.) A peculiar rounded granule of some mineral, usually enstatite or chrysolite, found imbedded more or less abundantly in the mass of many meteoric stones, which are hence called chondrites .

Choose transitive verb [ imperfect Chose ; past participle Chosen , Chose (Obsolete); present participle & verbal noun Choosing .] [ Middle English chesen , cheosen , Anglo-Saxon ceósan ; akin to Old Saxon kiosan , Dutch kiezen , German kiesen , Icelandic kjōsa , Goth. kiusan , Latin gustare to taste, Greek ..., Sanskrit jush to enjoy. √46. Confer Choice , 2d Gust .]
1. To make choice of; to select; to take by way of preference from two or more objects offered; to elect; as, to choose the least of two evils.

Choose me for a humble friend.
Pope.

2. To wish; to desire; to prefer. [ Colloq.]

The landlady now returned to know if we did not choose a more genteel apartment.
Goldsmith.

To choose sides . See under Side .

Syn. - To select; prefer; elect; adopt; follow. -- To Choose , Prefer , Elect . To choose is the generic term, and denotes to take or fix upon by an act of the will, especially in accordance with a decision of the judgment. To prefer is to choose or favor one thing as compared with, and more desirable than, another, or more in accordance with one's tastes and feelings. To elect is to choose or select for some office, employment, use, privilege, etc., especially by the concurrent vote or voice of a sufficient number of electors. To choose a profession; to prefer private life to a public one; to elect members of Congress.

Choose intransitive verb
1. To make a selection; to decide.

They had only to choose between implicit obedience and open rebellion.
Prescott.

2. To do otherwise. "Can I choose but smile?" Pope.

Can not choose but , must necessarily.

Thou canst not choose but know who I am.
Shak.

Chooser noun One who chooses; one who has the power or right of choosing; an elector. Burke.

Chop transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Chopped ; present participle & verbal noun Chopping .] [ Confer LG. & Dutch kappen , Danish kappe , Swedish kappa . Confer Chap to crack.]
1. To cut by striking repeatedly with a sharp instrument; to cut into pieces; to mince; -- often with up .

2. To sever or separate by one more blows of a sharp instrument; to divide; -- usually with off or down .

Chop off your hand, and it to the king.
Shak.

3. To seize or devour greedily; -- with up . [ Obsolete]

Upon the opening of his mouth he drops his breakfast, which the fox presently chopped up.
L'estrange.

Chop intransitive verb
1. To make a quick strike, or repeated strokes, with an ax or other sharp instrument.

2. To do something suddenly with an unexpected motion; to catch or attempt to seize.

Out of greediness to get both, he chops at the shadow, and loses the substance.
L'Estrange.

3. To interrupt; -- with in or out .

This fellow interrupted the sermon, even suddenly chopping in.
Latimer.

Chop transitive verb [ Confer Dutch koopen to buy. See Cheapen , transitive verb , and confer Chap , intransitive verb , to buy.]
1. To barter or truck.

2. To exchange; substitute one thing for another.

We go on chopping and changing our friends.
L'Estrange.

To chop logic , to dispute with an affected use of logical terms; to argue sophistically.

Chop noun A change; a vicissitude. Marryat.

Chop transitive verb & i. To crack. See Chap , transitive verb & i.

Chop noun
1. The act of chopping; a stroke.

2. A piece chopped off; a slice or small piece, especially of meat; as, a mutton chop .

3. A crack or cleft. See Chap .

Chop noun [ See Chap .]
1. A jaw of an animal; -- commonly in the plural See Chops .

2. A movable jaw or cheek, as of a wooden vise.

3. The land at each side of the mouth of a river, harbor, or channel; as, East Chop or West Chop . See Chops .

Chop noun [ Chin. & Hind. chāp stamp, brand.]


1. Quality; brand; as, silk of the first chop .

2. A permit or clearance.

Chop dollar , a silver dollar stamped to attest its purity. -- chop of tea , a number of boxes of the same make and quality of leaf. -- Chowchow chop . See under Chowchow . -- Grand chop , a ship's port clearance. S. W. Williams.

Chop suey, sooy [ Chin. (Cantonese) shap sui odds and ends, from shap for sap to enter the mouth + sui small bits pounded fine.] A mélange served in Chinese restaurants to be eaten with rice, noodles, etc. It consists typically of bean sprouts, onions, mushrooms, etc., and sliced meats, fried and flavored with sesame oil. [ U. S.]

Chop-logic noun One who bandies words or is very argumentative. [ Jocular] Shak.

Chopboat noun [ Chin. chop sort, quality.] A licensed lighter employed in the transportation of goods to and from vessels. [ China] S. W. Williams.

Chopchurch noun [ See Chop to barter.] (Old Eng. Law) An exchanger or an exchange of benefices. [ Cant]

Chopfallen adjective Having the lower chop or jaw depressed; hence, crestfallen; dejected; dispirited; downcast. See Chapfallen .

Chophouse noun A house where chops, etc., are sold; an eating house.

The freedom of a chophouse .
W. Irving.

Chophouse noun [ See Chop quality.] A customhouse where transit duties are levied. [ China] S. W. Williams.

Chopin noun [ French chopine , from German schoppen .] A liquid measure formerly used in France and Great Britain, varying from half a pint to a wine quart.

Chopin noun See Chopine .

Chopine noun [ Confer Old French chapin , escapin , Spanish chapin , Portuguese chapim .] A clog, or patten, having a very thick sole, or in some cases raised upon a stilt to a height of a foot or more. [ Variously spelt chioppine , chopin , etc.]

Your ladyship is nearer to heaven than when I saw you last, by the altitude of a chopine .
Shak.

Chopness noun A kind of spade. [ Eng.]

Chopper noun One who, or that which, chops.

Chopping adjective [ Confer Chubby .] Stout or plump; large. [ Obsolete] Fenton.

Chopping adjective [ See Chop to barter.] Shifting or changing suddenly, as the wind; also, having tumbling waves dashing against each other; as, a chopping sea.

Chopping noun Act of cutting by strokes.

Chopping block , a solid block of wood on which butchers and others chop meat, etc. -- Chopping knife , a knife for chopping or mincing meat, vegetables, etc.; -- usually with a handle at the back of the blade instead of at the end.

Choppy adjective [ Confer Chappy .]
1. Full of cracks. " Choppy finger." Shak.

2. [ Confer Chop a change.] Rough, with short, tumultuous waves; as, a choppy sea.

Chops (chŏps) noun plural [ See Chop a jaw.]
1. The jaws; also, the fleshy parts about the mouth.

2. The sides or capes at the mouth of a river, channel, harbor, or bay; as, the chops of the English Channel.

Chopstick (chŏp"stĭk`) noun One of two small sticks of wood, ivory, etc., used by the Chinese and Japanese to convey food to the mouth.

Choragic adjective [ Greek ..., ....] Of or pertaining to a choragus.

Choragic monument , a building or column built by a victorious choragus for the reception and exhibition of the tripod which he received as a prize. Those of Lysicrates and Thrasyllus are still to be seen at Athens.

Choragus noun ; plural Choragi . [ Latin , from Greek ..., ...; ... chorus + ... to lead.] (Gr. Antiq.) A chorus leader; esp. one who provided at his own expense and under his own supervision one of the choruses for the musical contents at Athens.

Choral adjective [ Late Latin choralis , from Latin chorus . See Chorus .] Of or pertaining to a choir or chorus; singing, sung, or adapted to be sung, in chorus or harmony.

Choral service , a service of song.

Choral noun (Mus.) A hymn tune; a simple sacred tune, sung in unison by the congregation; as, the Lutheran chorals . [ Sometimes written chorale .]

Choralist noun A singer or composer of chorals.

Chorally adverb In the manner of a chorus; adapted to be sung by a choir; in harmony.

Chord (kôrd) noun [ L chorda a gut, a string made of a gut, Greek chordh` . In the sense of a string or small rope, in general, it is written cord . See Cord .]
1. The string of a musical instrument. Milton.

2. (Mus.) A combination of tones simultaneously performed, producing more or less perfect harmony, as, the common chord .

3. (Geom.) A right line uniting the extremities of the arc of a circle or curve.

4. (Anat.) A cord. See Cord , noun , 4.

5. (Engineering) The upper or lower part of a truss, usually horizontal, resisting compression or tension. Waddell.

Accidental, Common, & Vocal chords . See under Accidental , Common , and Vocal . -- Chord of an arch . See Illust. of Arch . -- Chord of curvature , a chord drawn from any point of a curve, in the circle of curvature for that point. -- Scale of chords . See Scale .

Chord transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Chorded ; present participle & verbal noun Chording .] To provide with musical chords or strings; to string; to tune.

When Jubal struck the chorded shell.
Dryden.

Even the solitary old pine tree chords his harp.
Beecher.

Chord intransitive verb (Mus.) To accord; to harmonize together; as, this note chords with that.

Chorda noun [ New Latin , from Latin chorda . See Chord .] (Anat.) A cord.

Chordal adjective Of or pertaining to a chord.

Chordata noun plural [ New Latin , from Latin chorda cord.] (Zoology) A comprehensive division of animals including all Vertebrata together with the Tunicata, or all those having a dorsal nervous cord.