Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Chiminage noun [ Old French cheminage , from chemin way, road.] (Old Law) A toll for passage through a forest. [ Obsolete] Cowell.
; plural Chimneys
. [ French cheminée
, Late Latin caminata
, from Latin caminus
furnace, fireplace, Greek ... furnace, oven.] 1. A fireplace or hearth.
[ Obsolete] Sir W. Raleigh. 2. That part of a building which contains the smoke flues; esp. an upright tube or flue of brick or stone, in most cases extending through or above the roof of the building. Often used instead of chimney shaft .
Hard by a cottage chimney smokes. 3. A tube usually of glass, placed around a flame, as of a lamp, to create a draft, and promote combustion. 4. (Min.) A body of ore, usually of elongated form, extending downward in a vein. Raymond. Chimney board
, a board or screen used to close a fireplace; a fireboard.
-- Chimney cap
, a device to improve the draught of a chimney, by presenting an exit aperture always to leeward.
-- Chimney corner
, the space between the sides of the fireplace and the fire; hence, the fireside.
-- Chimney hook
, a hook for holding pats and kettles over a fire,
-- Chimney money
, hearth money, a duty formerly paid in England for each chimney.
-- Chimney pot (Architecture)
, a cylinder of earthenware or sheet metal placed at the top of a chimney which rises above the roof.
-- Chimney swallow
. (Zoology) (a) An American swift ( Chæture pelasgica ) which lives in chimneys. (b) In England, the common swallow ( Hirundo rustica ).
-- Chimney sweep
, Chimney sweeper
, one who cleans chimneys of soot; esp. a boy who climbs the flue, and brushes off the soot.
Chimney-breast noun (Architecture) The horizontal projection of a chimney from the wall in which it is built; -- commonly applied to its projection in the inside of a building only.
Chimney-piece noun (Architecture) A decorative construction around the opening of a fireplace.
Chimpanzee (chĭm*păn"ze; 277) noun [ From the native name: confer French chimpanzé , chimpansé , chimpanzée .] (Zoology) An african ape ( Anthropithecus troglodytes or Troglodytes niger ) which approaches more nearly to man, in most respects, than any other ape. When full grown, it is from three to four feet high.
[ Anglo-Saxon cin
, akin to Old Saxon kin
, G kinn
, Icelandic kinn
, cheek, Dan. & Swedish kind
, Latin gena
, Greek ...; confer Sanskrit hanu
. √232.] 1. The lower extremity of the face below the mouth; the point of the under jaw. 2. (Zoology) The exterior or under surface embraced between the branches of the lower jaw bone, in birds.
[ For chink cough
; confer As. cincung
long laughter, Scot. kink
a violent fit of coughing, akin to Middle High German kīchen
to pant. Confer Kinknaust
.] Whooping cough.
China noun 1. A country in Eastern Asia. 2. China ware, which is the modern popular term for porcelain. See Porcelain . China aster (Botany)
, a well-known garden flower and plant. See Aster .
-- China bean
. See under Bean , 1.
-- China clay See Kaolin .
-- China grass
, Same as Ramie .
-- China ink
. See India ink .
-- China pink (Botany)
, an anual or biennial species of Dianthus ( D. Chiensis ) having variously colored single or double flowers; Indian pink.
-- China root (Medicine)
, the rootstock of a species of Smilax ( S. China , from the East Indies; -- formerly much esteemed for the purposes that sarsaparilla is now used for. Also the galanga root (from Alpinia Gallanga and Alpinia officinarum ).
-- China rose
. (Botany) (a) A popular name for several free-blooming varieties of rose derived from the Rosa Indica , and perhaps other species. (b) A flowering hothouse plant ( Hibiscus Rosa-Sinensis ) of the Mallow family, common in the gardens of China and the east Indies.
-- China shop
, a shop or store for the sale of China ware or of crockery.
-- China ware
, porcelain; -- so called in the 17th century because brought from the far East, and differing from the pottery made in Europe at that time; also, loosely, crockery in general.
-- Pride of China
, China tree
. (Botany) See Azedarach .
[ New Latin chinium
quinine + ald
ehyde.] (Chemistry) See Quinaldine .
; plural Chinamen A native of China; a Chinese.
[ Confer Spanish chinche
, from Latin cimex
.] 1. (Zoology) The bedbug ( Cimex lectularius ). 2. (Zoology) A bug ( Blissus leucopterus ), which, in the United States, is very destructive to grass, wheat, and other grains; -- also called chiniz , chinch bug , chink bug . It resembles the bedbug in its disgusting odor.
[ Confer Chinchilla
.] (Zoology) A south American rodent of the genus Lagotis .
Chinche adjective [ French chiche miserly.] Parsimonious; niggardly. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Chincherie noun Penuriousness.
By cause of his skarsete and chincherie .
Chinchilla noun [ Spanish ]
1. (Zoology) A small rodent ( Chinchilla lanigera ), of the size of a large squirrel, remarkable for its fine fur, which is very soft and of a pearly gray color. It is a native of Peru and Chili. 2. The fur of the chinchilla. 3. A heavy, long-napped, tufted woolen cloth.
[ Confer Chink
.] A chink or cleft; a narrow and deep ravine; as, Shanklin Chine in the Isle of Wight, a quarter of a mile long and 230 feet deep.
[ Prov. Eng.] "The cottage in a chine
." J. Ingelow.
[ Old French eschine
, French échine
, from Old High German skina
needle, prickle, shin, German schiene
shin. For the meaning confer Latin spina
thorn, prickle, or spine, the backbone. Confer Shin
.] 1. The backbone or spine of an animal; the back.
with rising bristles roughly spread." Dryden. 2. A piece of the backbone of an animal, with the adjoining parts, cut for cooking. [ See Illust. of Beef .] 3. The edge or rim of a cask, etc., formed by the projecting ends of the staves; the chamfered end of a stave.
Chine transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Chined
.] 1. To cut through the backbone of; to cut into chine pieces. 2. Too chamfer the ends of a stave and form the chine..
Chined adjective 1. Pertaining to, or having, a chine, or backbone; -- used in composition. Beau. & Fl. 2. Broken in the back.
He's chined , goodman.
Beau. & Fl.
Chinese adjective Of or pertaining to China; peculiar to China. Chinese paper
. See India paper , under India .
-- Chinese wax
, a snowy-white, waxlike substance brought from China. It is the bleached secretion of certain insects of the family Coccidæ especially Coccus Sinensis .
Chinese noun sing. & plural
1. A native or natives of China, or one of that yellow race with oblique eyelids who live principally in China. 2. sing. The language of China, which is monosyllabic. » Chineses was used as a plural by the contemporaries of Shakespeare and Milton.
Chinese Exclusion Act Any of several acts forbidding the immigration of Chinese laborers into the United States, originally from 1882 to 1892 by act of May 6, 1882, then from 1892 to 1902 by act May 5, 1892. By act of April 29, 1902, all existing legislation on the subject was reënacted and continued, and made applicable to the insular possessions of the United States.
[ Middle English chine
, Anglo-Saxon cīne
fissure, chink, from cīnan
to gape; akin to Goth. Keinan
to sprout, German keimen
. Confer Chit
.] A small cleft, rent, or fissure, of greater length than breadth; a gap or crack; as, the chinks of a wall.
Through one cloudless chink , in a black, stormy sky.
Shines out the dewy morning star.
Chink intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Chinked
; present participle & verbal noun Chinking
.] To crack; to open.
Chink transitive verb
1. To cause to open in cracks or fissures. 2. To fill up the chinks of; as, to chink a wall.
[ Of imitative origin. Confer Jingle
.] 1. A short, sharp sound, as of metal struck with a slight degree of violence.
of bell." Cowper. 2. Money; cash.
[ Cant] "To leave his chink
to better hands." Somerville.
Chink transitive verb To cause to make a sharp metallic sound, as coins, small pieces of metal, etc., by bringing them into collision with each other. Pope.
Chink intransitive verb To make a slight, sharp, metallic sound, as by the collision of little pieces of money, or other small sonorous bodies. Arbuthnot.
Chinky adjective Full of chinks or fissures; gaping; opening in narrow clefts. Dryden.
Chinned (chĭnd) adjective Having a chin; -- used chiefly in compounds; as, short- chinned .
[ New Latin chin
ium quinine (cf. G. & French china
Peruvian bark) + --oil
.] (Chemistry) See Quinodine .
Chinoiserie (shē`nwȧ`z'*rē") noun [ French] Chinese conduct, art, decoration, or the like; also, a specimen of Chinese manners, art, decoration, etc.
[ New Latin chin
ium quinine (see Chinoldine
) + Latin ol
eum oil + -ine
.] (Chemistry) See Quinoline .
[ New Latin chin
ium quinine (see Chinoidine
.) + -one
.] (Chemistry) See Quinone .
1. (Ethnol.) One of a tribe of North American Indians now living in the state of Washington, noted for the custom of flattening their skulls. Chinooks also called Flathead Indians . 2. A warm westerly wind from the country of the Chinooks, sometimes experienced on the slope of the Rocky Mountains, in Montana and the adjacent territory. 3. A jargon of words from various languages (the largest proportion of which is from that of the Chinooks) generally understood by all the Indian tribes of the northwestern territories of the United States.
Chinook State Washington -- a nickname. See Chinook , noun
Chinquapin noun (Botany) A branching, nut-bearing tree or shrub ( Castanea pumila ) of North America, from six to twenty feet high, allied to the chestnut. Also, its small, sweet, edible nat. [ Written also chincapin and chinkapin .] Chinquapin oak , a small shrubby oak ( Quercus prinoides ) of the Atlantic States, with edible acorns. -- Western Chinquapin , an evergreen shrub or tree ( Castanopes chrysophylla ) of the Pacific coast. In California it is a shrub; in Oregon a tree 30 to 125 feet high.
Chinse transitive verb & i.
[ imperfect & past participle Chinsed
; present participle & verbal noun Chinsing
.] (Nautical) To thrust oakum into (seams or chinks) with a chisel , the point of a knife, or a chinsing iron; to calk slightly. Chinsing iron
, a light calking iron.
; plural Chintzes
. [ Hindi chīnt
spotted cotton clooth, chīntā spot
.] Cotton cloth, printed with flowers and other devices, in a number of different colors, and often glazed. Swift.
Chioppine noun Same as Chopine , noun
(chĭp) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Chipped
(chĭpt); present participle & verbal noun Chipping
.] [ Confer German kippen
to cut off the edge, to clip, pare. Confer Chop
to cut.] 1. To cut small pieces from; to diminish or reduce to shape, by cutting away a little at a time; to hew. Shak. 2. To break or crack, or crack off a portion of, as of an eggshell in hatching, or a piece of crockery. 3. To bet, as with chips in the game of poker. To chip in
, to contribute, as to a fund; to share in the risks or expenses of.
[ Slang. U. S.]
Chip intransitive verb To break or fly off in small pieces.
Chip noun 1. A piece of wood, stone, or other substance, separated by an ax, chisel, or cutting instrument. 2. A fragment or piece broken off; a small piece. 3. Wood or Cuban palm leaf split into slips, or straw plaited in a special manner, for making hats or bonnets. 4. Anything dried up, withered, or without flavor; -- used contemptuously. 5. One of the counters used in poker and other games. 6. (Nautical) The triangular piece of wood attached to the log line. Buffalo chips
. See under Buffalo .
-- Chip ax
, a small ax for chipping timber into shape.
-- Chip bonnet
, Chip hat
, a bonnet or a hat made of Chip. See Chip , noun , 3.
-- A chip off the old block
, a child who resembles either of his parents.
[ Colloq.] Milton.
-- Potato chips
, Saratoga chips
, thin slices of raw potato fried crisp.
Chipmunk noun [ Indian name.] (Zoology) A squirrel-like animal of the genus Tamias , sometimes called the striped squirrel , chipping squirrel , ground squirrel , hackee . The common species of the United States is the Tamias striatus . [ Written also chipmonk , chipmuck , and chipmuk .]
Chippendale adjective Designating furniture designed, or like that designed, by Thomas Chippendale, an English cabinetmaker of the 18th century. Chippendale furniture was generally of simple but graceful outline with delicately carved rococo ornamentation, sculptured either in the solid wood or, in the cheaper specimens, separately and glued on. In the more elaborate pieces three types are recognized: French Chippendale , having much detail, like Louis Quatorze and Louis Quinze; Chinese Chippendale , marked by latticework and pagodalike pediments; and Gothic Chippendale , attempting to adapt medieval details. The forms, as of the cabriole and chairbacks, often resemble Queen Anne. In chairs, the seat is widened at the front, and the back toward the top widened and bent backward, except in Chinese Chippendale, in which the backs are usually rectangular.
-- Chip"pen*dal*ism noun
It must be clearly and unmistakably understood, then, that, whenever painted (that is to say, decorated with painted enrichment) or inlaid furniture is described as Chippendale , no matter where or by whom, it is a million chances to one that the description is incorrect. R. D. Benn.
Chipper intransitive verb
[ Confer Cheep
.] To chirp or chirrup.
[ Prov. Eng.] Forby.
Chipper adjective Lively; cheerful; talkative. [ U. S.]
Chippeways noun plural ; sing. Chippeway . (Ethnol.) A tribe of Indians formerly inhabiting the northern and western shores of Lake Superior; -- called also Objibways .