Webster's Dictionary, 1913
(chīd) transitive verb
[ imperfect Chid
(chĭd), or Chode
(chīd Obsolete); past participle Chidden
; present participle & verbal noun Chiding
.] [ Anglo-Saxon cīdan
; of unknown origin.] 1. To rebuke; to reprove; to scold; to find fault with.
Upbraided, chid , and rated at. 2. Fig.: To be noisy about; to chafe against.
The sea that chides the banks of England. To chide hither, chide from, or chide away
, to cause to come, or to drive away, by scolding or reproof. Syn.
-- To blame; rebuke; reprove; scold; censure; reproach; reprehend; reprimand.
Chide intransitive verb 1. To utter words of disapprobation and displeasure; to find fault; to contend angrily.
Wherefore the people did chide with Moses. 2. To make a clamorous noise; to chafe.
Ex. xvii. 2.
As doth a rock againts the chiding flood.
[ Anglo-Saxon cīd
] A continuous noise or murmur.
The chide of streams.
Chider noun One who chides or quarrels. Shak.
Chideress noun She who chides. [ Obsolete]
Chidester noun [ Chide + -ster .] A female scold. [ Obsolete]
Chidingly adverb In a chiding or reproving manner.
[ Middle English chief
, Old French chief, French chef
, from Latin caput
head, possibly akin to English head
. Confer Captain
] 1. The head or leader of any body of men; a commander, as of an army; a head man, as of a tribe, clan, or family; a person in authority who directs the work of others; the principal actor or agent. 2. The principal part; the most valuable portion.
The chief of the things which should be utterly destroyed. 3. (Her.) The upper third part of the field. It is supposed to be composed of the dexter, sinister, and middle chiefs. In chief
1 Sam. xv. 21
. (a) At the head; as, a commander in chief . (b) (Eng. Law) From the king, or sovereign; as, tenure in chief , tenure directly from the king. Syn.
-- Chieftain; captain; general; commander; leader; head; principal; sachem; sagamore; sheik. -- Chief
. These words fluctuate somewhat in their meaning according to circumstances, but agree in the general idea of rule and authority. The term chief
is now more usually applied to one who is a head man, leader, or commander in civil or military affairs, or holds a hereditary or acquired rank in a tribe or clan; as, the chief
of police; the chief
of an Indian tribe. A chieftain
is the chief of a clan or tribe , or a military leader. A commander
directs the movements of or has control over a body of men, as a military or naval force. A leader
is one whom men follow, as in a political party, a legislative body, a military or scientific expedition, etc., one who takes the command and gives direction in particular enterprises.
Chief adjective 1. Highest in office or rank; principal; head.
rulers." John. xii. 42. 2. Principal or most eminent in any quality or action; most distinguished; having most influence; taking the lead; most important; as, the chief topic of conversation; the chief interest of man. 3. Very intimate, near, or close.
A whisperer separateth chief friends. Syn.
Prov. xvi. 28.
-- Principal; head; leading; main; paramount; supreme; prime; vital; especial; great; grand; eminent; master.
Chief baron (Eng. Law) The presiding judge of the court of exchequer.
Chief hare (Zoology) A small rodent ( Lagamys princeps ) inhabiting the summits of the Rocky Mountains; -- also called crying hare , calling hare , cony , American pika , and little chief hare . » It is not a true hare or rabbit, but belongs to the curious family Lagomyidæ .
Chief justice The presiding justice, or principal judge, of a court. Lord Chief Justice of England , The presiding judge of the Queen's Bench Division of the High Court of Justice. The highest judicial officer of the realm is the Lord High Chancellor. -- Chief Justice of the United States , the presiding judge of the Supreme Court, and Highest judicial officer of the republic.
Chief-justiceship noun The office of chief justice.
Jay selected the chief-justiceship as most in accordance with his tastes.
[ Old French chevage
, from chief
head. See Chief
.] A tribute by the head; a capitation tax.
[ Written also chevage
.] [ Obsolete]
[ Superl. of Chief
.] First or foremost; chief; principal.
[ Archaic] "Our chiefest
The chiefest among ten thousand.
Canticles v. 10.
Chiefless adjective Without a chief or leader.
Chiefly adverb 1. In the first place; principally; preëminently; above; especially.
Search through this garden; leave unsearched no nook; 2. For the most part; mostly.
But chiefly where those two fair creatures lodge.
Those parts of the kingdom where the . . . estates of the dissenters chiefly lay.
Chiefrie noun A small rent paid to the lord paramount. [ Obsolete] Swift.
[ Middle English cheftayn
, Old French chevetain
, French capitaine
, Late Latin capitanus
, from Latin caput
head. Confer Captain
, and see chief
.] A captain, leader, or commander; a chief; the head of a troop, army, or clan. Syn.
-- Chief; commander; leader; head. See Chief
Chieftaincy, Chieftainship noun The rank, dignity, or office of a chieftain.
[ Old French cherté
. See Charity
.] Love; tender regard.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ Old French chevance
property, equiv. To chevisance
, from chevir
to accomplish. See Chevisance
.] An unlawful bargain; traffic in which money is exported as discount.
[ Obsolete] Bacon.
Chieve intransitive verb See Cheve , intransitive verb
Chiff-chaff noun [ So called from its note.] (Zoology) A species of European warbler ( Sylvia hippolais ); -- called also chip- chap , and pettychaps .
[ French, lit., rag. See Chiffonier
.] 1. Any merely ornamental adjunct of a woman's dress, as a bunch of ribbon, lace, etc. 2. A kind of soft gauzy material used for ruches, trimmings, etc.
Chiffonier fem. Chif`fo*nière" noun [ French chiffonnier , fem. chiffonnière , from chiffon rag, from chiffe a rag, flimsy cloth.]
1. One who gathers rags and odds and ends; a ragpicker. 2. A receptacle for rags or shreds. 3. A movable and ornamental closet or piece of furniture with shelves or drawers. G. Eliot.
[ French, prop. equiv. to chaînon
link, from chaîne
chain, from Latin catena
.] A knot, boss, or mass of hair, natural or artificial, worn by a woman at the back of the head.
A curl that had strayed from her chignon .
Chigoe, Chigre noun
[ Confer French chigue
, perhaps from Catalan chic
small, Spanish chico
; or of Peruvian origin.] (Zoology) A species of flea ( Pulex penetrans ), common in the West Indies and South America, which often attacks the feet or any exposed part of the human body, and burrowing beneath the skin produces great irritation. When the female is allowed to remain and breed, troublesome sores result, which are sometimes dangerous. See Jigger .
[ Written also chegre
.] » The name is sometimes erroneously given to certain mites or ticks having similar habits.
Chih fu [ Chin. chih fu , lit., (He who) knows (the) prefecture.] An official administering a prefecture of China; a prefect, supervising the civil business of the hsiens or districts comprised in his fu (which see).
Chih hsien [ Chin. chih hsien , lit., (He who) knows (the) district.] An official having charge of a hsien, or administrative district, in China; a district magistrate, responsible for good order in his hsien (which see), and having jurisdiction in its civil and criminal cases.
Chih tai [ Chin. chih to govern + t‘ai an honorary title.] A Chinese governor general; a tsung tu (which see).
Chikara noun [ Hind.] (Zoology) (a) The goat antelope ( Tragops Bennettii ) of India. (b) The Indian four-horned antelope ( Tetraceros quadricornis ).
Chilblain noun [ Chill + Blain .] A blain, sore, or inflammatory swelling, produced by exposure of the feet or hands to cold, and attended by itching, pain, and sometimes ulceration.
Chilblain transitive verb To produce chilblains upon.
; plural Children
(chĭl"drĕn). [ Anglo-Saxon cild
, plural cildru
; confer Goth. kilþei
with child.] 1. A son or a daughter; a male or female descendant, in the first degree; the immediate progeny of human parents; -- in law , legitimate offspring. Used also of animals and plants. 2. A descendant, however remote; -- used esp. in the plural; as, the children of Israel; the children of Edom. 3. One who, by character of practice, shows signs of relationship to, or of the influence of, another; one closely connected with a place, occupation, character, etc.; as, a child of God; a child of the devil; a child of disobedience; a child of toil; a child of the people. 4. A noble youth. See Childe .
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. 5. A young person of either sex. esp. one between infancy and youth; hence, one who exhibits the characteristics of a very young person, as innocence, obedience, trustfulness, limited understanding, etc.
When I was child . I spake as a child , I understood as a child , I thought as a child ; but when I became a man, I put away childish things. 6. A female infant.
1. Cor. xii. 11.
A boy or a child , I wonder? To be with child
, to be pregnant.
- - Child's play
, light work; a trifling contest.
Child intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Childed
; present participle & verbal noun Childing
.] To give birth; to produce young.
This queen Genissa childing died.
It chanced within two days they childed both.
Child study A scientific study of children, undertaken for the purpose of discovering the laws of development of the body and the mind from birth to manhood.
Childbearing noun The act of producing or bringing forth children; parturition. Milton. Addison.
Childbed noun The state of a woman bringing forth a child, or being in labor; parturition.
Childbirth noun The act of bringing forth a child; travail; labor. Jer. Taylor.
Childcrowing noun (Medicine) The crowing noise made by children affected with spasm of the laryngeal muscles; false croup.
Childe noun A cognomen formerly prefixed to his name by the oldest son, until he succeeded to his ancestral titles, or was knighted; as, Childe Roland.
Childed adjective Furnished with a child. [ Obsolete]
Childermas day [ Anglo-Saxon cildamæsse- dæg ; cild child + dæg day.] (Eccl.) A day (December 28) observed by mass or festival in commemoration of the children slain by Herod at Bethlehem; -- called also Holy Innocent's Day .
[ Anglo-Saxon cildhād
child + -hād
. See Child
, and -hood
.] 1. The state of being a child; the time in which persons are children; the condition or time from infancy to puberty.
I have walked before you from my childhood . 2. Children, taken collectively.
1. Sam. xii. 2.
The well-governed childhood of this realm. 3. The commencement; the first period.
Sir. W. Scott.
The childhood of our joy. Second childhood
, the state of being feeble and incapable from old age.
[ See Child
, intransitive verb
] Bearing Children; (Fig.) productive; fruitful.
[ R.] Shak.
Childish adjective 1. Of, pertaining to, befitting, or resembling, a child.
innocence." Macaulay. 2. Puerile; trifling; weak.
Methinks that simplicity in her countenance is rather childish than innocent.
, as applied to persons who are grown up, is in a disparaging sense; as, a childish
Childishly adverb In the manner of a child; in a trifling way; in a weak or foolish manner.
Childishness noun The state or quality of being childish; simplicity; harmlessness; weakness of intellect.
Childlessness noun The state of being childless.
Childlike adjective Resembling a child, or that which belongs to children; becoming a child; meek; submissive; dutiful. " Childlike obedience." Hooker. » Childlike , as applied to persons grown up, is commonly in a good sense; as, childlike grace or simplicity; childlike modesty.