Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Chisleu noun [ Hebrew ] The ninth month of the Jewish ecclesiastical year, answering to a part of November with a part of December.
[ Anglo-Saxon ceosel
gravel or sand. Confer Chessom
.] Having a large admixture of small pebbles or gravel; -- said of a soil. Gardner.
[ Confer Anglo-Saxon cīð
shoot, sprig, from the same root as cīnan
to yawn. See Chink
a cleft.] 1. The embryo or the growing bud of a plant; a shoot; a sprout; as, the chits of Indian corn or of potatoes. 2. A child or babe; as, a forward chit ; also, a young, small, or insignificant person or animal.
A little chit of a woman. 3. An excrescence on the body, as a wart.
[ Obsolete] 4. A small tool used in cleaving laths. Knight.
Chit intransitive verb To shoot out; to sprout.
I have known barley chit in seven hours after it had been thrown forth.
Chit 3d sing.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Chit, Chitty noun [ Hind. chittī .]
1. A short letter or note; a written message or memorandum; a certificate given to a servant; a pass, or the like. 2. A signed voucher or memorandum of a small debt, as for food and drinks at a club. [ India, China, etc.]
[ From Chat
, by way of reduplication.] Familiar or trifling talk; prattle.
[ See Chiton
.] (Chemistry) A white amorphous horny substance forming the harder part of the outer integument of insects, crustacea, and various other invertebrates; entomolin.
Chitinization noun The process of becoming chitinous.
Chitinous adjective Having the nature of chitin; consisting of, or containing, chitin.
[ Greek ... a chiton (in sense 1).] 1. An under garment among the ancient Greeks, nearly representing the modern shirt. 2. (Zoology) One of a group of gastropod mollusks, with a shell composed of eight movable dorsal plates. See Polyplacophora .
Chitter intransitive verb
[ Confer Chatter
.] 1. To chirp in a tremulous manner, as a bird.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. 2. To shiver or chatter with cold.
[ Scot.] Burns.
Chitterling noun The frill to the breast of a shirt, which when ironed out resembled the small entrails. See Chitterlings .
[ Obsolete] Gascoigne.
Chitterlings noun plural [ Confer Anglo-Saxon cwiþ womb, Icelandic kvið , Goth. qiþus , belly, womb, stomach, German kutteln chitterlings.] (Cookery) The smaller intestines of swine, etc., fried for food.
Chittra noun [ Native Indian name.] (Zoology) The axis deer of India.
1. Full of chits or sprouts. 2. Childish; like a babe. [ Obsolete]
Chivachie noun [ Old French chevauchie , chevauchée ; of the same origin as English cavalcade .] A cavalry raid; hence, a military expedition. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ See Chivalry
.] Relating to chivalry; knightly; chivalrous.
[ Old French chevalerus
, from chevalier
. See Chivalry
.] Pertaining to chivalry or knight-errantry; warlike; heroic; gallant; high-spirited; high-minded; magnanimous.
In brave pursuit of chivalrous emprise.
Chivalrously adverb In a chivalrous manner; gallantly; magnanimously.
[ French chevalerie
, from chevalier
knight, Old French , horseman. See Chevalier
, and confer Cavalry
.] 1. A body or order of cavaliers or knights serving on horseback; illustrious warriors, collectively; cavalry.
"His Memphian chivalry
By his light 2. The dignity or system of knighthood; the spirit, usages, or manners of knighthood; the practice of knight-errantry. Dryden. 3. The qualifications or character of knights, as valor, dexterity in arms, courtesy, etc.
Did all the chivalry of England move,
To do brave acts.
The glory of our Troy this day doth lie 4. (Eng. Law) A tenure of lands by knight's service; that is, by the condition of a knight's performing service on horseback, or of performing some noble or military service to his lord. 5. Exploit.
On his fair worth and single chivalry .
[ Obsolete] Sir P. Sidney. Court of chivalry
, a court formerly held before the lord high constable and earl marshal of England as judges, having cognizance of contracts and other matters relating to deeds of arms and war. Blackstone.
Chivarras Chi*var"ros noun plural [ Mex. Spanish ] Leggings. [ Mex. & Southwestern U. S.]
Chive noun (Botany) A filament of a stamen. [ Obsolete]
[ French cive
, from Latin cepa
, onion. Confer Cives
.] (Botany) A perennial plant ( Allium Schœnoprasum ), allied to the onion. The young leaves are used in omelets, etc.
[ Written also cive
Chivy transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Chivied
; present participle & verbal noun Chivying
.] [ Confer Chevy
.] To goad, drive, hunt, throw, or pitch.
[ Slang, Eng.] Dickens.
[ Latin chlamydatus
dressed in a military cloak. See Chlamys
.] (Zoology) Having a mantle; -- applied to certain gastropods.
Chlamyphore noun [ Greek ... cloak + ... to bear.] (Zoology) A small South American edentate ( Chlamyphorus truncatus , and C. retusus ) allied to the armadillo. It is covered with a leathery shell or coat of mail, like a cloak, attached along the spine.
, Latin Chlamydes
. [ Latin , from Greek ....] A loose and flowing outer garment, worn by the ancient Greeks; a kind of cloak.
Chloasma noun [ Greek ... to be green.] (Medicine) A cutaneous affection characterized by yellow or yellowish brown pigmented spots.
Chloral noun [ Chlor ine + al cohol.] Chloral hydrate , a white crystalline substance, obtained by treating chloral with water. It produces sleep when taken internally or hypodermically; -- called also chloral .
1. (Chemistry) A colorless oily liquid, CCl 3 .CHO, of a pungent odor and harsh taste, obtained by the action of chlorine upon ordinary or ethyl alcohol. 2. (Medicine) Chloral hydrate.
Chloralamide noun [ Chloral + amide .] (Chemistry) A compound of chloral and formic amide used to produce sleep.
Chloralism noun (Medicine) A morbid condition of the system resulting from excessive use of chloral.
Chloralum noun [ Chlor ine + alum inium.] An impure aqueous solution of chloride of aluminium, used as an antiseptic and disinfectant.
Chloranil noun [ Chlor ine + anil ine.] (Chemistry) A yellow crystalline substance, C 6 Cl 4 .O 2 , regarded as a derivative of quinone, obtained by the action of chlorine on certain benzene derivatives, as aniline.
[ Confer French chlorate
. See Chlorine
.] (Chemistry) A salt of chloric acid; as, chlorate of potassium.
ine + aurate
.] (Chemistry) See Aurochloride .
ine + hydr
ogen + -ic
.] (Chemistry) Same as Hydrochloric .
Chlorhydrin noun (Chemistry) One of a class of compounds formed from certain polybasic alcohols (and especially glycerin) by the substitution of chlorine for one or more hydroxyl groups.
[ From Chlorine
.] Pertaining to, or obtained from, chlorine; -- said of those compounds of chlorine in which this element has a valence of five, or the next to its highest; as, chloric acid, HClO 3 . Chloric ether (Chemistry)
, ethylene dichloride. See Dutch liquid , under Dutch .
Chloridate transitive verb To treat or prepare with a chloride, as a plate with chloride of silver, for the purposes of photography. R. Hunt.
Chloride noun (Chemistry) A binary compound of chlorine with another element or radical; as, chloride of sodium (common salt). Chloride of ammonium
, sal ammoniac.
-- Chloride of lime
, bleaching powder; a grayish white substance, CaOCl 2 , used in bleaching and disinfecting; -- called more properly calcium hypochlorite . See Hypochlorous acid , under Hypochlorous .
-- Mercuric chloride
, corrosive sublimate.
Chloridic adjective Of or pertaining to a chloride; containing a chloride.
Chlorinate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Chlorinated
; present participle & verbal noun Chlorinating
.] (Chemistry) To treat, or cause to combine, with chlorine.
Chlorination noun The act or process of subjecting anything to the action of chlorine; especially, a process for the extraction of gold by exposure of the auriferous material to chlorine gas.
[ Greek ... pale green, greenish yellow. So named from its color. See Yellow
.] (Chemistry) One of the elementary substances, commonly isolated as a greenish yellow gas, two and one half times as heavy as air, of an intensely disagreeable suffocating odor, and exceedingly poisonous. It is abundant in nature, the most important compound being common salt. It is powerful oxidizing, bleaching, and disinfecting agent. Symbol Cl. Atomic weight, 35.4. Chlorine family
, the elements fluorine, chlorine, bromine, and iodine, called the halogens , and classed together from their common peculiarities.
Chloriodic adjective Compounded of chlorine and iodine; containing chlorine and iodine.
Chloriodine noun A compound of chlorine and iodine. [ R.]